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1 Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus;

2 Who was faithful to him that appointed him, as also Moses was faithful in all his house.

3 For this man was counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who hath builded the house hath more honour than the house.

4 For every house is builded by some man; but he that built all things is God.

5 And Moses verily was faithful in all his house, as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken after;

6 But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.

7 Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To day if ye will hear his voice,

8 Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness:

9 When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years.

10 Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do alway err in their heart; and they have not known my ways.

11 So I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest.)

12 Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God.

13 But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.

14 For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end;

15 While it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation.

16 For some, when they had heard, did provoke: howbeit not all that came out of Egypt by Moses.

17 But with whom was he grieved forty years? was it not with them that had sinned, whose carcases fell in the wilderness?

18 And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not?

19 So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief.

Commentary for Hebrews 3

The superior worth and dignity of Christ above Moses is shown. (1-6) The Hebrews are warned of the sin and danger of unbelief. (7-13) And of necessity of faith in Christ, and of stedfastly following him. (14-19)1-6 Christ is to be considered as the Apostle of our profession, the Messenger sent by God to men, the great Revealer of that faith which we profess to hold, and of that hope which we profess to have. As Christ, the Messiah, anointed for the office both of Apostle and High Priest. As Jesus, our Saviour, our Healer, the great Physician of souls. Consider him thus. Consider what he is in himself, what he is to us, and what he will be to us hereafter and for ever. Close and serious thoughts of Christ bring us to know more of him. The Jews had a high opinion of the faithfulness of Moses, yet his faithfulness was but a type of Christ's. Christ was the Master of this house, of his church, his people, as well as their Maker. Moses was a faithful servant; Christ, as the eternal Son of God, is rightful Owner and Sovereign Ruler of the Church. There must not only be setting out well in the ways of Christ, but stedfastness and perseverance therein to the end. Every meditation on his person and his salvation, will suggest more wisdom, new motives to love, confidence, and obedience.

7-13 Days of temptation are often days of provocation. But to provoke God, when he is letting us see that we entirely depend and live upon him, is a provocation indeed. The hardening of the heart is the spring of all other sins. The sins of others, especially of our relations, should be warnings to us. All sin, especially sin committed by God's professing, privileged people, not only provokes God, but it grieves him. God is loth to destroy any in, or for their sin; he waits long to be gracious to them. But sin, long persisted in, will make God's wrath discover itself in destroying the impenitent; there is no resting under the wrath of God. "Take heed:" all who would get safe to heaven must look about them; if once we allow ourselves to distrust God, we may soon desert him. Let those that think they stand, take heed lest they fall. Since to-morrow is not ours, we must make the best improvement of this day. And there are none, even the strongest of the flock, who do not need help of other Christians. Neither are there any so low and despised, but the care of their standing in the faith, and of their safety, belongs to all. Sin has so many ways and colours, that we need more eyes than ours own. Sin appears fair, but is vile; it appears pleasant, but is destructive; it promises much, but performs nothing. The deceitfulness of sin hardens the soul; one sin allowed makes way for another; and every act of sin confirms the habit. Let every one beware of sin.

14-19 The saints' privilege is, they are made partakers of Christ, that is, of the Spirit, the nature, graces, righteousness, and life of Christ; they are interested in all Christ is, in all he has done, or will do. The same spirit with which Christians set out in the ways of God, they should maintain unto the end. Perseverance in faith is the best evidence of the sincerity of our faith. Hearing the word often is a means of salvation, yet, if not hearkened to, it will expose more to the Divine wrath. The happiness of being partakers of Christ and his complete salvation, and the fear of God's wrath and eternal misery, should stir us up to persevere in the life of obedient faith. Let us beware of trusting to outward privileges or professions, and pray to be numbered with the true believers who enter heaven, when all others fail because of unbelief. As our obedience follows according to the power of our faith, so our sins and want of care are according to the prevailing of unbelief in us.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Hebrews 3

  • Fred Scanlan on Hebrews 3
    Growing in the gospel of salvation, Christ speaks of clearly. The danger of loosing ones faith is not impossible! This is a war between good and evil. This battle is not only here on earth but in the heavens. When you come to Christ and are baptized into his death and risen in His resurrection, you are a new creature in Him. Created in Him.Most religion today teaches a social gospel, based on works. When you understand the power of the holy Spirit, it will guide you into all truth. The last idea you would have is loosing so precious a gift. Temptation and Satan never leave. When your roots are deep He will have a hard time deceiving you. Remember its soly by grace we are saved not our works
  • Mark put on Hebrews 3
    Love every aspect of the letter to the Hebrews. Every time I read it I been more and more evidence of Pauline authority.!
  • Phillip E Gallegos - in Reply on Hebrews 3
    1 Corinthians 15:51-56 51Listen, I tell you a mystery: We will not all sleep, but we will all be changed- 52in a flash, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed. 53For the perishable must clothe itself with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality. 54When the perishable has been clothed with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality, then the saying that is written will come true: "Death has been swallowed up in victory." 55"Where, O death, is your victory? Where, O death, is your sting?" 56The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law.
  • Daniel on Hebrews 3
    Carol, having said that, as long as you have continued to follow Jesus' precepts, continued to grow your faith, and haven't disavowed Jesus in your heart, you have nothing to be concerned about. Your Salvation is secure, and always will be unless "you" choose to give it back.
  • Daniel on Hebrews 3
    Carol, pleased don't be deceived. While it is correct that you cannot be snatched from God's hand. Because of the "unconditional" free will that God gave us, we can if we choose, give up our own salvation. We change God's intention by adding the condition, "that it doesn't apply to salvation." At that point, it is no longer unconditional. That was not God's intention when he gave us free will.
  • Daniel on Hebrews 3
    Steve, I don't believe Paul leads anyone to be presumptuous about their fate. In fact, all thoughout his Epistles, he makes it very clear that the door to heaven is not by faith alone. Paul's writing to the Galatians is dedicated to this subject. But it can also be seen in many of Pauls other writings including, Romans, 1 Corinthians, and 2 Corinthians.
  • Christian - in Reply on Hebrews 3
    It delights the Father when people put their sins at the cross and rest in Jesus. If we don't have unbelief, then we are living in the total rest and peace of Jesus. Everything else that comes after that works is the evidence of our salvation not the cause of it. Matt. 7:23 was caused by doing works while in unbelief and not completely trusting in the work of Jesus completely.
  • Joe on Hebrews 3
    Steve's words: "It is way more then inviting Jesus into your heart whilst the pastors prays" is also what I believe. That is the beginning, but one must follow Jesus' commands thereafter, live following his example, bring forth fruit. It's not a 1 time event, but an entire life style of devotion to Him.
  • Steve on Hebrews 3
    I believe that Moses was spared by God as he climbed the
    Mount overlooking the promise land, as he fullfilled what God had him do, bringing the people to the their homeland at last. Paul, the least of the Apostles, has lead Christians to be presumptuous about their fate, that their Salvation is assured, which it isn't. It is way more then inviting Jesus into your heart whilst the pastors prays
  • Kim on Hebrews 3
    Carol: I have never posted on here but your message touched my heart. We can slide so far back that the devil makes us question our salvation. I heard this said long ago and I have never forgotten this...you cannot unknow God. We may forget a lot in this life and fall short but we can never lose our salvation. That's our promise from him!


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Why did the Israelite forefathers not enter God's rest?
  • Wrong directions
  • Unbelief
  • Stupidity
  • Blindness