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1 And he commanded the steward of his house, saying, Fill the men's sacks with food, as much as they can carry, and put every man's money in his sack's mouth.

2 And put my cup, the silver cup, in the sack's mouth of the youngest, and his corn money. And he did according to the word that Joseph had spoken.

3 As soon as the morning was light, the men were sent away, they and their asses.

4 And when they were gone out of the city, and not yet far off, Joseph said unto his steward, Up, follow after the men; and when thou dost overtake them, say unto them, Wherefore have ye rewarded evil for good?

5 Is not this it in which my lord drinketh, and whereby indeed he divineth? ye have done evil in so doing.

6 And he overtook them, and he spake unto them these same words.

7 And they said unto him, Wherefore saith my lord these words? God forbid that thy servants should do according to this thing:

8 Behold, the money, which we found in our sacks' mouths, we brought again unto thee out of the land of Canaan: how then should we steal out of thy lord's house silver or gold?

9 With whomsoever of thy servants it be found, both let him die, and we also will be my lord's bondmen.

10 And he said, Now also let it be according unto your words: he with whom it is found shall be my servant; and ye shall be blameless.

11 Then they speedily took down every man his sack to the ground, and opened every man his sack.

12 And he searched, and began at the eldest, and left at the youngest: and the cup was found in Benjamin's sack.

13 Then they rent their clothes, and laded every man his ass, and returned to the city.

14 And Judah and his brethren came to Joseph's house; for he was yet there: and they fell before him on the ground.

15 And Joseph said unto them, What deed is this that ye have done? wot ye not that such a man as I can certainly divine?

16 And Judah said, What shall we say unto my lord? what shall we speak? or how shall we clear ourselves? God hath found out the iniquity of thy servants: behold, we are my lord's servants, both we, and he also with whom the cup is found.

17 And he said, God forbid that I should do so: but the man in whose hand the cup is found, he shall be my servant; and as for you, get you up in peace unto your father.

18 Then Judah came near unto him, and said, Oh my lord, let thy servant, I pray thee, speak a word in my lord's ears, and let not thine anger burn against thy servant: for thou art even as Pharaoh.

19 My lord asked his servants, saying, Have ye a father, or a brother?

20 And we said unto my lord, We have a father, an old man, and a child of his old age, a little one; and his brother is dead, and he alone is left of his mother, and his father loveth him.

21 And thou saidst unto thy servants, Bring him down unto me, that I may set mine eyes upon him.

22 And we said unto my lord, The lad cannot leave his father: for if he should leave his father, his father would die.

23 And thou saidst unto thy servants, Except your youngest brother come down with you, ye shall see my face no more.

24 And it came to pass when we came up unto thy servant my father, we told him the words of my lord.

25 And our father said, Go again, and buy us a little food.

26 And we said, We cannot go down: if our youngest brother be with us, then will we go down: for we may not see the man's face, except our youngest brother be with us.

27 And thy servant my father said unto us, Ye know that my wife bare me two sons:

28 And the one went out from me, and I said, Surely he is torn in pieces; and I saw him not since:

29 And if ye take this also from me, and mischief befall him, ye shall bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.

30 Now therefore when I come to thy servant my father, and the lad be not with us; seeing that his life is bound up in the lad's life;

31 It shall come to pass, when he seeth that the lad is not with us, that he will die: and thy servants shall bring down the gray hairs of thy servant our father with sorrow to the grave.

32 For thy servant became surety for the lad unto my father, saying, If I bring him not unto thee, then I shall bear the blame to my father for ever.

33 Now therefore, I pray thee, let thy servant abide instead of the lad a bondman to my lord; and let the lad go up with his brethren.

34 For how shall I go up to my father, and the lad be not with me? lest peradventure I see the evil that shall come on my father.

Commentary for Genesis 44

Joseph's policy to stay his brethren, and try their affection for Benjamin. (1-17) Judah's supplication to Joseph. (18-34)1-17 Joseph tried how his brethren felt towards Benjamin. Had they envied and hated the other son of Rachel as they had hated him, and if they had the same want of feeling towards their father Jacob as heretofore, they would now have shown it. When the cup was found upon Benjamin, they would have a pretext for leaving him to be a slave. But we cannot judge what men are now, by what they have been formerly; nor what they will do, by what they have done. The steward charged them with being ungrateful, rewarding evil for good; with folly, in taking away the cup of daily use, which would soon be missed, and diligent search made for it; for so it may be read, Is not this it in which my lord drinketh, as having a particular fondness for it, and for which he would search thoroughly? Or, By which, leaving it carelessly at your table, he would make trial whether you were honest men or not? They throw themselves upon Joseph's mercy, and acknowledge the righteousness of God, perhaps thinking of the injury they had formerly done to Joseph, for which they thought God was now reckoning with them. Even in afflictions wherein we believe ourselves wronged by men, we must own that God is righteous, and finds out our sin.

18-34 Had Joseph been, as Judah supposed him, an utter stranger to the family, he could not but be wrought upon by his powerful reasonings. But neither Jacob nor Benjamin need an intercessor with Joseph; for he himself loved them. Judah's faithful cleaving to Benjamin, now, in his distress, was recompensed long afterwards by the tribe of Benjamin keeping with the tribe of Judah, when the other tribes deserted it. The apostle, when discoursing of the mediation of Christ, observes, that our Lord sprang out of Judah, #Heb 7:14|; and he not only made intercession for the transgressors, but he became a Surety for them, testifying therein tender concern, both for his Father and for his brethren. Jesus, the great antitype of Joseph, humbles and proves his people, even after they have had some tastes of his loving-kindness. He brings their sins to their remembrance, that they may exercise and show repentance, and feel how much they owe to his mercy.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Genesis 44

  • A disciple on Genesis 44
    God made the life of Joseph and all the times that went over him, for being a type of Christ; for giving instruction, and for a law in Israel. As great famine spread over the whole world, in order to bring everyone to "Joseph" for food, and ended up being the means God would deal with "Joseph's" brethren, to bring them to repentance and reconciliation; so the end of this age for the sake of Israel
  • BSP on Genesis 44
    Joseph tested his brothers to see if their attitudes had changed. Their protection and self sacrifice for their younger brother Benjamin showed that they had changed their ways.
  • Salomão on Genesis 44
    By the truth and love atonement is made, Blessed is the name of the Lord!
  • Dewey J on Genesis 44
    Daniel, only the first sentence of your post is correct. The Rest of your post is incorrect because it 's not supported by Scripture in this chapter or any other chapter in the 66 books of the Holy Bible. The conversation your stated in your post between Joseph and Benjamin absolutely didn 't take. God bless us all and also in the understanding of his Word. Glory be to God in the highest through our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. Amen!
  • Gift on Genesis 44
    Matt 44 realy talks about love,forgivnes and fulfilmnt of destny,we should knw dat our destinies must be fulfild no matter wat comes around.GOD Loves us so he gav hs son 2 die for our sins 2 be forgivn exactly wat josph did so we shuld learn hw 2 luv and forgiv ppl dat offend us
  • Jenelle on Genesis 44
    Just more proof that God 's Word is true that we reap what we sow. It took many years before truth was revealed about the sins of the brothers but God is faithful and our sins are made known. They thought selling Joseph into slavery would be the end of their little brother, but God 's plan was greater and justice was served. The agony of leaving their youngest brother in Egypt must have felt worse than death its self. They had to suffer emotional anguish over the realization that their father would grieve himself to death over the loss of the last son of his beloved Rachel.
  • Daniel on Genesis 44
    When the brothers sat to eat, as the scriptures state each ranked according to his birth, Joseph sat opposite his brother Benyamin and while they ate, Joseph asked Benyamin to look into the stars and tell him if he could see where his brother Joseph was. The astonished young brother was shocked when the stars showed Joseph to be sitting exactly opposite him. His older brother whispered gently that that was the truth. He then told Benyamin that he would place his cup in Benyamin's sack to test if his brothers regretted their selling of Joseph into slavery. Upon checking the sack and finding the goblet the brothers were terrified at the possible outcome of the finding and tore their garments. What ensued from here on showed Joseph that they were repentant.
  • Timothy Wayne George on Genesis 44
    Judah intercedes for his brothers to Joseph, and this is a picture of the Lord Jesus interceding to the Father for his brothers, and sisters in heaven. Joseph is touched by what Judah did, and he is about to reveal to his brothers who he is. We should also intercede for our families before God everyday for their salvation. God commended his love for us in that Jesus Christ died for us while we were sinners. Joseph loved his brothers even after all they had done to him, he saw it as God meaning it for good, and not evil. May we see God in our life working all the things together for good, and not evil also.
  • RALPH M. WATERS on Genesis 44




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What was found in Benjamin's sack of grain?
  • A goat's tail
  • A scroll
  • A silver cup
  • Unleavened bread