Matthew 16:18

And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.

King James Version (KJV)

Other Translations

And I say also vnto thee, that thou art Peter, and vpon this rocke I will build my Church: and the gates of hell shall not preuaile against it.
- King James Version (1611) - View 1611 Bible Scan

"I also say to you that you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build My church; and the gates of Hades will not overpower it.
- New American Standard Version (1995)

And I also say unto thee, that thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it.
- American Standard Version (1901)

And I say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock will my church be based, and the doors of hell will not overcome it.
- Basic English Bible

And *I* also, I say unto thee that *thou* art Peter, and on this rock I will build my assembly, and hades' gates shall not prevail against it.
- Darby Bible

And I say also to thee, that thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church: and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
- Webster's Bible

And I declare to you that you are Peter, and that upon this Rock I will build my Church, and the might of Hades shall not triumph over it.
- Weymouth Bible

I also tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my assembly, and the gates of Hades will not prevail against it.
- World English Bible

And Y seie to thee, that thou art Petre, and on this stoon Y schal bilde my chirche, and the yatis of helle schulen not haue miyt ayens it.
- Wycliffe Bible

`And I also say to thee, that thou art a rock, and upon this rock I will build my assembly, and gates of Hades shall not prevail against it;
- Youngs Literal Bible

Bible commentary

Wesley's Notes for Matthew 16:18


16:18 On this rock - Alluding to his name, which signifies a rock, namely, the faith which thou hast now professed; I will build my Church - But perhaps when our Lord uttered these words, he pointed to himself, in like manner as when he said, Destroy this temple, #John 2:19|; meaning the temple of his body. And it is certain, that as he is spoken of in Scripture, as the only foundation of the Church, so this is that which the apostles and evangelists laid in their preaching. It is in respect of laying this, that the names of the twelve apostles (not of St. Peter only) were equally inscribed on the twelve foundations of the city of God, #Rev 21:14|. The gates of hell - As gates and walls were the strength of cities, and as courts of judicature were held in their gates, this phrase properly signifies the power and policy of Satan and his instruments. Shall not prevail against it - Not against the Church universal, so as to destroy it. And they never did. There hath been a small remnant in all ages.


People's Bible Notes for Matthew 16:18


Mt 16:18 Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church. This is the first time Jesus speaks of his church, and here, as not yet founded. Three terms are to be noted: (1) "Peter", in the Greek, "Petros", meaning a single stone; (2) "Rock", in the Greek, "Petra", which means the solid, immovable bed-rock, a great mass like a cliff, and (3) "church", Greek, "ecclesia", those "called out", the fellowship of believers, the organized society of Christ, the kingdom of heaven on earth. There is probably no passage in the word of God that has called forth more discussion. The Papal church insists that Peter is the rock upon which Christ founded his church. The Catholic position is based upon the fact that Peter means a stone, and the Savior's language might be rendered, "Thou art a stone and upon this rock I will build my church" (see Joh 1:42). The Catholic view is untenable, for (1) The Savior does not say, "Thou art a stone, and upon thee I will build", etc., or "Thou art a rock, and upon this rock I will build". He changes the word in the Greek from "Petros" (Peter, a stone) to "Petra", a rock, or ledge of rock--a solid bed-rock. (2) Every saint is a stone (see 1Pe 2:5). The Lord declares that Peter is one these living stones, made such by his confession of faith, and ready to be built into the church, the spiritual temple, formed of living stones, and built upon the rock. So is every confessor of Christ. In order to settle what the Savior does mean by the "rock", we must consider Mt 16:18,19 together, and keep in mind the entire figure. This figure portrays (1) a Builder, Christ; (2) a temple to be built, composed of lively stones, the church; (3) a foundation for that temple, the rock; (4) the gates of an unfriendly city or power which shall seek its destruction, hell, or more correctly, Hades, the unseen abode of the dead, the grave; (5) a door-keeper of the church, or spiritual temple, with his keys, Peter. Peter's place in the figure is not that of the foundation, but that of the key-holder, or turnkey. The only difficulty is in settling what the Lord means by the "rock". Since this rock is the foundation of the church, the central principle, the fundamental idea, we are aided to a correct decision by the teachings of the Word elsewhere. We learn [through Paul] "That other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ". This excludes Peter or any human platform (1Co 3:11). Christ is often called a stone: (1) "the stone that the builders rejected" (Mt 21:42 Mr 12:10 Lu 20:17); (2) "the chief corner stone" (Eph 2:20); (3) "the stone that is the head of the corner" (Mt 21:42 Mr 12:10 Lu 20:17 Ac 4:11 1Pe 2:7); (4) "the spiritual rock which is Christ" (1Co 10:4). Faith in Christ held in the heart, and confessed with the lips is the very foundation of the spiritual life and of the church. This constituted the fundamental difference in apostolic days between Christians and unbelievers, the church and the world. It does still. It is the essence of the teaching of the New Testament that the platform or foundation of the Christian society, the church, is this belief that "Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the living God" (see Mt 16:16 Joh 6:69). It is then Peter's grand confession, faith in the Spiritual Rock, the faith that lays hold of Christ, belief that he is the Anointed of God, the Divine Savior, that the Lord pronounces the rock upon which he will found his church. That this view is correct is shown by a correct understanding of the declaration. The gates of hell shall not prevail against it. "The gates of Hades" (Revised Version). From the gates of the city always marched forth its armies. The powers of hades are represented by its gates. Hades is not hell (Gehenna), but the unseen abode of the dead that holds the departed within its gates. Just after these words the Lord talks of his death, or entering hades. Six months later the Sanhedrin sent him to death for making the same confession Peter had just made. See Mt 26:64-67. They expected to demonstrate that the confession of his divinity which he had made was false by sending him to hades, which they supposed would hold him and prevail against the confession of the ROCK. He was sent there from the cross, but the gates of hades did not prevail, for they could not hold him, and the living Savior, rising triumphant from the tomb, was the unanswerable argument that his own and Peter's confession was a rock that could never be moved. His resurrection demonstrated that he is the Rock. Hades did not prevail.

Discussion for Matthew 16

  • Llary T
    This is a very Clear Indication how blind man made religion is to the Things Of God. Purely because man's sinful fleshly desires continuously seek after these things with ungodly vigor. The other thing that stands out also is, the Lord speaks favor upon the Righteous, who in the Broad Spectrum of God's Will, MUST Preach Repentance and Salvation to Sinners, while there is yet time.
  • I AM
    O ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky but can ye not discern the signs of the times? That the triumphing of the wicked is short, and the joy of the hypocrite but for a moment? How long, ye simple ones, will ye love simplicity? and the scorners delight in their scorning, and fools hate knowledge? Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil: that put darkness for light, and light for darkness: that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter! Little children: Learn not the way of the heathen, and be not dismayed at the signs of heaven: for the heathen are dismayed at them. For the Lord knows all that may be known, and he beholds the signs of the world. For the arms of the wicked shall be broken: but the LORD upholds the righteous: and your heart shall live that seek God.
  • Steve morrow
    luke 10:27 and HE answering said thou shalt love the LORD THY GOD with all thy heart and with all thy soul and with all thy strength and with all thy mind and thy neighbor as thyself----JOHN 14:24 HE THAT LOVETH ME NOT KEEPETH NOT MY SAYINGS AND THE WORD WHICH YOU HEAR IS NOT MINE BUT THE FATHERS WHICH SENT ME----MATTHEW 10:37 HE THAT LOVETH FATHER OR MOTHER MORE THAN ME IS NOT WORTHY OF ME AND HE THAT LOVETH SON OR DAUGHTER MORE THAN ME IS NOT WORTHY OF ME----JOHN 14:15 IF YOU LOVE ME KEEP MY COMMANDMENTS----JOHN 15:10 IF YOU KEEP MY COMMANDMENTS YOU SHALL ABIDE IN MY LOVE EVEN AS I HAVE KEPT MY FATHERS COMMANDMENTS AND ABIDE IN HIS LOVE----ROMANS 6:16 KNOW YOU NOT THAT TO WHOM YOU YIELD YOURSELVES SERVANTS TO OBEY HIS SERVSNTS YOU ARE TO WHOM YOU OBEY WHETHER OF SIN UNTO DEATH OR OF OBEDIENCE UNTO RIGHTEOUSNESS----PSALM 119:167 MY SOUL HATH KEPT THY TESTIMONIES AND I LOVE THEM EXCEEDINGLY
  • HAW
    It seems as if Jesus was warning the disciples of the external pressure of "other doctrines" that seek to infiltrate the Church. The church is made pure by God through Christ and we as Christians are the custodians of it. If we are not vigilant and alert, we cannot maintain the purity and unity of the Church.
  • Felicia
    Verses 13-17
    There are many people who profess to know Jesus. But do we truly know who Jesus is? Or we also know Him like the people in Jesus's days, He is one of those influential people? We must know the Lord experientially. He says if we obey His commandments He will manifest Himself onto us. Our knowledge of Him is our strength, security and peace. Holy Ghost, do for us like Peter.





  • J.W.
    Response to Maria's question- Many thought John the Baptist was Jesus because he was the cousin of Jesus, born 6 months prior to Jesus.(Read Luke1:17) Upon the impending birth of John the Baptist, an angel of the Lord told his father Zacharias (of his son) "He shall go before Jesus in the spirit and power of Elias (Greek for Elijah) so that...he could turn the hearts of the disobedient to the just

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