“Paul, a prisoner of Jesus Christ, and Timothy our brother, unto Philemon our dearly beloved, and fellowlabourer,”
King James Version (KJV)
1:1 This single epistle infinitely transcends all the wisdom of the world. And it gives us a specimen how Christians ought to treat of secular affairs from higher principles. Paul a prisoner of Christ - To whom, as such, Philemon could deny nothing. And Timotheus - This was written before the second epistle to Timothy, #Phm 22|.
Phm 1:1 The Appeal of Onesimus SUMMARY OF PHILEMON: Greetings. Thanksgiving for Philemon's Faith. Entreaty for Onesimus. The Change in Onesimus. His Return. An Appeal of Philemon's Love for Paul. Paul's Hope to Visit Colosse. Closing Salutations. Paul, a prisoner. A prisoner at Rome. The first words are an appeal to the sympathy of Philemon. He refers to his chains five times in this letter. See also Phm 1:9,10,13. Timothy [our] brother. Two other Epistles of the Captivity name Timothy in the first verse. See Php 1:1 Col 1:1. To Philemon. Philemon evidently lived in Colosse, but Paul had never been there. He had probably converted him in Ephesus, the capital of the province, during his long sojourn there.