Chapter 25

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1 The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, that was the first year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon;

2 The which Jeremiah the prophet spake unto all the people of Judah, and to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying,

3 From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, even unto this day, that is the three and twentieth year, the word of the LORD hath come unto me, and I have spoken unto you, rising early and speaking; but ye have not hearkened.

4 And the LORD hath sent unto you all his servants the prophets, rising early and sending them; but ye have not hearkened, nor inclined your ear to hear.

5 They said, Turn ye again now every one from his evil way, and from the evil of your doings, and dwell in the land that the LORD hath given unto you and to your fathers for ever and ever:

6 And go not after other gods to serve them, and to worship them, and provoke me not to anger with the works of your hands; and I will do you no hurt.

7 Yet ye have not hearkened unto me, saith the LORD; that ye might provoke me to anger with the works of your hands to your own hurt.

8 Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts; Because ye have not heard my words,

9 Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations.

10 Moreover I will take from them the voice of mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones, and the light of the candle.

11 And this whole land shall be a desolation, and an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years.

12 And it shall come to pass, when seventy years are accomplished, that I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the LORD, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desolations.

13 And I will bring upon that land all my words which I have pronounced against it, even all that is written in this book, which Jeremiah hath prophesied against all the nations.

14 For many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of them also: and I will recompense them according to their deeds, and according to the works of their own hands.

15 For thus saith the LORD God of Israel unto me; Take the wine cup of this fury at my hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send thee, to drink it.

16 And they shall drink, and be moved, and be mad, because of the sword that I will send among them.

17 Then took I the cup at the LORD'S hand, and made all the nations to drink, unto whom the LORD had sent me:

18 To wit, Jerusalem, and the cities of Judah, and the kings thereof, and the princes thereof, to make them a desolation, an astonishment, an hissing, and a curse; as it is this day;

19 Pharaoh king of Egypt, and his servants, and his princes, and all his people;

20 And all the mingled people, and all the kings of the land of Uz, and all the kings of the land of the Philistines, and Ashkelon, and Azzah, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod,

21 Edom, and Moab, and the children of Ammon,

22 And all the kings of Tyrus, and all the kings of Zidon, and the kings of the isles which are beyond the sea,

23 Dedan, and Tema, and Buz, and all that are in the utmost corners,

24 And all the kings of Arabia, and all the kings of the mingled people that dwell in the desert,

25 And all the kings of Zimri, and all the kings of Elam, and all the kings of the Medes,

26 And all the kings of the north, far and near, one with another, and all the kingdoms of the world, which are upon the face of the earth: and the king of Sheshach shall drink after them.

27 Therefore thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Drink ye, and be drunken, and spue, and fall, and rise no more, because of the sword which I will send among you.

28 And it shall be, if they refuse to take the cup at thine hand to drink, then shalt thou say unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Ye shall certainly drink.

29 For, lo, I begin to bring evil on the city which is called by my name, and should ye be utterly unpunished? Ye shall not be unpunished: for I will call for a sword upon all the inhabitants of the earth, saith the LORD of hosts.

30 Therefore prophesy thou against them all these words, and say unto them, The LORD shall roar from on high, and utter his voice from his holy habitation; he shall mightily roar upon his habitation; he shall give a shout, as they that tread the grapes, against all the inhabitants of the earth.

31 A noise shall come even to the ends of the earth; for the LORD hath a controversy with the nations, he will plead with all flesh; he will give them that are wicked to the sword, saith the LORD.

32 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, Behold, evil shall go forth from nation to nation, and a great whirlwind shall be raised up from the coasts of the earth.

33 And the slain of the LORD shall be at that day from one end of the earth even unto the other end of the earth: they shall not be lamented, neither gathered, nor buried; they shall be dung upon the ground.

34 Howl, ye shepherds, and cry; and wallow yourselves in the ashes, ye principal of the flock: for the days of your slaughter and of your dispersions are accomplished; and ye shall fall like a pleasant vessel.

35 And the shepherds shall have no way to flee, nor the principal of the flock to escape.

36 A voice of the cry of the shepherds, and an howling of the principal of the flock, shall be heard: for the LORD hath spoiled their pasture.

37 And the peaceable habitations are cut down because of the fierce anger of the LORD.

38 He hath forsaken his covert, as the lion: for their land is desolate because of the fierceness of the oppressor, and because of his fierce anger.

Commentary for Jeremiah 25

The Jews rebuked for not obeying calls to repentance. (1-7) Their captivity during seventy years is expressly foretold. (8-14) Desolations upon the nations shown by the emblem of a cup of wrath. (15-29) The judgments again declared. (30-38)1-7 The call to turn from evil ways to the worship and service of God, and for sinners to trust in Christ, and partake of his salvation, concerns all men. God keeps an account how long we possess the means of grace; and the longer we have them, the heavier will our account be if we have not improved them. Rising early, points out the earnest desire that this people should turn and live. Personal and particular reformation must be insisted on as necessary to a national deliverance; and every one must turn from his own evil way. Yet all was to no purpose. They would not take the right and only method to turn away the wrath of God.

8-14 The fixing of the time during which the Jewish captivity should last, would not only confirm the prophecy, but also comfort the people of God, and encourage faith and prayer. The ruin of Babylon is foretold: the rod will be thrown into the fire when the correcting work is done. When the set time to favour Zion is come, Babylon shall be punished for their iniquity, as other nations have been punished for their sins. Every threatening of the Scripture will certainly be accomplished.

15-29 The evil and the good events of life are often represented in Scripture as cups. Under this figure is represented the desolation then coming upon that part of the world, of which Nebuchadnezzar, who had just began to reign and act, was to be the instrument; but this destroying sword would come from the hand of God. The desolations the sword should make in all these kingdoms, are represented by the consequences of excessive drinking. This may make us loathe the sin of drunkenness, that the consequences of it are used to set forth such a woful condition. Drunkenness deprives men of the use of their reason, makes men as mad. It takes from them the valuable blessing, health; and is a sin which is its own punishment. This may also make us dread the judgments of war. It soon fills a nation with confusion. They will refuse to take the cup at thy hand. They will not believe Jeremiah; but he must tell them it is the word of the Lord of hosts, and it is in vain for them to struggle against Almighty power. And if God's judgments begin with backsliding professors, let not the wicked expect to escape.

30-38 The Lord has just ground of controversy with every nation and every person; and he will execute judgment on all the wicked. Who can avoid trembling when God speaks in displeasure? The days are fully come; the time fixed in the Divine counsels, which will make the nations wholly desolate. The tender and delicate shall share the common calamity. Even those who used to live in peace, and did nothing to provoke, shall not escape. Blessed be God, there is a peaceable habitation above, for all the sons of peace. The Lord will preserve his church and all believers in all changes; for nothing can separate them from his love.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Jeremiah 25

    Pertaining to the Apocrypha, I will have to agree that it contradicts God's Word. It was actually written to substantiate the false doctrines of the roman catholic cult. Their concern was that the 66 books were aligned with scripture (key word being "aligned") and rather hard to bend, thus they incorporated writings that would somehow blend in with the biblical theme whilst allowing defilement.
  • Anthony M Grubb
    The book of Enoch is apocalyptic, but not apocryphal, and was NOT part of the 15 books and portions designated "Apocrypha" found in the 1611 KJV. It is part of the Pseudepigrapha, the spurious or pseudonymous writings from c. 200 B.C., and Jude clearly quotes from Enoch 1:9, which tells us this quote was an accurate oral tradition that made it down to Jude and thus to us in the New Testament age.
  • Charley
    sorry the scribes new the apocrypha were never allowed in the
    66 books of the bible jesus christ never quoted the apocrypha
    nor the the prophets nor apostles, it contradicts itself
    rome loves it because they have purgatory and praying
    for the dead which is an abomination, wakeup the apocrypha
    books are not inspired by GOD nor is the book of enoch
    lie,it only has history and fables.2nd tim 3-16
  • Brianna vs. 26-27
    Vs. 6 highlights how turning away from God bring calamity upon us. Without Jehovah's protection we are exposed to all of Satan's influence. Vs. 7 highlights how when we decided to follow our own way instead of God's wise counsel, we ultimately bring calamity upon our own head.Sometimes the trials we experience are because of our own doing.
  • BSP
    In this chapter Jehovah God is expressing the consequences that will befall Jerusalem, Babylon, and several other nations. They failed to listen to God so they would have to suffer the consequences of disobedience. If they would have repented, the outcome would have been very different.
  • Irene123
    The Bible was the word of God long before any church council ever convened. Canonicity is determined by God. A book is called canonical because it is inspired and placed in the Bible by God. When the scriptures were written, they immediately possessed absolute authority; they did not need for men to pass judgment and decide whether to place them in the Bible.
  • Mac
    Oh my brothers and sisters. You do not have the full word of God if you do not have the apocrypha books. These books were in the kjv 1611 bible. you can check this on line. There is much knowledge you do not have. Both God in Gene 5:21-24. And Jude speak of the book of Enoch. To all who truly seek Jesus may God bless your understanding. Amen.
  • Michael C.
    All the Prophets, and Apostles spoke of these things; and likewise their manner of life reflected the terror of the Lord's words, and the kind of persons we ought to be, KNOWING THESE THINGS! Is there a western country, or any of their leaders, that do not know these things? Yet they do not tremble and repent of the evil that is in their hands. Instead they are arrogant, indolent and indifferent.
  • Norm
    Father in heaven, our LORD and Saviour, thank You for giving us wisdom of which comes understanding. That Assyrian, the rod of Your anger, who's last name in Arabic is "the lion": and is the abomination of desolation spoken of by Daniel the prophet, has definitely forsaken his covert and laid SYRIA desolate. Father, in CHRIST JESUS, save us all from this hell: save us all for Your glory. Amen Jeremiah 25:38 He hath forsaken his covert, as the lion: for their land is desolate because of the fierceness of the oppressor, and because of his fierce anger.
  • Richard nidever for verse 31
    I does sound like trumpets as the sound of the shofar. When heard together with similar sounds from around the world, a deep base drum can be heard as a sound of a precursor to heavenly war against the earth. We as Christians could go through the first three and a half years of tribulation, but as yet, there has been no seven year peace agreement for Israel and the assaulting mid-east, as well, anti Christ has not come to power, or has he?! I believe we are certainly in the final hour and the Lords return iminent.

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Bible Trivia

How many years of desolation does the Lord promise, in Jeremiah 25?
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