Genesis 1:2

“And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.”

King James Version (KJV)

Other Translations for Genesis 1:2

And the earth was without forme, and voyd, and darkenesse was vpon the face of the deepe: and the Spirit of God mooued vpon the face of the waters.
- King James Version (1611) - View 1611 Bible Scan

The earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters.
- New American Standard Version (1995)

And the earth was waste and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
- American Standard Version (1901)

And the earth was waste and without form; and it was dark on the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God was moving on the face of the waters.
- Basic English Bible

And the earth was waste and empty, and darkness was on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.
- Darby Bible

And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
- Webster's Bible

Now the earth was formless and empty. Darkness was on the surface of the deep. God's Spirit was hovering over the surface of the waters.
- World English Bible

the earth hath existed waste and void, and darkness [is] on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God fluttering on the face of the waters,
- Youngs Literal Bible

Now the earth was unformed and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God hovered over the face of the waters.
- Jewish Publication Society Bible

Bible Commentary for Genesis 1:2

Wesley's Notes for Genesis 1:2


1:2 Where we have an account of the first matter, and the first Mover. 1. A chaos was the first matter. 'Tis here called the earth, (tho' the earth, properly taken, was not made 'till the third day, #Ge 1:10|) because it did most resemble that which was afterwards called earth, a heavy unwieldy mass. 'Tis also called the deep, both for its vastness, and because the waters which were afterwards separated from the earth were now mixed with it. This mighty bulk of matter was it, out of which all bodies were afterwards produced. The Creator could have made his work perfect at first, but by this gradual proceeding he would shew what is ordinarily the method of his providence, and grace. This chaos, was without form and void. Tohu and Bohu, confusion and emptiness, so those words are rendered, #Isa 34:11|. 'Twas shapeless, 'twas useless, 'twas without inhabitants, without ornaments; the shadow or rough draught of things to come. To those who have their hearts in heaven, this lower world, in comparison of the upper, still appears to be confusion and emptiness. And darkness was upon the face of the deep - God did not create this darkness, (as he is said to create the darkness of affliction, #Isa 45:7|.) for it was only the want of light. 2. The Spirit of God was the first Mover; He moved upon the face of the waters - He moved upon the face of the deep, as the hen gathereth her chicken under her wings, and hovers over them, to warm and cherish them, #Mt 23:37 as the eagle stirs up her nest|, and fluttereth over her young, ('tis the same word that is here used) #Deut 32:11|.


Discussion for Genesis 1:2

  • Myk on Genesis 1:2
    Do humans in comparrison to the immense intelligence of creation understand and able to discuss the occurrene of the source of heaven and earth?
  • Mishael - in Reply on Genesis 1:2
    Use center of the page reference columns(with abc letters)

    Write the leading scripture and the all the alphabet letters as they occur

    Read all that and you should see additional info on the Genesis scriptures.

    Take lots of notes
  • Jeff SMith on Genesis 1:2
    For a great study of Gen 1:1,2 Read Comments in Henry Morris Study Bible. Very good
  • Steve Lynch on Genesis 1:2
    The earth was created perfect but it became void an without form. and the reason was because of satan's rebellion against god. and he drew in a third of god's children by his diseption. so what was once perfectly made then became void and without form. so god destroyed that earth age. we were all in our spiritual bodies then before god destroyed the first earth age. so then god brought forth the second earth age that we are living in now. but sin came into this earth age and it grieve god that he had made man in the flesh. but wasn't willing for man in the flesh to do that he himself wouldn't do us. so he was manifested in the flesh as jesus christ. and he gave his life on the cross for all of mankind. so now we have a choice to accept him as our lord an saviour an be redeemed of our sins by asking for his forgiveness. god was not willing that anyone would perish. so he sheds his grace on us all through jesus giving his life on the cross at calvary.
  • Mike on Genesis 1:2
    The earth "became" (Hebrew: hayah) without form and void...that is, it became without the form of God's righteousness and void of the knowledge of God as all are not righteous and have turned away out of the Way of righteousness and none understand:

    Romans 3:10-12 KJV

    (10) As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one:

    (11) There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God.

    (12) They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.

    Darkness was upon the face of the deep as mankind's foolish heart (all together) had become darkened:

    Romans 1:20-22 KJV

    (20) For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:

    (21) Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.

    (22) Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,

    The Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters....holy men of God speak (waters = tongues, languages, etc) as they are moved by the Holy Spirit.

    2 Peter 1:20-21 KJV

    (20) Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation.

    (21) For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.
  • Bianca manning on Genesis 1:2
    I love my god the holy father
  • Leon Kruger on Genesis 1:2
    The earth-already existed. God is the God of excellence. Does he create chaos? For who was the earth originally created? What destroyed earth in the first place? The first ruler was found wanting and was thrown out of Heaven. Did he struck the earth and caused the destruction? Did this caused the 1st flood?
  • Samuel Kim - in Reply on Genesis 1:2
    In Genesis 1:2, described that the earth was without form, and void; I wonder how was before this earthly condition? Was per-earth existed before formless earth or not? I don't think that Genesis 1:1-2 are not really true beginning for all things. Perhaps, that is beginning for men.
  • Mishael - in Reply on Genesis 1:2
    Samuel Kim: if you use the search box when this site opens, type Lucifer. It will pull up all scriptures with that name/word. His name changed when he and the fallen angels got kicked out of Heaven; again for saying I WILL.

    In Genesis 1:1 it says 'on the beginning'. I was told that in original language it says, IN BEGINNING God created the heaven and the earth.

    The first thing that God created was TIME. Scripture says that God is the Alpha and Omega. (Which means the beginning and the end)of creation.
  • Judy on Genesis 1:2
    Genesis 1 1, 2 relates to a time before the six days outlined above. When these days commenced, the sun, moon, and stars were already in existence, their creation being referred to at Genesis 1 1. However, prior to these six days of creative activity the earth proved to be formless and waste and there was darkness upon the surface of the watery deep. Ge 1 2 Apparently, a swaddling band of cloud layers still enveloped the earth, preventing light from reaching its surface.


 

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