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1 And it came to pass in the days of Ahaz the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, that Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up toward Jerusalem to war against it, but could not prevail against it.

2 And it was told the house of David, saying, Syria is confederate with Ephraim. And his heart was moved, and the heart of his people, as the trees of the wood are moved with the wind.

3 Then said the LORD unto Isaiah, Go forth now to meet Ahaz, thou, and Shearjashub thy son, at the end of the conduit of the upper pool in the highway of the fuller's field;

4 And say unto him, Take heed, and be quiet; fear not, neither be fainthearted for the two tails of these smoking firebrands, for the fierce anger of Rezin with Syria, and of the son of Remaliah.

5 Because Syria, Ephraim, and the son of Remaliah, have taken evil counsel against thee, saying,

6 Let us go up against Judah, and vex it, and let us make a breach therein for us, and set a king in the midst of it, even the son of Tabeal:

7 Thus saith the Lord GOD, It shall not stand, neither shall it come to pass.

8 For the head of Syria is Damascus, and the head of Damascus is Rezin; and within threescore and five years shall Ephraim be broken, that it be not a people.

9 And the head of Ephraim is Samaria, and the head of Samaria is Remaliah's son. If ye will not believe, surely ye shall not be established.

10 Moreover the LORD spake again unto Ahaz, saying,

11 Ask thee a sign of the LORD thy God; ask it either in the depth, or in the height above.

12 But Ahaz said, I will not ask, neither will I tempt the LORD.

13 And he said, Hear ye now, O house of David; Is it a small thing for you to weary men, but will ye weary my God also?

14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.

15 Butter and honey shall he eat, that he may know to refuse the evil, and choose the good.

16 For before the child shall know to refuse the evil, and choose the good, the land that thou abhorrest shall be forsaken of both her kings.

17 The LORD shall bring upon thee, and upon thy people, and upon thy father's house, days that have not come, from the day that Ephraim departed from Judah; even the king of Assyria.

18 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall hiss for the fly that is in the uttermost part of the rivers of Egypt, and for the bee that is in the land of Assyria.

19 And they shall come, and shall rest all of them in the desolate valleys, and in the holes of the rocks, and upon all thorns, and upon all bushes.

20 In the same day shall the Lord shave with a razor that is hired, namely, by them beyond the river, by the king of Assyria, the head, and the hair of the feet: and it shall also consume the beard.

21 And it shall come to pass in that day, that a man shall nourish a young cow, and two sheep;

22 And it shall come to pass, for the abundance of milk that they shall give he shall eat butter: for butter and honey shall every one eat that is left in the land.

23 And it shall come to pass in that day, that every place shall be, where there were a thousand vines at a thousand silverlings, it shall even be for briers and thorns.

24 With arrows and with bows shall men come thither; because all the land shall become briers and thorns.

25 And on all hills that shall be digged with the mattock, there shall not come thither the fear of briers and thorns: but it shall be for the sending forth of oxen, and for the treading of lesser cattle.

Commentary for Isaiah 7

Ahaz threatened by Israel and Syria; and is assured their attack would be in vain. (1-9) God gives a sure sign by the promise of the long-expected Messiah. (10-16) The folly and sin of seeking relief from Assyria are reproved. (17-25)1-9 Ungodly men are often punished by others as bad as themselves. Being in great distress and confusion, the Jews gave up all for lost. They had made God their enemy, and knew not how to make him their friend. The prophet must teach them to despise their enemies, in faith and dependence on God. Ahaz, in fear, called them two powerful princes. No, says the prophet, they are but tails of smoking firebrands, burnt out already. The two kingdoms of Syria and Israel were nearly expiring. While God has work for the firebrands of the earth, they consume all before them; but when their work is fulfilled, they will be extinguished in smoke. That which Ahaz thought most formidable, is made the ground of their defeat; because they have taken evil counsel against thee; which is an offence to God. God scorns the scorners, and gives his word that the attempt should not succeed. Man purposes, but God disposes. It was folly for those to be trying to ruin their neighbours, who were themselves near to ruin. Isaiah must urge the Jews to rely on the assurances given them. Faith is absolutely necessary to quiet and compose the mind in trials.

10-16 Secret disaffection to God is often disguised with the colour of respect to him; and those who are resolved that they will not trust God, yet pretend they will not tempt him. The prophet reproved Ahaz and his court, for the little value they had for Divine revelation. Nothing is more grievous to God than distrust, but the unbelief of man shall not make the promise of God of no effect; the Lord himself shall give a sign. How great soever your distress and danger, of you the Messiah is to be born, and you cannot be destroyed while that blessing is in you. It shall be brought to pass in a glorious manner; and the strongest consolations in time of trouble are derived from Christ, our relation to him, our interest in him, our expectations of him and from him. He would grow up like other children, by the use of the diet of those countries; but he would, unlike other children, uniformly refuse the evil and choose the good. And although his birth would be by the power of the Holy Ghost, yet he should not be fed with angels' food. Then follows a sign of the speedy destruction of the princes, now a terror to Judah. "Before this child," so it may be read; "this child which I have now in my arms," (Shear-jashub, the prophet's own son, ver. #3|,) shall be three or four years older, these enemies' forces shall be forsaken of both their kings. The prophecy is so solemn, the sign is so marked, as given by God himself after Ahaz rejected the offer, that it must have raised hopes far beyond what the present occasion suggested. And, if the prospect of the coming of the Divine Saviour was a never-failing support to the hopes of ancient believers, what cause have we to be thankful that the Word was made flesh! May we trust in and love Him, and copy his example.

17-25 Let those who will not believe the promises of God, expect to hear the alarms of his threatenings; for who can resist or escape his judgments? The Lord shall sweep all away; and whomsoever he employs in any service for him, he will pay. All speaks a sad change of the face of that pleasant land. But what melancholy change is there, which sin will not make with a people? Agriculture would cease. Sorrows of every kind will come upon all who neglect the great salvation. If we remain unfruitful under the means of grace, the Lord will say, Let no fruit grow on thee henceforth for ever.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Isaiah 7

  • Frank Lee
    Jesus appeared, then vanished and returned. His appearing was greeted with disbelief and mockery, for the most part. Having overcome death, and seeing the sin permeate every sq. Inch on earth, he disappeared and reported back to his Father. "OMG! There is noone on earth who understands what they are made of! The Father has created live humans from dust, and they rebel against him completely.
  • ALEX
    MARK I RESPECT YOUR VIEWS BUT THE BLOOD OF BULL AND GOATS CD NEVA TAKEAWAY SIN, TH TORAH ( LAW) WAS SCREAMING BEHOLD THE LAMB OF GOD THAT TAKETH AWAY THE SINS OF THE WORLD, DAVID WAS A MAN AFTER GODS OWN HEART, A TORAH KING BUT DAVID SAID THAT CHRIST WD BE A PRIEST AFTER THE ORDER OF MELCHISEDEC NOT AARON.GOING BACK INTO ANIMAL SACRFICE IS AKIN TO GOING BACK TO EGYPT BONDAGE. TH VEIL WAS RENT. GBU
  • Mark Diffin
    My previous comment on v5 was meant for chapter 53 and got put here by mistake!
  • Mark Diffin
    Big mistranslation in v5 - he was wounded FOR our transgressions. The correct translation is - he was wounded FROM our transgressions. Go and check the original Hebrew if you don't believe me. There is a world of difference in this - FROM does not imply any forgiveness from the sinner. Forgiveness is only granted by the sinner himself repenting as is stated in many places. May we all merit this!
  • Mark Diffin
    Alex, yes, Zacharia was killed,but by the mob but not by the Pharisees. Are you blaming the Pharasees even for killing Abel?! I do not regard Matthew as reliable (see my comments on ch2). I just wonder how many Jews have been killed because of this Ch23. I am still waiting for names and sources for the Pharasees (the Jews faithful to the Torah) having killed a single prophet, let alone most/all
  • ALEX
    MARK THERE WERE JUST A FEW THAT WERE NOT STONED BUT VERY FEW MATTHEW 23 V 30 HAD WE BEEN IN THE DAYS OF OUR FATHERS ( ISRAEL ) WE WD NOT HAVE BEEN PARTAKERS WITH THEM IN THE BLOOD OF THE PROPHETS YOU ARE WITNESSES TO YOUR SELVES YOU ARE THE CHILDREN OF THEM THAT KILLED THE PROPHETS, THE VERY FACT THAT JESUS MENTIONES JERUSALEM AND THE TEMPLE AND ALTAR DENOTES ISRAEL.THERE WAS NONE RIGHTEOUS NOT 1.
  • ALEX
    HI MARK TY FOR READING ME, MATTHEW 23 HAS SEVERAL VERSES ABOUT ISRAEL ( JERUSALEM ) STONING THE PROPHETS JESUS ASKED WHICH OF THE PROPHETS HAVE NOT YOUR FATHERS ( ISRAEL ) STONED.BEHOLD I SEND YOU PROPHETS BUT ISRAEL STONED THEM, THAT ON YOU MIGHT COME ALL THE RIGHTEOUS BLOOD SHED ON THE EARTH FROM THE BLOOD OF ZECH TH SON OF BARACHI WHOM YE SLEW BETWEEN THE TEMPLE AND THE ALTAR.N ACTS 7 V 52.GBU
  • Bruce
    Many were Stoned? Most Died in Peace: Nathan, Simon, Malachi, Haggai,Micah, Elisha, Obadiah and Hosea. Jeremiah and Habakkuk Stoned. 10 Out of 22 Listed on Chapter xxx11 of The Death of The Prophets.( Only 2 Stoned Out of 22)
  • Mark Diffin
    Alex (or anyone) - could you please give me a list of all of the prophets that you are accusing Israel of stoning to death, and your source. I am not aware of a single one - maybe you can elucidate me - or maybe you are making it up - like so many other accusations against Israel?!
  • Jose jimenez
    to eli inman... Angel Gabriel didn't speak greek to Mary ( didn't say JESUS ). Gabriel spoke Hebrew - by saying the name Yeshua )


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Bible Trivia

In Isaiah chapter 7, who did Ephraim team up with to war with Judah?
  • Benjamin
  • Persia
  • Babylon
  • Syria