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1 (To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.) I waited patiently for the LORD; and he inclined unto me, and heard my cry.

2 He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock, and established my goings.

3 And he hath put a new song in my mouth, even praise unto our God: many shall see it, and fear, and shall trust in the LORD.

4 Blessed is that man that maketh the LORD his trust, and respecteth not the proud, nor such as turn aside to lies.

5 Many, O LORD my God, are thy wonderful works which thou hast done, and thy thoughts which are to us-ward: they cannot be reckoned up in order unto thee: if I would declare and speak of them, they are more than can be numbered.

6 Sacrifice and offering thou didst not desire; mine ears hast thou opened: burnt offering and sin offering hast thou not required.

7 Then said I, Lo, I come: in the volume of the book it is written of me,

8 I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law is within my heart.

9 I have preached righteousness in the great congregation: lo, I have not refrained my lips, O LORD, thou knowest.

10 I have not hid thy righteousness within my heart; I have declared thy faithfulness and thy salvation: I have not concealed thy lovingkindness and thy truth from the great congregation.

11 Withhold not thou thy tender mercies from me, O LORD: let thy lovingkindness and thy truth continually preserve me.

12 For innumerable evils have compassed me about: mine iniquities have taken hold upon me, so that I am not able to look up; they are more than the hairs of mine head: therefore my heart faileth me.

13 Be pleased, O LORD, to deliver me: O LORD, make haste to help me.

14 Let them be ashamed and confounded together that seek after my soul to destroy it; let them be driven backward and put to shame that wish me evil.

15 Let them be desolate for a reward of their shame that say unto me, Aha, aha.

16 Let all those that seek thee rejoice and be glad in thee: let such as love thy salvation say continually, The LORD be magnified.

17 But I am poor and needy; yet the Lord thinketh upon me: thou art my help and my deliverer; make no tarrying, O my God.

Commentary for Psalms 40

Confidence for deliverance. (1-5) Christ's work of redemption. (6-10) Prayer for mercy and grace. (11-17)

1-5 Doubts and fears about the eternal state, are a horrible pit and miry clay, and have been so to many a dear child of God. There is power enough in God to help the weakest, and grace enough to help the unworthiest of all that trust in him. The psalmist waited patiently; he continued believing, hoping, and praying. This is applicable to Christ. His agony, in the garden and on the cross, was a horrible pit and miry clay. But those that wait patiently for God do not wait in vain. Those that have been under religious melancholy, and by the grace of God have been relieved, may apply ver. #2| very feelingly to themselves; they are brought up out of a horrible pit. Christ is the Rock on which a poor soul can alone stand fast. Where God has given stedfast hope, he expects there should be a steady, regular walk and conduct. God filled the psalmist with joy, as well as peace in believing. Multitudes, by faith beholding the sufferings and glory of Christ, have learned to fear the justice and trust in the mercy of God through Him. Many are the benefits with which we are daily loaded, both by the providence and by the grace of God.

6-10 The psalmist foretells that work of wonder, redemption by our Lord Jesus Christ. The Substance must come, which is Christ, who must bring that glory to God, and that grace to man, which it was impossible the sacrifices should ever do. Observe the setting apart of our Lord Jesus to the work and office of Mediator. In the volume, or roll, of the book it was written of him. In the close rolls of the Divine decrees and counsel, the covenant of redemption was recorded. Also, in all the volumes of the Old Testament something was written of him, #Joh 19:28|. Now the purchase of our salvation is made, the proclamation is sent forth, calling us to come and accept it. It was preached freely and openly. Whoever undertook to preach the gospel of Christ, would be under great temptation to conceal it; but Christ, and those he calls to that work, are carried on in it. May we believe his testimony, trust his promise, and submit to his authority.

11-17 The best saints see themselves undone, unless continually preserved by the grace of God. But see the frightful view the psalmist had of sin. This made the discovery of a Redeemer so welcome. In all his reflections upon each step of his life, he discovered something amiss. The sight and sense of our sins in their own colours, must distract us, if we have not at the same time some sight of a Saviour. If Christ has triumphed over our spiritual enemies, then we, through him, shall be more than conquerors. This may encourage all that seek God and love his salvation, to rejoice in him, and to praise him. No griefs nor poverty can render those miserable who fear the Lord. Their God, and all that he has or does, is the ground of their joy. The prayer of faith can unlock his fulness, which is adapted to all their wants. The promises are sure, the moment of fulfilment hastens forward. He who once came in great humility, shall come again in glorious majesty.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Psalms 40

  • TAD
    Withhold not they tender mercies and lovingkindness from me. Such an amazing request and even more amazing His truths and His righteousness. Even more than that they are not just words when we ask Our Loving Father, the maker of the Universe. I thank my God that He pour out His tender mercies and lovingkindness upon me daily. I will forget not His benefits. Thank you Abba!
  • A disciple
    "I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law is within my heart." As much as we would wish to be done with this evil world, and all the temptations and difficulties we encounter every day; it is for our good, for our sanctification, for transforming us by developing and exercising the spiritual muscles, for our growth and maturity so we can really become men and women in God's image.
  • Bible girl 2017
    I was reading the beginning of this chapter about the Lord lifting us up out of the pit. Before I had always looked at that as referring to salvation, but today I was discouraged about something so silly and in years to come I’ll probably just look back and laugh, but anyways, the Lord showed me that it can also be referring to maybe a trial or valley and him picking you up and you singing a new
  • Cephas
    Now when they were going, behold, some of the watch came into the city, and shewed unto the chief priests all the things that were done. And when they were assembled with the elders, and had taken counsel, they gave large money unto the soldiers, So they took the money, and did as they were taught: and this saying is commonly reported among the Jews until this day.
  • BSP
    Verse 5: Counting our blessings and how God has acted personally in our lives can help us to cope with anxieties and have a grateful attitude.
  • Brianna vs. 4
    A constant theme in the Bible is putting trust in Jehovah God. It is essential to a Christian's survival. When we truly understand the power of having the Almighty being our trust, we have a sense of happiness because no man or thing can make us cower. ( Psalms 56:11) Nothing can keep us from God's love.
  • Lu2677
    Mr.Smith on5/4you instruct people to use their"imagination" to get prayers answered.Imagination=fanciful,empty assumption.We get what the Lord is willing to give us.His Will be done.Do a word search of"imagination"its not good!An evil heart is full of imaginations.May the Lord give you understanding.Your quotation marks with the verse you quoted is misleading.
  • Steve morrow

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Bible Trivia

David describes God's rescue of him as bringing him up out of what?
  • Sleep
  • Water
  • Mountains
  • A Pit
  • Clouds