(2, 3) When ye come . . . —Better, Ye are entering into the land of Canaan; this is the land which shall fall unto you for an inheritance, (even) the land of Canaan, according to the borders thereof. And your south quarter (or, district) shall be from the wilderness of Zin by the side of Edom; and your south border shall be from the extremity of the salt sea eastward (or, on the east). It was important for the Israelites to be taught that, whilst divinely commissioned to exterminate the idolatrous inhabitants of the land of Canaan, they had no commission to make aggressive wars upon the surrounding nations which were beyond the confines of the land which was allotted to them. The southern boundary which is here described is the same as that of the tribe of Judah, as described in Joshua 15:1-2. The land of the Israelites was to extend towards the south as far as the wilderness of Zin, which was to divide their territory from that of the Edomites.
The sea of Chinnereth.—Chinnereth, or Cinnereth, appears to have been the name of a district, and also of a town. The name is supposed to be derived from kinnor, a “harp.” In later times the city was called Genusar, whence the name Gennesareth, as we find it in the Gospels.
Numbers 34:19And the names of the men are these: Of the tribe of Judah, Caleb the son of Jephunneh.
Numbers 34:20And of the tribe of the children of Simeon, Shemuel the son of Ammihud.
Numbers 34:21Of the tribe of Benjamin, Elidad the son of Chislon.
Numbers 34:22And the prince of the tribe of the children of Dan, Bukki the son of Jogli.
Numbers 34:23The prince of the children of Joseph, for the tribe of the children of Manasseh, Hanniel the son of Ephod.
Numbers 34:24And the prince of the tribe of the children of Ephraim, Kemuel the son of Shiphtan.
Numbers 34:25And the prince of the tribe of the children of Zebulun, Elizaphan the son of Parnach.
Numbers 34:26And the prince of the tribe of the children of Issachar, Paltiel the son of Azzan.
Numbers 34:27And the prince of the tribe of the children of Asher, Ahihud the son of Shelomi.
Numbers 34:28And the prince of the tribe of the children of Naphtali, Pedahel the son of Ammihud.
Numbers 34:29These are they whom the LORD commanded to divide the inheritance unto the children of Israel in the land of Canaan.