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1 When Ephraim spake trembling, he exalted himself in Israel; but when he offended in Baal, he died.

2 And now they sin more and more, and have made them molten images of their silver, and idols according to their own understanding, all of it the work of the craftsmen: they say of them, Let the men that sacrifice kiss the calves.

3 Therefore they shall be as the morning cloud, and as the early dew that passeth away, as the chaff that is driven with the whirlwind out of the floor, and as the smoke out of the chimney.

4 Yet I am the LORD thy God from the land of Egypt, and thou shalt know no god but me: for there is no saviour beside me.

5 I did know thee in the wilderness, in the land of great drought.

6 According to their pasture, so were they filled; they were filled, and their heart was exalted; therefore have they forgotten me.

7 Therefore I will be unto them as a lion: as a leopard by the way will I observe them:

8 I will meet them as a bear that is bereaved of her whelps, and will rend the caul of their heart, and there will I devour them like a lion: the wild beast shall tear them.

9 O Israel, thou hast destroyed thyself; but in me is thine help.

10 I will be thy king: where is any other that may save thee in all thy cities? and thy judges of whom thou saidst, Give me a king and princes?

11 I gave thee a king in mine anger, and took him away in my wrath.

12 The iniquity of Ephraim is bound up; his sin is hid.

13 The sorrows of a travailing woman shall come upon him: he is an unwise son; for he should not stay long in the place of the breaking forth of children.

14 I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be thy plagues; O grave, I will be thy destruction: repentance shall be hid from mine eyes.

15 Though he be fruitful among his brethren, an east wind shall come, the wind of the LORD shall come up from the wilderness, and his spring shall become dry, and his fountain shall be dried up: he shall spoil the treasure of all pleasant vessels.

16 Samaria shall become desolate; for she hath rebelled against her God: they shall fall by the sword: their infants shall be dashed in pieces, and their women with child shall be ripped up.

Commentary for Hosea 13

The abuse of God's favour leads to punishment. (1-8) A promise of God's mercy. (9-16)1-8 While Ephraim kept up a holy fear of God, and worshipped Him in that fear, so long he was very considerable. When Ephraim forsook God, and followed idolatry, he sunk. Let the men that sacrifice kiss the calves, in token of their adoration of them, affection for them, and obedience to them; but the Lord will not give his glory to another, and therefore all that worship images shall be confounded. No solid, lasting comfort, is to be expected any where but in God. God not only took care of the Israelites in the wilderness, he put them in possession of Canaan, a good land; but worldly prosperity, when it feeds men's pride, makes them forgetful of God. Therefore the Lord would meet them in just vengeance, as the most terrible beast that inhabited their forests. Abused goodness calls for greater severity.

9-16 Israel had destroyed himself by his rebellion; but he could not save himself, his help was from the Lord only. This may well be applied to the case of spiritual redemption, from that lost state into which all have fallen by wilful sins. God often gives in displeasure what we sinfully desire. It is the happiness of the saints, that, whether God gives or takes away, all is in love. But it is the misery of the wicked, that, whether God gives or takes away, it is all in wrath, nothing is comfortable. Except sinners repent and believe the gospel, anguish will soon come upon them. The prophecy of the ruin of Israel as a nation, also showed there would be a merciful and powerful interposition of God, to save a remnant of them. Yet this was but a shadow of the ransom of the true Israel, by the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ. He will destroy death and the grave. The Lord would not repent of his purpose and promise. Yet, in the mean time, Israel would be desolated for her sins. Without fruitfulness in good works, springing from the Holy Spirit, all other fruitfulness will be found as empty as the uncertain riches of the world. The wrath of God will wither its branches, its sprigs shall be dried up, it shall come to nothing. Woes, more terrible than any from the most cruel warfare, shall fall on those who rebel against God. From such miseries, and from sin, the cause of them, may the Lord deliver us.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Hosea 13

  • Rev Autrey
    Again, let's understand what Jehovah God is saying in Hos. 13:4 when he says, "for there is no savior beside me." He is revealing to us his NT name of Jesus. See Jesus means the God who saves, or God save me. That is, when God came to the earth as a man he called himself Jesus, and it was by this name that he went to the cross to save us from our sins. Amen
  • Rev Autrey
    When Jehovah God says in Hos 13:4 "for there is no saviour beside me," he was saying that it is he who came to the earth that Christmas day and walked the earth as a man. And it is he who healed the sick, raised the dead, gave sight to the blind and made the lame walk. And finally, it is he who went to the cross and died to pay our sin debt. O how I wish we could understand! Praise God!
  • Kanisuru for verse 9
    It is a terrible thing to fall into the severe hands of the LORD rather than good, if by HIS grace and mercy, you were able to amount into prosperity in all ramification of life all glory should be given to HIM not yourself or any man cos it triggers complacency, contempt and pride which at the end is utter destruction even by your own self.
  • Insight 777
    Verse 16, the god of Samaria is not the God of Israel. Samaria worships a god that is defined differently than the God defined in the Bible. Samaria rebels against her God which may mean all the people of Samaria do not define God in the same manner, being of different doctrine with different beliefs, so they have civil war. In civil war families are destroyed, even innocent children who do not understand what is happening. It is a belief in a different god with different religious laws that causes this destruction of families in Samaria, Syria, not any belief in Jesus or Jehovah. Jesus did not cause this. Jehovah did not cause this.
  • Insight 777
    Verse 12 in chapter 10 speaks of the Lord raining righteousness. Perhaps the drought here in verse 5 is symbolic, meaning the people in the wilderness, an uncontrolled area, are unrighteous.
  • Timothy Wayne George
    God is the only savior, and blessed is the nation whose God is the Lord. Righteousness exalts a nation, but sin is a reproach to any people. There is one name given unto man where by we must be saved, and that is Jesus. Jesus is the only one who can save us from the power of the grave. Jesus defeated satan who had the power of death on the Cross, and gave us the victory when he rose from the grave the third day. Blessed is he that comes in the name of the Lord. What manner of love the Father hath bestowed on us that we should be called the children of God, and it does not appear what we shall be. We shall be like him, for we will see him as he is. So don't dispair that judgement will come, because Jesus paid it all. All to him we owe, for sin hath left a crimsome stain, but he washed it white as snow.
  • Andre fleming for verse 4
    around the time moses was given the ten commandment 1545 bc the year maybe wrong werent there other laws of the land like maat not going against anybody be.lie.fs

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Bible Trivia

In chapter thirteen of Hosea, the Lord describes Himself as what animal?
  • Bear
  • Lion
  • Leopard
  • 1 and 2
  • All of the above