“Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is likened unto a man which sowed good seed in his field:”
King James Version (KJV)
13:24 He proposed another parable - in which he farther explains the case of unfruitful hearers. The kingdom of heaven (as has been observed before) sometimes signifies eternal glory: sometimes the way to it, inward religion; sometimes, as here, the Gospel dispensation: the phrase is likewise used for a person or thing relating to any one of those: so in this place it means, Christ preaching the Gospel, who is like a man sowing good seed - The expression, is like, both here and in several other places, only means, that the thing spoken of may be illustrated by the following similitude. Who sowed good seed in his field - God sowed nothing but good in his whole creation. Christ sowed only the good seed of truth in his Church.
Mt 13:24 The kingdom of heaven is likened. The object of all parables in this connection is to explain various features and principles of the kingdom of heaven. Unto a man which sowed. It is important to note what the kingdom of heaven is likened to. It is not to the "field" in which the tares and wheat were both sown, nor to the "enemy" who sowed the tares, but to "the man who sowed the good seed". The kingdom does what the Sower is represented as doing. It sows the good seed. Good seed. It is declared in Mt 13:19 that the seed is the "word of the kingdom", and in Mt 13:38 that the "good seed" are "the children of the kingdom". These are those in whose heart the good seed has fallen, and their new lives, as children of the kingdom, are the fruit of the good seed. In his field. The controversy has turned upon what the Savior represents by the field. (1) It is not the kingdom, or church, for this is represented by "the man that sowed good seed in his field". (2) It is the place where the good seed is sown by the Son of man, or through his agency; in other words, the place where the gospel is preached to men. (3) Mt 13:38 states emphatically that "the field is the world".