Genesis 1:2

“And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.”

King James Version (KJV)

Other Translations

And the earth was without forme, and voyd, and darkenesse was vpon the face of the deepe: and the Spirit of God mooued vpon the face of the waters.
- King James Version (1611) - View 1611 Bible Scan

The earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters.
- New American Standard Version (1995)

And the earth was waste and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
- American Standard Version (1901)

And the earth was waste and without form; and it was dark on the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God was moving on the face of the waters.
- Basic English Bible

And the earth was waste and empty, and darkness was on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.
- Darby Bible

And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
- Webster's Bible

Now the earth was formless and empty. Darkness was on the surface of the deep. God's Spirit was hovering over the surface of the waters.
- World English Bible

the earth hath existed waste and void, and darkness [is] on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God fluttering on the face of the waters,
- Youngs Literal Bible

Now the earth was unformed and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God hovered over the face of the waters.
- Jewish Publication Society Bible

Bible commentary

Wesley's Notes for Genesis 1:2


1:2 Where we have an account of the first matter, and the first Mover. 1. A chaos was the first matter. 'Tis here called the earth, (tho' the earth, properly taken, was not made 'till the third day, #Ge 1:10|) because it did most resemble that which was afterwards called earth, a heavy unwieldy mass. 'Tis also called the deep, both for its vastness, and because the waters which were afterwards separated from the earth were now mixed with it. This mighty bulk of matter was it, out of which all bodies were afterwards produced. The Creator could have made his work perfect at first, but by this gradual proceeding he would shew what is ordinarily the method of his providence, and grace. This chaos, was without form and void. Tohu and Bohu, confusion and emptiness, so those words are rendered, #Isa 34:11|. 'Twas shapeless, 'twas useless, 'twas without inhabitants, without ornaments; the shadow or rough draught of things to come. To those who have their hearts in heaven, this lower world, in comparison of the upper, still appears to be confusion and emptiness. And darkness was upon the face of the deep - God did not create this darkness, (as he is said to create the darkness of affliction, #Isa 45:7|.) for it was only the want of light. 2. The Spirit of God was the first Mover; He moved upon the face of the waters - He moved upon the face of the deep, as the hen gathereth her chicken under her wings, and hovers over them, to warm and cherish them, #Mt 23:37 as the eagle stirs up her nest|, and fluttereth over her young, ('tis the same word that is here used) #Deut 32:11|.


Discussion for Genesis 1

  • Jeff Berry
    Creation began in Genesis 1:1 and ended in Genesis 2:2. EVERYTHING we believe is determined by our interpretation of these verses! Only a literal interpretation gives us a standard (an anchor) for everything else we believe. If man's science seems to contridic God's Word, man's science is simply wrong.
  • Will
    To Stephen and anyone else confused on Genesis from the to of Nimrod back time was measured differently. I am no scholar but if you read the Bible from what written Genesis 1:1-19. I can prove it was not millions of years but only a few thousand.
  • STEPHEN
    Genesis is very interesting. Between Genesis 1 and 2 there are millions of years.
  • Donna Cromb
    Jone, it reads that plants were the meat at first, which would make vegetarians happy, but after the flood with Noah God let us have the flesh of animals. Is that what u wanted to know?
    God created the perfect world and we messed it up but I don't think that's why He let us have the flesh after Noah. Interesting that u caught that.
  • A disciple
    Christine; What is the point of your questioning? God called the gathering of the waters together, Seas; and the dry He called Earth. He made the heavens and the earth by His own power and understanding, for He is God Almighty! We have been made in God's image and likeness to be His children; but the wiles of the devil and our own sinning has kept us from ever being able to learn what that means.
  • Bruce
    Jone: For every creature of God is good, and nothing to be refused, if it be received with Thanksgiving:1Timothy 4:4.

Bible Options