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(A Psalm of David.) The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want.

2 He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.

3 He restoreth my soul: he leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name's sake.

4 Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.

5 Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.

6 Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the LORD for ever.

Commentary for Psalms 23

Confidence in God's grace and care.

- "The Lord is my shepherd." In these words, the believer is taught to express his satisfaction in the care of the great Pastor of the universe, the Redeemer and Preserver of men. With joy he reflects that he has a shepherd, and that shepherd is Jehovah. A flock of sheep, gentle and harmless, feeding in verdant pastures, under the care of a skilful, watchful, and tender shepherd, forms an emblem of believers brought back to the Shepherd of their souls. The greatest abundance is but a dry pasture to a wicked man, who relishes in it only what pleases the senses; but to a godly man, who by faith tastes the goodness of God in all his enjoyments, though he has but little of the world, it is a green pasture. The Lord gives quiet and contentment in the mind, whatever the lot is. Are we blessed with the green pastures of the ordinances, let us not think it enough to pass through them, but let us abide in them. The consolations of the Holy Spirit are the still waters by which the saints are led; the streams which flow from the Fountain of living waters. Those only are led by the still waters of comfort, who walk in the paths of righteousness. The way of duty is the truly pleasant way. The work of righteousness in peace. In these paths we cannot walk, unless. God lead us into them, and lead us on in them. Discontent and distrust proceed from unbelief; an unsteady walk is the consequence: let us then simply trust our Shepherd's care, and hearken to his voice. The valley of the shadow of death may denote the most severe and terrible affliction, or dark dispensation of providence, that the psalmist ever could come under. Between the part of the flock on earth and that which is gone to heaven, death lies like a dark valley that must be passed in going from one to the other. But even in this there are words which lessen the terror. It is but the shadow of death: the shadow of a serpent will not sting, nor the shadow of a sword kill. It is a valley, deep indeed, and dark, and miry; but valleys are often fruitful, and so is death itself fruitful of comforts to God's people. It is a walk through it: they shall not be lost in this valley, but get safe to the mountain on the other side. Death is a king of terrors, but not to the sheep of Christ. When they come to die, God will rebuke the enemy; he will guide them with his rod, and sustain them with his staff. There is enough in the gospel to comfort the saints when dying, and underneath them are the everlasting arms. The Lord's people feast at his table, upon the provisions of his love. Satan and wicked men are not able to destroy their comforts, while they are anointed with the Holy Spirit, and drink of the cup of salvation which is ever full. Past experience teaches believers to trust that the goodness and mercy of God will follow them all the days of their lives, and it is their desire and determination, to seek their happiness in the service of God here, and they hope to enjoy his love for ever in heaven. While here, the Lord can make any situation pleasant, by the anointing of his Spirit and the joys of his salvation. But those that would be satisfied with the blessings of his house, must keep close to the duties of it.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Psalms 23

  • Yvonne
    It gives me great comfort when I read the 23 Psalm. I think of David as a Shepard taking care of his Sheep, how he loved them and had a relationship with his sheep. I believe his relationship with the sheep was important to him because he did not have that relationship of family with his father Jessie. He was ostracized, over looked by his father. He recognized the needs of the sheep.
  • Bonnie Rateree
    All my life He has carried me through - now I know His power and anointing on my life - surely goodness and mercy...
  • Bessie smith
    God doing wonders. Thank you lord.
  • Mohan Ram
    Thou I walk through the valley of the shadow of death I will fear no evil. Terrifying moments will come but once you know that Jesus is with you
  • Marilyn
    My joy is knowing that “goodness and mercy” follows me everyday. Recently , I had a 7 1/2 spinal surgery and walked
    through the valley of death and goodness and mercy were there to bring me out. No one but God could have held the
    Neurosurgeon’s hands and the medical staff to give me the best of care. I am thankful for getting better everyday.
    Looking forward to complete healing with energy.
  • Mohan Ram
    The Lord is my Shepherd John 10:11 Jesus said I am the Good Shepherd: the Good Shepherd lays down his life for his friends. Jesus said I lay down my life that may take up again. Jesus said it and He did it; that is why the tomb of our Lord is an International Tourist Attraction because the Tomb of my Jesus is empty. The wages of sin is death. Jesus was sinless that is why on 3rd He rose again.
  • Mohan Ram
    I shall not want, were the words of a young shepherd. Young people always want this and that to look and feel good and to impress others. David was different; because he knew his God. Knowing God takes you to a different level, it takes you to a place of satisfaction in God. Jesus makes the difference in the life of a person who is Born Again, the quest for the things of this world is over. Amen!
  • Mohan Ram
    A lot of nice people can identify themselves a with a religious Organization but David in this Psalms says; the Lord is my Shepherd. In the days of David; a Shepherd knew his sheep by name and the sheep knew Shepherd's voice so much that they would run from the voice of a stranger. they were well acquainted with each other thus David boldly declared that the Lord my shepherd. Jesus is my Shepherd

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Bible Trivia

David says the Lord anoints his what with oil?
  • Head
  • Hands
  • Heart
  • Bread