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1 Hear ye now what the LORD saith; Arise, contend thou before the mountains, and let the hills hear thy voice.

2 Hear ye, O mountains, the LORD'S controversy, and ye strong foundations of the earth: for the LORD hath a controversy with his people, and he will plead with Israel.

3 O my people, what have I done unto thee? and wherein have I wearied thee? testify against me.

4 For I brought thee up out of the land of Egypt, and redeemed thee out of the house of servants; and I sent before thee Moses, Aaron, and Miriam.

5 O my people, remember now what Balak king of Moab consulted, and what Balaam the son of Beor answered him from Shittim unto Gilgal; that ye may know the righteousness of the LORD.

6 Wherewith shall I come before the LORD, and bow myself before the high God? shall I come before him with burnt offerings, with calves of a year old?

7 Will the LORD be pleased with thousands of rams, or with ten thousands of rivers of oil? shall I give my firstborn for my transgression, the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?

8 He hath shewed thee, O man, what is good; and what doth the LORD require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God?

9 The LORD'S voice crieth unto the city, and the man of wisdom shall see thy name: hear ye the rod, and who hath appointed it.

10 Are there yet the treasures of wickedness in the house of the wicked, and the scant measure that is abominable?

11 Shall I count them pure with the wicked balances, and with the bag of deceitful weights?

12 For the rich men thereof are full of violence, and the inhabitants thereof have spoken lies, and their tongue is deceitful in their mouth.

13 Therefore also will I make thee sick in smiting thee, in making thee desolate because of thy sins.

14 Thou shalt eat, but not be satisfied; and thy casting down shall be in the midst of thee; and thou shalt take hold, but shalt not deliver; and that which thou deliverest will I give up to the sword.

15 Thou shalt sow, but thou shalt not reap; thou shalt tread the olives, but thou shalt not anoint thee with oil; and sweet wine, but shalt not drink wine.

16 For the statutes of Omri are kept, and all the works of the house of Ahab, and ye walk in their counsels; that I should make thee a desolation, and the inhabitants thereof an hissing: therefore ye shall bear the reproach of my people.

Commentary for Micah 6

God's controversy with Israel. (1-5) The duties God requires. (6-8) The wickedness of Israel. (9-16)1-5 The people are called upon to declare why they were weary of God's worship, and prone to idolatry. Sin causes the controversy between God and man. God reasons with us, to teach us to reason with ourselves. Let them remember God's many favours to them and their fathers, and compare with them their unworthy, ungrateful conduct toward him.

6-8 These verses seem to contain the substance of Balak's consultation with Balaam how to obtain the favour of Israel's God. Deep conviction of guilt and wrath will put men upon careful inquiries after peace and pardon, and then there begins to be some ground for hope of them. In order to God's being pleased with us, our care must be for an interest in the atonement of Christ, and that the sin by which we displease him may be taken away. What will be a satisfaction to God's justice? In whose name must we come, as we have nothing to plead as our own? In what righteousness shall we appear before him? The proposals betray ignorance, though they show zeal. They offer that which is very rich and costly. Those who are fully convinced of sin, and of their misery and danger by reason of it, would give all the world, if they had it, for peace and pardon. Yet they do not offer aright. The sacrifices had value from their reference to Christ; it was impossible that the blood of bulls and goats should take away sin. And all proposals of peace, except those according to the gospel, are absurd. They could not answer the demands of Divine justice, nor satisfy the wrong done to the honour of God by sin, nor would they serve at all in place of holiness of the heart and reformation of the life. Men will part with any thing rather than their sins; but they part with nothing so as to be accepted of God, unless they do part with their sins. Moral duties are commanded because they are good for man. In keeping God's commandments there is a great reward, as well as after keeping them. God has not only made it known, but made it plain. The good which God requires of us is, not the paying a price for the pardon of sin and acceptance with God, but love to himself; and what is there unreasonable, or hard, in this? Every thought within us must be brought down, to be brought into obedience to God, if we would walk comfortably with him. We must do this as penitent sinners, in dependence on the Redeemer and his atonement. Blessed be the Lord that he is ever ready to give his grace to the humble, waiting penitent.

9-16 God, having showed how necessary it was that they should do justly, here shows how plain it was that they had done unjustly. This voice of the Lord says to all, Hear the rod when it is coming, before you see it, and feel it. Hear the rod when it is come, and you are sensible of the smart; hear what counsels, what cautions it speaks. The voice of God is to be heard in the rod of God. Those who are dishonest in their dealings shall never be reckoned pure, whatever shows of devotion they may make. What is got by fraud and oppression, cannot be kept or enjoyed with satisfaction. What we hold closest we commonly lose soonest. Sin is a root of bitterness, soon planted, but not soon plucked up again. Their being the people of God in name and profession, while they kept themselves in his love, was an honour to them; but now, being backsliders, their having been once the people of God turns to their reproach.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Micah 6

  • Steve morrow
    PSALM 103:11 for as the heaven is high above the earth so great is HIS mercy toward them that fear HIM LUKE 12:4 and I say unto you my friends be not afraid of them that kill the body and after that have no more that they can do --12:5-- but I will forewarn you whom you shall fear fear HIM which after HE hath killed hath power to cast into hell yea I say unto you fear HIM LUKE 1:50 and HIS mercy is on them that fear HIM from generation to generation
  • Jethron
    Beautiful chapter of Micah...
  • BSP
    God has showed us his goodness and he does not require a lot of us. This verse emphasizes three qualities that God requires of us and they are justice, mercy, and humility.
  • Brandi
    Without mercy, where would we be? Therefore love mercy moreover love your neighbor.
  • Irene123
    "He hath shewed thee, o man, what is good, and what does the Lord require of thee, but to do justly, to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God"? Eccl.12:13 - Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and obey His commandments: For this is the whole duty of man." John 14:15 - :If ye love me, keep my commandments." This is what the WHOLE word of God is all about.
  • Willie Bivens for verse 16
    Because the people were following Omri 's rule and listening to the counsels of Ahab, God would make them desolate and they would bear the reproach.
  • MockingBird for verse 8
    This passage is a requirement. Like steering on your car. you are not going anywhere without it !!!! God is just The judgment of God is goodness also severity we are to be imataters severity in a loving way as our Lord. Love to be merciful to also the forward and disobedient , Disobedience needs correction rebellion needs discipline. Walk humbly toward God to not be proud and arragont. Be doers of His word Not hearers only !!!!
  • These are works that the child of God must actively participate in: be not hearers of the word only, but doers. God is calling for us to 1. do justly - make sure we are fair, not partial, nor be a respector of persons, but we treat everyone fairly and with love and respect; 2) love mercy..we have to have an intense desire to forgive people for things they may have done to us or show forbearance towards others - to show compassion; and finally, God wants us to walk humbly. We can't go around with our noses in the air thinking we're somehow better than other people. We should walk with meekness, modesty and with low degree..These are good works that God will write down in His book of remembrance.

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Bible Trivia

Who was the son of Beor?
  • Balaam
  • Miriam
  • Balak
  • Bart
  • None