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1 Woe to Ariel, to Ariel, the city where David dwelt! add ye year to year; let them kill sacrifices.

2 Yet I will distress Ariel, and there shall be heaviness and sorrow: and it shall be unto me as Ariel.

3 And I will camp against thee round about, and will lay siege against thee with a mount, and I will raise forts against thee.

4 And thou shalt be brought down, and shalt speak out of the ground, and thy speech shall be low out of the dust, and thy voice shall be, as of one that hath a familiar spirit, out of the ground, and thy speech shall whisper out of the dust.

5 Moreover the multitude of thy strangers shall be like small dust, and the multitude of the terrible ones shall be as chaff that passeth away: yea, it shall be at an instant suddenly.

6 Thou shalt be visited of the LORD of hosts with thunder, and with earthquake, and great noise, with storm and tempest, and the flame of devouring fire.

7 And the multitude of all the nations that fight against Ariel, even all that fight against her and her munition, and that distress her, shall be as a dream of a night vision.

8 It shall even be as when an hungry man dreameth, and, behold, he eateth; but he awaketh, and his soul is empty: or as when a thirsty man dreameth, and, behold, he drinketh; but he awaketh, and, behold, he is faint, and his soul hath appetite: so shall the multitude of all the nations be, that fight against mount Zion.

9 Stay yourselves, and wonder; cry ye out, and cry: they are drunken, but not with wine; they stagger, but not with strong drink.

10 For the LORD hath poured out upon you the spirit of deep sleep, and hath closed your eyes: the prophets and your rulers, the seers hath he covered.

11 And the vision of all is become unto you as the words of a book that is sealed, which men deliver to one that is learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and he saith, I cannot; for it is sealed:

12 And the book is delivered to him that is not learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and he saith, I am not learned.

13 Wherefore the Lord said, Forasmuch as this people draw near me with their mouth, and with their lips do honour me, but have removed their heart far from me, and their fear toward me is taught by the precept of men:

14 Therefore, behold, I will proceed to do a marvellous work among this people, even a marvellous work and a wonder: for the wisdom of their wise men shall perish, and the understanding of their prudent men shall be hid.

15 Woe unto them that seek deep to hide their counsel from the LORD, and their works are in the dark, and they say, Who seeth us? and who knoweth us?

16 Surely your turning of things upside down shall be esteemed as the potter's clay: for shall the work say of him that made it, He made me not? or shall the thing framed say of him that framed it, He had no understanding?

17 Is it not yet a very little while, and Lebanon shall be turned into a fruitful field, and the fruitful field shall be esteemed as a forest?

18 And in that day shall the deaf hear the words of the book, and the eyes of the blind shall see out of obscurity, and out of darkness.

19 The meek also shall increase their joy in the LORD, and the poor among men shall rejoice in the Holy One of Israel.

20 For the terrible one is brought to nought, and the scorner is consumed, and all that watch for iniquity are cut off:

21 That make a man an offender for a word, and lay a snare for him that reproveth in the gate, and turn aside the just for a thing of nought.

22 Therefore thus saith the LORD, who redeemed Abraham, concerning the house of Jacob, Jacob shall not now be ashamed, neither shall his face now wax pale.

23 But when he seeth his children, the work of mine hands, in the midst of him, they shall sanctify my name, and sanctify the Holy One of Jacob, and shall fear the God of Israel.

24 They also that erred in spirit shall come to understanding, and they that murmured shall learn doctrine.

Commentary for Isaiah 29

Judgements on Jerusalem and on its enemies. (1-8) The senselessness and hypocrisy of the Jews. (9-16) The conversion of the Gentiles, and future blessings for the Jews. (17-24)1-8 Ariel may signify the altar of burnt-offerings. Let Jerusalem know that outward religious services will not make men free from judgements. Hypocrites never can please God, nor make their peace with him. God had often and long, by a host of angels, encamped round about Jerusalem for protection and deliverance; but now he fought against it. Proud looks and proud language shall be brought down by humbling providences. The destruction of Jerusalem's enemies is foretold. The army of Sennacherib went as a dream; and thus the multitudes, that through successive ages fight against God's altar and worship, shall fall. Speedily will sinners awake from their soothing dreams in the pains of hell.

9-16 The security of sinners in sinful ways, is cause for lamentation and wonder. The learned men, through prejudice, said that the Divine prophecies were obscure; and the poor urged their want of learning. The Bible is a sealed book to every man, learned or unlearned, till he begins to study it with a simple heart and a teachable spirit, that he may thence learn the truth and the will of God. To worship God, is to approach him. And if the heart be full of his love and fear, out of the abundance of it the mouth will speak; but there are many whose religion is lip-labour only. When they pretend to be speaking to God, they are thinking of a thousand foolish things. They worship the God of Israel according to their own devices. Numbers are only formal in worship. And their religion is only to comply with custom, and to serve their own interest. But the wanderings of mind, and defects in devotion, which are the believer's burden, are very different from the withdrawing of the heart from God, so severely blamed. And those who make religion no more than a pretence, to serve a turn, deceive themselves. And as those that quarrel with God, so those that think to conceal themselves from him, in effect charge him with folly. But all their perverse conduct shall be entirely done away.

17-24 The wonderful change here foretold, may refer to the affairs of Judah, though it looks further. When a great harvest of souls was gathered to Christ from among the Gentiles, then the wilderness was turned into a fruitful field; and the Jewish church, that had long been a fruitful field, became as a deserted forest. Those who, when in trouble, can truly rejoice in God, shall soon have cause greatly to rejoice in him. The grace of meekness contributes to the increase of our holy joy. The enemies who were powerful shall become mean and weak. To complete the repose of God's people, the scorners at home shall be cut off by judgements. All are apt to speak unadvisedly, and to mistake what they hear, but it is very unfair to make a man an offender for a word. They did all they could to bring those into trouble who told them of their faults. But He that redeemed Abraham out of his snares and troubles, will redeem those who are, by faith, his true seed, out of theirs. It will be the greatest comfort to godly parents to see their children renewed creatures, the work of God's grace. May those who now err in spirit, and murmur against the truth, come to understanding, and learn true doctrine. The Spirit of truth shall set right their mistakes, and lead them into all truth. This should encourage us to pray for those that have erred, and are deceived. All who murmured at the truths of God, as hard sayings, shall learn and be aware what God designed in all. See the change religion produces in the hearts of men, and the peace and pleasure of a humble and devout spirit.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Isaiah 29

  • Brianna vs 15 on Isaiah 29:12
    Vs. 15 shows that nothing can be hid from God. Thinking back on so many people that have had plans schemed against them, it is comforting to know that God can bring justice. Justice doesn't always come by human sources. People who scheme evil in the dark should know that what comes around goes around.
  • Katherine smith on Isaiah 29
    trying to learn the bible but I love Isaiah reading it
  • A disciple on Isaiah 29
    "..WITH THEIR LIPS DO HONOR ME BUT HAVE REMOVED THEIR HEART FROM ME AND THEIR FEAR TOWARD ME IS TAUGHT BY THE PRECEPT OF MEN.." Greek hupokrites; (from hupokrinmai; to decide (speak or act) under a false part); an actor under an assumed character (stage-player), i.e. (fig.) a dissembler (one who hides under a false appearance to conceal facts, intentions, or feelings under some pretense) HYPOCRITE
  • BSP on Isaiah 29
    Verse 13 shows how the people claimed to love God, but in reality they were only giving lip service. We must show our love for God by our actions and we must truly love God within our hearts.
  • Peter on Isaiah 29
    i just listened 2 it; and i love it. those that murmured will learn doctrine. i think that will be done as we all pray for, thy will be done on earth as in Heaven; and eyes will open and understanding will be there, of course; and we all shall understand then if we do not know; of course, because we all shall be like we are in Heaven; and maybe we will be there. I may not understd but I love it
  • Insight 777 on Isaiah 29
    Ariel is the ancient name of Jerusalem. In Hebrew the name Jacob means both he will prevent and he will delay. It also can mean he will follow like a detective tracking. In Genesis 32 29 Jacob is given a new name...Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel for thou hast fought with God and with men, and hast prevailed.
  • James on Isaiah 29:12
    Why do you people like to force your own interpretation to the bible? Yet you are quick to say that the bible has been corrupted, but whatever verse seems like a verse you can manipulate to your own destruction has not been manipulated? How on earth can you not read the preceeding verses and subsequent versesin context to understand what Isaiah is saying? He talked about the learned and also the unlearned. He was not talking about a supposed prophet that is to come outside of the Jewish people to get a fictitious book. Wake up from your slumber!
  • Mike on Isaiah 29:12
    I am not sure that is why I was searching information on it, I was informed that Isaiah 29 12 was referring to Joseph Smith. The book would be delivered to Joseph Smith.
  • Bill on Isaiah 29:21
    One of the things that come to mind with this scripture is that lets say a man is giving a sermon and he says something that is somewhat incorrect or you disagree and find fault with the speaker. I had done this in the past and totally missed the subject matter of the sermon. Recall he that has eyes to see and ears to hear. Bill
  • Tripple ''a'' on Isaiah 29:12
    Let clear 2 u dat d message in d bible is nt secretive as contain in 2nd peter chapter 1 vs 20 which says first of all you must understand dis dat no prophesy of scripture is a matter of one's own interpretation, why u pple are tryn 2 mislead others , dis very chapter Isaiah 29:12 prophecies d coming of d gr8 prophet which wil nt learn 4rm anybody bt 4rm God, as mentioned in d lost book of d bible nd 4getn book of eden chapter 20 vs 1-9 I quote there was also at Jerusalem one man named Zaccheus who was a school master, nd he said to Joseph, Joseph why dost thou nt sent Jesus to me dat he may learn his letter? Joseph agreed nd told St Mary; so they brought him (Jesus) to d master who as soon as he saw him says Aleph, Beth even jesus refuse 2 pronounce beth he was threatened 2 whip, nd after dat Jesus began clearly nd distinctly to say Aleph, Beth, Gimel, Daleth nd so on to d end of alphabet.


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When Isaiah said 'woe to Ariel,' of what city was he speaking?
  • Jerusalem
  • Bethlehem
  • Judah
  • Antioch