Genesis 1:2

“And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.”

King James Version (KJV)

Other Translations

And the earth was without forme, and voyd, and darkenesse was vpon the face of the deepe: and the Spirit of God mooued vpon the face of the waters.
- King James Version (1611) - View 1611 Bible Scan

The earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters.
- New American Standard Version (1995)

And the earth was waste and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
- American Standard Version (1901)

And the earth was waste and without form; and it was dark on the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God was moving on the face of the waters.
- Basic English Bible

And the earth was waste and empty, and darkness was on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.
- Darby Bible

And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
- Webster's Bible

Now the earth was formless and empty. Darkness was on the surface of the deep. God's Spirit was hovering over the surface of the waters.
- World English Bible

the earth hath existed waste and void, and darkness [is] on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God fluttering on the face of the waters,
- Youngs Literal Bible

Now the earth was unformed and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God hovered over the face of the waters.
- Jewish Publication Society Bible

Bible commentary

Wesley's Notes for Genesis 1:2


1:2 Where we have an account of the first matter, and the first Mover. 1. A chaos was the first matter. 'Tis here called the earth, (tho' the earth, properly taken, was not made 'till the third day, #Ge 1:10|) because it did most resemble that which was afterwards called earth, a heavy unwieldy mass. 'Tis also called the deep, both for its vastness, and because the waters which were afterwards separated from the earth were now mixed with it. This mighty bulk of matter was it, out of which all bodies were afterwards produced. The Creator could have made his work perfect at first, but by this gradual proceeding he would shew what is ordinarily the method of his providence, and grace. This chaos, was without form and void. Tohu and Bohu, confusion and emptiness, so those words are rendered, #Isa 34:11|. 'Twas shapeless, 'twas useless, 'twas without inhabitants, without ornaments; the shadow or rough draught of things to come. To those who have their hearts in heaven, this lower world, in comparison of the upper, still appears to be confusion and emptiness. And darkness was upon the face of the deep - God did not create this darkness, (as he is said to create the darkness of affliction, #Isa 45:7|.) for it was only the want of light. 2. The Spirit of God was the first Mover; He moved upon the face of the waters - He moved upon the face of the deep, as the hen gathereth her chicken under her wings, and hovers over them, to warm and cherish them, #Mt 23:37 as the eagle stirs up her nest|, and fluttereth over her young, ('tis the same word that is here used) #Deut 32:11|.


Discussion for Genesis 1

  • Steve morrow
    GENESIS 1:2 AND THE EARTH WAS WITHOUT FORM AND VOID AND DARKNESS WAS UPON THE FACE OF THE DEEP AND --- THE SPIRIT --- OF GOD MOVED UPON THE FACE OF THE WATERS****PSALM 29:3 THE VOICE OF THE LORD IS UPON THE WATERS THE GOD OF GLORY THUNDERETH THE LORD IS UPON MANY WATERS **** JOB 37:5 GOD THUNDERETH MARVELLOUSLY WITH HIS VOICE GREAT THINGS DOETH HE WHICH WE CANNOT COMPREHEND
  • A disciple
    Jeff; Maybe it was because Patrick was the one who brought the Word of God and the Glad Tidings of Christ to heathen Ireland, that is meant by "getting rid of the serpents." I don't know who Bridget was, but maybe the story around her was symbolic [as well]? What Prophecy are you referring to?
  • A disciple
    Dr. Gordon; I don't understand; what are you talking about? How do you think, 1) that your opinion doesn't matter? and, 2) that the holy Narrative of the account of Creation, is somehow only to be interpreted as from "ancient near east" thinking? Please explain.
  • Jeff
    The prophecy is not true cause how can st Patrick drive all the snakes out of Ireland. How can st Bridget have a small cloth and spread it on a massive land iT MAKES no sense. AT ALL
  • Dr Dennis Gordon
    What do I think of Genesis 1? Frankly, my personal opinion is not what is important. What is important is what GOD wants us to understand from it, which, in turn, is based on what the Israelities were supposed to understand from it because it was written in the context of the ancient Near East.
  • Precious Suele
    Genesis1 is very interesting

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