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1 (A Psalm of David.) The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want.

2 He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.

3 He restoreth my soul: he leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name's sake.

4 Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.

5 Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.

6 Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the LORD for ever.

Commentary for Psalms 23

Confidence in God's grace and care.

- "The Lord is my shepherd." In these words, the believer is taught to express his satisfaction in the care of the great Pastor of the universe, the Redeemer and Preserver of men. With joy he reflects that he has a shepherd, and that shepherd is Jehovah. A flock of sheep, gentle and harmless, feeding in verdant pastures, under the care of a skilful, watchful, and tender shepherd, forms an emblem of believers brought back to the Shepherd of their souls. The greatest abundance is but a dry pasture to a wicked man, who relishes in it only what pleases the senses; but to a godly man, who by faith tastes the goodness of God in all his enjoyments, though he has but little of the world, it is a green pasture. The Lord gives quiet and contentment in the mind, whatever the lot is. Are we blessed with the green pastures of the ordinances, let us not think it enough to pass through them, but let us abide in them. The consolations of the Holy Spirit are the still waters by which the saints are led; the streams which flow from the Fountain of living waters. Those only are led by the still waters of comfort, who walk in the paths of righteousness. The way of duty is the truly pleasant way. The work of righteousness in peace. In these paths we cannot walk, unless. God lead us into them, and lead us on in them. Discontent and distrust proceed from unbelief; an unsteady walk is the consequence: let us then simply trust our Shepherd's care, and hearken to his voice. The valley of the shadow of death may denote the most severe and terrible affliction, or dark dispensation of providence, that the psalmist ever could come under. Between the part of the flock on earth and that which is gone to heaven, death lies like a dark valley that must be passed in going from one to the other. But even in this there are words which lessen the terror. It is but the shadow of death: the shadow of a serpent will not sting, nor the shadow of a sword kill. It is a valley, deep indeed, and dark, and miry; but valleys are often fruitful, and so is death itself fruitful of comforts to God's people. It is a walk through it: they shall not be lost in this valley, but get safe to the mountain on the other side. Death is a king of terrors, but not to the sheep of Christ. When they come to die, God will rebuke the enemy; he will guide them with his rod, and sustain them with his staff. There is enough in the gospel to comfort the saints when dying, and underneath them are the everlasting arms. The Lord's people feast at his table, upon the provisions of his love. Satan and wicked men are not able to destroy their comforts, while they are anointed with the Holy Spirit, and drink of the cup of salvation which is ever full. Past experience teaches believers to trust that the goodness and mercy of God will follow them all the days of their lives, and it is their desire and determination, to seek their happiness in the service of God here, and they hope to enjoy his love for ever in heaven. While here, the Lord can make any situation pleasant, by the anointing of his Spirit and the joys of his salvation. But those that would be satisfied with the blessings of his house, must keep close to the duties of it.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Psalms 23

  • Lilian
    THOUGH PREPARETH THE TABLE BEFORE MINE ENEMIES YOU HAVE ANOINTED MY HEAD WITH OIL MY CUP RUN OVER. ALL PRAISES TO YOU JESUS JEHOVA JIREH THE LORD MY PROVIDER. THANK YOU JESUS FOR THE BLOOD YOU SHED FOR US I AM READY TO RECEIVE YOUR MIRACLE BLESSING AND HEALING FOR ME AND FAMILY LORD JESUS MY SAVIOR MY ROCK AND MY SALVATION SHALOM AMEN HALLELUJAH
  • Steve morrow
    PSALM 78:19 YEA THEY SPAKE AGAINST GOD THEY SAID CAN GOD FURNISH A TABLE IN THE WILDERNESS --20-- BEHOLD HE SMOTE THE ROCK THAT THE WATERS GUSHED OUT AND THE STREAMS OVERFLOWED CAN HE GIVE BREAD ALSO CAN HE PROVIDE FLESH FOR HIS PEOPLE --21--THEREFORE THE LORD HEARD THIS AND WAS WROTH SO A FIRE WAS KINDLED AGAINST JACOB AND ANGER ALSO CAME UP AGAINST ISRAEL PROVERBS 3:3 LET NOT MERCY AND TRUTH FORSAKE THEE BIND THEM ABOUT THY NECK WRITE THEM UPON THE TABLE OF THY HEART PSLAM 25:10 ALL THE PATHS OF THE LORD ARE MERCY AND TRUTH --UNTO SUCH--AS KEEP HIS --- COVENANT AND HIS TESTIMONIES 1 CORINTHIANS 10:21 YOU CANNOT DRINK THE CUP OF THE LORD AND THE CUP OF devils YOU CANNOT BE PARTAKERS OF THE LORDS TABLE AND THE TABLE OF devils
  • Melodie
    "thy rod and thy staff they comfort me." I am counted and protected. I praise my Lord Jehovah-Rohi! This Psalm and all that it represents about his love for me has always been filling. I may stray. He'll hear my blats in the deep dark woods. He will come for me. He may need to break my legs to keep me within the flock. But he will always care for me and keep me. The wolf he will destroy.
  • Carries
    Yea though i walk through the valley of the shadow of death......
    That would be our walk through this world. His rod and staff...he protects us, by his chastisement, so he won't lose us to this world, we should have no fear.
  • Haener Elie
    The Psalm 23 has shown to me that in spite of one's authority or position in this life, a total submission to our LORD is not only recommended but deemed essential. The psalmist has carefully selected the LORD as his shepherd, therefore, considered himself a sheep whose protection and even life depends totally on the shepherd. With that in mind he declared : "The LORD is my shepherd I shall..."
  • Steve morrow
    GALATIANS 1:11 BUT I CERTIFY YOU BRETHREN THAT THE GOSPEL WHICH WAS PREACHED OF ME IS NOT AFTER MAN --1:12-- FOR I NEITHER RECEIVED IT OF MAN NEITHER WAS I TAUGHT IT BUT BY THE REVELATION OF JESUS CHRIST EPHESIANS 5:24 THEREFORE AS THE CHURCH IS SUBJECT UNTO CHRIST SO LET THE WIVES BE TO THEIR OWN HUSBANDS --- IN EVERY THING ---
  • Steve morrow
    ROMANS 15:18 FOR I WILL NOT DARE TO SPEAK OF ANY OF THOSE THINGS WHICH CHRIST HATH NOT WROUGHT BY ME TO MAKE THE GENTILES OBEDIENT BY WORD AND DEED 1 TIMOTHY 2:11 LET THE WOMAN LEARN IN SILENCE WITH ALL SUBJECTION --2:12--BUT I SUFFER NOT A WOMAN TO TEACH NOR TO USURP AUTHORITY OVER THE MAN BUT TO BE IN SILENCE
  • Bobbie Schroder
    Jesus never treated women any differently than he did men. He never ordered women to be silent anywhere or at anytime, nor did he ever reject their presence, regardless of the Jews' patriarchal rules

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Bible Trivia

David says the Lord anoints his what with oil?
  • Head
  • Hands
  • Heart
  • Bread