Chapter 52

+     Text Size    

1 Zedekiah was one and twenty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.

2 And he did that which was evil in the eyes of the LORD, according to all that Jehoiakim had done.

3 For through the anger of the LORD it came to pass in Jerusalem and Judah, till he had cast them out from his presence, that Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.

4 And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, in the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon came, he and all his army, against Jerusalem, and pitched against it, and built forts against it round about.

5 So the city was besieged unto the eleventh year of king Zedekiah.

6 And in the fourth month, in the ninth day of the month, the famine was sore in the city, so that there was no bread for the people of the land.

7 Then the city was broken up, and all the men of war fled, and went forth out of the city by night by the way of the gate between the two walls, which was by the king's garden; (now the Chaldeans were by the city round about:) and they went by the way of the plain.

8 But the army of the Chaldeans pursued after the king, and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho; and all his army was scattered from him.

9 Then they took the king, and carried him up unto the king of Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath; where he gave judgment upon him.

10 And the king of Babylon slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes: he slew also all the princes of Judah in Riblah.

11 Then he put out the eyes of Zedekiah; and the king of Babylon bound him in chains, and carried him to Babylon, and put him in prison till the day of his death.

12 Now in the fifth month, in the tenth day of the month, which was the nineteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard, which served the king of Babylon, into Jerusalem,

13 And burned the house of the LORD, and the king's house; and all the houses of Jerusalem, and all the houses of the great men, burned he with fire:

14 And all the army of the Chaldeans, that were with the captain of the guard, brake down all the walls of Jerusalem round about.

15 Then Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive certain of the poor of the people, and the residue of the people that remained in the city, and those that fell away, that fell to the king of Babylon, and the rest of the multitude.

16 But Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard left certain of the poor of the land for vinedressers and for husbandmen.

17 Also the pillars of brass that were in the house of the LORD, and the bases, and the brasen sea that was in the house of the LORD, the Chaldeans brake, and carried all the brass of them to Babylon.

18 The caldrons also, and the shovels, and the snuffers, and the bowls, and the spoons, and all the vessels of brass wherewith they ministered, took they away.

19 And the basons, and the firepans, and the bowls, and the caldrons, and the candlesticks, and the spoons, and the cups; that which was of gold in gold, and that which was of silver in silver, took the captain of the guard away.

20 The two pillars, one sea, and twelve brasen bulls that were under the bases, which king Solomon had made in the house of the LORD: the brass of all these vessels was without weight.

21 And concerning the pillars, the height of one pillar was eighteen cubits; and a fillet of twelve cubits did compass it; and the thickness thereof was four fingers: it was hollow.

22 And a chapiter of brass was upon it; and the height of one chapiter was five cubits, with network and pomegranates upon the chapiters round about, all of brass. The second pillar also and the pomegranates were like unto these.

23 And there were ninety and six pomegranates on a side; and all the pomegranates upon the network were an hundred round about.

24 And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:

25 He took also out of the city an eunuch, which had the charge of the men of war; and seven men of them that were near the king's person, which were found in the city; and the principal scribe of the host, who mustered the people of the land; and threescore men of the people of the land, that were found in the midst of the city.

26 So Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard took them, and brought them to the king of Babylon to Riblah.

27 And the king of Babylon smote them, and put them to death in Riblah in the land of Hamath. Thus Judah was carried away captive out of his own land.

28 This is the people whom Nebuchadrezzar carried away captive: in the seventh year three thousand Jews and three and twenty:

29 In the eighteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar he carried away captive from Jerusalem eight hundred thirty and two persons:

30 In the three and twentieth year of Nebuchadrezzar Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive of the Jews seven hundred forty and five persons: all the persons were four thousand and six hundred.

31 And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, in the five and twentieth day of the month, that Evilmerodach king of Babylon in the first year of his reign lifted up the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah, and brought him forth out of prison,

32 And spake kindly unto him, and set his throne above the throne of the kings that were with him in Babylon,

33 And changed his prison garments: and he did continually eat bread before him all the days of his life.

34 And for his diet, there was a continual diet given him of the king of Babylon, every day a portion until the day of his death, all the days of his life.

Commentary for Jeremiah 52

The fate of Zedekiah. (1-11) The destruction of Jerusalem. (12-23) The captivities. (24-30) The advancement of Jehoiachin. (31-34)1-11 This fruit of sin we should pray against above any thing; Cast me not away from thy presence, #Ps 51:11|. None are cast out of God's presence but those who by sin have first thrown themselves out. Zedekiah's flight was in vain, for there is no escaping the judgments of God; they come upon the sinner, and overtake him, let him flee where he will.

12-23 The Chaldean army made woful havoc. But nothing is so particularly related here, as the carrying away of the articles in the temple. The remembrance of their beauty and value shows us the more the evil of sin.

24-30 The leaders of the Jews caused them to err; but now they are, in particular, made monuments of Divine justice. Here is an account of two earlier captivities. This people often were wonders both of judgment and mercy.

31-34 See this history of king Jehoiachin in #2Ki 25:27-30|. Those under oppression will find it is not in vain for them to hope and quietly to wait for the salvation of the Lord. Our times are in God's hand, for the hearts of all we have to deal with are so. May we be enabled, more and more, to rest on the Rock of Ages, and to look forward with holy faith to that hour, when the Lord will bring again Zion, and overthrow all the enemies of the church.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Jeremiah 52

  • Yussuf kay on Jeremiah 52:13
    CHRISTMAS? The church of Rome began formally celebrating Christmas in the 4th century; on December 25 in 336 AD, during the reign of the emperor Constantine. As Constantine had made Christianity the effective religion of the empire, some have speculated that choosing this date had the political motive of weakening THE TRUTH with paganism/ pagan celebrations. It is one of the Babylonian practices Rome adopted and deceived Christians. (Jeremiah 52:31) Saturnalia, the Roman feast for Saturn, was associated with the winter solstice. on a fixed date, 25 December. SUNDAY? On March 7, 321, however, Roman Emperor Constantine I issued a civil decree making Sunday a day of rest from labor(DANIEL 7:25)
  • Geoff on Jeremiah 52
    "You gave abundant showers, O God you refreshed your weary inheritance." Psalm 68:9 Pray He brings rain on parched lands and times are hard and He will refresh, All, his servants who are discouraged, close to giving up. Alot of these accounts are of unbelief, hard times, and mercy. Pray for lands that are wearied and for people who are faint. Not to judge, in the 11th hour a penny can be made.
  • Carolyn on Jeremiah 52
    It is always interesting to read and view the commentary. No one should point fingers or place blame concerning GOD's word. Beside the words of our Lord Jesus Christ say he who is without sin cast the first stone. I have learned that leaning on our own understanding is disastrous. Humbling myself with prayer and conviction while asking God for understanding of his word. Has always served me well.
  • Bruce on Jeremiah 52
    Sharon:YOU are not a Child of God? You are Taking Away From His Word. Adding YOUR OWN INTERPRETATION. That Says You're a Child of The Devil. Search Your Heart.The Road is Wide that Leads to Hell. All Who are Born Again are His Children. Coming Soon to Take Us Home. Children of God (1John 3:9-10) We are The Children of God (Romans 8:14-17) 1 Little Deviation, Will Send Others to the Lake of FIRE
  • Sharon on Jeremiah 52
    Bob K, I will add spiritual knowledge to your comment. Although God allow others to tear down the temple and destroy the city, God people had spiritually tore down the temple and destroyed the city by their own heart when they disobeyed and dishonored God, ways and words spiritually. The only thing the enemy did was destroy the natural temple and city because God people became accursed to the Lord
  • Barbara nyama-faya on Jeremiah 52
    for verse 31 shows that Jesus was not born on the 25th of december.This day is not about Christ and there is no where in the bible where Jesus birth was celebrated the way it is done today Even after his death there is nothing at all. The remaining apostles never mentioned or celebrated his date of birth
  • Obbie Beal on Jeremiah 52
    Sin, sin, sin, brought the 'wrath of GOD' on Babylon above; 1000s of years later the same sin, sin, sin, (of this Babylon above) appears again in Babylon of Revelation, and Jehovah /GOD release his wrath on the nation / Babylon in Revelation also. ( the DNA of the Babylon above pasted down through 1000s of years and produce the same sin in the Babylon of today. Both nations receive GOD'S wrath.
  • Charles Northup on Jeremiah 52
    I love to read the comments they just prove how ignorant we are. Revelations and Isaiah/Jeremiah has no coalition to each other Isaiah/Jeremiah are actual events that happened and are for our learning Revelations, woe, woe, woe, and is yet to come! Don't let your own heart deceive you or the wolves/false prophets.
  • Jeremiah UI on Jeremiah 52
    Help people around the world and preach the word of god
  • Bob K on Jeremiah 52:13
    see Lam, 2:15. Spiritually, God says those people who turned away from Him were "The perfection of beauty, The joy of the whole earth " God had the greatest of praise for them! Yet look what happened, they turned from the "perfection of beauty, The joy of the whole earth, and turned towards sin and selfishness! The great God 's own work was destroyed.


Do you have a Bible comment or question?

2000 characters remain...

Bible Options

Bible Trivia

What king of Judah is released at the very end of the book of Jeremiah?
  • Zedekiah
  • Jehoiachin
  • Nebuchadnezzar
  • Neriah