Genesis 1:2

“And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.”

King James Version (KJV)

Other Translations for Genesis 1:2

And the earth was without forme, and voyd, and darkenesse was vpon the face of the deepe: and the Spirit of God mooued vpon the face of the waters.
- King James Version (1611) - View 1611 Bible Scan

The earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters.
- New American Standard Version (1995)

And the earth was waste and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
- American Standard Version (1901)

And the earth was waste and without form; and it was dark on the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God was moving on the face of the waters.
- Basic English Bible

And the earth was waste and empty, and darkness was on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.
- Darby Bible

And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
- Webster's Bible

Now the earth was formless and empty. Darkness was on the surface of the deep. God's Spirit was hovering over the surface of the waters.
- World English Bible

the earth hath existed waste and void, and darkness [is] on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God fluttering on the face of the waters,
- Youngs Literal Bible

Now the earth was unformed and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God hovered over the face of the waters.
- Jewish Publication Society Bible

Bible Commentary for Genesis 1:2

Wesley's Notes for Genesis 1:2

1:2 Where we have an account of the first matter, and the first Mover. 1. A chaos was the first matter. 'Tis here called the earth, (tho' the earth, properly taken, was not made 'till the third day, #Ge 1:10|) because it did most resemble that which was afterwards called earth, a heavy unwieldy mass. 'Tis also called the deep, both for its vastness, and because the waters which were afterwards separated from the earth were now mixed with it. This mighty bulk of matter was it, out of which all bodies were afterwards produced. The Creator could have made his work perfect at first, but by this gradual proceeding he would shew what is ordinarily the method of his providence, and grace. This chaos, was without form and void. Tohu and Bohu, confusion and emptiness, so those words are rendered, #Isa 34:11|. 'Twas shapeless, 'twas useless, 'twas without inhabitants, without ornaments; the shadow or rough draught of things to come. To those who have their hearts in heaven, this lower world, in comparison of the upper, still appears to be confusion and emptiness. And darkness was upon the face of the deep - God did not create this darkness, (as he is said to create the darkness of affliction, #Isa 45:7|.) for it was only the want of light. 2. The Spirit of God was the first Mover; He moved upon the face of the waters - He moved upon the face of the deep, as the hen gathereth her chicken under her wings, and hovers over them, to warm and cherish them, #Mt 23:37 as the eagle stirs up her nest|, and fluttereth over her young, ('tis the same word that is here used) #Deut 32:11|.

Discussion for Genesis 1:2

  • Al Brown on Genesis 1:2
    We are made of this same Earth, breathed to life with Spirit, not with earth. After watching some elders on a slow-decline that always start a year after beginning therapy, I do not consider it a coincidence that Statin and Satan are such similar words.
  • Mishael - in Reply on Genesis 1:2
    I think maybe the scripture you seek is in Jude chapter 1:9

    Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee.

    Comment: I believe this shows that Michael was sent by the Lord to collect the dead body of Moses
  • Ron - in Reply on Genesis 1:2
    Hi Mishael, I have read many of your posts and you help lead many on their search for the truth including me. I do have a question; I have heard others say that Moses was taken to heaven. I don't know if what you said about Michael was sent to collect Moses' body, meant the same. This is not to debate or dispute it is just a question I have you may can help with. Jesus is the Firstfruits of those that slept, and by scripture it is clear Jesus was the first that gives us hope.

    Acts 2:24 Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it.

    Romans 8:11 But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you.

    How can anyone have been resurrected or overcome death before Jesus? Thanks Ron
  • Mishael - in Reply on Genesis 1:2
    I actually found the Book of Jude part on this story, just now:

    Context Summary

    Jude 1:5-16 describes the nature, errors, and fate of false teachers plaguing the Christian church. Jude's readers seem to have been acquainted with Israel's history. This passage references Old Testament events to help explain the apostates' sins, the danger they pose, and how the Lord will punish them. Jude references the unbelief of Israel after the Lord delivered them from slavery in Egypt, rebellious angels, the ungodly people of Sodom and Gomorrah, and the dangers of allowing such people to mingle with other believers.

    Chapter Context

    Jude's brief letter describes men at their worst and God at His best. Believers are already on the victorious side! Those who mock God's truth and who follow their own desires all while claiming to be Christians, are the most dangerous kind of unbelievers. These persons pose a danger to themselves and to any Christians they might influence. In response, Christians need to focus on understanding the truth of God's written Word and submitting to His will.

    None of this fits in with Michael the Archangel.
  • Jude 19 and what was the strife about - in Reply on Genesis 1:2
    It's possible I remembered a different tussle someone had with Satan. I know there's a 2nd incident in Daniel. Where Gabriel was bringing an answer to Daniels prayer, and Michael had to fight principalities to get Gabriel through. Amazing when you consider it.

    You're right in the point that Moses was already buried, and Michael was sent to guard the burial place. The point being that Satan wanted to use the body for idol worship or another reason? Here's part of the commentary on that:

    " The key point here is that Michael, despite being a powerful being himself, refused to slander the Devil. This proves the arrogance of the apostates Jude is discussing. They are so conceited that they're doing what even an archangel won't!

    Moses, Israel's leader during the exodus from Egypt, was buried by the Lord in an unknown place (Deuteronomy 34:1-6). According to the traditional account, Michael and the Devil had engaged in a dispute about the burial of Moses' body, but Michael would not slander the Devil. Instead, he yielded to God's authority by trusting Him to rebuke the Devil. We do not know the details of the dispute, but God may have assigned Michael with the task of guarding Moses' grave, and the Devil may have wanted to steal Moses' body to make it an object of worship."

    Evidently it would be better to Google the History of Jude 1, and see what New Testament conflict he was having with the locals. I'll get back to you.

    And thanks so much for bringing this to my split attention. Today my electric company swears I cancelled my service after the ice storm, a month ago. I didn't. They Couldn't resolve that they made an error; so I had to tell them I was going elsewhere to get service, which I did. Sounds similar to Michael & Satan, lol.
  • Myk on Genesis 1:2
    Do humans in comparrison to the immense intelligence of creation understand and able to discuss the occurrene of the source of heaven and earth?
  • Mishael - in Reply on Genesis 1:2
    Use center of the page reference columns(with abc letters)

    Write the leading scripture and the all the alphabet letters as they occur

    Read all that and you should see additional info on the Genesis scriptures.

    Take lots of notes
  • Jeff SMith on Genesis 1:2
    For a great study of Gen 1:1,2 Read Comments in Henry Morris Study Bible. Very good
  • Steve Lynch on Genesis 1:2
    The earth was created perfect but it became void an without form. and the reason was because of satan's rebellion against god. and he drew in a third of god's children by his diseption. so what was once perfectly made then became void and without form. so god destroyed that earth age. we were all in our spiritual bodies then before god destroyed the first earth age. so then god brought forth the second earth age that we are living in now. but sin came into this earth age and it grieve god that he had made man in the flesh. but wasn't willing for man in the flesh to do that he himself wouldn't do us. so he was manifested in the flesh as jesus christ. and he gave his life on the cross for all of mankind. so now we have a choice to accept him as our lord an saviour an be redeemed of our sins by asking for his forgiveness. god was not willing that anyone would perish. so he sheds his grace on us all through jesus giving his life on the cross at calvary.
  • Mike on Genesis 1:2
    The earth "became" (Hebrew: hayah) without form and void...that is, it became without the form of God's righteousness and void of the knowledge of God as all are not righteous and have turned away out of the Way of righteousness and none understand:

    Romans 3:10-12 KJV

    (10) As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one:

    (11) There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God.

    (12) They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.

    Darkness was upon the face of the deep as mankind's foolish heart (all together) had become darkened:

    Romans 1:20-22 KJV

    (20) For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:

    (21) Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.

    (22) Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,

    The Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters....holy men of God speak (waters = tongues, languages, etc) as they are moved by the Holy Spirit.

    2 Peter 1:20-21 KJV

    (20) Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation.

    (21) For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.


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