Genesis 1:2

“And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.”

King James Version (KJV)

Other Translations

And the earth was without forme, and voyd, and darkenesse was vpon the face of the deepe: and the Spirit of God mooued vpon the face of the waters.
- King James Version (1611) - View 1611 Bible Scan

The earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters.
- New American Standard Version (1995)

And the earth was waste and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
- American Standard Version (1901)

And the earth was waste and without form; and it was dark on the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God was moving on the face of the waters.
- Basic English Bible

And the earth was waste and empty, and darkness was on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.
- Darby Bible

And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
- Webster's Bible

Now the earth was formless and empty. Darkness was on the surface of the deep. God's Spirit was hovering over the surface of the waters.
- World English Bible

the earth hath existed waste and void, and darkness [is] on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God fluttering on the face of the waters,
- Youngs Literal Bible

Now the earth was unformed and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God hovered over the face of the waters.
- Jewish Publication Society Bible

Bible commentary

Wesley's Notes for Genesis 1:2


1:2 Where we have an account of the first matter, and the first Mover. 1. A chaos was the first matter. 'Tis here called the earth, (tho' the earth, properly taken, was not made 'till the third day, #Ge 1:10|) because it did most resemble that which was afterwards called earth, a heavy unwieldy mass. 'Tis also called the deep, both for its vastness, and because the waters which were afterwards separated from the earth were now mixed with it. This mighty bulk of matter was it, out of which all bodies were afterwards produced. The Creator could have made his work perfect at first, but by this gradual proceeding he would shew what is ordinarily the method of his providence, and grace. This chaos, was without form and void. Tohu and Bohu, confusion and emptiness, so those words are rendered, #Isa 34:11|. 'Twas shapeless, 'twas useless, 'twas without inhabitants, without ornaments; the shadow or rough draught of things to come. To those who have their hearts in heaven, this lower world, in comparison of the upper, still appears to be confusion and emptiness. And darkness was upon the face of the deep - God did not create this darkness, (as he is said to create the darkness of affliction, #Isa 45:7|.) for it was only the want of light. 2. The Spirit of God was the first Mover; He moved upon the face of the waters - He moved upon the face of the deep, as the hen gathereth her chicken under her wings, and hovers over them, to warm and cherish them, #Mt 23:37 as the eagle stirs up her nest|, and fluttereth over her young, ('tis the same word that is here used) #Deut 32:11|.


Discussion for Genesis 1:2

  • EVANG EDO KINGDAVID for verse 2
    This is where God laid the foundation of the earth where He demonstrated His Sovereignity over His creation,which puts satan at a crossroad even unto this day father of all lies,a vagabond, who roams to fro the earth like a wounded lion seeking whom he may devour
  • Bianca manning for verse 2
    I love my god the holy father
  • Sometimes, some question 's should not be asked are even answer. We must take the word of God for what it say. The earth was without form, void, and darkness was upon it. End of the story...
  • Ron DeLeo for verse 2
    I believe the bible is telling us that there was nothing physical in existance before this the first day. And that includes space. Before the first day space was not needed because spirits do not take up space. I believe that the space we live in had to be created before anything else could be. This is the very start of creation before the first atom was created it had to have space to be in. I believe God created space and He called it heaven. Man is so self centered that when the bible says "created heaven and earth " he named where we live Earth. I believe the earth that was created at the beginning of the first dayis all of the atoms that are in existance today each one of them alone with not even so much as a molicule being formed. And that is why the earth had no form and darkness was in the deep. If you want to talk about how old the universe is this will put a thousand times on the longest estimation
  • Leon Kruger for verse 2
    The earth-already existed. God is the God of excellence. Does he create chaos? For who was the earth originally created? What destroyed earth in the first place? The first ruler was found wanting and was thrown out of Heaven. Did he struck the earth and caused the destruction? Did this caused the 1st flood?
  • Genesis 1 1, 2 relates to a time before the six days outlined above. When these days commenced, the sun, moon, and stars were already in existence, their creation being referred to at Genesis 1 1. However, prior to these six days of creative activity the earth proved to be formless and waste and there was darkness upon the surface of the watery deep. Ge 1 2 Apparently, a swaddling band of cloud layers still enveloped the earth, preventing light from reaching its surface.

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