When ye have gathered in the fruit of the land.--That is, those productions which ripen in the autumnal season, as wheat, barley, oil, wine, &c.
Ye shall keep a feast unto the Lord.--The Israelites are then to keep a festival in which they are to acknowledge the bounties of the Lord and express their gratitude to the Giver of all good things. For this reason this festival is also called "the Feast of Ingathering" (Exodus 23:16; Exodus 34:22).
On the first day shall be a sabbath.--Both on the first and last days of this festival there is to be abstention from all servile work. (See Leviticus 23:35-36.)
when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land; the barley, wheat, oil and wine, and all others, this being now autumn, when the several fruits were ripe and gathered: ye shall keep a feast unto the Lord seven days; not different from that before mentioned, but the same, one design of which is here suggested, to give thanks for the fruits of the earth: hence this feast is sometimes called the feast of ingathering, Exodus 23:16; as another use of it is after mentioned, to commemorate the children of Israel dwelling in booths in the wilderness:
on the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath; because on both there was a cessation from servile work, Leviticus 23:35.