(1) Every wise woman buildeth her house.—This should be rendered, “The wisdom (literally, wisdoms; see above on Proverbs 1:20; chokhmôth should probably be read here, as there, not chokhmôth) of women buildeth (for each) her house, but (their) folly plucketh it down,” &c.
Buildeth her house.—Each person and each good work throughout the household grows, as it were, under her fostering hand. (Comp. Ephesians 2:21.)
But the lips of the wise shall preserve them (the wise) from the difficulties into which the foolish come by their rash talk.
Shall be filled with his own ways.—(Comp. Proverbs 1:31, and Matthew 6:2, &c: “They have their reward.”) They get to the full what they look for, though it is but swine’s husks, instead of food fit for God’s children.
A good man.—See above on Proverbs 13:22.
Shall be satisfied from himself.—His own work. (Comp. Isaiah 3:10.)
Believeth every word.—And so, having no fixed principles by which to go, often takes a wrong step; while the prudent man considers well (Proverbs 14:8) whither each step will lead, and therefore does not go astray.
The fool rageth.—Gives way to passionate excitement, and “is confident” in his own wisdom; he has no “quietness and confidence” (Isaiah 30:15) in God.
Mercy and truth.—God will be merciful, and also fulfil His promises of protection and reward to them (Wisdom Of Solomon 3:9).
But he that honoureth him . . .—This would be better rendered, but he that hath mercy on the poor honoureth Him.
But the righteous hath hope in his death.—Comp. Job’s confidence (Job 13:15 and Psalm 23:4). The gravest troubles do not terrify him.