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1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and take of every one of them a rod according to the house of their fathers, of all their princes according to the house of their fathers twelve rods: write thou every man's name upon his rod.

3 And thou shalt write Aaron's name upon the rod of Levi: for one rod shall be for the head of the house of their fathers.

4 And thou shalt lay them up in the tabernacle of the congregation before the testimony, where I will meet with you.

5 And it shall come to pass, that the man's rod, whom I shall choose, shall blossom: and I will make to cease from me the murmurings of the children of Israel, whereby they murmur against you.

6 And Moses spake unto the children of Israel, and every one of their princes gave him a rod apiece, for each prince one, according to their fathers' houses, even twelve rods: and the rod of Aaron was among their rods.

7 And Moses laid up the rods before the LORD in the tabernacle of witness.

8 And it came to pass, that on the morrow Moses went into the tabernacle of witness; and, behold, the rod of Aaron for the house of Levi was budded, and brought forth buds, and bloomed blossoms, and yielded almonds.

9 And Moses brought out all the rods from before the LORD unto all the children of Israel: and they looked, and took every man his rod.

10 And the LORD said unto Moses, Bring Aaron's rod again before the testimony, to be kept for a token against the rebels; and thou shalt quite take away their murmurings from me, that they die not.

11 And Moses did so: as the LORD commanded him, so did he.

12 And the children of Israel spake unto Moses, saying, Behold, we die, we perish, we all perish.

13 Whosoever cometh any thing near unto the tabernacle of the LORD shall die: shall we be consumed with dying?

Commentary for Numbers 17

Twelve rods laid up before the Lord. (1-7) Aaron's rod buds, and is kept for a memorial. (8-13)1-7 It is an instance of the grace of God, that, having wrought divers miracles to punish sin, he would work one more to prevent it. Twelve rods or staves were to be brought in. It is probable that they were the staves which the princes used as ensigns of their authority; old dry staves, that had no sap in them. They were to expect that the rod of the tribe, or prince, whom God chose to the priesthood, should bud and blossom. Moses did not object that the matter was sufficiently settled already; he did not undertake to determine it; but left the case before the Lord.

8-13 While all the other rods remained as they were. Aaron's rod became a living branch. In some places there were buds, in others blossoms, in others fruit, at the same time; all this was miraculous. Thus Aaron was manifested to be under the special blessing of Heaven. Fruitfulness is the best evidence of a Divine call; and the plants of God's setting, and the boughs cut off them, will flourish. This rod was preserved, to take away the murmurings of the people, that they might not die. The design of God, in all his providences, and in the memorials of them, is to take away sin. Christ was manifested to take away sin. Christ is expressly called a rod out of the stem of Jesse: little prospect was there, according to human views, that he should ever flourish. But the dry rod revived and blossomed to the confusion of his adversaries. The people cry, Behold, we die, we perish, we all perish! This was the language of a repining people, quarrelling with the judgments of God, which by their own pride and obstinacy they brought upon themselves. It is very wicked to fret against God when we are in affliction, and in our distress thus to trespass yet more. If we die, if we perish, it is of ourselves, and the blame will be upon our own heads. When God judges, he will overcome, and will oblige the most obstinate gainsayers to confess their folly. And how great are our mercies, that we have a clearer and a better dispensation, established upon better promises!

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Numbers 17

  • DarrellIBMs on Numbers 17
    Sean,sin is never a minor offence.Sin takes one from Holy to unholy.(Leviticus 19:2) "Ye shall be holy:for I the LORD your God am holy." (Hebrews 12:14) "Follow peace with all men,and holiness,without which no man shall see the Lord."
  • BSP on Numbers 17
    Verse 5: Jehovah God was going to make known who had his approval and who he was using. He was well aware of the murmurings of the Israelites and he did not take these lightly.
  • A disciple on Numbers 17
    "Behold, we die, we perish, we all perish. Whosoever cometh any thing near unto the tabernacle of the LORD shall die: shall we be consumed with dying?" To what lengths of madness and theater will men go to in their desperation and fear; but will yet refuse to repent! Screaming and crying, working themselves into hysterics; but never ready to humble themselves to acknowledge the truth and convert!
  • Marjorie on Numbers 17
    "...fairly minor offenses"--Seriously? !!! If you think ANY offense against God is a minor matter, you have not even begun to understand the absolute perfection and holiness of God. The people being punished here are those who fomented rebellion against the leaders God Himself appointed. They are dissidents, anarchists, usurpers, and rabble-rousers against God's holy law.
  • Samuel Thomas on Numbers 17
    If one man sins against another, the judge shall judge him; but if a man sins against the LORD, who shall entreat for him? 1 Samuel 2:25, In the wilderness journey they always rebelled against God, tempted God, provoked God, Grieved God. These were not some fairly minor offences! But as we are in this Grace period, we ought to believe the Holy Scriptures, and walk accordingly. Believe in Jesus, take water baptism and receive Holy Spirit, and be ready for the soon return of Jesus Christ our Lord.
  • Syl on Numbers 17
    Matthew Henry, another great summation and lesson
    learned. You express beautifully what my same
    thoughts conclude. I look forward to your
    writing after every chapter.
  • Sean on Numbers 17
    Are you quite mental? This whole series of chapters contains some horrific scenes in response to some fairly minor offences!
  • Anonymous on Numbers 17
    This is beautiful! One of my favorite chapters! It really shows that even though God was angry at the children of Isreal, he still proves His greatness in good ways.


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Bible Trivia

When Aaron's staff blossoms in front of the Tabernacle, what else does it produce?
  • Roses
  • Manna
  • Wheat
  • Almonds