Matthew 12:2

“But when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto him, Behold, thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do upon the sabbath day.”

King James Version (KJV)

Other Translations for Matthew 12:2

But when the Pharises saw it, they said vnto him, Behold, thy Disciples doe that which is not lawfull to doe vpon the Sabbath day.
- King James Version (1611) - View 1611 Bible Scan

But when the Pharisees saw {this,} they said to Him, "Look, Your disciples do what is not lawful to do on a Sabbath."
- New American Standard Version (1995)

But the Pharisees, when they saw it, said unto him, Behold, thy disciples do that which it is not lawful to do upon the sabbath.
- American Standard Version (1901)

But the Pharisees, when they saw it, said to him, See, your disciples do that which it is not right to do on the Sabbath.
- Basic English Bible

But the Pharisees, seeing [it], said to him, Behold, thy disciples are doing what is not lawful to do on sabbath.
- Darby Bible

But when the Pharisees saw it, they said to him, Behold, thy disciples do that which it is not lawful to do on the sabbath.
- Webster's Bible

But the Pharisees saw it and said to Him, "Look! your disciples are doing what the Law forbids them to do on the Sabbath."
- Weymouth Bible

But the Pharisees, when they saw it, said to him, "Behold, your disciples do what is not lawful to do on the Sabbath."
- World English Bible

And Fariseis, seynge, seiden to hym, Lo! thi disciplis don that thing that is not leueful to hem to do in sabatis.
- Wycliffe Bible

and the Pharisees having seen, said to him, `Lo, thy disciples do that which it is not lawful to do on a sabbath.'
- Youngs Literal Bible

Bible Commentary for Matthew 12:2

Wesley's Notes for Matthew 12:2


12:1 His disciples plucked the ears of corn, and ate - Just what sufficed for present necessity: dried corn was a common food among the Jews. #Mark 2:23|; Luke 6:1.

12:3 Have ye not read what David did - And necessity was a sufficient plea for his transgressing the law in a higher instance.

12:4 He entered into the house of God - Into the tabernacle. The temple was not yet built. The show bread - So they called the bread which the priest, who served that week, put every Sabbath day on the golden table that was in the holy place, before the Lord. The loaves were twelve in number, and represented the twelve tribes of Israel: when the new were brought, the stale were taken away, but were to be eaten by the priests only. #1Sam 21:6|.


People's Bible Notes for Matthew 12:2


Mt 12:2 But when the Pharisees saw [it]. See PNT "Mt 3:7". Some of the sect were in attendance on the watch for a ground of accusation. Not lawful to do upon the sabbath. They did not object to taking the ears of corn, but to gathering, rubbing out the grains of wheat in the hand, and eating them on the sabbath. To understand their position, it must be noticed that after the Law had said that the Jews were "to do no manner of work" on the Sabbath, the "Tradition of the Elders" had laid down thirty-nine principal prohibitions, which were ascribed to the authority of the Great Synagogue, and which were called "abhoth", "fathers", or chief rules. From these were deduced a vast multitude of "toldoth", "descendants", or derivative rules. Now, "reaping" and "threshing" on the Sabbath day were forbidden by "abhoth"; and by the "toldoth" it was asserted that plucking corn-ears was "a kind of" reaping, and rubbing them "a kind of" threshing. The vitality of these artificial notions among the Jews is extraordinary. Abarbanel relates that when, in 1492, the Jews were expelled from Spain, and were forbidden to enter the city of Fez lest they should cause a famine, they lived on grass; yet even in this state ``religiously avoided the violation of their Sabbath by plucking the grass with their hands.'' To avoid this they took the much more laborious method of groveling on their knees, and cropping it with their teeth. We give one more example of their Sabbath requirements from "Milman's Jews" (Vol. 2, p. 480): ``If on the Sabbath a Jew put out a lamp from fear of the Gentiles, or robbers, or on account of an evil spirit, he was guiltless; if to save oil, he was guilty.''

Discussion for Matthew 12:2

  • Annie on Matthew 12:2
    In Matthew 12:2 It appears Jesus broke the commandment to honor the Sabbath, is this true or is this symbolic for something?
  • Mishael in Luke - in Reply on Matthew 12:2
    It was the Pharisees trying to catch Jesus in some kind of sin. Jesus used the situation to show the Pharisees (people who hit others on the head with rules), that they were unmerciful.

    23

    And it came to pass, that he went through the corn fields on the sabbath day; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of corn.

    24

    And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath day, that which is not lawful?

    25

    And Jesus said unto them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him?

    26

    How he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the shewbread, which is not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave also to them which were with him?

    27

    And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath:

    28

    Therefore the Son of man IS LORD also of the sabbath.


 

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