(g) Seventh Discourse:—Recollections of his Father’s Instructions (Proverbs 4:1 to Proverbs 5:6).
(1) A father.—That is, of me, your teacher.
Tender.—The epithet applied to Solomon by his father (1 Chronicles 29:1).
Only beloved.—The word yāchîd originally signified an “only” (son), as in Zechariah 12:10. Then it came to mean “beloved as an only son,” and that appears to be the sense of it in Genesis 22:2, as applied to Isaac (for Ishmael was then living), and to Solomon here (for Bath-sheba had other children by David, 1 Chronicles 3:5). In Greek translations it is rendered “only-begotten” and “well-beloved,” epithets applied in their highest sense to Christ (John 1:14; Matthew 3:17).
In the sight of my mother.—Implying her affection, as Genesis 17:18.
For out of it are the issues of life.—That is, from it comes life (and also death). From it proceed “all holy desires, all good counsels, and all just works,” signs of the life with God within the soul; or, “evil thoughts, murders,” &c. (Matthew 15:19), “the end of which things is death” (Romans 6:21).
Perverse lips—i.e., that “turn aside” from the truth.
Let all thy ways be established.—Or, directed aright; see that they lead straight to the end (Psalm 119:5).