Luke 23:31

For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?

King James Version (KJV)

Other Translations

For if they doe these things in a green tree, what shalbe done in the drie?
- King James Version (1611) - View 1611 Bible Scan

"For if they do these things when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?"
- New American Standard Version (1995)

For if they do these things in the green tree, what shall be done in the dry?
- American Standard Version (1901)

For if they do these things when the tree is green, what will they do when it is dry?
- Basic English Bible

for if these things are done in the green tree, what shall take place in the dry?
- Darby Bible

For if they do these things in a green tree, what will be done in the dry?
- Webster's Bible

For if they are doing these things in the case of the green tree, what will be done in that of the dry?"
- Weymouth Bible

For if they do these things in the green tree, what will be done in the dry?"
- World English Bible

For if in a greene tre thei don these thingis, what schal be don in a drie?
- Wycliffe Bible

for, if in the green tree they do these things -- in the dry what may happen?'
- Youngs Literal Bible

Bible commentary

Wesley's Notes for Luke 23:31


23:31 If they do these things in the green tree, what shall be done in the dry? - Our Lord makes use of a proverbial expression, frequent among the Jews, who compare a good man to a green tree, and a bad man to a dead one: as if he had said, If an innocent person suffer thus, what will become of the wicked? Of those who are as ready for destruction as dry wood for the fire?


People's Bible Notes for Luke 23:31


Lu 23:31 If they do these things, etc. A proverb, meaning here, "If the rulers and the Romans crucify the Messiah of the nation, the Hope of Israel, what shall they do to the nation itself"? What they would do was seen in less than forty years.

Discussion for Luke 23:31

  • Domnic Dsouza for verse 31
    specially these last 25 30 years i see and feel the dryness in everything, there was a time when people were concerned and cared for others, But now i see the third floor partying while ground floor someone has expired. there was a time when the wife would mourn a husbands death for a year and more, but now you see her in someone else s arms within a month or two. there was a time when parents were cared till the last breath, but now they are sent to the old age home on the first sign of sickness is this is not the dry wood situation that Christ was talking about.
  • Carolyn for verse 31
    Jesus said "don't weep for me weep for yourselves" because these women were crying, not as believers but because what they saw the condition Jesus was in, it saddened them. Jesus was refering to how much worse it would be for them in the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. A slow miserable death that included starvation where some would actually eat there own children, that it would be better if they did not have any children at all or elsewhere He said better to be killed by the sword than starvation. He also referenced judgment day and the suffering they would endure then. Jesus endured great suffering because of these people who rebelled against Him but did not want His blood on their hands. They told the Romans that He claimed to be King of the Jews and that was in direct opposition to their King Caesar. They insisted the Romans condem Him under their law which they knew included the severe form of punishment learned and adopted from the barbarians, crucifition. They would have to endure more than He, so were to weep for themselves. Thank you.
  • James M. Bucher for verse 31
    My opinion in this, about the green and dry tree is this; in Matthew 19:3-12, some Pharisees approached him to test him, they asked; is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife on any grounds. Verse 4, havenít you read, he replied that he who created them in the beginning, made them male and female. Verse 5, he also said: for this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two will become one flesh. Verse 6, so they are no longer two but one flesh, therefore what God has joined together man must not separate. Verse 7, why then, they ask him did Moses command us to give divorce papers, and to send her away. Verse 8, he told them, Moses permitted you to divorce your wives because of the hardness of your hearts, but it was not like that from the beginning: Verse 9, and I tell you, whoever divorces his wife, except, for sexual immorality, and marries another, commits adultery. Verse 10, his disciples said to him, if the relationship of a man with his wife is like this, it is better not to marry. Verse 11, but he told them, not everyone can accept this saying? But only those it has been given to. Verse 12, for there are eunuchs, who were born that way from their mothersí womb, there are eunuchs who were made by men, and there are eunuchs who have made themselves that way because of the kingdom of heaven, let anyone accept this who can. In Luke 23-27-29, the women were following Jesus as he was going to the cross they were mourning and lamenting him but turning to them, Jesus said daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me, but weep for yourselves and your children. Verse 29, look, the days are coming when they say, blessed are the barren, the wombs that never bore, and the breasts that never nursed; Isaiah said in 54:1-rejoice oh barren one, you who have not been in labor, for the children of the forsaken one will be more than the children of the married woman, says the Lord. Geneses 3:16, he said to the woman: I will intensify your labor pains: you will bear children: in Isaiah 56:3, no foreigner who has converted to the Lord should say, the Lord will exclude me from his people, and the eunuch should not say look, I am a dried up tree. Look on verses 4, I will give them, in my house and within my walls, a memorial and a name better than sons and daughters, I will give them a forever lasting name, this my thought on Luke 23:31. Jesus is talking about a woman, or man that canít produce of their seed, if a women has children, she is fruitful green tree if not she could be a dry tree; or a eunuch canít produce some eunuchs. When some men decide not to marry could be considered? God bless you women and men that can bear this.

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