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188 terms and definitions for "T"


Taanach

"A sandy place, an ancient royal city of the Canaanites, on the "south-western border of the plain of Esdraelon, 4 miles south of" Megiddo. Its king was conquered by Joshua (12:21). It was assigned t ...

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Taanathshiloh

"Approach to Shiloh, a place on the border of Ephraim (Josh." "16:6), probably the modern T'ana, a ruin 7 miles south-east of" "Shechem, on the ridge east of the Mukhnah plain." ...

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Tabbaoth

"Impressions; rings, "the children of," returned from the" Captivity (Ezra 2:43). ...

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Tabbath

"Famous, a town in the tribe of Ephraim (Judg. 7:22), to the" "south of Bethshean, near the Jordan." ...

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Tabeal

"Goodness of God, the father of one whom the kings of Syria and" Samaria in vain attempted to place on the throne of Ahaz (Isa. 7:6). ...

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Tabeel

"A Persian governor of Samaria, who joined others in the attempt" to prevent the rebuilding of Jerusalem (Ezra 4:7). ...

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Taberah

"Burning, a place in the wilderness of Paran, where the "fire of" "the Lord" consumed the murmuring Israelites (Num. 11:3; Deut." 9:22). It was also called Kibroth-hattaavah (q.v.). ...

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Tabering

"Playing on a small drum or tabret. In Nahum 2:7, where alone it" "occurs, it means beating on the breast, as players beat on the" tabret. ...

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Tabernacle

"(1.) A house or dwelling-place (Job 5:24; 18:6, etc.)." "(2.) A portable shrine (comp. Acts 19:24) containing the image "of Moloch (Amos 5:26; marg. and R.V., "Siccuth")." "(3.) The human body (2 Co ...

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Tabernacles Feast of

The third of the great annual festivals of the Jews (Lev. "23:33-43). It is also called the "feast of ingathering" (Ex." 23:16; Deut. 16:13). It was celebrated immediately after the "harvest, in the ...

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Tabitha

"(in Greek called Dorcas), gazelle, a disciple at Joppa. She was" "distinguished for her alms-deeds and good works. Peter, who was" "sent for from Lydda on the occasion of her death, prayed over" "th ...

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Tables

"(Mark 7:4) means banqueting-couches or benches, on which the" "Jews reclined when at meals. This custom, along with the use of" "raised tables like ours, was introduced among the Jews after the" "Ca ...

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Tablet

Probably a string of beads worn round the neck (Ex. 35:22; Num. "31:50). In Isa. 3:20 the Hebrew word means a perfume-box, as it" is rendered in the Revised Version. ...

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Tabor

"A height. (1.) Now Jebel et-Tur, a cone-like prominent mountain," "11 miles west of the Sea of Galilee. It is about 1,843 feet" high. The view from the summit of it is said to be singularly extensiv ...

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Tabret

"(Heb. toph), a timbrel (q.v.) or tambourine, generally played by" women (Gen. 31:27; 1 Sam. 10:5; 18:6). In Job 17:6 the word "(Heb. topheth) "tabret" should be, as in the Revised Version," "an open ...

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Tabrimon

"Good is Rimmon, the father of Benhadad, king of Syria (1 Kings" 15:18). ...

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Taches

Hooks or clasps by which the tabernacle curtains were connected "(Ex. 26:6, 11, 33; 35:11)." ...

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Tachmonite

"=Hach'monite, a name given to Jashobeam (2 Sam. 23:8; comp. 1" Chr. 11:11). ...

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Tackling

"(Isa. 33:23), the ropes attached to the mast of a ship. In Acts" 27:19 this word means generally the furniture of the ship or the "gear (27:17), all that could be removed from the ship." ...

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Tadmor

"Palm, a city built by Solomon "in the wilderness" (2 Chr. 8:4)." "In 1 Kings 9:18, where the word occurs in the Authorized" "Version, the Hebrew text and the Revised Version read "Tamar," which is p ...

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Tahapanes

"=Tahpanhes=Tehaphnehes, (called "Daphne" by the Greeks, now Tell" "Defenneh), an ancient Egyptian city, on the Tanitic branch of" "the Nile, about 16 miles from Pelusium. The Jews from Jerusalem" "f ...

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Tahpenes

"The wife of Pharaoh, who gave her sister in marriage to Hadad" "the Edomite (1 Kings 11:19, 20)." ...

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Tahtimhodshi

"The land of the newly inhabited, (2 Sam. 24:6). It is" "conjectured that, instead of this word, the reading should be," "the Hittites of Kadesh, the Hittite capital, on the Orontes." It was apparent ...

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Tale

"(1.) Heb. tokhen, "a task," as weighed and measured out = tally," "i.e., the number told off; the full number (Ex. 5:18; see 1 Sam." "18:27; 1 Chr. 9:28). In Ezek. 45:11 rendered "measure." "(2.) He ...

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Talent

"Of silver contained 3,000 shekels (Ex. 38:25, 26), and was equal" "to 94 3/7 lbs. avoirdupois. The Greek talent, however, as in the" "LXX., was only 82 1/4 lbs. It was in the form of a circular" "ma ...

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Talitha cumi

"(Mark 5:41), a Syriac or Aramaic expression, meaning, "Little" "maid, arise." Peter, who was present when the miracle was" "wrought, recalled the actual words used by our Lord, and told" them to Mar ...

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Talmai

"Abounding in furrows. (1.) One of the Anakim of Hebron, who were" slain by the men of Judah under Caleb (Num. 13:22; Josh. 15:14; Judg. 1:10). "(2.) A king of Geshur, to whom Absalom fled after he h ...

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Talmon

Oppressed. (1.) A Levite porter (1 Chr. 9:17; Neh. 11:19). "(2.) One whose descendants returned with Zerubbabel to Jerusalem (Ezra 2:42; Neh. 7:45); probably the same as (1). ...

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Tamar

"Palm. (1.) A place mentioned by Ezekiel (47:19; 48:28), on the" "southeastern border of Palestine. Some suppose this was "Tadmor" (q.v.). "(2.) The daughter-in-law of Judah, to whose eldest son, Er, ...

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Tamarisk

"Heb. `eshel (Gen. 21:33; 1 Sam. 22:6; 31:13, in the R.V.; but in" "A.V., "grove," "tree"); Arab. asal. Seven species of this tree" "are found in Palestine. It is a "very graceful tree, with long" fe ...

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Tammuz

"A corruption of Dumuzi, the Accadian sun-god (the Adonis of the" "Greeks), the husband of the goddess Ishtar. In the Chaldean" "calendar there was a month set apart in honour of this god, the" "mont ...

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Tanhumeth

"Consolation, a Netophathite; one of the captains who supported" Gedaliah (2 Kings 25:23; Jer. 40:8). ...

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Tanis

"(Ezek. 30:14, marg.). See [621]ZOAN." ...

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Tappuah

Apple-region. (1.) A town in the valley or lowland of Judah; formerly a royal city of the Canaanites (Josh. 12:17; 15:34). It "is now called Tuffuh, about 12 miles west of Jerusalem." "(2.) A town on ...

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Tarah

"Stopping; station, an encampment of the Hebrews in the" "wilderness (Num. 33:27, 28)." ...

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Tares

"The bearded darnel, mentioned only in Matt. 13:25-30. It is the" "Lolium temulentum, a species of rye-grass, the seeds of which" are a strong soporific poison. It bears the closest resemblance "to w ...

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Target

"(1 Sam. 17:6, A.V., after the LXX. and Vulg.), a kind of small" "shield. The margin has "gorget," a piece of armour for the" throat. The Revised Version more correctly renders the Hebrew "word (kido ...

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Tarshish

"A Sanscrit or Aryan word, meaning "the sea coast." (1.) One of" "the "sons" of Javan (Gen. 10:4; 1 Chr. 1:7)." "(2.) The name of a place which first comes into notice in the days of Solomon. The que ...

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Tarsus

The chief city of Cilicia. It was distinguished for its wealth "and for its schools of learning, in which it rivalled, nay," "excelled even Athens and Alexandria, and hence was spoken of as" no mean ...

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Tartak

"Prince of darkness, one of the gods of the Arvites, who" colonized part of Samaria after the deportation of Israel by Shalmaneser (2 Kings 17:31). ...

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Tartan

"An Assyrian word, meaning "the commander-in-chief." (1.) One of" Sennacherib's messengers to Hezekiah (2 Kings 18:17). (2.) One of Sargon's generals (Isa. 20:1). ...

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Tatnai

"Gift, a Persian governor (Heb. pehah, i.e., "satrap;" modern" "pasha) "on this side the river", i.e., of the whole tract on" the west of the Euphrates. This Hebrew title pehah is given to governors ...

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Taverns The three

"A place on the great "Appian Way," about 11 miles from Rome," "designed for the reception of travellers, as the name indicates." "Here Paul, on his way to Rome, was met by a band of Roman" "Christia ...

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Taxes

First mentioned in the command (Ex. 30:11-16) that every Jew "from twenty years and upward should pay an annual tax of "half a" "shekel for an offering to the Lord." This enactment was" faithfully ob ...

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Taxing

"(Luke 2:2; R.V., "enrolment"), "when Cyrenius was governor of" "Syria," is simply a census of the people, or an enrolment of" them with a view to their taxation. The decree for the enrolment was the ...

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Tebeth

"(Esther 2:16), a word probably of Persian origin, denoting the" cold time of the year; used by the later Jews as denoting the "tenth month of the year. Assyrian tebituv, "rain." ...

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Teil tree

"(an old name for the lime-tree, the tilia), Isa. 6:13, the" "terebinth, or turpentine-tree, the Pistacia terebinthus of" botanists. The Hebrew word here used (elah) is rendered oak "(q.v.) in Gen. 3 ...

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Tekel

Weighed (Dan. 5:27). ...

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Tekoa Tekoah

"Pitching of tents; fastening down, a town of Judah, about 12" "miles south of Jerusalem, and visible from the city. From this" "place Joab procured a "wise woman," who pretended to be in great" "aff ...

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Telabib

"Hill of corn, a place on the river Chebar, the residence of" Ezekiel (Ezek. 3:15). The site is unknown. ...

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Telaim

"Young lambs, a place at which Saul gathered his army to fight" against Amalek (1 Sam. 15:4); probably the same as Telem (2). ...

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Telassar

"Or Thelasar, (Isa. 37:12; 2 Kings 19:12), a province in the" "south-east of Assyria, probably in Babylonia. Some have" "identified it with Tel Afer, a place in Mesopotamia, some 30" miles from Sinja ...

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Telem

Oppression. (1.) A porter of the temple in the time of Ezra (10:24). "(2.) A town in the southern border of Judah (Josh. 15:24); probably the same as Telaim. ...

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Telharesha

"Hill of the wood, a place in Babylon from which some captive" Jews returned to Jerusalem (Ezra 2:59; Neh. 7:61). ...

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Telmelah

"Hill of salt, a place in Babylon from which the Jews returned" (id.). ...

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Tema

"South; desert, one of the sons of Ishmael, and father of a tribe" so called (Gen. 25:15; 1 Chr. 1:30; Job 6:19; Isa. 21:14; Jer. "25:23) which settled at a place to which he gave his name, some" "25 ...

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Teman

"Id. (1.) A grandson of Esau, one of the "dukes of Edom" (Gen." "36:11, 15, 42)." "(2.) A place in Southern Idumea, the land of "the sons of the "east," frequently mentioned in the Old Testament. It ...

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Temanite

"A man of Teman, the designation of Eliphaz, one of Job's three" friends (Job 2:11; 22:1). ...

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Temeni

"One of the sons of Ashur, the father of Tekoa (1 Chr. 4:6)." ...

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Temple

"First used of the tabernacle, which is called "the temple of the" "Lord" (1 Sam. 1:9). In the New Testament the word is used" "figuratively of Christ's human body (John 2:19, 21). Believers" "are ca ...

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Temple Herods

The temple erected by the exiles on their return from Babylon "had stood for about five hundred years, when Herod the Great" became king of Judea. The building had suffered considerably from natural ...

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Temple Solomons

"Before his death David had "with all his might" provided" materials in great abundance for the building of the temple on "the summit of Mount Moriah (1 Chr. 22:14; 29:4; 2 Chr. 3:1), on" "the east o ...

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Temple the Second

"After the return from captivity, under Zerubbabel (q.v.) and the" "high priest Jeshua, arrangements were almost immediately made to" "reorganize the long-desolated kingdom. The body of pilgrims," "f ...

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Temptation

"(1.) Trial; a being put to the test. Thus God "tempted [Gen. 22:" "1; R.V., `did prove'] Abraham;" and afflictions are said to" "tempt, i.e., to try, men (James 1:2, 12; comp. Deut. 8:2)," "putting ...

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Tent

"(1.) Heb. `ohel (Gen. 9:21, 27). This word is used also of a" "dwelling or habitation (1 Kings 8:66; Isa. 16:5; Jer. 4:20), and" "of the temple (Ezek. 41:1). When used of the tabernacle, as in 1" "K ...

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Tenth deal

"I.e., the tenth part of an ephah (as in the R.V.), equal to an" "omer or six pints. The recovered leper, to complete his" "purification, was required to bring a trespass, a sin, and a" "burnt offeri ...

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Terah

"The wanderer; loiterer, for some unknown reason emigrated with" his family from his native mountains in the north to the plains "of Mesopotamia. He had three sons, Haran, Nahor, and Abraham," "and o ...

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Teraphim

"Givers of prosperity, idols in human shape, large or small," analogous to the images of ancestors which were revered by the Romans. In order to deceive the guards sent by Saul to seize "David, Micha ...

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Terebinth

"(R.V. marg. of Deut. 11:30, etc.), the Pistacia terebinthus of" botanists; a tree very common in the south and east of Palestine. (See [628]OAK.) ...

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Teresh

"Severe, a eunuch or chamberlain in the palace of Ahasuerus, who" conspired with another to murder him. The plot was detected by "Mordecai, and the conspirators were put to death (Esther 2:21;" 6:2). ...

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Tertius

"The third, a Roman Christian whom Paul employed as his" amanuensis in writing his epistle to the Romans (16:22). ...

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Tertullus

"A modification of "Tertius;" a Roman advocate, whom the Jews" employed to state their case against Paul in the presence of Felix (Acts 24:1-9). The charges he adduced against the apostle "were, "Fir ...

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Testament

"Occurs twelve times in the New Testament (Heb. 9:15, etc.) as" "the rendering of the Gr. diatheke, which is twenty times" "rendered "covenant" in the Authorized Version, and always so in" the Revise ...

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Testimony

(1.) Witness or evidence (2 Thess. 1:10). "(2.) The Scriptures, as the revelation of God's will (2 Kings "11:12; Ps. 19:7; 119:88; Isa. 8:16, 20)." "(3.) The altar raised by the Gadites and Reubenite ...

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Testimony Tabernacle of

"The tabernacle, the great glory of which was that it contained" "the testimony, i.e., the "two tables" (Ex. 38:21). The ark in" "which these tables were deposited was called the "ark of the" "testim ...

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Tetrarch

Strictly the ruler over the fourth part of a province; but the word denotes a ruler of a province generally (Matt. 14:1; Luke "3:1, 19; 9:7; Acts 13:1). Herod and Phasael, the sons of" "Antipater, we ...

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Thaddaeus

"Breast, the name of one of the apostles (Mark 3:18), called" "Lebbaeus in Matt. 10:3, and in Luke 6:16, "Judas the brother" "of James;" while John (14:22), probably referring to the same" "person, s ...

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Thahash

"A badger, a son of Nahor, Abraham's brother (Gen. 22:24)." ...

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Tharshish

(1 Kings 10:22; 22:48). See [630]TARSHISH. ...

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Theatre

"Only mentioned in Acts 19:29, 31. The ruins of this theatre at" "Ephesus still exist, and they show that it was a magnificent" "structure, capable of accommodating some 56,700 persons. It was" "the ...

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Thebez

"Brightness, a place some 11 miles north-east of Shechem, on the" "road to Scythopolis, the modern Tabas. Abimelech led his army" "against this place, because of its participation in the" conspiracy ...

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Theft

"Punished by restitution, the proportions of which are noted in 2" "Sam. 12:6. If the thief could not pay the fine, he was to be" sold to a Hebrew master till he could pay (Ex. 22:1-4). A "night-thie ...

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Theocracy

A word first used by Josephus to denote that the Jews were under the direct government of God himself. The nation was in all things subject to the will of their invisible King. All the "people were t ...

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Theophilus

"Lover of God, a Christian, probably a Roman, to whom Luke" dedicated both his Gospel (Luke 1:3) and the Acts of the Apostles (1:1). Nothing beyond this is known of him. From the "fact that Luke appl ...

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Thessalonians Epistles to the

The first epistle to the Thessalonians was the first of all "Paul's epistles. It was in all probability written from Corinth," "where he abode a "long time" (Acts 18:11, 18), early in the" "period of ...

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Thessalonica

A large and populous city on the Thermaic bay. It was the "capital of one of the four Roman districts of Macedonia, and was" "ruled by a praetor. It was named after Thessalonica, the wife of" "Cassan ...

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Theudas

"Thanksgiving, referred to by Gamaliel in his speech before the" council at Jerusalem (Acts 5:36). He headed an insurrection against the Roman authority. Beyond this nothing is known of him. ...

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Thick clay

(Hab. 2:6) is correctly rendered in the Revised Version pledges. The Chaldean power is here represented as a rapacious "usurer, accumulating the wealth that belonged to others." ...

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Thieves The two

"(Luke 23:32, 39-43), robbers, rather brigands, probably" followers of Barabbas. Our Lord's cross was placed between those "of the "malefactors," to add to the ignominy of his position." "According t ...

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Thistle

(1.) Heb. hoah (2 Kings 14:9; Job 31:40). In Job 41:2 the Hebrew "word is rendered "thorn," but in the Revised Version "hook." It" "is also rendered "thorn" in 2 Chr. 33:11; Prov. 26:9; Cant. 2:2;" b ...

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Thomas

"Twin, one of the twelve (Matt. 10:3; Mark 3:18, etc.). He was" "also called Didymus (John 11:16; 20:24), which is the Greek" equivalent of the Hebrew name. All we know regarding him is "recorded in ...

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Thorn

"(1.) Heb. hedek (Prov. 15:19), rendered "brier" in Micah 7:4." "Some thorny plant, of the Solanum family, suitable for hedges." "This is probably the so-called "apple of Sodom," which grows" "very a ...

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Thorn in the flesh

(2 Cor. 12:7-10). Many interpretations have been given of this passage. (1.) Roman Catholic writers think that it denotes suggestions to impiety. "(2.) Luther, Calvin, and other Reformers interpret t ...

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Thousands

"(Micah 5:2), another name for "families" or "clans" (see Num." "1:16; 10:4; Josh. 22:14, 21). Several "thousands" or "families" "made up a "tribe." ...

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Threshing

See [633]AGRICULTURE. ...

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Threshold

"(1.) Heb. miphtan, probably a projecting beam at a higher point" "than the threshold proper (1 Sam. 5:4, 5; Ezek. 9:3; 10:4, 18;" "46:2; 47:1); also rendered "door" and "door-post." "(2.) `Asuppim, ...

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Throne

"(Heb. kiss'e), a royal chair or seat of dignity (Deut. 17:18; 2" Sam. 7:13; Ps. 45:6); an elevated seat with a canopy and "hangings, which cover it. It denotes the seat of the high priest" "in 1 Sam ...

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Thummim

"Perfection (LXX., "truth;" Vulg., "veritas"), Ex. 28:30; Deut." "33:8; Judg. 1:1; 20:18; 1 Sam. 14:3, 18; 23:9; 2 Sam. 21:1. What" "the "Urim and Thummim" were cannot be determined with any" certain ...

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Thunder

Often referred to in Scripture (Job 40:9; Ps. 77:18; 104:7). "James and John were called by our Lord "sons of thunder" (Mark" "3:17). In Job 39:19, instead of "thunder," as in the Authorized" "Versio ...

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Thyatira

"A city of Asia Minor, on the borders of Lydia and Mysia. Its" "modern name is Ak-hissar, i.e., "white castle." Here was one of" "the seven churches (Rev. 1:11; 2:18-28). Lydia, the seller of" "purpl ...

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Thyine wood

Mentioned only in Rev. 18:12 among the articles which would "cease to be purchased when Babylon fell. It was called citrus," "citron wood, by the Romans. It was the Callitris quadrivalvis of" "botani ...

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Tiberias

"A city, the modern Tubarich, on the western shore of the Sea of" Tiberias. It is said to have been founded by Herod Antipas (A.D. "16), on the site of the ruins of an older city called Rakkath," and ...

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Tiberias Sea of

Called also the Sea of Galilee (q.v.) and of Gennesaret. In the Old Testament it is called the Sea of Chinnereth or Chinneroth. John (21:1) is the only evangelist who so designates this lake. His doi ...

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Tiberius Caesar

"I.e., as known in Roman history, Tiberius Claudius Nero, only" "mentioned in Luke 3:1. He was the stepson of Augustus, whom he" "succeeded on the throne, A.D. 14. He was noted for his vicious" and i ...

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Tibni

"Building of Jehovah, the son of Ginath, a man of some position," whom a considerable number of the people chose as monarch. For the period of four years he contended for the throne with Omri "(1 Kin ...

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Tidal

"(in the LXX. called "Thorgal"), styled the "king of nations" (Gen. 14:1-9). Mentioned as Tudkhula on Arioch's brick (see "facing page 139). Goyyim, translated "nations," is the country" "called Guti ...

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TiglathPileser I

(not mentioned in Scripture) was the most famous of the monarchs "of the first Assyrian empire (about B.C. 1110). After his death," for two hundred years the empire fell into decay. The history of Da ...

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TiglathPileser III

"Or Tilgath-Pil-neser, the Assyrian throne-name of Pul (q.v.). He" "appears in the Assyrian records as gaining, in the fifth year of" "his reign (about B.C. 741), a victory over Azariah (= Uzziah in" ...

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Timaeus

"Defiled, the father of blind Bartimaeus (Mark 10:46)." ...

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Timbrel

"(Heb. toph), a small drum or tambourine; a tabret (q.v.). The" antiquity of this musical instrument appears from the scriptural "allusions to it (Gen. 31:27; Ex. 15:20; Judg. 11:34, etc.) (See" [634 ...

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Timnah

A portion. (1.) A town of Judah (Josh. 15:10). The Philistines took possession of it in the days of Ahaz (2 Chr. 28:18). It was about 20 miles west of Jerusalem. It has been identified with "Timnatha ...

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Timnath

"Gen. 38:12, 14. (1.) Heb. Timnathah, which is appropriately" "rendered in the Revised Version, Timnah, a town in Judah." "(2.) The town where Samson sojourned, probably identical with Timnah (1) (Ju ...

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Timnathheres

"Portion of the sun, where Joshua was buried (Judg. 2:9). It was" "in the mount of Ephraim, in the north side of the hill Gaash," 10 miles south-west of Shechem. The same as the following. ...

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Timnathserah

"Remaining portion, the city of Joshua in the hill country of" "Ephraim, the same as Timnath-heres (Josh. 19:50; 24:30). "Of all" "sites I have seen," says Lieut. Col. Conder, "none is so" "striking ...

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Timnite

A man of Timnah. Samson's father-in-law is so styled (Judg. 15:6). ...

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Timon

"Honouring, one of the seven deacons at Jerusalem (Acts 6:5)." Nothing further is known of him. ...

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Timotheus

"The Greek form of the name of Timothy (Acts 16:1, etc.; the R.V." "always "Timothy")." ...

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Timothy

"Honouring God, a young disciple who was Paul's companion in many" "of his journeyings. His mother, Eunice, and his grandmother," "Lois, are mentioned as eminent for their piety (2 Tim. 1:5). We" kno ...

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Timothy First Epistle to

Paul in this epistle speaks of himself as having left Ephesus "for Macedonia (1:3), and hence not Laodicea, as mentioned in the" "subscription; but probably Philippi, or some other city in that" "reg ...

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Timothy Second Epistle to

"Was probably written a year or so after the first, and from" "Rome, where Paul was for a second time a prisoner, and was sent" to Timothy by the hands of Tychicus. In it he entreats Timothy "to come ...

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Tin

"Heb. bedil (Num. 31:22; Ezek. 22:18, 20), a metal well known in" ancient times. It is the general opinion that the Phoenicians of Tyre and Sidon obtained their supplies of tin from the British Isles ...

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Tinkling ornaments

"(Isa. 3:18), anklets of silver or gold, etc., such as are still" used by women in Syria and the East. ...

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Tiphsah

"Passing over; ford, one of the boundaries of Solomon's dominions" "(1 Kings 4:24), probably "Thapsacus, a great and wealthy town on" "the western bank of the Euphrates," about 100 miles north-east" ...

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Tiras

The youngest of the sons of Japheth (Gen. 10:2; 1 Chr. 1:5). ...

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Tires

To tire the head is to adorn it (2 Kings 9:30). As a noun the "word is derived from "tiara," and is the rendering of the Heb." "p'er, a "turban" or an ornament for the head (Ezek. 24:17; R.V.," headt ...

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Tirhakah

The last king of Egypt of the Ethiopian (the fifteenth) dynasty. He was the brother-in-law of So (q.v.). He probably ascended the "throne about B.C. 692, having been previously king of Ethiopia" "(2 ...

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Tirshatha

"A word probably of Persian origin, meaning "severity," denoting" a high civil dignity. The Persian governor of Judea is so called "(Ezra 2:63; Neh. 7:65, 70). Nehemiah is called by this name in" "Ne ...

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Tirza

"Pleasantness. (1.) An old royal city of the Canaanites, which" was destroyed by Joshua (Josh. 12:24). Jeroboam chose it for his "residence, and he removed to it from Shechem, which at first he" made ...

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Tishbite

"Elijah the prophet was thus named (1 Kings 17:1; 21:17, 28," "etc.). In 1 Kings 17:1 the word rendered "inhabitants" is in the" "original the same as that rendered "Tishbite," hence that verse" "may ...

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Tisri

"The first month of the civil year, and the seventh of the" ecclesiastical year. See [635]ETHANIM (1 Kings 8:2). Called in "the Assyrian inscriptions Tasaritu, i.e. "beginning." ...

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Tithe

A tenth of the produce of the earth consecrated and set apart for special purposes. The dedication of a tenth to God was recognized as a duty before the time of Moses. Abraham paid tithes to Melchize ...

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Tittle

"A point, (Matt. 5:18; Luke 16:17), the minute point or stroke" added to some letters of the Hebrew alphabet to distinguish them "from others which they resemble; hence, the very least point." ...

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Titus

"Honourable, was with Paul and Barnabas at Antioch, and" accompanied them to the council at Jerusalem (Gal. 2:1-3; Acts "15:2), although his name nowhere occurs in the Acts of the" "Apostles. He appe ...

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Titus Epistle to

Was probably written about the same time as the first epistle to "Timothy, with which it has many affinities. "Both letters were" addressed to persons left by the writer to preside in their respectiv ...

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Tob The land of

"A district on the east of Jodan, about 13 miles south-east of" "the Sea of Galilee, to which Jephthah fled from his brethren" "(Judg. 11:3, 5). It was on the northern boundary of Perea," "between Sy ...

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Tobadonijah

"Good is Jehovah, my Lord, a Levite sent out by Jehoshaphat to" instruct the people of Judah in the law (2 Chr. 17:8). ...

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Tobiah

"Pleasing to Jehovah, the "servant," the "Ammonite," who joined" with those who opposed the rebuilding of Jerusalem after the "Exile (Neh. 2:10). He was a man of great influence, which he" "exerted i ...

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Tobijah

"Id., a Levite sent out through Judah by Jehoshaphat to teach the" people (2 Chr. 17:8). ...

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Tochen

"Measured, a town of Simeon (1 Chr. 4:32)." ...

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Togarmah

"(1.) A son of Gomer, and grandson of Japheth (Gen. 10:3)." "(2.) A nation which traded in horses and mules at the fairs of Tyre (Ezek. 27:14; 38:6); probably an Armenian or a Scythian race; descenda ...

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Tohu

One of Samuel's ancestors (1 Sam. 1:1). ...

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Toi

"A king of Hamath, who sent "Joram his son unto King David to" "salute him," when he "heard that David had smitten all the host" "of Hadadezer" (2 Sam. 8:9, 10). Called Tou (1 Chr. 18:9, 10)." ...

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Tola

A scarlet worm. (1.) Eldest son of Issachar (Gen. 46:13). "(2.) A judge of the tribe of Issachar who "judged" Israel "twenty-three years (Judg. 10:1, 2), when he died, and was buried" in Shamir. He w ...

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Tolad

"Productive, a town of Simeon, in the south of Judah (1 Chr." 4:29). ...

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Tolaites

"Descendants of Tola (Num. 26:23; 1 Chr. 7:1, 2)." ...

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Toll

One of the branches of the king of Persia's revenues (Ezra 4:13; "7:24), probably a tax levied from those who used the bridges and" fords and highways. ...

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Tombs

"Of the Hebrews were generally excavated in the solid rock, or" were natural caves. Mention is made of such tombs in Judg. 8:32; 2 Sam. 2:32; 2 Kings 9:28; 23:30. They were sometimes made in gardens ...

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Tongues Confusion of

"At Babel, the cause of the early separation of mankind and their" division into nations. The descendants of Noah built a tower to "prevent their dispersion; but God "confounded their language" "(Gen ...

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Tongues Gift of

"Granted on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:4), in fulfilment of a" promise Christ had made to his disciples (Mark 16:17). What this gift actually was has been a subject of much discussion. Some have ar ...

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Tooth

One of the particulars regarding which retaliatory punishment was to be inflicted (Ex. 21:24; Lev. 24:20; Deut. 19:21). "Gnashing of teeth =rage, despair (Matt. 8:12; Acts 7:54);" "cleanness of teeth ...

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Topaz

"Heb. pitdah (Ezek. 28:13; Rev. 21:20), a golden yellow or" green stone brought from Cush or Ethiopia (Job 28:19). It was the second stone in the first row in the breastplate of the high "priest, and ...

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Tophel

"Lime, a place in the wilderness of Sinai (Deut. 1:1), now" "identified with Tafyleh or Tufileh, on the west side of the" Edomitish mountains. ...

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Tophet

"=Topheth, from Heb. toph "a drum," because the cries of children" here sacrificed by the priests of Moloch were drowned by the "noise of such an instrument; or from taph or toph, meaning "to" "burn, ...

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Torches

"On the night of his betrayal, when our Lord was in the garden of" "Gethsemane, Judas, "having received a band of men and officers" "from the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with" "lanter ...

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Torment

"Gr. basanos (Matt. 4:24), the "touch-stone" of justice; hence" "inquisition by torture, and then any disease which racks and" tortures the limbs. ...

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Tortoise

(Heb. tsabh). Ranked among the unclean animals (Lev. 11:29). Land tortoises are common in Syria. The LXX. renders the word by "land crocodile. The word, however, more probably denotes a" "lizard, cal ...

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Tow

(Judg. 16:9). See [639]FLAX. ...

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Tower of the furnaces

"(Neh. 3:11; 12:38), a tower at the north-western angle of the" second wall of Jerusalem. It was probably so named from its "contiguity to the "bakers' street" (Jer. 37:21)." ...

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Towers

"Of Babel (Gen. 11:4), Edar (Gen. 35:21), Penuel (Judg. 8:9, 17)," "Shechem (9:46), David (Cant. 4:4), Lebanon (7:4), Syene (Ezek." "29:10), Hananeel (Zech. 14:10), Siloam (Luke 13:4). There were" se ...

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Trachonitis

"A rugged region, corresponds to the Heb. Argob (q.v.), the Greek" name of a region on the east of Jordan (Luke 3:1); one of the five Roman provinces into which that district was divided. It "was in ...

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Tradition

"Any kind of teaching, written or spoken, handed down from" "generation to generation. In Mark 7:3, 9, 13, Col. 2:8, this" word refers to the arbitrary interpretations of the Jews. In 2 "Thess. 2:15; ...

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Trance

"(Gr. ekstasis, from which the word "ecstasy" is derived) denotes" "the state of one who is "out of himself." Such were the trances" "of Peter and Paul, Acts 10:10; 11:5; 22:17, ecstasies, "a" "prete ...

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Transfiguration the

"Of our Lord on a "high mountain apart," is described by each of" the three evangelists (Matt. 17:1-8; Mark 9:2-8; Luke 9:28-36). "The fullest account is given by Luke, who, no doubt, was" "informed ...

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Treasure cities

Store cities which the Israelites built for the Egyptians (Ex. 1:11). (See [640]PITHOM.) Towns in which the treasures of the kings of Judah were kept were so designated (1 Chr. 27:25). ...

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Treasure houses

The houses or magazines built for the safe keeping of treasure and valuable articles of any kind (Ezra 5:17; 7:20; Neh. 10:38; Dan. 1:2). ...

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Treasury

(Matt. 27:6; Mark 12:41; John 8:20). It does not appear that there was a separate building so called. The name was given to "the thirteen brazen chests, called "trumpets," from the form of" the openi ...

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Tree of life

Stood also in the midst of the garden of Eden (Gen. 2:9; 3:22). Some writers have advanced the opinion that this tree had some "secret virtue, which was fitted to preserve life. Probably the" "lesson ...

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Tree of the knowledge of good and evil

"Stood in the midst of the garden of Eden, beside the tree of" "life (Gen. 2, 3). Adam and Eve were forbidden to take of the" fruit which grew upon it. But they disobeyed the divine "injunction, and ...

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Trespass offering

"(Heb. `asham, "debt"), the law concerning, given in Lev." "5:14-6:7; also in Num. 5:5-8. The idea of sin as a "debt" "pervades this legislation. The asham, which was always a ram," was offered in ca ...

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Tribe

A collection of families descending from one ancestor. The twelve tribes of the Hebrews were the twelve collections of families which sprang from the sons of Jacob. In Matt. 24:30 the word has a wide ...

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Tribulation

Trouble or affiction of any kind (Deut. 4:30; Matt. 13:21; 2 "Cor. 7:4). In Rom. 2:9 "tribulation and anguish" are the penal" "sufferings that shall overtake the wicked. In Matt. 24:21, 29," the word ...

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Tribute

A tax imposed by a king on his subjects (2 Sam. 20:24; 1 Kings 4:6; Rom. 13:6). In Matt. 17:24-27 the word denotes the temple "rate (the "didrachma," the "half-shekel," as rendered by the" R.V.) whic ...

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Trinity

"A word not found in Scripture, but used to express the doctrine" of the unity of God as subsisting in three distinct Persons. "This word is derived from the Gr. trias, first used by" "Theophilus (A. ...

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Troas

"A city on the coast of Mysia, in the north-west of Asia Minor," "named after ancient Troy, which was at some little distance from" "it (about 4 miles) to the north. Here Paul, on his second" "missio ...

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Trogyllium

"A town on the western coast of Asia Minor, where Paul "tarried" "when on his way from Assos to Miletus, on his third missionary" journey (Acts 20:15). ...

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Trophimus

"A foster-child, an Ephesian who accompanied Paul during a part" of his third missionary journey (Acts 20:4; 21:29). He was with "Paul in Jerusalem, and the Jews, supposing that the apostle had" "bro ...

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Trumpets

"Were of a great variety of forms, and were made of divers" "materials. Some were made of silver (Num. 10:2), and were used" only by the priests in announcing the approach of festivals and in giving ...

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Trumpets Feast of

"Was celebrated at the beginning of the month Tisri, the first" month of the civil year. It received its name from the circumstances that the trumpets usually blown at the commencement of each month ...

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Truth

"Used in various senses in Scripture. In Prov. 12:17, 19, it" "denotes that which is opposed to falsehood. In Isa. 59:14, 15," "Jer. 7:28, it means fidelity or truthfulness. The doctrine of" "Christ ...

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Tryphena and Tryphosa

"Two female Christians, active workers, whom Paul salutes in his" epistle to the Romans (16:12). ...

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Tubal

(1.) The fifth son of Japheth (Gen. 10:2). "(2.) A nation, probably descended from the son of Japheth. It is "mentioned by Isaiah (66:19), along with Javan, and by Ezekiel" "(27:13), along with Meshe ...

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Tubalcain

"The son of Lamech and Zillah, "an instructor of every artificer" "in brass and iron" (Gen. 4:22; R.V., "the forger of every" "cutting instrument of brass and iron")." ...

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Turtle Turtledove

Its peculiar peaceful and gentle habit its often referred to in Scripture. A pair was offered in sacrifice by Mary at her purification (Luke 2:24). The pigeon and the turtle-dove were the only birds ...

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Tychicus

"Chance, an Asiatic Christian, a "faithful minister in the Lord" "(Eph. 6:21, 22), who, with Trophimus, accompanied Paul on a part" of his journey from Macedonia to Jerusalem (Acts 20:4). He is "allu ...

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Type

"Occurs only once in Scripture (1 Cor. 10:11, A.V. marg.). The" "Greek word tupos is rendered "print" (John 20:25), "figure" "(Acts 7:43; Rom. 5:14), "fashion" (Acts 7:44), "manner" (Acts" "23:25), " ...

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Tyrannus

"Prince, a Greek rhetorician, in whose "school" at Ephesus Paul" disputed daily for the space of two years with those who came to "him (Acts 19:9). Some have supposed that he was a Jew, and that" "hi ...

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Tyre

"A rock, now es-Sur; an ancient Phoenician city, about 23 miles," "in a direct line, north of Acre, and 20 south of Sidon. Sidon" "was the oldest Phoenician city, but Tyre had a longer and more" illu ...

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Tyropoeon Valley

"(i.e., "Valley of the Cheesemongers"), the name given by" Josephus the historian to the valley or rugged ravine which in ancient times separated Mount Moriah from Mount Zion. This "valley, now fille ...

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