“Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.”
King James Version (KJV)
5:3 Happy are the poor - In the following discourse there is, A sweet invitation to true holiness and happiness, ver. 3 - 12. #Matt 5:3-12|. A persuasive to impart it to others, ver. 13 - 16. #Matt 5:13-16|. A description of true Christian holiness, ver. 17; chap.vii,12, #Matt 5:17; Matt 7:12|. (in which it is easy to observe, the latter part exactly answers the former.) The conclusion: giving a sure mark of the true way, warning against false prophets, exhorting to follow after holiness. The poor in spirit - They who are unfeignedly penitent, they who are truly convinced of sin; who see and feel the state they are in by nature, being deeply sensible of their sinfulness, guiltiness, helplessness. For theirs is the kingdom of heaven - The present inward kingdom: righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost, as well as the eternal kingdom, if they endure to the end. #Luke 6:20|.
Mt 5:3 Blessed. There follows nine beatitudes, each of which pronounces a blessing upon those who have certain characteristics. The word "blessed" is first applied to God, and means more than "happy", as it has sometimes been translated. Happiness comes from earthly things; blessedness comes from God. It is not bestowed arbitrarily; a reason follows each beatitude. The poor in spirit. The humble, in contrast with the haughty; those sensible of spiritual destitution. The same state of mind is referred to when he speaks elsewhere of a contrite and broken spirit. Is the kingdom of heaven. Such shall become members of the kingdom that Christ will establish. The Jews rejected from this kingdom on account of their spiritual pride.