"(A.S. and Dutch God; Dan. Gud; Ger. Gott), the name of the" "Divine Being. It is the rendering (1) of the Hebrew 'El, from a" "word meaning to be strong; (2) of 'Eloah_, plural _'Elohim. The" "singular form, Eloah, is used only in poetry. The plural form is" "more commonly used in all parts of the Bible, The Hebrew word" "Jehovah (q.v.), the only other word generally employed to denote" "the Supreme Being, is uniformly rendered in the Authorized" "Version by "LORD," printed in small capitals. The existence of" God is taken for granted in the Bible. There is nowhere any argument to prove it. He who disbelieves this truth is spoken of as one devoid of understanding (Ps. 14:1). "The arguments generally adduced by theologians in proof of the being of God are: "(1.) The a priori argument, which is the testimony afforded by reason. "(2.) The a posteriori argument, by which we proceed logically "from the facts of experience to causes. These arguments are," "(a) The cosmological, by which it is proved that there must be a "First Cause of all things, for every effect must have a cause." "(b) The teleological, or the argument from design. We see everywhere the operations of an intelligent Cause in nature. "(c) The moral argument, called also the anthropological "argument, based on the moral consciousness and the history of" "mankind, which exhibits a moral order and purpose which can only" be explained on the supposition of the existence of God. "Conscience and human history testify that "verily there is a God" "that judgeth in the earth." "The attributes of God are set forth in order by Moses in Ex. "34:6, 7. (see also Deut. 6:4; 10:17; Num. 16:22; Ex. 15:11;" 33:19; Isa. 44:6; Hab. 3:6; Ps. 102:26; Job 34:12.) They are also systematically classified in Rev. 5:12 and 7:12. "God's attributes are spoken of by some as absolute, i.e., such "as belong to his essence as Jehovah, Jah, etc.; and relative," "i.e., such as are ascribed to him with relation to his" "creatures. Others distinguish them into communicable, i.e.," those which can be imparted in degree to his creatures: "goodness, holiness, wisdom, etc.; and incommunicable, which" "cannot be so imparted: independence, immutability, immensity," and eternity. They are by some also divided into natural "attributes, eternity, immensity, etc.; and moral, holiness," "goodness, etc."

"(Acts 17:29; Rom. 1:20; Col. 2:9), the essential being or the" nature of God.

"The whole of practical piety (1 Tim. 4:8; 2 Pet. 1:6). "It" "supposes knowledge, veneration, affection, dependence," "submission, gratitude, and obedience." In 1 Tim. 3:16 it denotes" the substance of revealed religion.

See where God occurs in the Bible...