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1 And Moses spake unto the heads of the tribes concerning the children of Israel, saying, This is the thing which the LORD hath commanded.

2 If a man vow a vow unto the LORD, or swear an oath to bind his soul with a bond; he shall not break his word, he shall do according to all that proceedeth out of his mouth.

3 If a woman also vow a vow unto the LORD, and bind herself by a bond, being in her father's house in her youth;

4 And her father hear her vow, and her bond wherewith she hath bound her soul, and her father shall hold his peace at her: then all her vows shall stand, and every bond wherewith she hath bound her soul shall stand.

5 But if her father disallow her in the day that he heareth; not any of her vows, or of her bonds wherewith she hath bound her soul, shall stand: and the LORD shall forgive her, because her father disallowed her.

6 And if she had at all an husband, when she vowed, or uttered ought out of her lips, wherewith she bound her soul;

7 And her husband heard it, and held his peace at her in the day that he heard it: then her vows shall stand, and her bonds wherewith she bound her soul shall stand.

8 But if her husband disallowed her on the day that he heard it; then he shall make her vow which she vowed, and that which she uttered with her lips, wherewith she bound her soul, of none effect: and the LORD shall forgive her.

9 But every vow of a widow, and of her that is divorced, wherewith they have bound their souls, shall stand against her.

10 And if she vowed in her husband's house, or bound her soul by a bond with an oath;

11 And her husband heard it, and held his peace at her, and disallowed her not: then all her vows shall stand, and every bond wherewith she bound her soul shall stand.

12 But if her husband hath utterly made them void on the day he heard them; then whatsoever proceeded out of her lips concerning her vows, or concerning the bond of her soul, shall not stand: her husband hath made them void; and the LORD shall forgive her.

13 Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.

14 But if her husband altogether hold his peace at her from day to day; then he establisheth all her vows, or all her bonds, which are upon her: he confirmeth them, because he held his peace at her in the day that he heard them.

15 But if he shall any ways make them void after that he hath heard them; then he shall bear her iniquity.

16 These are the statutes, which the LORD commanded Moses, between a man and his wife, between the father and his daughter, being yet in her youth in her father's house.

Commentary for Numbers 30

Vows to be kept. (1,2) The cases wherein vows might be released. (3-16)1,2 No man can be bound by his own promise to do what he is already, by the Divine precept, forbidden to do. In other matters the command is, that he shall not break his words, through he may change his mind.

3-16 Two cases of vows are determined. The case of a daughter in her father's house. When her vow comes to his knowledge, it is in his power either to confirm it or do it away. The law is plain in the case of a wife. If her husband allows her vow, though only by silence, it stands. If he disallows it, her obligation to her husband takes place of it; for to him she ought to be in subjection, as unto the Lord. The Divine law consults the good order of families. It is fit that every man should bear rule in his own house, and have his wife and children in subjection; rather than that this great rule should be broken, or any encouragement be given to inferior relations to break those bonds asunder, God releases the obligation even of a solemn vow. So much does religion secure the welfare of all societies; and in it the families of the earth have a blessing.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Numbers 30

  • BSP
    Verse 2~Binding a vow on one's soul implies that one's life is at stake. This shows how serious it is to fulfill our vows.
  • Renny
    @Lynn- Matthew 5:32 - But I say unto you, That whosoever shall put away his wife, saving for the cause of fornication, causeth her to commit adultery: and whosoever shall marry her that is divorced committeth adultery.

  • Makafui
    Hmmm.is tru .but the bible said no divorce
  • Joseph Flake
    A woman that I used to date, wanted to marry me. So I went and talked to her father, he gave me his blessing. Later on down the road, she broke up with me. This verse shows me that she broke her vow. Am I right to say that?
  • Dewey Jones
    Lynn, it is fact that God forgives truly repented people that have been through a divorce evidenced by the beginning of this chapter Nu. 30:9 says, "But every vow of a widow, and of her that is divorced, where with they have bound her that souls, shall stand against her". That's more true now we are under a better agreement because John 1:17 say, "For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ ". Glory be to God in the highest through our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ! Amen.
  • I wish to know is that does our Lord really forgive us from divorce ...
  • Ime
    This chapter shows the honour that God have for the man in the home. To confirm the garden of Eden 's verdict in Genesis 3 16c. This should serve as an eye opener to all, that though a man maybe poor or small in stature, as long as he is married and or a father, God has great respect for whatever he approves or dis approves in his immediate family.
  • _Rosalina_Sayson_Ko_Tapay_
    Numbers Chapter 30 pertains to a vow made by a woman that while she is under her father's care, her vow could be ineffective if his father disallow her. same goes to a woman under his husband's care, her vow could be ineffective if his husband disallow her. BUT, for the woman who is a WIDOW or DIVORCED, being without husband to disallow her with her vows therefore she shall stand on her vows.

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Bible Trivia

In which chapter in the book of Numbers does God explain the laws of vows?
  • Chapter 28
  • Chapter 12
  • Chapter 30
  • Chapter 42