(1) A house full of sacrifices.—Possibly the same as the “peace offerings” of Proverbs 7:14 (where see note). The consumption of these may have at times degenerated into licence (comp. 1 Samuel 1:13), and quarrelling have ensued.
The Lord trieth the hearts.—By allowing sorrows and temptations to assail them, in order that they may come out of the trial as pure gold (Revelation 3:18; 1 Peter 1:7; 1 Corinthians 3:13; Malachi 3:3), purged of earthly infirmities.
He that is glad at calamities.—Of enemies. (Comp. Proverbs 24:18; Job 31:29.)
The glory of children are their fathers.—And, as such, to be honoured by them. For the blessing which parents bring to children, comp. 1 Kings 11:13; 1 Kings 15:4; Jeremiah 33:21.
Much less do lying lips a prince.—Or, liberal person (Isaiah 32:8): noblesse oblige.
He that repeateth a matter, who is always returning to old grievances, “alienates (even his) chief friend.”
A cruel messenger.—Such as the “chief of the executioners” (margin of Genesis 37:36), who was always ready to carry out the bidding of an Oriental king. (Comp. 1 Kings 2:34; 1 Kings 2:46.) The ministers of the Divine wrath against impenitent sinners appear as “tormentors” in Matthew 18:34. (For the office of the angels in the same work, comp. Revelation 8:6, sqq.)
A fool (khesîl).—Comp. Proverbs 1:32.
Before it be meddled with.—The same expression is used at Proverbs 18:1; Proverbs 20:3. It probably means before (men) show their teeth, a metaphor from an angry dog.
The father of a fool (nābhāl).—See above, on Proverbs 17:7.
But the eyes of a fool are in the ends of the earth.—He is looking for her everywhere, while all the time she lies straight before him. (For the thought, comp. Deuteronomy 30:11-14.)
To punish.—Especially by fining.
To strike—i.e., scourge. (Comp. Deuteronomy 25:1-3.)
For equity—i.e., when they have acted uprightly.
Proverbs 17:28Even a fool, when he holdeth his peace, is counted wise: and he that shutteth his lips is esteemed a man of understanding.