Matthew 1:3

“And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram;”

King James Version (KJV)

Other Translations

And Iudas begate Phares and Zara of Thamar, and Phares begate Esrom, and Esrom begate Aram.
- King James Version (1611) - View 1611 Bible Scan

Judah was the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar, Perez was the father of Hezron, and Hezron the father of Ram.
- New American Standard Version (1995)

and Judah begat Perez and Zerah of Tamar; and Perez begat Hezron; and Hezron begat Ram;
- American Standard Version (1901)

And the sons of Judah were Perez and Zerah by Tamar; and the son of Perez was Hezron; and the son of Hezron was Ram;
- Basic English Bible

and Juda begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom, and Esrom begat Aram,
- Darby Bible

And Judah begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram;
- Webster's Bible

Judah was the father (by Tamar) of Perez and Zerah; Perez of Hezron; Hezron of Ram;
- Weymouth Bible

Judah became the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar. Perez became the father of Hezron. Hezron became the father of Ram.
- World English Bible

Judas bigat Fares and Zaram, of Tamar. Fares bigat Esrom.
- Wycliffe Bible

and Judah begat Pharez and Zarah of Tamar, and Pharez begat Hezron, and Hezron begat Ram,
- Youngs Literal Bible

Bible commentary

Wesley's Notes for Matthew 1:3


1:3 Of Thamar - St. Matthew adds the names of those women also, that were remarkable in the sacred history.


People's Bible Notes for Matthew 1:3


Mt 1:3 Tamar. Three women are named in this list: Tamar, Rahab, and Ruth. These were all Gentile women, and are named for this reason, and for their remarkable history. There were stains upon the character of Tamar (Ge 38:11-30) and of Rahab (Jos 2:1), but Ruth is one of the sweetest women of the Bible.

Discussion for Matthew 1:3

  • I am of the opinion that these named women, being all of Gentile heritage, shows that the linage of maternal side as being important unto the Jews to show prove Jewishness and linage is tracked on the paternal side to show the male descendants right of earthly inheritance monetary or goods . Therefore the linage of Christ is of its Jewishness has gaps of Gentile linage via Tamar, Rahab, and Ruth to demonstrate unto readers of God 's word that Gentiles are indeed, included in the Covenant of Grace via maternal Jewish linage as well as the evidences left in the words of the Apostle Paul covered in Romans 2.
  • Mike kocsis for verse 3
    if this is the lineage of Christ from Abraham why is Zara mentioned at all, since the Lord came thru Phares????
  • David R Freeman for verse 3
    The children of Barkos, the children of Sisera, the children of Thamah, Ezr 2 53 KJV List of returnees from Babylon Thamah It is the Thamar in Matthew
  • I BELIEVE THAT MATTHEW 1:3 TELL THAT JESUS IS DAVID, ABRAHAM, HEAVENLY BROTHER AND WORD BEGAT MEAN THAT ABRAHAM SPREAD TELL DIFFERENT GENERATION THAT JESUS LOVE THEM ALL, TELL ALL OTHER PEOPLE THAT CHRIST IS KING GATHER HIS PEOPLE,BEGAT MEANS GATHERING.
  • I need to understand this verse as the word begat,what does it mean Judas begat Phares and of Zara of Thamar and Phares begat Esrom and Esrom begat Aram Thank you so much for your help.

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