As well the stranger as he that is born in the land.--This law is applicable alike to the proselyte and to the Gentile, who does not even profess to believe in Jehovah.
When he blasphemeth the name of the Lord.--Better, when he curseth the Name. Here again the expression "Name" has, out of reverence, been substituted for Jehovah. (See Leviticus 24:11.)
he shall surely be put to death; no mercy shall be shown him, no reprieve or pardon granted him: hence it is said (f), there is no atonement for it, by repentance, or chastisements, or the day of atonement: so blasphemy against the Holy Ghost is not forgiven, neither in this world nor in that which is to come, Matthew 12:31,
and all the congregation shall certainly stone him; shall have no pity on him, nor spare him, but stone him till he dies:
as well the stranger as he that is born in the land, when he blasphemeth the name of the Lord, shall be put to death; even a proselyte of the gate, a Gentile that sojourned among them, uncircumcised, and did not profess the Jewish religion, as well as a proselyte of righteousness, and an Israelite born; yet, if he blasphemed the God of Israel, was to lose his life without any mercy shown him.
(f) R. Alphes, par. 1. Yoma, c. 1. fol. 261. 1.