Commentary for Isaiah 18

God's care for his people; and the increase of the church.

- This chapter is one of the most obscure in Scripture, though more of it probably was understood by those for whose use it was first intended, than by us now. Swift messengers are sent by water to a nation marked by Providence, and measured out, trodden under foot. God's people are trampled on; but whoever thinks to swallow them up, finds they are cast down, yet not deserted, not destroyed. All the dwellers on earth must watch the motions of the Divine Providence, and wait upon the directions of the Divine will. God gives assurance to his prophet, and by him to be given to his people. Zion is his rest for ever, and he will look after it. He will suit to their case the comforts and refreshments he provides for them; they will be acceptable, because seasonable. He will reckon with his and their enemies; and as God's people are protected at all seasons of the year, so their enemies are exposed at all seasons. A tribute of praise should be brought to God from all this. What is offered to God, must be offered in the way he has appointed; and we may expect him to meet us where he records his name. Thus shall the nations of the earth be convinced that Jehovah is the God, and Israel is his people, and shall unite in presenting spiritual sacrifices to his glory. Happy are those who take warning by his judgment on others, and hasten to join him and his people. Whatever land or people may be intended, we are here taught not to think that God takes no care of his church, and has no respect to the affairs of men, because he permits the wicked to triumph for a season. He has wise reasons for so doing, which we cannot now understand, but which will appear at the great day of his coming, when he will bring every work into judgment, and reward every man according to his works.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Isaiah 18

  • Michael D Nichols on Isaiah 18
    What nation is referred to as "The land beyond Ethiopia" in Isaiah Chapter 18?
  • Angela staggs on Isaiah 18
    How many times is holy ghost in the kjv bible
  • David Adrian on Isaiah 18
    In the KJV as a rule, the possessive pronouns mine and thine are used instead of my and thy when the words they modify begin with vowels. However, there are many exceptions, in the Book of Psalms, at least. I was particularly struck by Psalm 20, Verses 3 and 4:

    3 Remember all thy offerings, and accept thy burnt sacrifice.
    4 Grant thee according to thine own heart, and fulfil all thy counsel.

    In Verse 3, "thy offerings" is followed in Verse 4 by "thine own". What explains such an inconsistency?
  • T. Levis - in Reply on Isaiah 18
    Thine = (web dictionary) pertaing to self ownership, belonging to, also 'yours'
    Thy = (web dictionary) the possessive case of thou, also meaning 'your'
  • David Adrian - in Reply on Isaiah 18
    Those definitions are correct, of course, but they don't explain the inconsistencies I cited.
  • Robert DeFord on Isaiah 18
    Who or what does Melchizedek mean for us today? No father, no mother, no beginning or end of days. Not a human?
  • Bob Hilt - in Reply on Isaiah 18
    The reference of Melchizedek with no beginning of days and no (earthly) Father or Mother is a veiled reference to Jesus who was Christ. Jesus had the same parents that the first adam had and he was called the last adam.
    1 Corinthians 15:45 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.
    This is why the virgin birth was important as Mary carried Jesus in her womb, but her fallen DNA was not used. Jesus had the same parents as the first adam. you may want to reread this if it does not make sense.
    Jesus always existed with the Father, no beginning of days
  • Phillip Gallegos - in Reply on Isaiah 18
    Sir what is meant by fallen dna?
  • Bob Hilt - in Reply on Isaiah 18
    I just saw this question:

    Romans 5:12 Wherefore, as by one (Adam) man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:

    Sin nature or fallen DNA passed upon all creation which is why we needed a redeemer or savior.

    1 Corinthians 15:22 For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.

    Hebrews 4:15 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin. Jesus was without sin as our high priest.
  • Marlo on Isaiah 18
    Before geopolitics, only present day Tunisia was known as Africa. The land mass south of Lybia was known as AEthiopia by the Greeks. There were scores of ethnic tribes allied under the main and most powerful family called Ethiopia, Cush, or Nubia. The key is "whose land the rivers have spoiled" does not reflect the modern day borders of Israel, but that of ancient Nubia.


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Isaiah pronounces woe on a place beyond which country?
  • Israel
  • Babylon
  • Ethiopia
  • Egypt