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1 The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.

2 Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the LORD hath spoken, I have nourished and brought up children, and they have rebelled against me.

3 The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib: but Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider.

4 Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken the LORD, they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger, they are gone away backward.

5 Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

6 From the sole of the foot even unto the head there is no soundness in it; but wounds, and bruises, and putrifying sores: they have not been closed, neither bound up, neither mollified with ointment.

7 Your country is desolate, your cities are burned with fire: your land, strangers devour it in your presence, and it is desolate, as overthrown by strangers.

8 And the daughter of Zion is left as a cottage in a vineyard, as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers, as a besieged city.

9 Except the LORD of hosts had left unto us a very small remnant, we should have been as Sodom, and we should have been like unto Gomorrah.

10 Hear the word of the LORD, ye rulers of Sodom; give ear unto the law of our God, ye people of Gomorrah.

11 To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats.

12 When ye come to appear before me, who hath required this at your hand, to tread my courts?

13 Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination unto me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with; it is iniquity, even the solemn meeting.

14 Your new moons and your appointed feasts my soul hateth: they are a trouble unto me; I am weary to bear them.

15 And when ye spread forth your hands, I will hide mine eyes from you: yea, when ye make many prayers, I will not hear: your hands are full of blood.

16 Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before mine eyes; cease to do evil;

17 Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow.

18 Come now, and let us reason together, saith the LORD: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.

19 If ye be willing and obedient, ye shall eat the good of the land:

20 But if ye refuse and rebel, ye shall be devoured with the sword: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it.

21 How is the faithful city become an harlot! it was full of judgment; righteousness lodged in it; but now murderers.

22 Thy silver is become dross, thy wine mixed with water:

23 Thy princes are rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one loveth gifts, and followeth after rewards: they judge not the fatherless, neither doth the cause of the widow come unto them.

24 Therefore saith the Lord, the LORD of hosts, the mighty One of Israel, Ah, I will ease me of mine adversaries, and avenge me of mine enemies:

25 And I will turn my hand upon thee, and purely purge away thy dross, and take away all thy tin:

26 And I will restore thy judges as at the first, and thy counsellors as at the beginning: afterward thou shalt be called, The city of righteousness, the faithful city.

27 Zion shall be redeemed with judgment, and her converts with righteousness.

28 And the destruction of the transgressors and of the sinners shall be together, and they that forsake the LORD shall be consumed.

29 For they shall be ashamed of the oaks which ye have desired, and ye shall be confounded for the gardens that ye have chosen.

30 For ye shall be as an oak whose leaf fadeth, and as a garden that hath no water.

31 And the strong shall be as tow, and the maker of it as a spark, and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench them.

Commentary for Isaiah 1

Isaiah prophesied in the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah. He has been well called the evangelical prophet, on account of his numerous and full prophesies concerning the coming and character, the ministry and preaching, the sufferings and death of the Messiah, and the extent and continuance of his kingdom. Under the veil of the deliverance from Babylon, Isaiah points to a much greater deliverance, which was to be effected by the Messiah; and seldom does he mention the one, without alluding at the same time to the other; nay, he is often so much enraptured with the prospect of the more distant deliverance, as to lose sight of that which was nearer, and to dwell on the Messiah's person, office, character, and kingdom.The corruptions prevailing among the Jews. (1-9) Severe censures. (10-15) Exhortations to repentance. (16-20) The state of Judah is lamented; with gracious promises of the gospel times. (21-31)1-9 Isaiah signifies, "The salvation of the Lord;" a very suitable name for this prophet, who prophesies so much of Jesus the Saviour, and his salvation. God's professing people did not know or consider that they owed their lives and comforts to God's fatherly care and kindness. How many are very careless in the affairs of their souls! Not considering what we do know in religion, does us as much harm, as ignorance of what we should know. The wickedness was universal. Here is a comparison taken from a sick and diseased body. The distemper threatens to be mortal. From the sole of the foot even to the head; from the meanest peasant to the greatest peer, there is no soundness, no good principle, no religion, for that is the health of the soul. Nothing but guilt and corruption; the sad effects of Adam's fall. This passage declares the total depravity of human nature. While sin remains unrepented, nothing is done toward healing these wounds, and preventing fatal effects. Jerusalem was exposed and unprotected, like the huts or sheds built up to guard ripening fruits. These are still to be seen in the East, where fruits form a large part of the summer food of the people. But the Lord had a small remnant of pious servants at Jerusalem. It is of the Lord's mercies that we are not consumed. The evil nature is in every one of us; only Jesus and his sanctifying Spirit can restore us to spiritual health.

10-15 Judea was desolate, and their cities burned. This awakened them to bring sacrifices and offerings, as if they would bribe God to remove the punishment, and give them leave to go on in their sin. Many who will readily part with their sacrifices, will not be persuaded to part with their sins. They relied on the mere form as a service deserving a reward. The most costly devotions of wicked people, without thorough reformation of heart and life, cannot be acceptable to God. He not only did not accept them, but he abhorred them. All this shows that sin is very hateful to God. If we allow ourselves in secret sin, or forbidden indulgences; if we reject the salvation of Christ, our very prayers will become abomination.

16-20 Not only feel sorrow for the sin committed, but break off the practice. We must be doing, not stand idle. We must be doing the good the Lord our God requires. It is plain that the sacrifices of the law could not atone, even for outward national crimes. But, blessed be God, there is a Fountain opened, in which sinners of every age and rank may be cleansed. Though our sins have been as scarlet and crimson, a deep dye, a double dye, first in the wool of original corruption, and afterwards in the many threads of actual transgression; though we have often dipped into sin, by many backslidings; yet pardoning mercy will take out the stain, #Ps 51:7|. They should have all the happiness and comfort they could desire. Life and death, good and evil, are set before us. O Lord, incline all of us to live to thy glory.

21-31 Neither holy cities nor royal ones are faithful to their trust, if religion does not dwell in them. Dross may shine like silver, and the wine that is mixed with water may still have the colour of wine. Those have a great deal to answer for, who do not help the oppressed, but oppress them. Men may do much by outward restraints; but only God works effectually by the influences of his Spirit, as a Spirit of Judgment. Sin is the worst captivity, the worst slavery. The redemption of the spiritual Zion, by the righteousness and death of Christ, and by his powerful grace, most fully accord with what is here meant. Utter ruin is threatened. The Jews should become as a tree when blasted by heat; as a garden without water, which in those hot countries would soon be burned up. Thus shall they be that trust in idols, or in an arm of flesh. Even the strong man shall be as tow; not only soon broken, and pulled to pieces, but easily catching fire. When the sinner has made himself as tow and stubble, and God makes himself as a consuming fire, what can prevent the utter ruin of the sinner?

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Isaiah 1

  • Lisa on Isaiah 1
    I lisa repent to god, to jesus, to the holy spirit, and to the saints, for sinning again heaven over and over again. my soul is crying out forgive me, forgive me. i come to you on my knees humbly asking you to how mercy on my soul. i am a sinner and i need help from the heavens above. help me please to understand righteousness, gods holy word right not on my own understanding please for my and my family life please
  • ROMANS Chapter 11 Mishael on Isaiah 1
    20 Well; because of unbelief ISRAEL were broken off, and thou (WE) standest by faith. Be not highminded, but fear:

    21 For if God spared not the natural (Israel) branches, take heed lest he also spare not thee.

    22 Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on THEM, which fell, severity; but toward US, goodness, if thou continue in his goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.

    23 And they also, if they abide not still in unbelief, shall be graffed in: for God is able to graff them in AGAIN.

    25 For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this MYSTERY lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that BLINDNESS in part HAS HAPPENED to Israel, UNTIL THE FULLNESS of the Gentiles (US) be come in.

    26 And so ALL ISRAEL SHALL BE SAVED as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer (JESUS) and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob (ISRAEL).

    27 For this is MY COVENANT unto ISRAEL when I shall take away their sins.

    28 As concerning the gospel, they (Israel) are enemies for (US) your sakes: but as touching the election (US), they are beloved for the fathers' sakes.

    29 For the gifts and calling of God are without repentance.

    30 For as ye (US) in times past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through (ISRAELS) their unbelief:

    31 Even so have these also now not believed, that through (GENTILE) your mercy they also (ISRAEL) may obtain mercy.

    32 For God hath concluded them (Israel) all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all (Israel and Gentiles together).

    33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!

    34 For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor?

    35 Or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him again?

    36 For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things:

    Comment: Would be great if we'd just let God bring this Mystery to fruition.
  • Bob Hilt - in Reply on Isaiah 1
    Samaria was the capital of Northern Israel during the split of Judah and Israel after Solomon died. The Samaritan woman at the well was an Israelite also.

    John Chapter 4

    5 Then cometh he to a city of Samaria, which is called Sychar, near to the parcel of ground that Jacob gave to his son Joseph.

    6 Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied with [his] journey, sat thus on the well: [and] it was about the sixth hour.

    7 There cometh a woman of Samaria to draw water: Jesus saith unto her, Give me to drink.

    8 (For his disciples were gone away unto the city to buy meat.)

    9 Then saith the woman of Samaria unto him, How is it that thou, being a Jew, askest drink of me, which am a woman of Samaria? for the Jews have no dealings with the Samaritans.

    10 Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.

    11 The woman saith unto him, Sir, thou hast nothing to draw with, and the well is deep: from whence then hast thou that living water?

    12 Art thou greater than our father Jacob, which gave us the well, and drank thereof himself, and his children, and his cattle? (the woman said Jacob [Israel] was her Father and Jesus never corrected her)

    Art thou greater than OUR FATHER JACOB (who was Israel)

    13 Jesus answered and said unto her, Whosoever drinketh of this water shall thirst again:

    She was indeed an Israelite who was of divorced Israel

    Jeremiah 3:8

    "And I saw, when for all the causes whereby backsliding Israel committed adultery I had put her away, and given her a bill of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Judah feared not, but went and played the harlot also."

    God divorced Israel, not Judah.

    Jeremiah 31:31

    "Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:"

    Israel AND Judah both
  • The Mystery - in Reply on Isaiah 1
    I can't explain this Mystery God is personally undertaking. I feel strongly not to judge. I preach for "Gentiles to get in now." Do what God says to be doing now: armor on, wedding dress packed, lamps full of Holy Spirits oil. Assist with "Ark loading".

    I pray for you to be a worker in the Harvest. You know lots; like Paul. It's up to you to figure out what part you play in this mystery? Do you have a testimony? I've never heard anything. You know mine.

    Prayer room stays full and I think a lot of them aren't saved. Are they saved? Has any preacher taught them the basics? See..I can't argue about this mystery that can't be defined. But if the Holy Spirit says hop to it: I'll hop every time. :)

    What country do you live in?
  • Carleton - in Reply on Isaiah 1
    Romans 11:1-19 is inspiring as well.

    Sometimes I think of Jesus at the beginning as a spring that became rivers that flowed all the way to Jesus the Christ Child. The banks of the river belong to God too, inspiring the flow of Truth all the way to the Savior.
  • Jmunizjr on Isaiah 1
    Verse three speaks of an ox knowing his master and a donkey his masters crib. Jesus says we must love God with our mind. Paul says we must have an answer for the hope within us.

    These three provoke, if you will, us to learn who God is. Paul in Romans 1 warns us against bringing God down from the heavens and making Him like things on the earth. We might try to make Him who we want Him to be in our minds but He will not change. He is God and He calls the shots.

    If He is our God then we should be learning who He is. If we believe enough then we should not entrust anyone to tell us who He is but should get to know Him for ourselves.

    This is relationship. We have pastors and teachers to help.
  • Virginia - in Reply on Isaiah 1
    True I want a relationship, with jesus, I want to

    Spend quality time with him and be taught by his word.
  • GROWING YOUR FAITH - in Reply on Isaiah 1
    Go in here and read the process of becoming a true born again Christian; who has received the Holy Spirit whom Jesus told us to receive. He is God, and He will be your Teacher as you begin to read Gods Word, in the Bible, every day.

    Start in 1,2,3, John near the back of the Bible. Your aim: is to feed your faith. As long as you starve it; it will remain small.

    Your walk with Jesus will become increasingly secure and full of joy.

    Go back to the red area on this website and select Become a Christian to read through the material about what happens after believing in Jesus.

    Mishael
  • Virginia - in Reply on Isaiah 1
    Thank you, I recieved jesus many years ago. And want a closer walk.
  • Mishael - in Reply on Isaiah 1
    I am happy to hear you are a sister in Christ. I know sometimes our hunger for the Word of God can grow in leaps & bounds.

    I've kind of adopted a lifestyle of methods to satisfy my thirst and hunger for Gods Word through scripture. I seem to experience more growth through praise and worship and just sitting quietly beside my bed on the floor, before the Lord: listening for His voice.

    King David frequently sat quietly before the Lord: Psalm 63:6, Proverbs 8:34

    I stay in touch with the prophetic community through Youtube. You have to know some people... you don't want to hear false prophesy or teaching. If the Bible doesn't agree with it, then it's from the flesh.

    I find it easier to hear Hods Word if I turn off all the media noise.

    Find out what works best for you.


 

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Why does the Lord chastise Israel in Isaiah Chapter 1?
  • Rebelling Against God
  • Being Lazy
  • Stopping Sacrifices
  • Murdering Innocents