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1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.

2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.

3 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.

4 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.

5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.

6 And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.

7 And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.

8 And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.

9 And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.

10 And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good.

11 And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.

12 And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good.

13 And the evening and the morning were the third day.

14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:

15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.

16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.

17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,

18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.

19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.

20 And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.

21 And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was good.

22 And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth.

23 And the evening and the morning were the fifth day.

24 And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so.

25 And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good.

26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.

28 And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.

29 And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat.

30 And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so.

31 And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.

Commentary for Genesis 1

Genesis is a name taken from the Greek, and signifies "the book of generation or production;" it is properly so called, as containing an account of the origin of all things. There is no other history so old. There is nothing in the most ancient book which exists that contradicts it; while many things recorded by the oldest heathen writers, or to be traced in the customs of different nations, confirm what is related in the book of Genesis.God creates heaven and earth. (1,2) The creation of light. (3-5) God separates the earth from the waters, and makes it fruitful. (6-13) God forms the sun, moon, and stars. (14-19) Animals created. (20-25) Man created in the image of God. (26-28) Food appointed. (29,30) The work of creation ended and approved. (31)1,2 The first verse of the Bible gives us a satisfying and useful account of the origin of the earth and the heavens. The faith of humble Christians understands this better than the fancy of the most learned men. From what we see of heaven and earth, we learn the power of the great Creator. And let our make and place as men, remind us of our duty as Christians, always to keep heaven in our eye, and the earth under our feet. The Son of God, one with the Father, was with him when he made the world; nay, we are often told that the world was made by him, and nothing was made without him. Oh, what high thoughts should there be in our minds, of that great God whom we worship, and of that great Mediator in whose name we pray! And here, at the beginning of the sacred volume, we read of that Divine Spirit, whose work upon the heart of man is so often mentioned in other parts of the Bible. Observe, that at first there was nothing desirable to be seen, for the world was without form, and void; it was confusion, and emptiness. In like manner the work of grace in the soul is a new creation: and in a graceless soul, one that is not born again, there is disorder, confusion, and every evil work: it is empty of all good, for it is without God; it is dark, it is darkness itself: this is our condition by nature, till Almighty grace works a change in us.

3-5 God said, Let there be light; he willed it, and at once there was light. Oh, the power of the word of God! And in the new creation, the first thing that is wrought in the soul is light: the blessed Spirit works upon the will and affections by enlightening the understanding. Those who by sin were darkness, by grace become light in the Lord. Darkness would have been always upon fallen man, if the Son of God had not come and given us understanding, #1Jo 5:20|. The light which God willed, he approved of. God divided the light from the darkness; for what fellowship has light with darkness? In heaven there is perfect light, and no darkness at all; in hell, utter darkness, and no gleam of light. The day and the night are the Lord's; let us use both to his honour, by working for him every day, and resting in him every night, meditating in his law both day and night.

6-13 The earth was emptiness, but by a word spoken, it became full of God's riches, and his they are still. Though the use of them is allowed to man, they are from God, and to his service and honour they must be used. The earth, at his command, brings forth grass, herbs, and fruits. God must have the glory of all the benefit we receive from the produce of the earth. If we have, through grace, an interest in Him who is the Fountain, we may rejoice in him when the streams of temporal mercies are dried up.

14-19 In the fourth day's work, the creation of the sun, moon, and stars is accounted for. All these are the works of God. The stars are spoken of as they appear to our eyes, without telling their number, nature, place, size, or motions; for the Scriptures were written, not to gratify curiosity, or make us astronomers, but to lead us to God, and make us saints. The lights of heaven are made to serve him; they do it faithfully, and shine in their season without fail. We are set as lights in this world to serve God; but do we in like manner answer the end of our creation? We do not: our light does not shine before God, as his lights shine before us. We burn our Master's candles, but do not mind our Master's work.

20-25 God commanded the fish and fowl to be produced. This command he himself executed. Insects, which are more numerous than the birds and beasts, and as curious, seem to have been part of this day's work. The Creator's wisdom and power are to be admired as much in an ant as in an elephant. The power of God's providence preserves all things, and fruitfulness is the effect of his blessing.

26-28 Man was made last of all the creatures: this was both an honour and a favour to him. Yet man was made the same day that the beasts were; his body was made of the same earth with theirs; and while he is in the body, he inhabits the same earth with them. God forbid that by indulging the body, and the desires of it, we should make ourselves like the beasts that perish! Man was to be a creature different from all that had been hitherto made. Flesh and spirit, heaven and earth, must be put together in him. God said, "Let us make man." Man, when he was made, was to glorify the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. Into that great name we are baptized, for to that great name we owe our being. It is the soul of man that especially bears God's image. Man was made upright, #Ec 7:29|. His understanding saw Divine things clearly and truly; there were no errors or mistakes in his knowledge; his will consented at once, and in all things, to the will of God. His affections were all regular, and he had no bad appetites or passions. His thoughts were easily brought and fixed to the best subjects. Thus holy, thus happy, were our first parents in having the image of God upon them. But how is this image of God upon man defaced! May the Lord renew it upon our souls by his grace!

29,30 Herbs and fruits must be man's food, including corn, and all the products of the earth. Let God's people cast their care upon him, and not be troubled about what they shall eat, and what they shall drink. He that feeds his birds will not starve his babes.

31 When we come to think about our works, we find, to our shame, that much has been very bad; but when God saw his work, all was very good. Good, for it was all just as the Creator would have it to be. All his works, in all places of his dominion, bless him; and therefore, bless thou the Lord, O my soul. Let us bless God for the gospel of Christ, and when we consider his almighty power, let us sinners flee from the wrath to come. If new-created unto the image of God in holiness, we shall at length enter the "new heavens and new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness."

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Genesis 1

  • Stanjett on Genesis 1
    Slow down Mike. You are taking up all the comment section. Let others get a word in now and then. But I got this to say to you, you have a zeal for the word. God Bless you.
  • IwG - in Reply on Genesis 1
    Romans 10

    King James Bible Par

    The Word Brings Salvation

    1Brethren, my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved. 2For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge. 3For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God. 4For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth

    Luke 11:52

    "Woe unto you, lawyers! for ye have taken away the key of knowledge: ye entered not in yourselves, and them that were entering in ye hindered."
  • Mike on Genesis 1:21
    God created great whales (Hebrew: tannyn). The "tanniyn" swallow as illustrated in Jer 51:34 where it shows the king of Babylon swallowing like a dragon (tanniyn).

    Jeremiah 51:34 Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon hath devoured me, he hath crushed me, he hath made me an empty vessel, he hath swallowed me up like a dragon, he hath filled his belly with my delicates, he hath cast me out.

    But in the case of Genesis 1:21,it speaks of the "swallowing up of death" by life which becomes a source of the praise of God by His people among the nations of this world. The "saying"the praise of Godcomes to pass: "death is swallowed up in victory".

    1 Corinthians 15:54 So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory.(55) O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?

    Death is swallowed up of life.

    2 Corinthians 5:4 For we that are in this tabernacle do groan, being burdened: not for that we would be unclothed, but clothed upon, that mortality might be swallowed up of life.

    In Isaiah ch 25,it opens with the praise of God.

    Isaiah 25:1 O LORD, thou art my God; I will exalt thee, I will praise thy name; for thou hast done wonderful things; thy counsels of old are faithfulness and truth.

    And tells us that He will swallow up death in victory and we will be glad and rejoice in His salvation.

    Isaiah 25:7 And he will destroy in this mountain the face of the covering cast over all people, and the vail that is spread over all nations.(8) He will swallow up death in victory; and the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from off all faces; and the rebuke of his people shall he take away from off all the earth: for the LORD hath spoken it.(9) And it shall be said in that day, Lo, this is our God; we have waited for him, and he will save us: this is the LORD; we have waited for him, we will be glad and rejoice in His salvation.
  • Mike on Genesis 1:22
    Genesis 1:22 KJV And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth.

    Fill the waters in the seas.that is, fill the praise of God before all of the nations (seas) of the world. The waters are people, languages, etc. The earth shall be filled with knowledge of the glory of the LORD as the waters cover the sea.

    Isaiah 11:9-10 KJV They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea. (10) And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious.

    Let fowl multiply in the earth.that is, words of His praise will be multiplied before all of the nations of this world. Praise the LORD, all you nationspraise Him all you people. We are to praise Him for His mercy, kindness and the revealing of His Truth.

    Psalms 117:1-2 KJV O praise the LORD, all ye nations: praise him, all ye people. (2) For his merciful kindness is great toward us: and the truth of the LORD endureth for ever. Praise ye the LORD.

    I will confess/praise/thank Him among the nations (gentiles) and sing unto His name. Let fowl multiply in the earththat is, words/songs of God's praise and thanksgiving to Him among all nations of this world. The words of His praise multiply and fly through the air for the nations to hear. We, His people, are to abound with His praiseglorifying God before all nations.

    Romans 15:8 Now I say that Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises made unto the fathers:(9) And that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy; as it is written, For this cause I will confess to thee among the Gentiles, and sing unto thy name.(10) And again he saith, Rejoice, ye Gentiles, with his people.(11) And again, Praise the Lord, all ye Gentiles; and laud him, all ye people.
  • Mike on Genesis 1:20
    Genesis 1:20 KJV And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.

    The waters in verse 20 speak of the living waters of the Spirit that bring forth abundantly the moving creature that has life.

    This speaks of the joy that comes abundantly after the hearing of the Word of God as spoken in the living waters of the Spirit.

    Many will receive the Word with joy. The "moving creature" = "sherets" (swarm) which comes from "sharats" which means "to wriggle". To "wriggle" means "twist and turn with quick writhing movements." We "dance" so to speak with joy within our hearts after the hearing of His Word spoken from Heaven in the Spirit...the living waters.

    Abundant joy comes. Our mourning turns into "dancing" (Hebrew: machol which comes from "chuwl" which means "to twist or whirl (in a circular or spiral manner)". Many will "wriggle" with joy.

    Psalms 30:11 Thou hast turned for me my mourning into dancing: thou hast put off my sackcloth, and girded me with gladness;

    The "fowls" that fly above the earth are our words of praise and thanksgiving to Him above when we hear His knowledge as spoken in our opened hearing of Heaven (in the open firmament of Heaven).

    We sing praise unto Him as birds/words of praise "fly" above the earth.

    (12) To the end that my glory may sing praise to thee, and not be silent. O LORD my God, I will give thanks unto thee for ever.

    In the hearing of His Word of Truththe living River of the Spirit of God, everything that lives and moves. that is, rejoices shall live. Their souls shall live as they rejoice.

    Ezekiel 47:9 And it shall come to pass, that every thing that liveth, which moveth, whithersoever the rivers shall come, shall live: and there shall be a very great multitude of fish, because these waters shall come thither: for they shall be healed; and every thing shall live whither the river cometh.
  • Mike on Genesis 1:17
    Genesis 1:17 KJV

    (17) And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,

    God sets His 2 greatest commandments in the firmament of Heaven.in our opened, expanded hearing (HEAR, O Israel..) of the Spirit that comes from there. We are to do what He has set/established in the kingdom of God so that others see His Light shine in the darkness of this earth.

    Mark 12:28-31 KJV

    (28) And one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, and perceiving that he had answered them well, asked him, Which is the first commandment of all?

    (29) And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord:

    (30) And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment.

    (31) And the second is like, namely this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is none other commandment greater than these.

    Thou are not far from the kingdom of God...

    Mark 12:34 KJV

    (34) And when Jesus saw that he answered discreetly, he said unto him, Thou art not far from the kingdom of God. And no man after that durst ask him any question.

    When we do His commandments, we shall shine as the stars giving His Light upon this dark earth.

    Daniel 12:3 KJV

    (3) And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever.

    The nations shall come to His light/glory that they see arising upon us...

    Isaiah 60:1-3 KJV

    (1) Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen upon thee.

    (2) For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people: but the LORD shall arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee.

    (3) And the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising.
  • Mike on Genesis 1:14
    The lights (the 2 greatest commandments) in the firmament of the Heaven (the expansion of the hearing of Heaven) are for signs, seasons, days and years.

    For days and years..they will prolong our days upon this earth.

    Deuteronomy 6:2 That thou mightest fear the LORD thy God, to keep all his statutes and his commandments, which I command thee, thou, and thy son, and thy son's son, all the days of thy life; and that thy days may be prolonged.

    For length of days and long life (literally, years of life) the doing of His commandments do add unto us.

    Proverbs 3:1 My son, forget not my law; but let thine heart keep my commandments:

    (2) For length of days, and long life, and peace, shall they add to thee.

    They shall multiply our daysas the days of Heaven upon the earth:

    Deuteronomy 11:21 That your days may be multiplied, and the days of your children, in the land which the LORD sware unto your fathers to give them, as the days of heaven upon the earth.22 For if ye shall diligently keep all these commandments which I command you, to do them, to love the LORD your God, to walk in all his ways, and to cleave unto him;

    The doing of His commandments shall give us fruitful seasons

    Leviticus 26:3 If ye walk in my statutes, and keep my commandments, and do them;

    (4) Then I will give you rain in due season, and the land shall yield her increase, and the trees of the field shall yield their fruit.

    They are for signs.you shall bind them for a sign upon your handremembering to do them always.

    Deuteronomy 6:8 And thou shalt bind them for a sign upon thine hand, and they shall be as frontlets between thine eyes.

    In doing so, we shall shine as the stars turning many to His righteousness.

    We shall be His many infallible signs to this dark world that Jesus is truly alive as we live.

    Acts 1:3 To whom also he shewed himself alive after his passion by many infallible proofs, being seen of them forty days, and speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God:
  • Sj on Genesis 1:9
    Without Jesus we're nothing.
  • Chris on Genesis 1:10
    Ras, the Hebrew word for 'Earth' is 'ha.'a.retz'. And this is translated as earth or land, so it can mean 'dry land' as you mentioned, or can even apply to this planet where the same word is used for it. But no Scripture gives any proof that the Earth is 'flat-ish'. I would be interested if you can provide me one.
  • Ras Merkabah on Genesis 1:10
    So Genesis 1:10 settles it. Earth is the dry land gathered among the water (Seas). So this Planet is NOT Earth, but the dry land is. This means Earth is "flat-ish" NOT spherical, nor globular. I wonder what is the name God gives to the WHOLE Planet then?


 

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Bible Trivia

God created what on the 5th day?
  • Man
  • Fowl, whales, and sea creatures
  • Beasts, cattle, and land creatures
  • Water