Genesis 1:2

“And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.”

King James Version (KJV)

Other Translations

And the earth was without forme, and voyd, and darkenesse was vpon the face of the deepe: and the Spirit of God mooued vpon the face of the waters.
- King James Version (1611) - View 1611 Bible Scan

The earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters.
- New American Standard Version (1995)

And the earth was waste and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
- American Standard Version (1901)

And the earth was waste and without form; and it was dark on the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God was moving on the face of the waters.
- Basic English Bible

And the earth was waste and empty, and darkness was on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.
- Darby Bible

And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
- Webster's Bible

Now the earth was formless and empty. Darkness was on the surface of the deep. God's Spirit was hovering over the surface of the waters.
- World English Bible

the earth hath existed waste and void, and darkness [is] on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God fluttering on the face of the waters,
- Youngs Literal Bible

Now the earth was unformed and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God hovered over the face of the waters.
- Jewish Publication Society Bible

Bible commentary

Wesley's Notes for Genesis 1:2


1:2 Where we have an account of the first matter, and the first Mover. 1. A chaos was the first matter. 'Tis here called the earth, (tho' the earth, properly taken, was not made 'till the third day, #Ge 1:10|) because it did most resemble that which was afterwards called earth, a heavy unwieldy mass. 'Tis also called the deep, both for its vastness, and because the waters which were afterwards separated from the earth were now mixed with it. This mighty bulk of matter was it, out of which all bodies were afterwards produced. The Creator could have made his work perfect at first, but by this gradual proceeding he would shew what is ordinarily the method of his providence, and grace. This chaos, was without form and void. Tohu and Bohu, confusion and emptiness, so those words are rendered, #Isa 34:11|. 'Twas shapeless, 'twas useless, 'twas without inhabitants, without ornaments; the shadow or rough draught of things to come. To those who have their hearts in heaven, this lower world, in comparison of the upper, still appears to be confusion and emptiness. And darkness was upon the face of the deep - God did not create this darkness, (as he is said to create the darkness of affliction, #Isa 45:7|.) for it was only the want of light. 2. The Spirit of God was the first Mover; He moved upon the face of the waters - He moved upon the face of the deep, as the hen gathereth her chicken under her wings, and hovers over them, to warm and cherish them, #Mt 23:37 as the eagle stirs up her nest|, and fluttereth over her young, ('tis the same word that is here used) #Deut 32:11|.


Discussion for Genesis 1

  • Lu2677
    Jeremiah10:2 tells me not to follow the way of the heathen, sound doctrine, how could this verse harden my heart, Lorin?Luke 2:34 is God telling Mary and Joseph that Jesus will be a "sign that will be spoken against." You accuse me wrongly, I speak against the holiday that is based on pagan not bliblical truth, I do not speak against His Son our Lord. I don't see any math in Luke 1 and 2.
  • Lu2677
    Lorin, All I need to know and understand about our Lord is in His Word, and in my heart by His grace through faith. I don't think I need a Hebrew calendar, to understand His Word. His salvation is for the Jews and Gentiles.
  • Lorin
    The new moon in 5BC was April 6th. This is signs written in the Heavens he created.Passover was April 22. Feast of Tabernacles on 4 BC was Oct 4th. As I said Dec 25th is close. Hope you can follow the math in Luke chapter 1 and 2.
  • Lorin
    lu2677,
    The courses of David are given in 1 Chronicles 24 and 25. The course of Abijah is the 8th week high weeks New Moon (1st of year,passover,)
    So the 8th course is the 10th week after the 1st of the Hebrew calendar. This is all the basics you need to figure what Christmas really is. From here it is basic math. I hope you find this helpful. The first of Lev 23 is last.Last becomes first.
  • Lorin
    lu2677,
    The entire book of Leviticus relates to Jesus Christ. THEREFORE Leviticus 23 the Laws of the Lord are all pertaining to the Messiah. Jesus Christ is the Messiah.Do not let Jermiah 10:2 harden your heart. Nor let Luke 2:34 take hold and we speak against the sign.The gentiles have a hard time accepting that Jesus Christ is for both ,but clearly in this verse and 35 show that their hearts


  • Lorin
    lu2767, To understand anything of the Birth of Christ . You need to know this: The Hebrew calendar is a lunisolar calendar, meaning that months are based on lunar months, but years are based on solar years.[11] The calendar year features twelve lunar months of twenty-nine or thirty days, with an intercalary lunar month added periodically to synchronize the twelve lunar cycles with the longer sola

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