Genesis 1:2

“And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.”

King James Version (KJV)

Other Translations

And the earth was without forme, and voyd, and darkenesse was vpon the face of the deepe: and the Spirit of God mooued vpon the face of the waters.
- King James Version (1611) - View 1611 Bible Scan

The earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters.
- New American Standard Version (1995)

And the earth was waste and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
- American Standard Version (1901)

And the earth was waste and without form; and it was dark on the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God was moving on the face of the waters.
- Basic English Bible

And the earth was waste and empty, and darkness was on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.
- Darby Bible

And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
- Webster's Bible

Now the earth was formless and empty. Darkness was on the surface of the deep. God's Spirit was hovering over the surface of the waters.
- World English Bible

the earth hath existed waste and void, and darkness [is] on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God fluttering on the face of the waters,
- Youngs Literal Bible

Now the earth was unformed and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God hovered over the face of the waters.
- Jewish Publication Society Bible

Bible commentary

Wesley's Notes for Genesis 1:2


1:2 Where we have an account of the first matter, and the first Mover. 1. A chaos was the first matter. 'Tis here called the earth, (tho' the earth, properly taken, was not made 'till the third day, #Ge 1:10|) because it did most resemble that which was afterwards called earth, a heavy unwieldy mass. 'Tis also called the deep, both for its vastness, and because the waters which were afterwards separated from the earth were now mixed with it. This mighty bulk of matter was it, out of which all bodies were afterwards produced. The Creator could have made his work perfect at first, but by this gradual proceeding he would shew what is ordinarily the method of his providence, and grace. This chaos, was without form and void. Tohu and Bohu, confusion and emptiness, so those words are rendered, #Isa 34:11|. 'Twas shapeless, 'twas useless, 'twas without inhabitants, without ornaments; the shadow or rough draught of things to come. To those who have their hearts in heaven, this lower world, in comparison of the upper, still appears to be confusion and emptiness. And darkness was upon the face of the deep - God did not create this darkness, (as he is said to create the darkness of affliction, #Isa 45:7|.) for it was only the want of light. 2. The Spirit of God was the first Mover; He moved upon the face of the waters - He moved upon the face of the deep, as the hen gathereth her chicken under her wings, and hovers over them, to warm and cherish them, #Mt 23:37 as the eagle stirs up her nest|, and fluttereth over her young, ('tis the same word that is here used) #Deut 32:11|.


Discussion for Genesis 1

  • A disciple
    "And God said, Let there be light: and there was light... And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night;" From out of His divine power and wisdom and knowledge, God said, "Let there be light." He knew the light before He made it shine on His coming works, and then after He made great Lamps to be set in the heavens for the benefit of the earth.
  • Son of God is the Word (Bruce) Rev 19:13 John 1:1Mark 13:23ily
    Who is he that overcometh the world, but he that believeth that Jesus is the Son of God? This is he that came by water and blood, even Jesus Christ; not by water only, but by water and blood. And it is the Spirit that beareth witness, because the Spirit is truth .. behold, I have foretold you all things. As man we know not how but the general outline in perfect order.The LORD is my rock, salvation
  • Jeff Berry
    1228; We know 1 thing for certain, the light in 1:3 was created. It did not exist prior to day 1 of creation. We also know that the celestial bodies were not created until day 4. We know that God is light and that Jesus is the light of the world. Of course they both existed prior to creation. Perhaps, God (being God) created a sourceless light. Our God is indeed an awesome God!
  • The word own: Isaiah 25…(7).. 2 Corinthians 3.(14)..(18) Gen 1:27
    And he will destroy in this mountain the face of the covering cast over all people, and the veil that is spread over all nations. But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord. The word own is italicized meaning it is not in the original text. But it is right in the end.The Jews know
  • Lu2677
    Genesis 1 is about God creating the physical things of the earth; sky,earth,sea. Verse 3. He said let there be light(singular). Nothing is impossible for God. Verse 4. He saw the light and it was good,he used the light(brightness) to divide the day and night. Verse one can only be in the context of light that brightens. Verse 14. let there be lights(plural) He made the sun,moon and stars.
  • Bruce
    CC: Through time words changed meaning. Words we use today don't mean exactly what they did when they first were used. Years back Replenish just meant to fill up---etc. Do a Word study on replenish or any word. You will be surprised a lot of words don't mean exactly what we think they do.

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