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Song of Solomon
Psalms 52 COMMENTARY (Pulpit)
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A Psalm of David, when Doeg the Edomite came and told Saul, and said unto him, David is come to the house of Ahimelech.>> Why boastest thou thyself in mischief, O mighty man? the goodness of God
Why boastest thou thyself in mischief, O mighty man?
Doeg was "the chiefest of the herdmen that belonged to Saul" (
1 Samuel 21:7
), or, according to another passage (
1 Samuel 22:9
), "set over the servants of Saul." The position would be a high one, and would imply the possession of much physical strength. A sense of tyranny or extreme arrogance seems to attach to the word translated "mighty one" (
. The word translated "mischief" implies something worse. In
it is rendered "wickedness," and is thought to mean, in the Psalms generally, "ruinous, unfathomable evil - destructive malignity" (Canon Cook).
The goodness of God endureth continually
. Why not follow the Divine pattern, instead of setting thyself in direct antagonism to it? Canst thou expect to prosper when thou art thus opposed to the Almighty?
Thy tongue deviseth mischiefs; like a sharp rasor, working deceitfully.
- Thy tongue deviseth mischiefs; or,
of the worst kind. It was Doeg's "tongue" that brought about the entire ghastly massacre (see
1 Samuel 22:9, 10
). Like a sharp razor, working deceitfully. Doeg had "worked deceitfully," since he had not told Saul the circumstances that made Ahimelech's giving aid to David no disloyalty to the king (
1 Samuel 21:2, 8
Thou lovest evil more than good;
lying rather than to speak righteousness. Selah.
Thou lovest evil
more than good.
To "love evil" is to have reached
lowest depth of depravity. It is to say, with Milton's Satan, "Evil, be thou my good!"
And lying rather than to speak
(see the comment on ver. 2). Doeg's crimes seem to have arisen out of a mere love of evil.
Thou lovest all devouring words, O
Thou lovest all devouring words
. "Devouring words" are words that cause ruin and destruction. O thou deceitful tongue! or (as in the margin),
and the deceitful tongue.
God shall likewise destroy thee for ever, he shall take thee away, and pluck thee out of
dwelling place, and root thee out of the land of the living. Selah.
God shall likewise
destroy thee for ever.
As thy "devouring words" have been the destruction of many, so shall God, in return, "destroy thee" (literally,
pull thee down
) "for ever" - destroy thee,
, with a complete and final destruction.
He shall take thee away
(Kay, Cheyne), and pluck thee out of thy dwelling-place; literally,
out of thy tent
1 Kings 12:16
And root thee out of the land of the living
. Destroy thee, root and branch, as thou didst destroy the entire house of Ahimelech (
1 Samuel 22:17-19
The righteous also shall see, and fear, and shall laugh at him:
The righteous also shall see, and fear
. Every manifestation of the Divine power and justice produces in the righteous man a feeling of awe. And shall laugh at him; literally,
This awe does not, however, prevent him from indulging in something like derision of his fallen enemy - or, at least, it did not under the old covenant, when men had not yet been taught that they ought to "love" their enemies.
made not God his strength; but trusted in the abundance of his riches,
strengthened himself in his wickedness.
Lo, this is the man that made not God his strength
. The root of Doeg's wickedness was want of trust in God, and consequent alienation from him.
But trusted in the abundance of his
This led on to an excessive trust in riches, and greediness of gain. To obtain wealth he became Saul's unscrupulous tool, the willing instrument of his cruelty. No doubt Saul richly rewarded him.
And strengthened himself in his wickedness
in his substance
like a green olive tree in the house of God: I trust in the mercy of God for ever and ever.
But I am like a green olive tree in the house of God
. In conclusion, the psalmist contrasts his own condition, as one of God's people, with that of Doeg, which he had described in vers. 7-9. Doeg is about to be "plucked up" and "rooted out of the land of the living" (ver. 5); he is like a flourishing green olive tree planted in the sanctuary, or "house of God." Doeg is entirely without any trust in the Almighty (ver. 7); he declares of himself,
I trust in the mercy of God for ever and ever
. It is questioned whether olive trees were at any time planted in the courts of either the tabernacle or the temple; but it certainly cannot be proved that they were not. In the courts of Egyptian temples trees were abundant (Herod., 2:138; Wilkinson, in the author's 'Herodotus,' vol. 2. p. 236), also probably in Phoenician temples (Perrot and Chipiez, ' Histoire de l'Art dans l'An-tiquite,' vol. 3. p. 322). And to this day there grow in the Hardin area at Jerusalem, on the site of the Jewish temple, a number of magnificent cypresses, olive, and lemon trees.
I will praise thee for ever, because thou hast done
: and I will wait on thy name; for
good before thy saints.
I will praise thee for ever, because thou hast done it
. So Dr. Kay, who explains the passage as meaning, "because thou hast worked out this deliverance.' The tense is "the preterite of pro. phetic certainty" (comp.
And I will wait on thy Name; for it is good before thy saints;
I will wait on thy Name in the presence of thy saints
because it is good
; or perhaps, if we adopt Hupfeld's emendation (
I will precision thy Name before thy saints that it is good
Courtesy of Open Bible
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