Matthew 16:18

And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.

King James Version (KJV)

Other Translations

And I say also vnto thee, that thou art Peter, and vpon this rocke I will build my Church: and the gates of hell shall not preuaile against it.
- King James Version (1611) - View 1611 Bible Scan

"I also say to you that you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build My church; and the gates of Hades will not overpower it.
- New American Standard Version (1995)

And I also say unto thee, that thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it.
- American Standard Version (1901)

And I say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock will my church be based, and the doors of hell will not overcome it.
- Basic English Bible

And *I* also, I say unto thee that *thou* art Peter, and on this rock I will build my assembly, and hades' gates shall not prevail against it.
- Darby Bible

And I say also to thee, that thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church: and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
- Webster's Bible

And I declare to you that you are Peter, and that upon this Rock I will build my Church, and the might of Hades shall not triumph over it.
- Weymouth Bible

I also tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my assembly, and the gates of Hades will not prevail against it.
- World English Bible

And Y seie to thee, that thou art Petre, and on this stoon Y schal bilde my chirche, and the yatis of helle schulen not haue miyt ayens it.
- Wycliffe Bible

`And I also say to thee, that thou art a rock, and upon this rock I will build my assembly, and gates of Hades shall not prevail against it;
- Youngs Literal Bible

Bible commentary

Wesley's Notes for Matthew 16:18


16:18 On this rock - Alluding to his name, which signifies a rock, namely, the faith which thou hast now professed; I will build my Church - But perhaps when our Lord uttered these words, he pointed to himself, in like manner as when he said, Destroy this temple, #John 2:19|; meaning the temple of his body. And it is certain, that as he is spoken of in Scripture, as the only foundation of the Church, so this is that which the apostles and evangelists laid in their preaching. It is in respect of laying this, that the names of the twelve apostles (not of St. Peter only) were equally inscribed on the twelve foundations of the city of God, #Rev 21:14|. The gates of hell - As gates and walls were the strength of cities, and as courts of judicature were held in their gates, this phrase properly signifies the power and policy of Satan and his instruments. Shall not prevail against it - Not against the Church universal, so as to destroy it. And they never did. There hath been a small remnant in all ages.


People's Bible Notes for Matthew 16:18


Mt 16:18 Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church. This is the first time Jesus speaks of his church, and here, as not yet founded. Three terms are to be noted: (1) "Peter", in the Greek, "Petros", meaning a single stone; (2) "Rock", in the Greek, "Petra", which means the solid, immovable bed-rock, a great mass like a cliff, and (3) "church", Greek, "ecclesia", those "called out", the fellowship of believers, the organized society of Christ, the kingdom of heaven on earth. There is probably no passage in the word of God that has called forth more discussion. The Papal church insists that Peter is the rock upon which Christ founded his church. The Catholic position is based upon the fact that Peter means a stone, and the Savior's language might be rendered, "Thou art a stone and upon this rock I will build my church" (see Joh 1:42). The Catholic view is untenable, for (1) The Savior does not say, "Thou art a stone, and upon thee I will build", etc., or "Thou art a rock, and upon this rock I will build". He changes the word in the Greek from "Petros" (Peter, a stone) to "Petra", a rock, or ledge of rock--a solid bed-rock. (2) Every saint is a stone (see 1Pe 2:5). The Lord declares that Peter is one these living stones, made such by his confession of faith, and ready to be built into the church, the spiritual temple, formed of living stones, and built upon the rock. So is every confessor of Christ. In order to settle what the Savior does mean by the "rock", we must consider Mt 16:18,19 together, and keep in mind the entire figure. This figure portrays (1) a Builder, Christ; (2) a temple to be built, composed of lively stones, the church; (3) a foundation for that temple, the rock; (4) the gates of an unfriendly city or power which shall seek its destruction, hell, or more correctly, Hades, the unseen abode of the dead, the grave; (5) a door-keeper of the church, or spiritual temple, with his keys, Peter. Peter's place in the figure is not that of the foundation, but that of the key-holder, or turnkey. The only difficulty is in settling what the Lord means by the "rock". Since this rock is the foundation of the church, the central principle, the fundamental idea, we are aided to a correct decision by the teachings of the Word elsewhere. We learn [through Paul] "That other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ". This excludes Peter or any human platform (1Co 3:11). Christ is often called a stone: (1) "the stone that the builders rejected" (Mt 21:42 Mr 12:10 Lu 20:17); (2) "the chief corner stone" (Eph 2:20); (3) "the stone that is the head of the corner" (Mt 21:42 Mr 12:10 Lu 20:17 Ac 4:11 1Pe 2:7); (4) "the spiritual rock which is Christ" (1Co 10:4). Faith in Christ held in the heart, and confessed with the lips is the very foundation of the spiritual life and of the church. This constituted the fundamental difference in apostolic days between Christians and unbelievers, the church and the world. It does still. It is the essence of the teaching of the New Testament that the platform or foundation of the Christian society, the church, is this belief that "Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the living God" (see Mt 16:16 Joh 6:69). It is then Peter's grand confession, faith in the Spiritual Rock, the faith that lays hold of Christ, belief that he is the Anointed of God, the Divine Savior, that the Lord pronounces the rock upon which he will found his church. That this view is correct is shown by a correct understanding of the declaration. The gates of hell shall not prevail against it. "The gates of Hades" (Revised Version). From the gates of the city always marched forth its armies. The powers of hades are represented by its gates. Hades is not hell (Gehenna), but the unseen abode of the dead that holds the departed within its gates. Just after these words the Lord talks of his death, or entering hades. Six months later the Sanhedrin sent him to death for making the same confession Peter had just made. See Mt 26:64-67. They expected to demonstrate that the confession of his divinity which he had made was false by sending him to hades, which they supposed would hold him and prevail against the confession of the ROCK. He was sent there from the cross, but the gates of hades did not prevail, for they could not hold him, and the living Savior, rising triumphant from the tomb, was the unanswerable argument that his own and Peter's confession was a rock that could never be moved. His resurrection demonstrated that he is the Rock. Hades did not prevail.

Discussion for Matthew 16:18

  • Peter and rock don 't pun in Aramaic and Peter didn 't speak Greek. This is a fabrication, the Nazarene was a Jewish rabbi and very happy with his faith! This would be anathema to Joshua, ne the Christ.
  • Bro ronald sam for verse 18
    Revelation is the rock
  • Build your rock on Jesus Christ foundation,not the cares of this world. Because the world don 't have a solid foundation. Hell can 't prevail against God foundation because it doesn 't have the greater strenght like God power. God is the creator and he gave power to whom he wanted too. Remember God is in control.
  • Build your rock on Jesus Christ foundation,not the cares of this world. Because the world don 't have a solid foundation. Hell can 't prevail against God foundation because it doesn 't have the greater strenght like God power. God is the creator and he gave to whom he wanted too. Remember God is in control.
  • Jesus referred to Peter as Petros meaning small stone, and then Jesus stated, upon this rock meaning Petra , which is a massive rock, will I build my church . In other words, Christ was not making Peter the foundation because to do so will be detrimental to the kingdom, because of man s instability. However, when Peter stated that Thou art the Christ Jesus rewarded him by stating that he is Peter which is a small rock connecting all those whom he come in contact with to the rock Petra , which is a massive rock which is Christ himself. For Christ is the foundation according to 1 Corinthians 3 11. This connection will be done through Peter s testimony of Jesus being the Christ. So, therefore for I believe Jesus was letting Peter know that he will build his church upon the testimony of Peter which states, thou art the Christ . When we all have Peter s testimony that Jesus is the Christ, we will also become Petros a small stone adding to the church, for every saint is a stone according to 1 Peter 2 5 .
  • Ronald l. collins for verse 18
    this verse means this, thou art peter petros a little rock,and upon this rock petra i will build my church, Jesus spoke of himself,he is the rock of ages,1 peter 2.4-9. Satan is the god of this world. and the prince and power of the air, satan only has the power the God has allowed him, example the life of Job,all of his power will fail,Jesus said narrow is the gate that leads to life and straight is the way and few be that fine it,and wide is the gate and broad is the way that leads to Destruction, many like Cain, the unrepentant thief on the cross,Judas at the last supper, and one of the sad stories of the bible, the rich young ruler who like many was sincere with good works, but stopped short of a personal commitment to Jesus,many know a lot about Jesus but don't know him in a personal way, admit there a sinner''repent'' and then call upon him,Romans 3;23 6;23 10;9,10,13. Satan is out to destroy he started in garden of Eden, and he never takes a vacation, the bible teaches most will follow his lies, but after the kingdom age he will be cast in to the lake of fire for ever, he did not prevail. God bless you in Christ.

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