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1 And it came to pass a long time after that the LORD had given rest unto Israel from all their enemies round about, that Joshua waxed old and stricken in age.

2 And Joshua called for all Israel, and for their elders, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers, and said unto them, I am old and stricken in age:

3 And ye have seen all that the LORD your God hath done unto all these nations because of you; for the LORD your God is he that hath fought for you.

4 Behold, I have divided unto you by lot these nations that remain, to be an inheritance for your tribes, from Jordan, with all the nations that I have cut off, even unto the great sea westward.

5 And the LORD your God, he shall expel them from before you, and drive them from out of your sight; and ye shall possess their land, as the LORD your God hath promised unto you.

6 Be ye therefore very courageous to keep and to do all that is written in the book of the law of Moses, that ye turn not aside therefrom to the right hand or to the left;

7 That ye come not among these nations, these that remain among you; neither make mention of the name of their gods, nor cause to swear by them, neither serve them, nor bow yourselves unto them:

8 But cleave unto the LORD your God, as ye have done unto this day.

9 For the LORD hath driven out from before you great nations and strong: but as for you, no man hath been able to stand before you unto this day.

10 One man of you shall chase a thousand: for the LORD your God, he it is that fighteth for you, as he hath promised you.

11 Take good heed therefore unto yourselves, that ye love the LORD your God.

12 Else if ye do in any wise go back, and cleave unto the remnant of these nations, even these that remain among you, and shall make marriages with them, and go in unto them, and they to you:

13 Know for a certainty that the LORD your God will no more drive out any of these nations from before you; but they shall be snares and traps unto you, and scourges in your sides, and thorns in your eyes, until ye perish from off this good land which the LORD your God hath given you.

14 And, behold, this day I am going the way of all the earth: and ye know in all your hearts and in all your souls, that not one thing hath failed of all the good things which the LORD your God spake concerning you; all are come to pass unto you, and not one thing hath failed thereof.

15 Therefore it shall come to pass, that as all good things are come upon you, which the LORD your God promised you; so shall the LORD bring upon you all evil things, until he have destroyed you from off this good land which the LORD your God hath given you.

16 When ye have transgressed the covenant of the LORD your God, which he commanded you, and have gone and served other gods, and bowed yourselves to them; then shall the anger of the LORD be kindled against you, and ye shall perish quickly from off the good land which he hath given unto you.

Commentary for Joshua 23

Joshua's exhortation before his death. (1-10) Joshua warns the people of idolatry. (11-16)1-10 Joshua was old and dying, let them observe what he said now. He put them in mind of the great things God had done for them in his days. He exhorted them to be very courageous. Keep with care, do with diligence, and regard with sincerity what is written. Also, very cautiously to endeavour that the heathen idolatry may be forgotten, so that it may never be revived. It is sad that among Christians the names of the heathen gods are so commonly used, and made so familiar as they are. Joshua exhorts them to be very constant. There might be many things amiss among them, but they had not forsaken the Lord their God; the way to make people better, is to make the best of them.

11-16 Would we cleave to the Lord, we must always stand upon our guard, for many a soul is lost through carelessness. Love the Lord your God, and you will not leave him. Has God been thus true to you? Be not you false to him. He is faithful that has promised, #Heb 10:23|. The experience of every Christian witnesses the same truth. Conflicts may have been severe and long, trials great and many; but at the last he will acknowledge that goodness and mercy followed him all the days of his life. Joshua states the fatal consequences of going back; know for a certainty it will be your ruin. The first step would be, friendship with idolaters; the next would be, marrying with them; the end of that would be, serving their gods. Thus the way of sin is down-hill, and those who have fellowship with sinners, cannot avoid having fellowship with sin. He describes the destruction he warns them of. The goodness of the heavenly Canaan, and the free and sure grant God has made of it, will add to the misery of those who shall for ever be shut out from it. Nothing will make them see how wretched they are, so much, as to see how happy they might have been. Let us watch and pray against temptation. Let us trust in God's faithfulness, love, and power; let us plead his promises, and cleave to his commandments, then we shall be happy in life, in death, and for ever.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Joshua 23

  • NOEL Bonaobra on Joshua 23
    I know our beloved Almighty God a jealous God according to his massage on Jos. 23:16 that only Jesus Christ our God no one can bow any other Gods...I truly believe my only one I bow God is Jesus Christ is our savior, guidance and provider at all time we ask and knock him he will provide and openly as we liked. All trials we have now only Jesus can help us and will be solve ... "AMEN" ...........
  • Rupthurn - in Reply on Joshua 23
    They say Amen because men is higher than women, 2nd highest but yet not more needful than Jesus. For another reason, men is the leader of the household. Equality is useless and a big fake to say that the bible is wrong.. consider this useful.
  • Christ Magnified Glorifying Jesus on Joshua 23
    Day 65 of Bible in a Year Reading. It is so interesting that as I read about the nation of Israel it is as if it is personified. Nothing new under the sun. Humankind is very fickle and paranoid when there is no faith.
  • April on Joshua 23
    I do feel it's sad that churches are to be more to the spiritual aspect of GOD and his SON,but as we come to learn not every house is the same and not all are glorifying GOD,and the inquity of others will be on them individually but will be on the ones who lead them astray 2 they WILL have their blood on their hands,and I asure you NOONE will be LAUGHING,smiles will turn into tears and sorrow Amen
  • Gloria Dupree on Joshua 23
    Praise the Lord of whom all blessings flow. Praise him all creatures here below. Praise him all ye heavenly home. Praise Father Son and Holy 👻 Amen. God bless!!! He keeps on blessing me. He keeps on blessing me over and over again. The Lord Jesus Chris is awesome and mercyful. I wandered in the wilderness just like the children of Israel did for fourty years but thank God for his grace and mercy.
  • Bjorn Bjorkman on Joshua 23
    Jane I don't think lying about our state is going to help people. The truth is always the best way. God himself said he had seen that the people were a stiffnecked people. What the Church needs is people willing to say the truth and warn others. Unfortunately this isn't happening and those that might be saved if they heard the warning are being told smooth things instead of the truth.
  • Rupthurn - in Reply on Joshua 23
    I would consider every single state evil... we're all comprised of evil sins and evil thoughts. Therefore, if you shall be at the gates of Heaven, God shall not hear those things.
  • Jane on Joshua 23
    At point of death Moses parting woods to Isreal was that he knew they will transgress because they are stiff necked , Jushua too has said same ..when ye have transgressed... So they transgressed. I feel our Pastors and parents should learn from this and prophesy positive even in the face of stubborness
  • Owen on Joshua 23
    great love it ,the word cleave reminds me of genisis when the Lord said a man must leave mother andfather and be joined, to his wife, we might use the word cleave also , so that they may be one, just as Elijah and his servant
  • Brianna Wilson on Joshua 23:14
    This certainly is a faith strengthening scripture. Joshua had faith in Jehovah God's promise to deliver them! Today we can be sure that Jehovah will keep his promise to restore the earth to a paradise, and deliver his faithful ones.


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Why did Joshua admonish the children of Israel not to mingle or intermarry with the nations among them?
  • Because this would cause them to rebel and turn against the Lord God
  • Because their children would not be sanctified unto the Lord
  • Because this would desecrate the land
  • Because they will be nothing but trouble to them; a snare and a trap for them, a whip laid to their