King James Bible

King James Version (KJV)

King James Bible KJV

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383 terms and definitions for "S"


Sabachthani

"Thou hast forsaken me, one of the Aramaic words uttered by our Lord on the cross (Matt. 27:46; Mark 15:34). ...

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Sabaoth

"The transliteration of the Hebrew word tsebha'oth, meaning" "hosts, "armies" (Rom. 9:29; James 5:4). In the LXX. the Hebrew" "word is rendered by "Almighty." (See Rev. 4:8; comp. Isa. 6:3.)" It may ...

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Sabbath

"(Heb. verb shabbath, meaning "to rest from labour"), the day of" rest. It is first mentioned as having been instituted in "Paradise, when man was in innocence (Gen. 2:2). "The sabbath was" "made for ...

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Sabbath days journey

"Supposed to be a distance of 2,000 cubits, or less than" "half-a-mile, the distance to which, according to Jewish" "tradition, it was allowable to travel on the Sabbath day without" violating the la ...

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Sabbatical year

"Every seventh year, during which the land, according to the law" "of Moses, had to remain uncultivated (Lev. 25:2-7; comp. Ex." "23:10, 11, 12; Lev. 26:34, 35). Whatever grew of itself during" "that ...

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Sabeans

Descendants of Seba (Gen. 10:7); Africans (Isa. 43:3). They were "men of stature, and engaged in merchandise (Isa. 45:14). Their" "conversion to the Lord was predicted (Ps. 72:10). This word, in" "Ez ...

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Sabtah

"Rest, the third son of Cush (Gen. 10:7; 1 Chr. 1:9)." ...

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Sabtecha

The fifth son of Cush (id.). ...

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Sachar

Hire. (1.) One of David's heroes (1 Chr. 11:35); called also Sharar (2 Sam. 23:33). "(2.) A son of Obed-edom the Gittite, and a temple porter (1 Chr. 26:4). ...

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Sackbut

"(Chald. sabkha; Gr. sambuke), a Syrian stringed instrument" "resembling a harp (Dan. 3:5, 7, 10, 15); not the modern sackbut," which is a wind instrument. ...

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Sackcloth

"Cloth made of black goats' hair, coarse, rough, and thick, used" "for sacks, and also worn by mourners (Gen. 37:34; 42:25; 2 Sam." "3:31; Esther 4:1, 2; Ps. 30:11, etc.), and as a sign of" repentanc ...

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Sacrifice

The offering up of sacrifices is to be regarded as a divine institution. It did not originate with man. God himself appointed it as the mode in which acceptable worship was to be offered to him by gu ...

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Sadducees

The origin of this Jewish sect cannot definitely be traced. It was probably the outcome of the influence of Grecian customs and philosophy during the period of Greek domination. The first time they a ...

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Sadoc

"Just, mentioned in the genealogy of our Lord (Matt. 1:14)." ...

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Saffron

"Heb. karkom, Arab. zafran (i.e., "yellow"), mentioned only in" "Cant. 4:13, 14; the Crocus sativus. Many species of the crocus" "are found in Palestine. The pistils and stigmata, from the" "centre o ...

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Saint

One separated from the world and consecrated to God; one holy by profession and by covenant; a believer in Christ (Ps. 16:3; Rom. 1:7; 8:27; Phil. 1:1; Heb. 6:10). "The "saints" spoken of in Jude 1:1 ...

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Sala

"A shoot, a descendant of Arphaxed (Luke 3:35, 36); called also" "Shelah (1 Chr. 1:18, 24)." ...

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Salamis

"A city on the south-east coast of Cyprus (Acts 13:5), where Saul" "and Barnabas, on their first missionary journey, preached the" "word in one of the Jewish synagogues, of which there seem to" have ...

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Salathiel

"Whom I asked of God, the son of Jeconiah (Matt. 1:12; 1 Chr." 3:17); also called the son of Neri (Luke 3:27). The probable explanation of the apparent discrepancy is that he was the son "of Neri, th ...

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Salcah

"Wandering, a city of Bashan assigned to the half tribe of" "Manasseh (Deut. 3:10; Josh. 12:5; 13:11), identified with" "Salkhad, about 56 miles east of Jordan." ...

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Salem

"Peace, commonly supposed to be another name of Jerusalem (Gen." "14:18; Ps. 76:2; Heb. 7:1, 2)." ...

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Salim

"Peaceful, a place near AEnon (q.v.), on the west of Jordan," where John baptized (John 3:23). It was probably the Shalem "mentioned in Gen. 33:18, about 7 miles south of AEnon, at the" "head of the ...

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Sallai

Basket-maker. (1.) A Benjamite (Neh. 11:8). "(2.) A priest in the days of Joshua and Zerubbabel (Neh. 12:20). ...

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Sallu

Weighed. (1.) A priest (Neh. 12:7). "(2.) A Benjamite (1 Chr. 9:7; Neh. 11:7). ...

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Salmon

"Garment, the son of Nashon (Ruth 4:20; Matt. 1:4, 5), possibly" the same as Salma in 1 Chr. 2:51. ...

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Salmon

"Shady; or Zalmon (q.v.), a hill covered with dark forests, south" "of Shechem, from which Abimelech and his men gathered wood to" burn that city (Judg. 9:48). In Ps. 68:14 the change from war to "pe ...

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Salmone

"A promontory on the east of Crete, under which Paul sailed on" his voyage to Rome (Acts 27:7); the modern Cape Sidero. ...

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Salome

Perfect. (1.) The wife of Zebedee and mother of James and John "(Mat. 27:56), and probably the sister of Mary, the mother of our" Lord (John 19:25). She sought for her sons places of honour in "Chris ...

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Salt

"Used to season food (Job 6:6), and mixed with the fodder of" "cattle (Isa. 30:24, "clean;" in marg. of R.V. "salted"). All" meat-offerings were seasoned with salt (Lev. 2:13). To eat salt "with one ...

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Salt Sea

(Josh. 3:16). See DEAD [545]SEA. ...

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Salt The city of

"One of the cities of Judah (Josh. 15:62), probably in the Valley" "of Salt, at the southern end of the Dead Sea." ...

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Salt Valley of

A place where it is said David smote the Syrians (2 Sam. 8:13). This valley (the' Arabah) is between Judah and Edom on the south "of the Dead Sea. Hence some interpreters would insert the words," "an ...

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Salutation

Eastern modes of salutation are not unfrequently so prolonged as to become wearisome and a positive waste of time. The "profusely polite Arab asks so many questions after your health," "your happines ...

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Salvation

This word is used of the deliverance of the Israelites from the "Egyptians (Ex. 14:13), and of deliverance generally from evil or" danger. In the New Testament it is specially used with reference to ...

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Samaria

A watch-mountain or a watch-tower. In the heart of the mountains "of Israel, a few miles north-west of Shechem, stands the "hill" "of Shomeron," a solitary mountain, a great "mamelon." It is an" "obl ...

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Samaritan Pentateuch

"On the return from the Exile, the Jews refused the Samaritans" "participation with them in the worship at Jerusalem, and the" "latter separated from all fellowship with them, and built a" temple for ...

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Samaritans

The name given to the new and mixed inhabitants whom Esarhaddon "(B.C. 677), the king of Assyria, brought from Babylon and other" "places and settled in the cities of Samaria, instead of the" origina ...

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Samgarnebo

"Be gracious, O Nebo! or a cup-bearer of Nebo, probably the title" "of Nergal-sharezer, one of the princes of Babylon (Jer. 39:3)." ...

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Samos

"An island in the AEgean Sea, which Paul passed on his voyage" "from Assos to Miletus (Acts 20:15), on his third missionary" "journey. It is about 27 miles long and 20 broad, and lies about" 42 miles ...

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Samothracia

"An island in the AEgean Sea, off the coast of Thracia, about 32" miles distant. This Thracian Samos was passed by Paul on his voyage from Troas to Neapolis (Acts 16:11) on his first missionary journ ...

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Samson

"Of the sun, the son of Manoah, born at Zorah. The narrative of" "his life is given in Judg. 13-16. He was a "Nazarite unto God" "from his birth, the first Nazarite mentioned in Scripture (Judg." 13: ...

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Samuel

Heard of God. The peculiar circumstances connected with his "birth are recorded in 1 Sam. 1:20. Hannah, one of the two wives" "of Elkanah, who came up to Shiloh to worship before the Lord," earnestly ...

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Samuel Books of

The LXX. translators regarded the books of Samuel and of Kings "as forming one continuous history, which they divided into four" "books, which they called "Books of the Kingdom." The Vulgate" "versio ...

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Sanballat

Held some place of authority in Samaria when Nehemiah went up to Jerusalem to rebuild its ruined walls. He vainly attempted to "hinder this work (Neh. 2:10, 19; 4:1-12; 6). His daughter became" "the ...

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Sanctification

"Involves more than a mere moral reformation of character," brought about by the power of the truth: it is the work of the Holy Spirit bringing the whole nature more and more under the influences of ...

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Sanctuary

"Denotes, (1) the Holy Land (Ex. 15:17; comp. Ps. 114:2); (2) the" temple (1 Chr. 22:19; 2 Chr. 29:21); (3) the tabernacle (Ex. "25:8; Lev. 12:4; 21:12); (4) the holy place, the place of the" "Presen ...

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Sandals

Mentioned only in Mark 6:9 and Acts 12:8. The sandal was simply "a sole, made of wood or palm-bark, fastened to the foot by" leathern straps. Sandals were also made of seal-skin (Ezek. "16:10; lit. t ...

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Sanhedrim

"More correctly Sanhedrin (Gr. synedrion), meaning "a sitting" "together," or a "council." This word (rendered "council," A.V.)" is frequently used in the New Testament (Matt. 5:22; 26:59; Mark "15:1 ...

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Sansannah

"A palm branch, or a thorn bush, a town in the south (the negeb)" "of Judah (Josh. 15:31); called also Hazarsusah (19:5), or" Hazar-susim (1 Chr. 4:31). ...

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Saph

"Extension, the son of the giant whom Sibbechai slew (2 Sam." 21:18); called also Sippai (1 Chr. 20:4). ...

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Saphir

"Beautiful, a town of Judah (Micah 1:11), identified with" "es-Suafir, 5 miles south-east of Ashdod." ...

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Sapphira

"Beautiful, the wife of Ananias (q.v.). She was a partner in his" guilt and also in his punishment (Acts 5:1-11). ...

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Sapphire

Associated with diamonds (Ex. 28:18) and emeralds (Ezek. 28:13); one of the stones in the high priest's breastplate. It is a "precious stone of a sky-blue colour, probably the lapis lazuli," brought ...

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Sarah

"Princess, the wife and at the same time the half-sister of" Abraham (Gen. 11:29; 20:12). This name was given to her at the time that it was announced to Abraham that she should be the mother of the ...

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Sarai

"My princess, the name originally borne by Sarah (Gen. 11:31;" 17:15). ...

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Sardine stone

"(Rev. 4:3, R.V., "sardius;" Heb. `odhem; LXX., Gr. sardion, from" "a root meaning "red"), a gem of a blood-red colour. It was" "called "sardius" because obtained from Sardis in Lydia. It is" enumera ...

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Sardis

The metropolis of Lydia in Asia Minor. It stood on the river "Pactolus, at the foot of mount Tmolus. Here was one of the seven" Asiatic churches (Rev. 3:1-6). It is now a ruin called Sert-Kalessi. ...

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Sardonyx

"(Rev. 21:20), a species of the carnelian combining the sard and" "the onyx, having three layers of opaque spots or stripes on a" "transparent red basis. Like the sardine, it is a variety of the" cha ...

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Sarepta

(Luke 4:26). See [551]ZAREPHATH. ...

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Sargon

"(In the inscriptions, "Sarra-yukin" [the god] has appointed the" "king; also "Sarru-kinu," the legitimate king.) On the death of" "Shalmaneser (B.C. 723), one of the Assyrian generals established" " ...

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Satan

"Adversary; accuser. When used as a proper name, the Hebrew word" "so rendered has the article "the adversary" (Job 1:6-12; 2:1-7)." In the New Testament it is used as interchangeable with "Diabolos, ...

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Satyr

Hairy one. Mentioned in Greek mythology as a creature composed "of a man and a goat, supposed to inhabit wild and desolate" "regions. The Hebrew word is rendered also "goat" (Lev. 4:24) and" "devil, ...

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Saul

"Asked for. (1.) A king of Edom (Gen. 36:37, 38); called Shaul in" 1 Chr. 1:48. "(2.) The son of Kish (probably his only son, and a child of "prayer, "asked for"), of the tribe of Benjamin, the first ...

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Saviour

One who saves from any form or degree of evil. In its highest sense the word indicates the relation sustained by our Lord to "his redeemed ones, he is their Saviour. The great message of the" "gospel ...

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Scapegoat

"Lev. 16:8-26; R.V., "the goat for Azazel" (q.v.), the name given" to the goat which was taken away into the wilderness on the day of Atonement (16:20-22). The priest made atonement over the "scapego ...

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Scarlet

This dye was obtained by the Egyptians from the shell-fish "Carthamus tinctorius; and by the Hebrews from the Coccus ilicis," "an insect which infests oak trees, called kermes by the" Arabians. "This ...

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Sceptre

"(Heb. shebet = Gr. skeptron), properly a staff or rod. As a" "symbol of authority, the use of the sceptre originated in the" idea that the ruler was as a shepherd of his people (Gen. 49:10; Num. 24: ...

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Sceva

"An implement, a Jew, chief of the priests at Ephesus (Acts" "19:13-16); i.e., the head of one of the twenty-four courses of" "the house of Levi. He had seven sons, who "took upon them to" call over ...

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Schism

"A separation, an alienation causing divisions among Christians," who ought to be united (1 Cor. 12:25). ...

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Schoolmaster

"The law so designated by Paul (Gal. 3:24, 25). As so used, the" "word does not mean teacher, but pedagogue (shortened into the" "modern page), i.e., one who was intrusted with the supervision" "of a ...

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Schools of the Prophets

"(1 Sam. 19:18-24; 2 Kings 2:3, 5, 7, 12, 15) were instituted for" the purpose of training young men for the prophetical and priestly offices. (See [553]PROPHET; [554]SAMUEL.) ...

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Scorpions

Mentioned along with serpents (Deut. 8:15). Used also figuratively to denote wicked persons (Ezek. 2:6; Luke 10:19); also a particular kind of scourge or whip (1 Kings 12:11). Scorpions were a specie ...

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Scourging

(1 Kings 12:11). Variously administered. In no case were the stripes to exceed forty (Deut. 25:3; comp. 2 Cor. 11:24). In the "time of the apostles, in consequence of the passing of what was" "called ...

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Scribes

Anciently held various important offices in the public affairs of the nation. The Hebrew word so rendered (sopher) is first used to designate the holder of some military office (Judg. "5:14; A.V., "p ...

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Scrip

A small bag or wallet usually fastened to the girdle (1 Sam. "17:40); "a shepherd's bag." "In the New Testament it is the rendering of Gr. pera, which was "a bag carried by travellers and shepherds, ...

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Scripture

Invariably in the New Testament denotes that definite collection "of sacred books, regarded as given by inspiration of God, which" "we usually call the Old Testament (2 Tim. 3:15, 16; John 20:9;" Gal ...

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Scythian

"The Scythians consisted of "all the pastoral tribes who dwelt to" "the north of the Black Sea and the Caspian, and were scattered" far away toward the east. Of this vast country but little was "anci ...

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Sea of glass

A figurative expression used in Rev. 4:6 and 15:2. According to "the interpretation of some, "this calm, glass-like sea, which is" "never in storm, but only interfused with flame, represents the" "co ...

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Sea of Jazer

"(Jer. 48:32), a lake, now represented by some ponds in the high" "valley in which the Ammonite city of Jazer lies, the ruins of" which are called Sar. ...

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Sea The

"(Heb. yam), signifies (1) "the gathering together of the" "waters," the ocean (Gen. 1:10); (2) a river, as the Nile (Isa." "19:5), the Euphrates (Isa. 21:1; Jer. 51:36); (3) the Red Sea" "(Ex. 14:16 ...

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Sea The molten

The great laver made by Solomon for the use of the priests in "the temple, described in 1 Kings 7:23-26; 2 Chr. 4:2-5. It stood" in the south-eastern corner of the inner court. It was 5 cubits "high, ...

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Seah

"In land measure, a space of 50 cubits long by 50 broad. In" "measure of capacity, a seah was a little over one peck. (See" [558]MEASURE.) ...

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Seal

"Commonly a ring engraved with some device (Gen. 38:18, 25)." "Jezebel "wrote letters in Ahab's name, and sealed them with his" "seal" (1 Kings 21:8). Seals are frequently mentioned in Jewish" histor ...

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Seasons

(Gen. 8:22). See [560]AGRICULTURE; [561]MONTH. ...

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Seba

(1.) One of the sons of Cush (Gen. 10:7). "(2.) The name of a country and nation (Isa. 43:3; 45:14) "mentioned along with Egypt and Ethiopia, and therefore probably" in north-eastern Africa. The anci ...

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Sebat

"The eleventh month of the Hebrew year, extending from the new" "moon of February to that of March (Zech. 1:7). Assyrian sabatu," storm. (See [562]MONTH.) ...

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Secacah

"Enclosure, one of the six cities in the wilderness of Judah," "noted for its "great cistern" (Josh. 15:61). It has been" "identified with the ruin Sikkeh, east of Bethany." ...

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Sechu

"A hill or watch-tower, a place between Gibeah and Ramah noted" "for its "great well" (1 Sam. 19:22); probably the modern" "Suweikeh, south of Beeroth." ...

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Sect

"(Gr. hairesis, usually rendered "heresy", Acts 24:14; 1 Chr." "11:19; Gal. 5:20, etc.), meaning properly "a choice," then "a" "chosen manner of life," and then "a religious party," as the" "sect of ...

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Secundus

"Second, a Christian of Thessalonica who accompanied Paul into" Asia (Acts 20:4). ...

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Seer

A name sometimes applied to the prophets because of the visions granted to them. It is first found in 1 Sam. 9:9. It is "afterwards applied to Zadok, Gad, etc. (2 Sam. 15:27; 24:11; 1" Chr. 9:22; 25: ...

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Seethe

To boil (Ex. 16:23). ...

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Seething pot

A vessel for boiling provisions in (Job 41:20; Jer. 1:13). ...

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Segub

Elevated. (1.) The youngest son of Hiel the Bethelite. His death is recorded in 1 Kings 16:34 (comp. Josh. 6:26). "(2.) A descendant of Judah (1 Chr. 2:21, 22). ...

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Seir

"Rough; hairy. (1.) A Horite; one of the "dukes" of Edom (Gen." 36:20-30). "(2.) The name of a mountainous region occupied by the Edomites, extending along the eastern side of the Arabah from the "so ...

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Seirath

"Woody district; shaggy, a place among the mountains of Ephraim," "bordering on Benjamin, to which Ehud fled after he had" "assassinated Eglon at Jericho (Judg. 3:26, 27)." ...

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Sela

"=Se'lah, rock, the capital of Edom, situated in the great valley" extending from the Dead Sea to the Red Sea (2 Kings 14:7). It "was near Mount Hor, close by the desert of Zin. It is called" the roc ...

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Selah

"A word frequently found in the Book of Psalms, and also in Hab." "3:9, 13, about seventy-four times in all in Scripture. Its" "meaning is doubtful. Some interpret it as meaning "silence" or" "pause; ...

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Selahammahlekoth

Cliff of divisions the name of the great gorge which lies "between Hachilah and Maon, south-east of Hebron. This gorge is" now called the Wady Malaky. This was the scene of the interview between Davi ...

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Seleucia

"The sea-port of Antioch, near the mouth of the Orontes. Paul and" his companions sailed from this port on their first missionary "journey (Acts 13:4). This city was built by Seleucus Nicator," "the ...

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Semei

Mentioned in the genealogy of our Lord (Luke 3:26). ...

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Senaah

"Thorny, a place many of the inhabitants of which returned from" Babylon with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:35; Neh. 7:38). ...

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Senate

"(Acts 5:21), the "elders of Israel" who formed a component part" of the Sanhedrin. ...

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Seneh

"The acacia; rock-thorn, the southern cliff in the Wady" "es-Suweinit, a valley south of Michmash, which Jonathan climbed" "with his armour-bearer (1 Sam. 14:4, 5). The rock opposite, on" "the other ...

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Senir

"=Shenir, the name given to Hermon by the Amorites (Deut. 3:9)." "It means "coat of mail" or "breastplate," and is equivalent to" "Sirion. Some interpret the word as meaning "the prominent" or" the s ...

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Sennacherib

"Sin (the god) sends many brothers, son of Sargon, whom he" "succeeded on the throne of Assyria (B.C. 705), in the 23rd year" "of Hezekiah. "Like the Persian Xerxes, he was weak and" "vainglorious, c ...

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Seorim

"Barley, the chief of the forth priestly course (1 Chr. 24:8)." ...

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Sephar

"Numbering, (Gen. 10:30), supposed by some to be the ancient" "Himyaritic capital, "Shaphar," Zaphar, on the Indian Ocean," between the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea. ...

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Sepharad

"(Obad. 1:20), some locality unknown. The modern Jews think that" "Spain is meant, and hence they designate the Spanish Jews" "Sephardim, as they do the German Jews by the name" "Ashkenazim, because ...

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Sepharvaim

"Taken by Sargon, king of Assyria (2 Kings 17:24; 18:34; 19:13;" "Isa. 37:13). It was a double city, and received the common name" "Sepharvaim, i.e., "the two Sipparas," or "the two booktowns." The S ...

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Septuagint

See [568]VERSIONS. ...

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Sepulchre

First mentioned as purchased by Abraham for Sarah from Ephron "the Hittite (Gen. 23:20). This was the "cave of the field of" "Machpelah," where also Abraham and Rebekah and Jacob and Leah" were burri ...

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Serah

"Abundance; princess, the daughter of Asher and grand-daughter of" "Jacob (Gen. 46:17); called also Sarah (Num. 26:46; R.V.," Serah). ...

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Seraiah

"Soldier of Jehovah. (1.) The father of Joab (1 Chr. 4:13, 14)." "(2.) The grandfather of Jehu (1 Chr. 4:35). (3.) One of David's scribes or secretaries (2 Sam. 8:17). "(4.) A Netophathite (Jer. 40:8 ...

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Seraphim

"Mentioned in Isa. 6:2, 3, 6, 7. This word means fiery ones, in" "allusion, as is supposed, to their burning love. They are" "represented as "standing" above the King as he sat upon his" "throne, rea ...

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Sered

"Fear, one of the sons of Zebulun (Gen. 46:14)." ...

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Sergeants

"Acts 16:35, 38 (R.V., "lictors"), officers who attended the" magistrates and assisted them in the execution of justice. ...

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Sergius Paulus

"A "prudent man" (R.V., "man of understanding"), the deputy" "(R.V., "proconsul") of Cyprus (Acts 13:6-13). He became a" "convert to Christianity under Paul, who visited this island on" his first mis ...

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Sermon on the mount

After spending a night in solemn meditation and prayer in the lonely mountain-range to the west of the Lake of Galilee (Luke "6:12), on the following morning our Lord called to him his" "disciples, a ...

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Serpent

"(Heb. nahash; Gr. ophis), frequently noticed in Scripture. More" than forty species are found in Syria and Arabia. The poisonous character of the serpent is alluded to in Jacob's blessing on "Dan (G ...

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Serpent Fiery

"(LXX. "deadly," Vulg. "burning"), Num. 21:6, probably the naja" "haje of Egypt; some swift-springing, deadly snake (Isa. 14:29)." "After setting out from their encampment at Ezion-gaber, the" "Israe ...

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Serug

"Branch, the father of Nahor (Gen. 11:20-23); called Saruch in" Luke 3:35. ...

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Servitor

"Occurs only in 2 Kings 4:43, Authorized Version (R.V.," "servant). The Hebrew word there rendered "servitor" is" "elsewhere rendered "minister," "servant" (Ex. 24:13; 33:11)." "Probably Gehazi, the ...

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Seth

"Appointed; a substitute, the third son of Adam and Eve (Gen." "4:25; 5:3). His mother gave him this name, "for God," said she," "hath appointed me [i.e., compensated me with] another seed" "instead ...

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Sethur

"Hidden, one of the spies sent to search the Promised Land. He" was of the tribe of Asher (Num. 13:13). ...

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Seven

"This number occurs frequently in Scripture, and in such" connections as lead to the supposition that it has some typical "meaning. On the seventh day God rested, and hallowed it (Gen." "2:2, 3). The ...

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Seventy weeks

"A prophetic period mentioned in Dan. 9:24, and usually" "interpreted on the "year-day" theory, i.e., reckoning each day" for a year. This period will thus represent 490 years. This is regarded as th ...

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Shaalabbin

"Or Shaal'bim, a place of foxes, a town of the tribe of Dan" (Josh. 19:42; Judg. 1:35). It was one of the chief towns from which Solomon drew his supplies (1 Kings 4:9). It is probably "the modern vi ...

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Shaaraim

Two gates. (1.) A city in the plain of Judah (1 Sam. 17:52); called also Sharaim (Josh. 15:36). "(2.) A town in Simeon (1 Chr. 4:31). ...

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Shaashgaz

"Servant of the beautiful, a chief eunuch in the second house of" the harem of king Ahasuerus (Esther 2:14). ...

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Shabbethai

"Sabbath-born, a Levite who assisted in expounding the law and" investigating into the illegal marriages of the Jews (Ezra 10:15; Neh. 8:7; 11:16). ...

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Shaddai

"The Omnipotent, the name of God in frequent use in the Hebrew" "Scriptures, generally translated "the Almighty." ...

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Shadow

Used in Col. 2:17; Heb. 8:5; 10:1 to denote the typical relation of the Jewish to the Christian dispensation. ...

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Shadrach

"Aku's command, the Chaldean name given to Hananiah, one of the" Hebrew youths whom Nebuchadnezzar carried captive to Babylon "(Dan. 1:6, 7; 3:12-30). He and his two companions refused to bow" down b ...

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Shalem

"Perfect, a place (probably the village of Salim) some 2 miles" "east of Jacob's well. There is an abundant supply of water," which may have been the reason for Jacob's settling at this "place (Gen. ...

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Shalim Land of

"Land of foxes, a place apparently to the north-west of Jerusalem" "(1 Sam. 9:4), perhaps in the neighbourhood of Shaalabbin in Dan" (Josh. 19:42). ...

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Shalisha Land of

"Probably the district of Baal-shalisha (2 Kings 4:42), lying" about 12 miles north of Lydda (1 Sam. 9:4). ...

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Shallecheth The gate of

"I.e., "the gate of casting out," hence supposed to be the refuse" "gate; one of the gates of the house of the Lord, "by the" "causeway of the going up" i.e., the causeway rising up from the" Tyropoe ...

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Shallum

"Retribution. (1.) The son of Jabesh, otherwise unknown. He" "conspired against Zachariah, and smote him before the people," "and slew him, and reigned in his stead" (2 Kings 15:10). He" "reigned onl ...

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Shalman

"An Assyrian king (Hos. 10:14), identified with Shalmaneser II." "(Sayce) or IV. (Lenormant), the successor of Pul on the throne" "of Assyria (B.C. 728). He made war against Hoshea, the king of" "Isr ...

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Shamgar

The Philistines from the maritime plain had made incursions into "the Hebrew upland for the purposes of plunder, when one of this" "name, the son of Anath, otherwise unknown, headed a rising for" the ...

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Shamir

A sharp thorn. (1.) One of the sons of Michah (1 Chr. 24:24). "(2.) A town among the mountains of Judah (Josh. 15:48); probably "Somerah, 2 1/2 miles north-west of Debir." "(3.) The residence of Tola ...

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Shammah

"Desert. (1.) One of the "dukes" of Edom (Gen. 36:13, 17)." "(2.) One of the sons of Jesse (1 Sam. 16:9). He is also called Shimeah (2 Sam. 13:3) and Shimma (1 Chr. 2:13). "(3.) One of David's three ...

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Shammua

Heard. (1.) One of the spies sent out by Moses to search the land (Num. 13:4). He represented the tribe of Reuben. "(2.) One of David's sons (1 Chr. 14:4; 3:5, "Shimea;" 2 Sam. 5:14). "(3.) A Levite ...

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Shaphan

"A coney, a scribe or secretary of king Josiah (2 Kings 22:3-7)." He consulted Huldah concerning the newly-discovered copy of the law which was delivered to him by Hilkiah the priest (8-14). His gran ...

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Shaphat

Judge. (1.) One of the spies. He represented the tribe of Simeon (Num. 13:5). "(2.) The father of Elisha (1 Kings 19:16-19). "(3.) One of David's chief herdsmen (1 Chr. 27:29). ...

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Shapher

"Brightness, one of the stations where Israel encamped in the" "wilderness (Num. 33:23, 24)." ...

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Sharaim

"Two gates (Josh. 15:36), more correctly Shaaraim (1 Sam. 17:52)," "probably Tell Zakariya and Kefr Zakariya, in the valley of Elah," 3 1/2 miles north-west of Socoh. ...

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Sharezer

"(god) protect the king!, a son of Sennacherib, king of Assyria." "He and his brother Adrammelech murdered their father, and then" fled into the land of Armenia (2 Kings 19:37). ...

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Sharon Saron

"A plain, a level tract extending from the Mediterranean to the" "hill country to the west of Jerusalem, about 30 miles long and" "from 8 to 15 miles broad, celebrated for its beauty and" "fertility ...

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Shaveh Valley of

"Valley of the plain the ancient name of the "king's dale" "(q.v.), or Kidron, on the north side of Jerusalem (Gen. 14:17)." ...

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ShavehKiriathaim

"Plain of Kirja-thaim where Chedorlaomer defeated the Emims, the" "original inhabitants (Gen. 14:5). Now Kureiyat, north of Dibon," in the land of Moab. ...

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Shavsha

"("Seraiah," 2 Sam. 8:17; "Shisha," 1 Kings 4:3), one of David's" secretaries (1 Chr. 18:16). ...

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Shealtiel

"Asked for of God, father of Zerubbabel (Ezra 3:2, 8; Neh. 12:1)." ...

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Shearinghouse

"(2 Kings 10:12, 14; marg., "house of shepherds binding sheep." "R.V., "the shearing-house of the shepherds;" marg., "house of" "gathering"), some place between Samaria and Jezreel, where Jehu" "slew ...

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ShearJashub

"A remnant shall escape or return (i.e., to God), a symbolical" "name which the prophet Isaiah gave to his son (Isa. 7:3)," perhaps his eldest son. ...

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Sheba

"An oath, seven. (1.) Heb. shebha, the son of Raamah (Gen. 10:7)," whose descendants settled with those of Dedan on the Persian Gulf. "(2.) Heb. id. A son of Joktan (Gen. 10:28), probably the founder ...

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Shebaniah

"Whom Jehovah hides, or has made grow up. (1.) A Levite appointed" to blow the trumpet before the ark of God (1 Chr. 15:24). "(2.) Another Levite (Neh. 9:4, 5). "(3.) A priest (Neh. 10:12). "(4.) A L ...

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Shebarim

"Breaks; ruins, a place near Ai (Josh. 7:5; R.V. marg., "the" "quarries")." ...

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Shebna

"Tender youth, "treasurer" over the house in the reign of" "Hezekiah, i.e., comptroller or governor of the palace. On" "account of his pride he was ejected from his office, and Eliakim" was promoted ...

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Shebuel

"Captive of God. (1.) One of the descendants of Gershom, who had" charge of the temple treasures in the time of David (1 Chr. 23:16; 26:24). "(2.) One of the sons of Heman; one of those whose duty it ...

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Shecaniah

One intimate with Jehovah. (1.) A priest to whom the tenth lot came forth when David divided the priests (1 Chr. 24:11). "(2.) One of the priests who were set "to give to their brethren "by courses" ...

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Shechem

Shoulder. (1.) The son of Hamor the Hivite (Gen. 33:19; 34). "(2.) A descendant of Manasseh (Num. 26:31; Josh. 17:2). "(3.) A city in Samaria (Gen. 33:18), called also Sichem (12:6), Sychem (Acts 7:1 ...

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Shechinah

"A Chaldee word meaning resting-place, not found in Scripture," but used by the later Jews to designate the visible symbol of "God's presence in the tabernacle, and afterwards in Solomon's" "temple. ...

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Sheep

Are of different varieties. Probably the flocks of Abraham and Isaac were of the wild species found still in the mountain "regions of Persia and Kurdistan. After the Exodus, and as a" "result of inte ...

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Sheepfold

A strong fenced enclosure for the protection of the sheep gathered within it (Num. 32:24; 1 Chr. 17:7; Ps. 50:9; 78:70). "In John 10:16 the Authorized Version renders by "fold" two" "distinct Greek w ...

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Sheepgate

"One of the gates of Jerusalem mentioned by Nehemiah (3:1, 32;" 12:39). It was in the eastern wall of the city. ...

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Sheepmarket

"Occurs only in John 5:2 (marg., also R.V., "sheep-gate"). The" "word so rendered is an adjective, and it is uncertain whether" "the noun to be supplied should be "gate" or, following the" "Vulgate V ...

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Shekel

"Weight, the common standard both of weight and value among the" "Hebrews. It is estimated at 220 English grains, or a little more" "than half an ounce avoirdupois. The "shekel of the sanctuary" (Ex. ...

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Shelah

"Petition. (1.) Judah's third son (Gen. 38:2, 5, 11, 14)." "(2.) A son of Arphaxad (1 Chr. 1:18). ...

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Shelemiah

Whom Jehovah repays. (1.) Ezra 10:39. (2.) The father of Hananiah (Neh. 3:30). (3.) A priest in the time of Nehemiah (13:13). (4.) Father of one of those who accused Jeremiah to Zedekiah (Jer. 37:3; ...

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Shem

"A name; renown, the first mentioned of the sons of Noah (Gen." 5:32; 6:10). He was probably the eldest of Noah's sons. The "words "brother of Japheth the elder" in Gen. 10:21 are more" "correctly re ...

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Shema

Rumour. (1.) A Reubenite (1 Chr. 5:8). "(2.) A Benjamite (1 Chr. 8:13). (3.) One who stood by Ezra when he read the law (Neh. 8:4). "(4.) A town in the south of Judah (Josh. 15:26); the same as Sheba ...

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Shemaah

"Rumour, a Benjamite whose sons "came to David to Ziklag" (1 Chr." 12:3). ...

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Shemaiah

Whom Jehovah heard. (1.) A prophet in the reign of Rehoboam (1 Kings 12:22-24). "(2.) Neh. 3:29. (3.) A Simeonite (1 Chr. 4:37). (4.) A priest (Neh. 12:42). (5.) A Levite (1 Chr. 9:16). (6.) 1 Chr. 9 ...

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Shemariah

Whom Jehovah guards. (1.) One who joined David at Ziklag (1 Chr. 12:5). "(2.) Ezra 10:32, 41. ...

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Shemeber

"Soaring on high, the king of Zeboiim, who joined with the other" kings in casting off the yoke of Chedorlaomer. After having been "reconquered by him, he was rescued by Abraham (Gen. 14:2)." ...

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Sheminith

"Eight; octave, a musical term, supposed to denote the lowest" "note sung by men's voices (1 Chr. 15:21; Ps. 6; 12, title)." ...

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Shemiramoth

Most high name. (1.) A Levite in the reign of Jehoshaphat (2 Chr. 17:8). "(2.) A Levite in David's time (1 Chr. 15:18, 20). ...

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Shemuel

Heard of God. (1.) The son of Ammihud. He represented Simeon in the division of the land (Num. 34:20). "(2.) Used for "Samuel" (1 Chr. 6:33, R.V.). "(3.) A prince of the tribe of Issachar (1 Chr. 7:2 ...

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Shen

"A tooth, probably some conspicuous tooth-shaped rock or crag (1" "Sam. 7:12), a place between which and Mizpeh Samuel set up his" "Ebenezer. In the Hebrew the word has the article prefixed," the She ...

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Shenir

"=Senir, (Deut. 3:9; Cant. 4:8), the name given to Mount Hermon" (q.v.) by the Sidonians. ...

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Sheol

"(Heb., "the all-demanding world" = Gr. Hades, "the unknown" "region"), the invisible world of departed souls. (See" [579]HELL.) ...

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Shepham

"A treeless place, Num. 34:10, 11: "The coast shall go down from" "Shepham to Riblah." ...

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Shephatiah

Judged of the Lord. (1.) A son of David by Abital (2 Sam. 3:4). "(2.) A Benjamite who joined David at Ziklag (1 Chr. 12:5). (3.) A Simeonite prince in David's time (1 Chr. 27:16). (4.) One of Jehosha ...

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Shepherd

A word naturally of frequent occurence in Scripture. Sometimes "the word "pastor" is used instead (Jer. 2:8; 3:15; 10:21; 12:10;" 17:16). This word is used figuratively to represent the relation of r ...

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Sherebiah

"Flame of the Lord, a priest whose name is prominent in" connection with the work carried on by Ezra and Nehemiah at "Jerusalem (Ezra 8:17, 18, 24-30; Neh. 8:7; 9:4, 5; 10:12)." ...

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Sheresh

"Root, a descendant of Manasseh (1 Chr. 7:16)." ...

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Sherezer

One of the messengers whom the children of the Captivity sent to "Jerusalem "to pray for them before the Lord" (Zech. 7:2)." ...

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Sheriffs

"(Dan. 3:2), Babylonian officers." ...

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Sheshach

"(Jer. 25:26), supposed to be equivalent to Babel (Babylon)," according to a secret (cabalistic) mode of writing among the "Jews of unknown antiquity, which consisted in substituting the" "last lette ...

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Sheshai

"Whitish, one of the sons of Anak (Num. 13:22). When the" Israelites obtained possession of the country the sons of Anak were expelled and slain (Josh. 15:14; Judg. 1:10). ...

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Sheshbazzar

"O sun-god, defend the lord! (Ezra 1:8, 11), probably another" "name for Zerubbabel (q.v.), Ezra 2:2; Hag. 1:12, 14; Zech. 4:6," 10 ...

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Sheth

"Tumult. (1.) "The children of Sheth" (Num. 24:17); R.V., "the" "sons of tumult," which is probably the correct rendering, as" there is no evidence that this is a proper name here. "(2.) The antedilu ...

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Shethar

"A star, a prince at the court of Ahasuerus (Esther 1:14)." ...

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Shetharboznai

"Star of splendour, a Persian officer who vainly attempted to" "hinder the rebuilding of the temple (Ezra 5:3, 6; 6:6, 13)." ...

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Sheva

Heb. Shebher. (1.) The son of Caleb (1 Chr. 2:49). "(2.) Heb. Sheva', one of David's scribes (2 Sam. 20:25). ...

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Shewbread

"Ex. 25:30 (R.V. marg., "presence bread"); 1 Chr. 9:32 (marg.," "bread of ordering); Num. 4:7: called "hallowed bread" (R.V.," holy bread) in 1 Sam. 21:1-6. "This bread consisted of twelve loaves mad ...

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Shibboleth

"River, or an ear of corn. The tribes living on the east of" "Jordan, separated from their brethren on the west by the deep" "ravines and the rapid river, gradually came to adopt peculiar" "customs, ...

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Shibmah

"Fragrance, a town of Reuben, east of Jordan (Num. 32:38)." ...

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Shield

"Used in defensive warfare, varying at different times and under" "different circumstances in size, form, and material (1 Sam." "17:7; 2 Sam. 1:21; 1 Kings 10:17; 1 Chr. 12:8, 24, 34; Isa." 22:6; Eze ...

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Shiggaion

"From the verb shagah, "to reel about through drink," occurs in" "the title of Ps. 7. The plural form, shigionoth, is found in" Hab. 3:1. The word denotes a lyrical poem composed under strong mental ...

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Shihon

"Overturning, a town of Issachar (Josh. 19:19)." ...

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Shihor

"Dark, (1 Chr. 13:5), the southwestern boundary of Canaan, the" Wady el-`Arish. (See [580]SIHOR; [581]NILE.) ...

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ShihorLibnath

"Black-white, a stream on the borders of Asher, probably the" "modern Nahr Zerka, i.e., the "crocodile brook," or "blue river"," which rises in the Carmel range and enters the Mediterranean a little ...

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Shilhim

"Aqueducts, a town in the south of Judah (Josh. 15:32); called" also Sharuhen and Shaaraim (19:6). ...

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Shiloah The waters of

#NAME? ...

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Shiloh

"Generally understood as denoting the Messiah, "the peaceful" "one," as the word signifies (Gen. 49:10). The Vulgate Version" "translates the word, "he who is to be sent," in allusion to the" "Messia ...

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Shilonite

"Ahijah the prophet, whose home was in Shiloh, is so designated" "(1 Kings 11:29; 15:29). The plural form occurs (1 Chr. 9:5)," "denoting the descendants of Shelah, Judah's youngest son." ...

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Shimea

The hearing prayer. (1.) One of David's sons by Bathsheba (1 Chr. 3:5); called also Shammua (14:4). "(2.) A Levite of the family of Merari (1 Chr. 6:30). (3.) Another Levite of the family of Gershon ...

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Shimeah

(1.) One of David's brothers (2 Sam. 13:3); same as Shimea (4). "(2.) A Benjamite, a descendant of Gibeon (1 Chr. 8:32); called also Shimeam (9:38). ...

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Shimei

"Famous. (1.) A son of Gershon, and grandson of Levi (Num. 3:18;" "1 Chr. 6:17, 29); called Shimi in Ex. 6:17." "(2.) A Benjamite of the house of Saul, who stoned and cursed David when he reached Bah ...

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Shimeon

Hearkening. Ezra 10:31. ...

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Shimhi

"Famous, a Benjamite (1 Chr. 8:21)." ...

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Shimrath

"Guardian, a Benjamite, one of Shimhi's sons (id.)." ...

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Shimri

Watchman. (1.) A Simeonite (1 Chr. 4:37). "(2.) The father of one of the "valiant men" of David's armies (1 Chr. 11:45). "(3.) Assisted at the purification of the temple in the time of Hezekiah (2 Ch ...

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Shimrom

"Watchman, the fourth son of Issachar (Gen. 46:13; 1 Chr. 7:1;" "R.V., correctly, "Shimron")." ...

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Shimron

"Watch-post, an ancient city of the Canaanites; with its" "villages, allotted to Zebulun (Josh. 19:15); now probably" "Semunieh, on the northern edge of the plain of Esdraelon, 5" miles west of Nazar ...

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Shimronmeron

"The same, probably, as Shimron (Josh. 12:20)." ...

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Shimshai

"The shining one, or sunny, the secretary of Rehum the" "chancellor, who took part in opposing the rebuilding of the" "temple after the Captivity (Ezra 4:8, 9, 17-23)." ...

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Shinab

"Cooling, the king of Adamah, in the valley of Siddim, who with" his confederates was conquered by Chedorlaomer (Gen. 14:2). ...

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Shinar The Land of

"LXX. and Vulgate "Senaar;" in the inscriptions, "Shumir;" "probably identical with Babylonia or Southern Mesopotamia," extending almost to the Persian Gulf. Here the tower of Babel "was built (Gen. ...

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Shiphmite

"Probably the designation of Zabdi, who has charge of David's" vineyards (1 Chr. 27:27). ...

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Shiphrah

"Beauty, one of the Egyptian midwives (Ex. 1:15)." ...

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Shiphtan

"Judicial, an Ephraimite prince at the time of the division of" Canaan (Num. 34:24). ...

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Ships

Early used in foreign commerce by the Phoenicians (Gen. 49:13). "Moses (Deut. 28:68) and Job (9:26) make reference to them, and" "Balaam speaks of the "ships of Chittim" (Num. 24:24). Solomon" constr ...

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Shishak I

#NAME? "success, and a record of his wars and conquests adorns the" "portico of what are called the "Bubastite kings" at Karnak, the" ancient Thebes. Among these conquests is a record of that of Jude ...

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Shittahtree

"(Isa. 41:19; R.V., "acacia tree"). Shittah wood was employed in" "making the various parts of the tabernacle in the wilderness," and must therefore have been indigenous in the desert in which the Is ...

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Shittim

"Acacias, also called "Abel-shittim" (Num. 33:49), a plain or" valley in the land of Moab where the Israelites were encamped "after their two victories over Sihon and Og, at the close of" "their dese ...

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Shoa

"Opulent, the mountain district lying to the north-east of" "Babylonia, anciently the land of the Guti, or Kuti, the modern" Kurdistan. The plain lying between these mountains and the "Tigris was cal ...

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Shobab

Apostate. (1.) One of David's sons by Bathseheba (2 Sam. 5:14). "(2.) One of the sons of Caleb (1 Chr. 2:18), the son of Hezron. ...

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Shobach

"Poured out, the "captain of the host of Hadarezer" when he" "mustered his vassals and tributaries from beyond "the river" "Euphrates" (2 Sam. 10:15-18); called also Shophach (1 Chr." 19:16). ...

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Shobai

Captors (Ezra 2:42). ...

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Shobal

Pilgrim. (1.) The second son of Seir the Horite; one of the "Horite "dukes" (Gen. 36:20)." "(2.) One of the sons of Caleb, and a descendant of Hur (1 Chr. "2:50, 52; 4:1, 2)." ...

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Shobi

"Captor, son of Nahash of Rabbah, the Ammonite. He showed" kindness to David when he fled from Jerusalem to Mahanaim (2 Sam. 17:27). ...

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Shocho

(2 Chr. 28:18) = Shochoh (1 Sam. 17:1) = Shoco (2 Chr. 11:7). See [585]SOCOH. ...

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Shoe

"Of various forms, from the mere sandal (q.v.) to the complete" covering of the foot. The word so rendered (A.V.) in Deut. "33:25, min'al, "a bar," is derived from a root meaning "to bolt" "or "shut ...

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Shomer

"Watchman. (1.) The mother of Jehozabad, who murdered Joash (2" "Kings 12:21); called also Shimrith, a Moabitess (2 Chr. 24:26)." "(2.) A man of Asher (1 Chr. 7:32); called also Shamer (34). ...

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Shophan

"Hidden, or hollow, a town east of Jordan (Num. 32:35), built by" the children of Gad. This word should probably be joined with "the word preceding it in this passage, Atroth-Shophan, as in the" Revi ...

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Shoshannim

"Lilies, the name of some musical instrument, probably like a" "lily in shape (Ps. 45; 69, title). Some think that an instrument" of six strings is meant. ...

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ShoshannimEduth

"In title of Ps. 80 (R.V. marg., "lilies, a testimony"), probably" the name of the melody to which the psalm was to be sung. ...

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Shrines Silver

Little models and medallions of the temple and image of Diana of Ephesus (Acts 19:24). The manufacture of these was a very large and profitable business. ...

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Shua

Wealth. (1.) A Canaanite whose daughter was married to Judah (1 Chr. 2:3). "(2.) A daughter of Heber the Asherite (1 Chr. 7:32). ...

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Shuah

Prostration; a pit. (1.) One of Abraham's sons by Keturah (Gen. 25:2; Chr. 1:32). (2.) 1 Chr. 4:11. ...

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Shual The land of

"Land of the fox, a district in the tribe of Benjamin (1 Sam." "13:17); possibly the same as Shalim (9:4), in the neighbourhood" of Shaalabbin (Josh. 19:42). ...

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Shuhite

"A designation of Bildad (Job 2:11), probably because he was a" descendant of Shuah. ...

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Shulamite

"The same, as some think, with "Shunammite," from "Shunem:" "otherwise, the import of the word is uncertain (Cant. 6:13;" "R.V., "Shulammite")." ...

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Shunammite

A person of Shunem (1 Kings 1:3; 2 Kings 4:12). The Syr. and "Arab. read "Sulamite." ...

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Shunem

"Two resting-places, a little village in the tribe of Issachar," "to the north of Jezreel and south of Mount Gilboa (Josh. 19:18)," where the Philistines encamped when they came against Saul (1 "Sam. ...

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Shur

"An enclosure; a wall, a part, probably, of the Arabian desert," "on the north-eastern border of Egypt, giving its name to a" wilderness extending from Egypt toward Philistia (Gen. 16:7; 20:1; 25:18; ...

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Shushan

"A lily, the Susa of Greek and Roman writers, once the capital of" "Elam. It lay in the uplands of Susiana, on the east of the" "Tigris, about 150 miles to the north of the head of the Persian" "Gulf ...

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ShushanEduth

"Lily of the testimony, the title of Ps. 60. (See" [586]SHOSHANNIM.) ...

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Sibbecai

"The Lord sustains, one of David's heroes (1 Chr. 11:29), general" of the eighth division of the army (27:11). He slew the giant "Saph in the battle of Gob (2 Sam. 21:18; R.V., "Sibbechai")." Called ...

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Sibmah

"Coolness; fragrance, a town in Reuben, in the territory of Moab," on the east of Jordan (Josh. 13:19); called also Shebam and "Shibmah (Num. 32:3, 38). It was famous for its vines (Isa. 16:9;" "Jer. ...

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Sichem

"=She'chem, (q.v.), Gen. 12:6." ...

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Sickle

Of the Egyptians resembled that in modern use. The ears of corn were cut with it near the top of the straw. There was also a "sickle used for warlike purposes, more correctly, however," "called a pru ...

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Siddim Vale of

"Valley of the broad plains, "which is the salt sea" (Gen. 14:3," "8, 10), between Engedi and the cities of the plain, at the south" "end of the Dead Sea. It was "full of slime-pits" (R.V., "bitumen" ...

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Sidon

"Fishing; fishery, Gen. 10:15, 19 (A.V. marg., Tzidon; R.V.," "Zidon); Matt. 11:21, 22; Luke 6:17. (See [588]ZIDON.)" ...

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Signet

"A seal used to attest documents (Dan. 6:8-10, 12). In 6:17, this" word properly denotes a ring. The impression of a signet ring on fine clay has recently been discovered among the ruins at Nineveh. ...

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Sihon

"Striking down. The whole country on the east of Jordan, from the" "Arnon to the Jabbok, was possessed by the Amorites, whose king," "Sihon, refused to permit the Israelites to pass through his" "ter ...

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Sihor

(correctly Shi'hor) black; dark the name given to the river Nile "in Isa. 23:3; Jer. 2:18. In Josh. 13:3 it is probably "the river" "of Egypt", i.e., the Wady el-Arish (1 Chr. 13:5), which flows" "be ...

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Silas

"Wood, a prominent member of the church at Jerusalem; also called" "Silvanus. He and Judas, surnamed Barsabas, were chosen by the" church there to accompany Paul and Barnabas on their return to Antio ...

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Silk

"Heb. demeshek, "damask," silk cloth manufactured at Damascus," "Amos 3:12. A.V., "in the corner of a bed, and in Damascus in a" "couch;" R.V., "in the corner of a couch, and on the silken" "cushions ...

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Silla

"A highway; a twig, only in 2 Kings 12:20. If taken as a proper" "name (as in the LXX. and other versions), the locality is" unknown. ...

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Siloah The pool of

"Heb. shelah; i.e., "the dart", Neh. 3:15; with the art. shiloah," "sending, Isa. 8:6 (comp. 7:3)=Siloam (q.v.)" ...

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Siloam Pool of

Sent or sending. Here a notable miracle was wrought by our Lord in giving sight to the blind (John 9:7-11). It has been "identified with the Birket Silwan in the lower Tyropoeon valley," to the south ...

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Siloam Tower of

Mentioned only Luke 13:4. The place here spoken of is the "village now called Silwan, or Kefr Silwan, on the east of the" "valley of Kidron, and to the north-east of the pool. It stands" on the west ...

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Silver

"Used for a great variety of purposes, as may be judged from the" frequent references to it in Scripture. It first appears in "commerce in Gen. 13:2; 23:15, 16. It was largely employed for" making ve ...

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Silverling

"(Isa. 7:23). Literally the words are "at a thousand of silver"," "i.e., "pieces of silver," or shekels." ...

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Simeon

Hearing. (1.) The second son of Jacob by Leah (Gen. 29:33). He was associated with Levi in the terrible act of vengeance "against Hamor and the Shechemites (34:25, 26). He was detained" "by Joseph in ...

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Simeon The tribe of

"Was "divided and scattered" according to the prediction in Gen." "49:5-7. They gradually dwindled in number, and sank into a" position of insignificance among the other tribes. They decreased in the ...

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Simon

"The abbreviated form of Simeon. (1.) One of the twelve apostles," called the Canaanite (Matt. 10:4; Mark 3:18). This word "Canaanite does not mean a native of Canaan, but is derived" "from the Syria ...

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Simri

"Watchman, a Levite of the family of Merari (1 Chr. 26:10)." ...

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Sin

"Is "any want of conformity unto or transgression of the law of" "God" (1 John 3:4; Rom. 4:15), in the inward state and habit of" "the soul, as well as in the outward conduct of the life, whether" "b ...

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Sin Wilderness of

"Lying between Elim and sinai (Ex. 16:1; comp. Num. 33:11, 12)." "This was probably the narrow plain of el-Markha, which stretches" along the eastern shore of the Red Sea for several miles toward "th ...

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Sinai

"Of Sin (the moon god), called also Horeb, the name of the" mountain district which was reached by the Hebrews in the third month after the Exodus. Here they remained encamped for about a "whole year ...

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Sinaiticus codex

"Usually designated by the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet," is one of the most valuable of ancient MSS. of the Greek New Testament. On the occasion of a third visit to the convent of "St. Cather ...

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Sinim The land of

"(Isa. 49:12), supposed by some to mean China, but more probably" Phoenicia (Gen. 10:17) is intended. ...

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Sinite

"An inhabitant of Sin, near Arka (Gen. 10:17; 1 Chr. 1:15). (See" [593]ARKITE.) ...

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Sinoffering

"(Heb. hattath), the law of, is given in detail in Lev. 4-6:13;" "9:7-11, 22-24; 12:6-8; 15:2, 14, 25-30; 14:19, 31; Num. 6:10-14." On the day of Atonement it was made with special solemnity (Lev. "1 ...

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Sion

Elevated. (1.) Denotes Mount Hermon in Deut. 4:48; called Sirion "by the Sidonians, and by the Amorites Shenir (Deut. 3:9). (See" [594]HERMON.) "(2.) The Greek form of Zion (q.v.) in Matt. 21:5; John ...

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Siphmoth

"Fruitful places, some unknown place in the south, where David" found friends when he fled from Saul (1 Sam. 30:28). ...

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Sirah

"Retiring, a well from which Joab's messenger brought back Abner" "(2 Sam. 3:26). It is now called `Ain Sarah, and is situated" "about a mile from Hebron, on the road to the north." ...

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Sirion

"A breastplate, the Sidonian name of Hermon (q.v.), Deut. 3:9;" Ps. 29:6. ...

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Sisera

"(Egypt. Ses-Ra, "servant of Ra"). (1.) The captain of Jabin's" "army (Judg. 4:2), which was routed and destroyed by the army of" Barak on the plain of Esdraelon. After all was lost he fled to the se ...

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Sitnah

"Strife, the second of the two wells dug by Isaac, whose servants" here contended with the Philistines (Gen. 26:21). It has been "identified with the modern Shutneh, in the valley of Gerar, to" "the ...

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Sitting

The attitude generally assumed in Palestine by those who were "engaged in any kind of work. "The carpenter saws, planes, and" "hews with his hand-adze, sitting on the ground or upon the plank" "he is ...

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Sivan

"A Persian word (Assyr, sivanu, "bricks"), used after the" "Captivity as the name of the third month of the Jewish year," extending from the new moon in June to the new moon in July (Esther 8:9). ...

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Skin Coats made of

(Gen. 3:21). Skins of rams and badgers were used as a covering for the tabernacle (Ex. 25:5; Num. 4:8-14). ...

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Skull The place of a

See [595]GOLGOTHA. ...

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Slave

"Jer. 2:14 (A.V.), but not there found in the original. In Rev." "18:13 the word "slaves" is the rendering of a Greek word meaning" bodies. The Hebrew and Greek words for slave are usually "rendered ...

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Slime

"(Gen. 11:3; LXX., "asphalt;" R.V. marg., "bitumen"). The vale of" "Siddim was full of slime pits (14:10). Jochebed daubed the "ark" "of bulrushes" with slime (Ex. 2:3). (See [596]PITCH.)" ...

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Sling

With a sling and a stone David smote the Philistine giant (1 "Sam. 17:40, 49). There were 700 Benjamites who were so skilled" "in its use that with the left hand they "could sling stones at a" "hair ...

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Smith

The Hebrews were not permitted by the Philistines in the days of "Samuel to have a smith amongst them, lest they should make them" swords and spears (1 Sam. 13:19). Thus the Philistines sought to mak ...

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Smyrna

"Myrrh, an ancient city of Ionia, on the western coast of Asia" "Minor, about 40 miles to the north of Ephesus. It is now the" "chief city of Anatolia, having a mixed population of about" "200,000, o ...

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Snail

"(1.) Heb. homit, among the unclean creeping things (Lev. 11:30)." "This was probably the sand-lizard, of which there are many" species in the wilderness of Judea and the Sinai peninsula. "(2.) Heb. ...

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Snare

"The expression (Amos 3:5), "Shall one take up a snare from the" "earth?" etc. (Authorized Version), ought to be, as in the" "Revised Version, "Shall a snare spring up from the ground?" etc." (See [5 ...

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Snow

Common in Palestine in winter (Ps. 147:16). The snow on the tops of the Lebanon range is almost always within view throughout the whole year. The word is frequently used figuratively by the sacred wr ...

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So

"(Nubian, Sabako), an Ethiopian king who brought Egypt under his" sway. He was bribed by Hoshea to help him against the Assyrian monarch Shalmaneser (2 Kings 17:4). This was a return to the policy th ...

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Soap

"(Jer. 2:22; Mal. 3:2; Heb. borith), properly a vegetable alkali," "obtained from the ashes of certain plants, particularly the" "salsola kali (saltwort), which abounds on the shores of the Dead" Sea ...

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Socho

"A fence; hedge, (1 Chr. 4:18; R.V., Soco)=So'choh (1 Kings 4:10;" "R.V., Socoh), Sho'choh (1 Sam. 17:1; R.V., Socoh), Sho'co (2" "Chr. 11:7; R.V., Soco), Sho'cho (2 Chr. 28:18; R.V., Soco), a" "city ...

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Sodom

"Burning; the walled, a city in the vale of Siddim (Gen. 13:10;" 14:1-16). The wickedness of its inhabitants brought down upon it "fire from heaven, by which it was destroyed (18:16-33; 19:1-29;" Deu ...

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Sodoma

"(Rom. 9:29; R.V., "Sodom"), the Greek form for Sodom." ...

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Sodomites

Those who imitated the licentious wickedness of Sodom (Deut. "23:17; 1 Kings 14:24; Rom. 1:26, 27). Asa destroyed them "out of" "the land" (1 Kings 15:12), as did also his son Jehoshaphat" (22:46). ...

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Solemn meeting

"(Isa. 1:13), the convocation on the eighth day of the Feast of" "Tabernacles (Lev. 23:36; Num. 29:35, R.V., "solemn assembly;" "marg., "closing festival"). It is the name given also to the" convocat ...

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Solomon

"Peaceful, (Heb. Shelomoh), David's second son by Bathsheba," "i.e., the first after their legal marriage (2 Sam. 12). He was" probably born about B.C. 1035 (1 Chr. 22:5; 29:1). He succeeded "his fat ...

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Solomon Song of

"Called also, after the Vulgate, the "Canticles." It is the "song" "of songs" (1:1), as being the finest and most precious of its" "kind; the noblest song, "das Hohelied," as Luther calls it. The" "S ...

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Solomons Porch

"(John 10:23; Acts 3:11; 5:12), a colonnade, or cloister" "probably, on the eastern side of the temple. It is not mentioned" "in connection with the first temple, but Josephus mentions a" "porch, so ...

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Son of God

"The plural, "sons of God," is used (Gen. 6:2, 4) to denote the" pious descendants of Seth. In Job 1:6; 38:7 this name is applied to the angels. Hosea uses the phrase (1:10) to designate the gracious ...

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Son of man

"(1.) Denotes mankind generally, with special reference to their" weakness and frailty (Job 25:6; Ps. 8:4; 144:3; 146:3; Isa. "51:12, etc.)." "(2.) It is a title frequently given to the prophet Ezeki ...

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Songs

"Of Moses (Ex. 15; Num. 21:17; Deut. 32; Rev. 15:3), Deborah" "(Judg. 5), Hannah (1 Sam. 2), David (2 Sam. 22, and Psalms)," "Mary (Luke 1:46-55), Zacharias (Luke 1:68-79), the angels (Luke" "2:13), ...

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Soothsayer

One who pretends to prognosticate future events. Baalam is so "called (Josh. 13:22; Heb. kosem, a "diviner," as rendered 1 Sam." "6:2; rendered "prudent," Isa. 3:2). In Isa. 2:6 and Micah 5:12" "(Heb ...

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Sop

A morsel of bread (John 13:26; comp. Ruth 2:14). Our Lord took a "piece of unleavened bread, and dipping it into the broth of" "bitter herbs at the Paschal meal, gave it to Judas. (Comp. Ruth" 2:14.) ...

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Sopater

"The father who saves, probably the same as Sosipater, a kinsman" "of Paul (Rom. 16:21), a Christian of the city of Berea who" accompanied Paul into Asia (Acts 20:4-6). ...

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Sorcerer

"From the Latin sortiarius, one who casts lots, or one who tells" the lot of others. (See [603]DIVINATION.) "In Dan. 2:2 it is the rendering of the Hebrew mekhashphim, i.e., "mutterers, men who profe ...

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Sorek

"Choice vine, the name of a valley, i.e., a torrent-bed, now the" "Wady Surar, "valley of the fertile spot," which drains the" "western Judean hills, and flowing by Makkedah and Jabneel, falls" into ...

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Sosipater

(See [604]SOPATER.) ...

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Sosthenes

"Safe in strength, the chief ruler of the synagogue at Corinth," "who was seized and beaten by the mob in the presence of Gallio," "the Roman governor, when he refused to proceed against Paul at" the ...

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South

"Heb. Negeb, that arid district to the south of Palestine through" which lay the caravan route from Central Palestine to Egypt "(Gen. 12:9; 13:1, 3; 46:1-6). "The Negeb comprised a" "considerable but ...

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Sovereignty

"Of God, his absolute right to do all things according to his own" "good pleasure (Dan. 4:25, 35; Rom. 9:15-23; 1 Tim. 6:15; Rev." 4:11). ...

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Spain

"Paul expresses his intention (Rom. 15:24, 28) to visit Spain." "There is, however, no evidence that he ever carried it into" "effect, although some think that he probably did so between his" first a ...

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Sparrow

Mentioned among the offerings made by the very poor. Two "sparrows were sold for a farthing (Matt. 10:29), and five for" two farthings (Luke 12:6). The Hebrew word thus rendered is "tsippor, which pr ...

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Spicery

"Heb. nechoth, identified with the Arabic naka'at, the gum" "tragacanth, obtained from the astralagus, of which there are" about twenty species found in Palestine. The tragacanth of "commerce is obta ...

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Spices

"Aromatic substances, of which several are named in Ex. 30. They" were used in the sacred anointing oil (Ex. 25:6; 35:8; 1 Chr. "9:29), and in embalming the dead (2 Chr. 16:14; Luke 23:56;" "24:1; Jo ...

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Spider

The trust of the hypocrite is compared to the spider's web or house (Job 8:14). It is said of the wicked by Isaiah that they "weave the spider's web (59:5), i.e., their works and designs" "are, like ...

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Spies

"When the Israelites reached Kadesh for the first time, and were" "encamped there, Moses selected twelve spies from among the" "chiefs of the divisions of the tribes, and sent them forth to" "spy the ...

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Spikenard

"(Heb. nerd), a much-valued perfume (Cant. 1:12; 4:13, 14). It" "was "very precious", i.e., very costly (Mark 14:3; John 12:3," "5). It is the root of an Indian plant, the Nardostachys" "jatamansi, o ...

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Spirit

"(Heb. ruah; Gr. pneuma), properly wind or breath. In 2 Thess." "2:8 it means "breath," and in Eccl. 8:8 the vital principle in" "man. It also denotes the rational, immortal soul by which man is" "di ...

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Spirit Holy

See HOLY [607]GHOST. ...

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Sponge

Occurs only in the narrative of the crucifixion (Matt. 27:48; Mark 15:36; John 19:29). It is ranked as a zoophyte. It is found attached to rocks at the bottom of the sea. ...

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Spouse

"(Cant. 4:8-12; Hos. 4:13, 14) may denote either husband or wife," but in the Scriptures it denotes only the latter. ...

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Spring

"(Heb. `ain, "the bright open source, the eye of the landscape")." "To be carefully distinguished from "well" (q.v.). "Springs" mentioned in Josh. 10:40 (Heb. `ashdoth) should rather be "declivities ...

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Stachys

"Spike; an ear of corn, a convert at Rome whom Paul salutes (Rom." 16:9). ...

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Stacte

"(Heb. nataph), one of the components of the perfume which was" "offered on the golden altar (Ex. 30:34; R.V. marg.," "opobalsamum). The Hebrew word is from a root meaning "to" "distil," and it has b ...

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Star Morning

A name figuratively given to Christ (Rev. 22:16; comp. 2 Pet. "1:19). When Christ promises that he will give the "morning star" "to his faithful ones, he "promises that he will give to them" "himself ...

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Stargazers

"(Isa. 47:13), those who pretend to tell what will occur by" "looking upon the stars. The Chaldean astrologers "divined by the" "rising and setting, the motions, aspects, colour, degree of" "light, e ...

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Stars

The eleven stars (Gen. 37:9); the seven (Amos 5:8); wandering "(Jude 1:13); seen in the east at the birth of Christ, probably" some luminous meteors miraculously formed for this specific purpose (Mat ...

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Stater

"Greek word rendered "piece of money" (Matt. 17:27, A.V.; and" "shekel in R.V.). It was equal to two didrachmas ("tribute" "money," 17:24), or four drachmas, and to about 2s. 6d. of our" money. (See ...

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Stealing

See [610]THEFT. ...

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Steel

"The "bow of steel" in (A.V.) 2 Sam. 22:35; Job 20:24; Ps. 18:34" "is in the Revised Version "bow of brass" (Heb." "kesheth-nehushah). In Jer. 15:12 the same word is used, and is" "also rendered in t ...

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Stephanas

"Crown, a member of the church at Corinth, whose family were" "among those the apostle had baptized (1 Cor. 1:16; 16:15, 17)." "He has been supposed by some to have been the "jailer of" "Philippi" (c ...

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Stephen

"One of the seven deacons, who became a preacher of the gospel." He was the first Christian martyr. His personal character and "history are recorded in Acts 6. "He fell asleep" with a prayer" for his ...

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Stoics

"A sect of Greek philosophers at Athens, so called from the Greek" "word stoa i.e., a "porch" or "portico," where they have been" "called "the Pharisees of Greek paganism." The founder of the" "Stoic ...

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Stomacher

"(Isa. 3:24), an article of female attire, probably some sort of" girdle around the breast. ...

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Stone

"Stones were commonly used for buildings, also as memorials of" "important events (Gen. 28:18; Josh. 24:26, 27; 1 Sam. 7:12," etc.). They were gathered out of cultivated fields (Isa. 5:2; comp. 2 Kin ...

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Stones Precious

Frequently referred to (1 Kings 10:2; 2 Chr. 3:6; 9:10; Rev. 18:16; 21:19). There are about twenty different names of such stones in the Bible. They are figuratively introduced to denote "value, beau ...

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Stoning

A form of punishment (Lev. 20:2; 24:14; Deut. 13:10; 17:5; "22:21) prescribed for certain offences. Of Achan (Josh. 7:25)," "Naboth (1 Kings 21), Stephen (Acts 7:59), Paul (Acts 14:19; 2" Cor. 11:25) ...

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Stork

"Heb. hasidah, meaning "kindness," indicating thus the character" "of the bird, which is noted for its affection for its young. It" is in the list of birds forbidden to be eaten by the Levitical "law ...

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Strain at

"Simply a misprint for "strain out" (Matt. 23:24)." ...

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Stranger

This word generally denotes a person from a foreign land residing in Palestine. Such persons enjoyed many privileges in "common with the Jews, but still were separate from them. The" relation of the ...

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Straw

Used in brick-making (Ex. 5:7-18). Used figuratively in Job 41:27; Isa. 11:7; 25:10; 65:25. ...

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Stream of Egypt

"(Isa. 27:12), the Wady el-`Arish, called also "the river of" "Egypt," R.V., "brook of Egypt" (Num. 34:5; Josh. 15:4; 2 Kings" 24:7). It is the natural boundary of Egypt. Occasionally in "winter, whe ...

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Street

"The street called "Straight" at Damascus (Acts 9:11) is "a long" "broad street, running from east to west, about a mile in length," "and forming the principal thoroughfare in the city." In Oriental" ...

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Stripes

"As a punishment were not to exceed forty (Deut. 25:1-3), and" hence arose the custom of limiting them to thirty-nine (2 Cor. 11:24). Paul claimed the privilege of a Roman citizen in regard "to the i ...

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Subscriptions

The subscriptions to Paul's epistles are no part of the "original. In their present form they are ascribed to Euthalius," a bishop of the fifth century. Some of them are obviously incorrect. ...

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Suburbs

"The immediate vicinity of a city or town (Num. 35:3, 7; Ezek." 45:2). In 2 Kings 23:11 the Hebrew word there used (parvarim) "occurs nowhere else. The Revised Version renders it "precincts." The sin ...

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Succoth

Booths. (1.) The first encampment of the Israelites after leaving Ramesses (Ex. 12:37); the civil name of Pithom (q.v.). "(2.) A city on the east of Jordan, identified with Tell Dar'ala, "a high moun ...

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Succothbenoth

"Tents of daughters, supposed to be the name of a Babylonian" "deity, the goddess Zir-banit, the wife of Merodach, worshipped" by the colonists in Samaria (2 Kings 17:30). ...

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Sukkiims

"Dwellers in tents, (Vulg. and LXX., "troglodites;" i.e.," "cave-dwellers in the hills along the Red Sea). Shiskak's army," "with which he marched against Jerusalem, was composed partly of" this trib ...

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Sun

"(Heb. shemesh), first mentioned along with the moon as the two" great luminaries of heaven (Gen. 1:14-18). By their motions and influence they were intended to mark and divide times and seasons. The ...

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Suph

"(Deut. 1:1, R.V.; marg., "some ancient versions have the Red" "Sea," as in the A.V.). Some identify it with Suphah (Num. 21:14," "marg., A.V.) as probably the name of a place. Others identify it" "w ...

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Suphah

"(Num. 21:14, marg.; also R.V.), a place at the south-eastern" "corner of the Dead Sea, the Ghor es-Safieh. This name is found" "in an ode quoted from the "Book of the Wars of the Lord," probably a c ...

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Supper

The principal meal of the day among the Jews. It was partaken of in the early part of the evening (Mark 6:21; John 12:2; 1 Cor. 11:21). (See LORD'S [612]SUPPER.) ...

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Surety

One who becomes responsible for another. Christ is the surety of the better covenant (Heb. 7:22). In him we have the assurance that all its provisions will be fully and faithfully carried out. Solomo ...

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Susanchites

"The inhabitants of Shushan, who joined the other adversaries of" the Jews in the attempt to prevent the rebuilding of the temple (Ezra 4:9). ...

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Susanna

"Lily, with other pious women, ministered to Jesus (Luke 8:3)." ...

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Susi

"The father of Gaddi, who was one of the twelve spies (Num." 13:11). ...

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Swallow

"(1.) Heb. sis (Isa. 38:14; Jer. 8:7), the Arabic for the swift," "which "is a regular migrant, returning in myriads every spring," and so suddenly that while one day not a swift can be seen in "the ...

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Swan

Mentioned in the list of unclean birds (Lev. 11:18; Deut. "14:16), is sometimes met with in the Jordan and the Sea of" Galilee. ...

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Swelling

"Of Jordan (Jer. 12:5), literally the "pride" of Jordan (as in" "R.V.), i.e., the luxuriant thickets of tamarisks, poplars," "reeds, etc., which were the lair of lions and other beasts of" prey. The ...

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Swine

"(Heb. hazir), regarded as the most unclean and the most abhorred" "of all animals (Lev. 11:7; Isa. 65:4; 66:3, 17; Luke 15:15, 16)." "A herd of swine were drowned in the Sea of Galilee (Luke 8:32," ...

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Sword

"Of the Hebrew was pointed, sometimes two-edged, was worn in a" "sheath, and suspended from the girdle (Ex. 32:27; 1 Sam. 31:4; 1" Chr. 21:27; Ps. 149:6: Prov. 5:4; Ezek. 16:40; 21:3-5). "It is a sym ...

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Sycamine tree

"Mentioned only in Luke 17:6. It is rendered by Luther "mulberry" "tree" (q.v.), which is most probably the correct rendering. It" "is found of two species, the black mulberry (Morus nigra) and" "the ...

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Sycamore

"More properly sycomore (Heb. shikmoth and shikmim, Gr." "sycomoros), a tree which in its general character resembles the" "fig-tree, while its leaves resemble those of the mulberry; hence" "it is ca ...

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Sychar

"Liar or drunkard (see Isa. 28:1, 7), has been from the time of" the Crusaders usually identified with Sychem or Shechem (John "4:5). It has now, however, as the result of recent explorations," "been ...

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Sychem

See [613]SHECHEM. ...

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Syene

"Opening (Ezek. 29:10; 30:6), a town of Egypt, on the borders of" "Ethiopia, now called Assouan, on the right bank of the Nile," notable for its quarries of beautiful red granite called "syenite. It ...

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Synagogue

"(Gr. sunagoge, i.e., "an assembly"), found only once in the" "Authorized Version of Ps. 74:8, where the margin of Revised" "Version has "places of assembly," which is probably correct; for" "while t ...

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Syntyche

"Fortunate; affable, a female member of the church at Philippi," "whom Paul beseeches to be of one mind with Euodias (Phil. 4:2," 3). ...

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Syracuse

"A city on the south-east coast of Sicily, where Paul landed and" remained three days when on his way to Rome (Acts 28:12). It was distinguished for its magnitude and splendour. It is now a small "to ...

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Syria

"(Heb. Aram), the name in the Old Testament given to the whole" "country which lay to the north-east of Phoenicia, extending to" beyond the Euphrates and the Tigris. Mesopotamia is called (Gen. "24:1 ...

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Syriac

"(2 Kings 18:26; Ezra 4:7; Dan. 2:4), more correctly rendered" "Aramaic, including both the Syriac and the Chaldee languages." "In the New Testament there are several Syriac words, such as" "Eloi, El ...

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Syrophenician

"a Greek, a Syrophenician by nation (Mark 7:26), i.e., a" Gentile born in the Phoenician part of Syria. (See [615]PHENICIA.) "When our Lord retired into the borderland of Tyre and Sidon "(Matt. 15:21 ...

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