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1 And after Abimelech there arose to defend Israel Tola the son of Puah, the son of Dodo, a man of Issachar; and he dwelt in Shamir in mount Ephraim.

2 And he judged Israel twenty and three years, and died, and was buried in Shamir.

3 And after him arose Jair, a Gileadite, and judged Israel twenty and two years.

4 And he had thirty sons that rode on thirty ass colts, and they had thirty cities, which are called Havothjair unto this day, which are in the land of Gilead.

5 And Jair died, and was buried in Camon.

6 And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim, and Ashtaroth, and the gods of Syria, and the gods of Zidon, and the gods of Moab, and the gods of the children of Ammon, and the gods of the Philistines, and forsook the LORD, and served not him.

7 And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hands of the Philistines, and into the hands of the children of Ammon.

8 And that year they vexed and oppressed the children of Israel: eighteen years, all the children of Israel that were on the other side Jordan in the land of the Amorites, which is in Gilead.

9 Moreover the children of Ammon passed over Jordan to fight also against Judah, and against Benjamin, and against the house of Ephraim; so that Israel was sore distressed.

10 And the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, saying, We have sinned against thee, both because we have forsaken our God, and also served Baalim.

11 And the LORD said unto the children of Israel, Did not I deliver you from the Egyptians, and from the Amorites, from the children of Ammon, and from the Philistines?

12 The Zidonians also, and the Amalekites, and the Maonites, did oppress you; and ye cried to me, and I delivered you out of their hand.

13 Yet ye have forsaken me, and served other gods: wherefore I will deliver you no more.

14 Go and cry unto the gods which ye have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your tribulation.

15 And the children of Israel said unto the LORD, We have sinned: do thou unto us whatsoever seemeth good unto thee; deliver us only, we pray thee, this day.

16 And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served the LORD: and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel.

17 Then the children of Ammon were gathered together, and encamped in Gilead. And the children of Israel assembled themselves together, and encamped in Mizpeh.

18 And the people and princes of Gilead said one to another, What man is he that will begin to fight against the children of Ammon? he shall be head over all the inhabitants of Gilead.

Commentary for Judges 10

Tola and Jair judge Israel. (1-5) The Philistines and Ammonites oppress Israel. (6-9) Israel's repentance. (10-18)1-5 Quiet and peaceable reigns, though the best to live in, yield least variety of matter to be spoken of. Such were the days of Tola and Jair. They were humble, active, and useful men, rulers appointed of God.

6-9 Now the threatening was fulfilled, that the Israelites should have no power to stand before their enemies, #Le 26:17,37|. By their evil ways and their evil doings they procured this to themselves.

10-18 God is able to multiply men's punishments according to the numbers of their sins and idols. But there is hope when sinners cry to the Lord for help, and lament their ungodliness as well as their more open transgressions. It is necessary, in true repentance, that there be a full conviction that those things cannot help us which we have set in competition with God. They acknowledged what they deserved, yet prayed to God not to deal with them according to their deserts. We must submit to God's justice, with a hope in his mercy. True repentance is not only for sin, but from sin. As the disobedience and misery of a child are a grief to a tender father, so the provocations of God's people are a grief to him. From him mercy never can be sought in vain. Let then the trembling sinner, and the almost despairing backslider, cease from debating about God's secret purposes, or from expecting to find hope from former experiences. Let them cast themselves on the mercy of God our Saviour, humble themselves under his hand, seek deliverance from the powers of darkness, separate themselves from sin, and from occasions of it, use the means of grace diligently, and wait the Lord's time, and so they shall certainly rejoice in his mercy.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Judges 10

  • NOEL Bonaobra
    God knows what we ever to ask and knock him he will open the door for us you need he give more and more God never forsake us according to his glory. Just call and pray Jesus Christ is answered what ever we want just on waiting. "AMEN".... Just read massage the story of Israelite on the book of judge chapter 10.....
  • Ruth
    God is all powerful this is to show how much he loved us even when we have done so much things that’s not of him he is still a forgiving God.
  • April
    Even though GOD is all-knowing,it is hard to put that aside and truly get that we know him only as follow me and do this or that and I'll be with you,GOD loves us all so much and I have asked before, does anyone ask GOD and his son how their day is,probably not,bc were use to praying for forgiveness and asking for blessings,that we don't really get to know another side to them,like a friend,Amen..
  • David hallman
    we do reap what we sow
  • Bonnie
    "..and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel" "For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten son..." It is amazing to consider God being in misery for his people. I tend to view God as the "all-knowing all-powerful" God that he is, but it is tough for me to wrap my mind around the fact that he feels sadness and misery when his people turn from him. I am so thankful that he is a God of love.
  • Hadie Barrett
    The book of judges is for me examples of what could happend if we who call oerselves christian dont keep serving God in spirit and in truth.
  • Sara Addy
    God is the one true deliverer
  • Noma
    if only peopple could follow his way things could have being different.Jehovah God is gracious

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Bible Trivia

As God's punishment to Israel for serving other gods, how long were they oppressed by the Philistines and the Ammonites?
  • 25 years
  • 10 years
  • 18 years
  • 100 years
  • 40 years