This “new song,” breathing indeed aspirations and hopes which were not wholly new to Israel, but ideal, and still waiting for their complete fulfilment, most probably dates, according to the conjecture of the LXX., from the rebuilding of the Temple after the Captivity. No one can miss the points of resemblance with the literature of that period, especially the evidence of deeper sympathy with nature, and extended interest in mankind. The outward world has become instinct with emotion, while the barrier of faith and feeling between Israel and other races is gradually breaking down. The LXX. inconsistently go on to ascribe the Psalm to David, probably because of its insertion in 1 Chronicles 16.
Psalm 96:1O sing unto the LORD a new song: sing unto the LORD, all the earth.(1) A new song.—See Note, Psalm 33:3. It appears to have been a kind of national and religious “lyric cry” after the Restoration. (Comp. Isaiah 42:10.)
 The LXX. inconsistently go on to ascribe the Psalm to David, probably because of its insertion in 1 Chronicles 16.
But the Lord made the heavens.—Nothings could not do that, but only Jehovah.
Fear before him.—Or literally, let all the earth be moved before his face.
“His praise, ye winds that from four quarters blow,
Breathe soft or loud, and wave your tops ye pines,
With every plant in sign of worship wave.”—MILTON.