(1) Consider diligently what is before thee,—Rather, Who is before thee; that thy host is not an equal, but one who, if offended, might do thee deadly harm.
And lose thy sweet words.—All thy civil speeches and thanks for the cold welcome thou hast had.
A fool.—A dull, stupid person. (Comp. Proverbs 1:22.)
Guide thine heart in the way.—That is, of God. (Comp. Isaiah 40:3, and note on Acts 9:2.)
Redness of eyes?—Rather, dimness.
When it moveth itself aright.—Or, when it glides easily down the throat.
Perverse things.—His notions of right and wrong being completely distorted.
As he that lieth upon the top of a mast.—Whom every roll of the ship might hurl into the waves. The absolute insensibility of the drunkard to danger is here described. Or it may mean that everything round the drunkard and the ground on which he lies, seem to rock like the waves of the sea, or the masthead of a ship.
When shall I awake?—He longs to rouse himself from his slumber that he may return to his debauch.