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161 terms and definitions for "G"


Gaal

"Loathing, the son of Ebed, in whom the Shechemites "placed their "confidence" when they became discontented with Abimelech. He" "headed the revolution, and led out the men of Shechem against" "Abime ...

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Gaash

"A shaking, a hill, on the north side of which Joshua was buried" "(Josh. 24:30; Judg. 2:9), in the territory of Ephraim. (See" [226]TIMNATH-SERAH.) ...

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Gabbatha

"Gab Baitha, i.e., "the ridge of the house" = "the temple-mound," on a part of which the fortress of Antonia was built. This "temple-mound was covered with a tesselated "pavement" (Gr." "lithostroton ...

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Gabriel

"Champion of God, used as a proper name to designate the angel" who was sent to Daniel (8:16) to explain the vision of the ram "and the he-goat, and to communicate the prediction of the" seventy week ...

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Gad

"Fortune; luck. (1.) Jacob's seventh son, by Zilpah, Leah's" "handmaid, and the brother of Asher (Gen. 30:11-13; 46:16, 18)." "In the Authorized Version of 30:11 the words, "A troop cometh:" "and she ...

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Gadara

The capital of the Roman province of Peraea. It stood on the summit of a mountain about 6 miles south-east of the Sea of Galilee. Mark (5:1) and Luke (8:26-39) describe the miracle of the healing of ...

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Gadarenes

"The inhabitants of Gadara, in Revised Version "Gerasenes" (Mark" "5:1; Luke 8:26, 37). In Matt. 8:28 they are called Gergesenes," "Revised Version "Gadarenes." ...

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Gaddi

"Fortunate, the representative of the tribe of Manasseh among the" "twelve "spies" sent by Moses to spy the land (Num. 13:11)." ...

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Gaddiel

"Fortune (i.e., sent) of God, the representative of the tribe of" Zebulum among the twelve spies (Num. 13:10). ...

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Gahar

"Lurking-place, one of the chief of the Nethinim, whose" descendants returned to Jerusalem under Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:47). ...

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Gaius

"(1.) A Macedonian, Paul's fellow-traveller, and his host at" Corinth when he wrote his Epistle to the Romans (16:23). He with his household were baptized by Paul (1 Cor. 1:14). During a heathen outb ...

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Galatia

"Has been called the "Gallia" of the East, Roman writers calling" its inhabitants Galli. They were an intermixture of Gauls and "Greeks, and hence were called Gallo-Graeci, and the country" Gallo-Gra ...

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Galatians Epistle to

The genuineness of this epistle is not called in question. Its Pauline origin is universally acknowledged. "Occasion of. The churches of Galatia were founded by Paul "himself (Acts 16:6; Gal. 1:8; 4: ...

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Galbanum

"Heb. helbenah, (Ex. 30:34), one of the ingredients in the holy" "incense. It is a gum, probably from the Galbanum officinale." ...

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Galeed

"Heap of witness, the name of the pile of stones erected by Jacob" and Laban to mark the league of friendship into which they "entered with each other (Gen. 31:47, 48). This was the name" "given to t ...

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Galilean

An inhabitant or native of Galilee. This word was used as a name of contempt as applied to our Lord's disciples (Luke 22:59; Acts "2:7). All the apostles, with the exception of Judas Iscariot" "(Acts ...

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Galilee

Circuit. Solomon rewarded Hiram for certain services rendered him by the gift of an upland plain among the mountains of "Naphtali. Hiram was dissatisfied with the gift, and called it" the land of Cab ...

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Galilee Sea of

"(Matt. 4:18; 15:29), is mentioned in the Bible under three other" "names. (1.) In the Old Testament it is called the "sea of" "Chinnereth" (Num. 34:11; Josh. 12:3; 13:27), as is supposed from" "its ...

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Gall

"(1) Heb. mererah, meaning "bitterness" (Job 16:13); i.e., the" bile secreted in the liver. This word is also used of the poison "of asps (20:14), and of the vitals, the seat of life (25)." "(2.) Heb ...

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Gallery

"(1.) Heb. `attik (Ezek. 41:15, 16), a terrace; a projection;" ledge. "(2.) Heb. rahit (Cant. 1:17), translated "rafters," marg. galleries; probably panel-work or fretted ceiling. ...

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Gallim

"Heaps, (1 Sam. 25:44; Isa. 10:30). The native place of Phalti," "to whom Michal was given by Saul. It was probably in Benjamin," to the north of Jerusalem. ...

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Gallio

"The elder brother of Seneca the philosopher, who was tutor and" "for some time minister of the emperor Nero. He was "deputy"," "i.e., proconsul, as in Revised Version, of Achaia, under the" "emperor ...

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Gallows

"Heb. `ets, meaning "a tree" (Esther 6:4), a post or gibbet. In" "Gen. 40:19 and Deut. 21:22 the word is rendered "tree." ...

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Gamaliel

Reward of God. (1.) A chief of the tribe of Manasseh at the "census at Sinai (Num. 1:10; 2:20; 7:54, 59)." "(2.) The son of rabbi Simeon, and grandson of the famous rabbi "Hillel. He was a Pharisse, ...

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Games

(1.) Of children (Zech. 8:5; Matt. 11:16). The Jewish youth were also apparently instructed in the use of the bow and the sling (Judg. 20:16; 1 Chr. 12:2). "(2.) Public games, such as were common amo ...

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Gammadim

"(Ezek. 27:11) brave warriors; R.V. marg., "valorous men;" others" "interpret this word as meaning "short-swordsmen," or "daring" "ones", the name of a class of men who were defenders of the" towers ...

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Gamul

Weaned the leader of one of the priestly courses (1 Chr. 24:17). ...

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Gap

A rent or opening in a wall (Ezek. 13:5; comp. Amos 4:3). The "false prophets did not stand in the gap (Ezek. 22: 30), i.e.," they did nothing to stop the outbreak of wickedness. ...

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Gardens

"Mentioned in Scripture, of Eden (Gen. 2:8, 9); Ahab's garden of" herbs (1 Kings 21:2); the royal garden (2 Kings 21:18); the royal garden at Susa (Esther 1:5); the garden of Joseph of Arimathea (Joh ...

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Gareb

"Scabby; itch. (1.) One of David's warriors (2 Sam. 23:38), an" Ithrite. "(2.) A hill near Jerusalem (Jer. 31:39), probably the hill of "lepers, and consequently a place outside the boundary of the" ...

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Garlands

(Acts 14:13). In heathen sacrifices the victims were adorned "with fillets and garlands made of wool, with leaves and flowers" interwoven. The altar and the priests and attendants were also in like m ...

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Garlic

"(Heb. shum, from its strong odour), mentioned only once (Num." 11:5). The garlic common in Eastern countries is the Allium "sativum or Allium Ascalonicum, so called from its having been" brought int ...

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Garner

"(1.) Heb. `otsar, a treasure; a store of goods laid up, and" hence also the place where they are deposited (Joel 1:17; 2 Chr. "32:27, rendered "treasury")." "(2.) Heb. mezev, a cell, storeroom (Ps. ...

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Garnish

"Overlay with stones (2 Chr. 3:6), adorn (Rev. 21:19), deck with" "garlands (Matt. 23:29), furnish (12:44)." "In Job 26:13 (Heb. shiphrah, meaning "brightness"), "By his "spirit the heavens are brigh ...

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Garrison

"(1.) Heb. matstsab, a station; a place where one stands (1 Sam." "14:12); a military or fortified post (1 Sam. 13:23; 14:1, 4, 6," etc.). "(2.) Heb. netsib, a prefect, superintendent; hence a milita ...

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Gate

"(1.) Of cities, as of Jerusalem (Jer. 37:13; Neh. 1:3; 2:3;" "3:3), of Sodom (Gen. 19:1), of Gaza (Judg. 16:3)." "(2.) Of royal palaces (Neh. 2:8). "(3.) Of the temple of Solomon (1 Kings 6:34, 35; ...

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Gath

"A wine-vat, one of the five royal cities of the Philistines" "(Josh. 13:3) on which the ark brought calamity (1 Sam. 5:8, 9;" 6:17). It was famous also as being the birthplace or residence "of Golia ...

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Gathhepher

"Wine-press of the well, a town of Lower Galilee, about 5 miles" from Nazareth; the birthplace of Jonah (2 Kings 14:25); the same as Gittah-hepher (Josh. 19:13). It has been identified with the "mode ...

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Gathrimmon

Press of the pomegranate. (1.) A Levitical city in the tribe of Dan (Josh. 19:45; 21:24; 1 Chr. 6:69). "(2.) Another city of the same name in Manasseh, west of the "Jordan (Josh. 21:25), called also ...

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Gaulanitis

"A name derived from "Golan" (q.v.), one of the cities of refuge" in the territory of Manasseh (Josh. 20:8; 21:27; Deut. 4:43). This was one of the provinces ruled by Herod Antipas. It lay to "the ea ...

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Gaza

"Called also Azzah, which is its Hebrew name (Deut. 2:23; 1 Kings" "4:24; Jer. 25:20), strong, a city on the Mediterranean shore," remarkable for its early importance as the chief centre of a great c ...

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Geba

"The hill, (2 Sam. 5:25 [1 Chr. 14:16, "Gibeon"]; 2 Kings 23:8;" "Neh. 11:31), a Levitical city of Benjamin (1 Kings 15:22; 1 Sam." "13:16; 14:5, wrongly "Gibeah" in the A.V.), on the north border" " ...

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Gebal

"A line (or natural boundary, as a mountain range). (1.) A tract" in the land of Edom south of the Dead Sea (Ps. 83:7); now called Djebal. "(2.) A Phoenician city, not far from the sea coast, to the ...

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Gebalites

"(1 Kings 5:18 R.V., in A.V. incorrectly rendered, after the" "Targum, "stone-squarers," but marg. "Giblites"), the inhabitants" of Gebal (2). ...

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Geber

"A valiant man, (1 Kings 4:19), one of Solomon's purveyors," "having jurisdiction over a part of Gilead, comprising all the" kingdom of Sihon and part of the kingdom of Og (Deut. 2; 31). ...

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Gebim

"Cisterns, (rendered "pits," Jer. 14:3; "locusts," Isa. 33:4), a" "small place north of Jerusalem, whose inhabitants fled at the" approach of the Assyrian army (Isa. 10:31). It is probably the modern ...

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Gedaliah

"Made great by Jehovah. (1.) the son of Jeduthum (1 Chr. 25:3," "9). (2.) The grandfather of the prophet Zephaniah, and the" father of Cushi (Zeph. 1:1). (3.) One of the Jewish nobles who "conspired ...

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Geder

"A walled place, (Josh. 12:13), perhaps the same as Gederah or" Gedor (15:58). ...

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Gederah

"The fortress; a fortified place, a town in the plain (shephelah)" of Judah (Josh. 15:36). This is a very common Canaanite and Phoenician name. It is the feminine form of Geder (12:13); the plural fo ...

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Gederathite

"An epithet applied to Josabad, one of David's warriors at Ziklag" "(1 Chr. 12:4), a native of Gederah." ...

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Gedor

A wall. (1.) A city in the mountains or hill country of Judah "(Josh. 15:58), identified with Jedar, between Jerusalem and" Hebron. "(2.) 1 Chr. 4:39, the Gederah of Josh. 15:36, or the well-known "G ...

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Gehazi

"Valley of vision, Elisha's trusted servant (2 Kings 4:31; 5:25;" "8:4, 5). He appears in connection with the history of the" "Shunammite (2 Kings 4:14, 31) and of Naaman the Syrian. On this" latter ...

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Gehenna

"(originally Ge bene Hinnom; i.e., "the valley of the sons of" "Hinnom"), a deep, narrow glen to the south of Jerusalem, where" the idolatrous Jews offered their children in sacrifice to Molech (2 Ch ...

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Geliloth

"Circles; regions, a place in the border of Benjamin (Josh." 18:17); called Gilgal in 15:7. ...

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Gemariah

"Jehovah has made perfect. (1.) The son of Shaphan, and one of" the Levites of the temple in the time of Jehoiakim (Jer. 36:10; 2 Kings 22:12). Baruch read aloud to the people from Gemariah's "chambe ...

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Generation

"Gen. 2:4, "These are the generations," means the "history." 5:1," "The book of the generations, means a family register, or" "history of Adam. 37:2, "The generations of Jacob" = the history" "of Jac ...

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Genesis

"The five books of Moses were collectively called the Pentateuch," "a word of Greek origin meaning "the five-fold book." The Jews" "called them the Torah, i.e., "the law." It is probable that the" di ...

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Gennesaret

"A garden of riches. (1.) A town of Naphtali, called Chinnereth" "(Josh. 19:35), sometimes in the plural form Chinneroth (11:2)." In later times the name was gradually changed to Genezar and Gennesar ...

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Gentiles

"(Heb., usually in plural, goyim), meaning in general all nations" "except the Jews. In course of time, as the Jews began more and" "more to pride themselves on their peculiar privileges, it" "acquir ...

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Genubath

"Theft, the son of Hadad, of the Edomitish royal family. He was" brought up in Pharaoh's household. His mother was a sister of "Tahpenes, the king of Egypt's wife, mentioned in 1 Kings 11:20." ...

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Gera

Grain. (1.) The son of Bela and grandson of Benjamin (1 Chr. "8:3, 5, 7)." "(2.) The father of Ehud the judge (Judg. 3:15). "(3.) The father of Shimei, who so grossly abused David (2 Sam. "16:5; 19:1 ...

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Gerah

"A bean, probably of the carob tree, the smallest weight, and" "also the smallest piece of money, among the Hebrews, equal to" the twentieth part of a shekel (Ex. 30:13; Lev. 27:25; Num. 3:47). This ...

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Gerar

"A region; lodging-place, a very ancient town and district in the" "south border of Palestine, which was ruled over by a king named" "Abimelech (Gen. 10:19; 20:1, 2). Abraham sojourned here, and" per ...

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Gergesa

"=Gerasa, identified with the modern Khersa, "over against" "Galilee," close to the lake. This was probably the scene of the" "miracle, Mark 5:1-20, etc. "From the base of the great plateau" "of Bash ...

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Gerizim

"A mountain of Samaria, about 3,000 feet above the Mediterranean." It was on the left of the valley containing the ancient town of "Shechem (q.v.), on the way to Jerusalem. It stood over against" "Mo ...

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Gershom

"Expulsion. (1.) The eldest son of Levi (1 Chr. 6:16, 17, 20, 43," "62, 71; 15:7)=GERSHON (q.v.)." "(2.) The elder of the two sons of Moses born to him in Midian "(Ex. 2:22; 18:3). On his way to Egyp ...

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Gershon

"=Ger'shom expulsion, the eldest of Levi's three sons (Gen." 46:11; Ex. 6:16). "In the wilderness the sons of Gershon had charge of the fabrics "of the tabernacle when it was moved from place to plac ...

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Geshem

"Or Gashmu, firmness, probably chief of the Arabs south of" "Palestine, one of the enemies of the Jews after the return from" "Babylon (Neh. 2:19; 6:1, 2). He united with Sanballat and Tobiah" in opp ...

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Geshur

"Bridge, the name of a district or principality of Syria near" "Gilead, between Mount Hermon and the Lake of Tiberias (2 Sam." 15:8; 1 Chr. 2:23). The Geshurites probably inhabited the rocky "fastnes ...

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Geshurites

(1.) The inhabitants of Geshur. They maintained friendly relations with the Israelites on the east of Jordan (Josh. 12:5; "13:11, 13)." "(2.) Another aboriginal people of Palestine who inhabited the ...

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Gethsemane

"Oil-press, the name of an olive-yard at the foot of the Mount of" "Olives, to which Jesus was wont to retire (Luke 22:39) with his" "disciples, and which is specially memorable as being the scene" o ...

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Gezer

"A precipice, an ancient royal Canaanitish city (Josh. 10:33;" 12:12). It was allotted with its suburbs to the Kohathite Levites (21:21; 1 Chr. 6:67). It stood between the lower Beth-horon and the se ...

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Ghost

An old Saxon word equivalent to soul or spirit. It is the "translation of the Hebrew nephesh_ and the Greek _pneuma, both" "meaning "breath," "life," "spirit," the "living principle" (Job" "11:20; Je ...

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Giants

"(1.) Heb. nephilim, meaning "violent" or "causing to fall" (Gen." "6:4). These were the violent tyrants of those days, those who" fell upon others. The word may also be derived from a root "signifyi ...

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Gibbethon

"A height, a city of the Philistines in the territory of Dan," given to the Kohathites (Josh. 19:44; 21:23). Nadab the king of "Israel, while besieging it, was slain under its walls by Baasha," one o ...

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Gibeah

"A hill or hill-town, "of Benjamin" (1 Sam. 13:15), better known" "as "Gibeah of Saul" (11:4; Isa. 10:29). It was here that the" terrible outrage was committed on the Levite's concubine which led to ...

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Gibeah of Judah

"(Josh. 15:57), a city in the mountains of Judah, the modern" "Jeba, on a hill in the Wady Musurr, about 7 1/2 miles" west-south-west of Bethlehem. ...

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Gibeah of Phinehas

"(Josh. 15:57, R.V. marg.), a city on Mount Ephraim which had" "been given to Phinehas (24:33 "hill," A.V.; R.V. marg. and Heb.," Gibeah.). Here Eleazar the son of Aaron was buried. It has "been iden ...

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Gibeahhaaraloth

"(Josh. 5:3, marg.), hill of the foreskins, a place at Gilgal" where those who had been born in the wilderness were "circumcised. All the others, i.e., those who were under twenty" "years old at the ...

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Gibeon

"Hill-city, "one of the royal cities, greater than Ai, and all" "the men thereof were mighty" (Josh. 10:2). Its inhabitants were" "Hivites (11:19). It lay within the territory of Benjamin, and" becam ...

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Gideon

"Called also Jerubbaal (Judg. 6:29, 32), was the first of the" judges whose history is circumstantially narrated (Judg. 6-8). His calling is the commencement of the second period in the history of th ...

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Gier eagle

"Heb. raham = "parental affection," Lev. 11:18; Deut. 14:17;" "R.V., "vulture"), a species of vulture living entirely on" "carrion. "It is about the size of a raven; has an almost" "triangular, bald, ...

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Gift

"(1.) An gratuity (Prov. 19:6) to secure favour (18:16; 21:14), a" "thank-offering (Num. 18:11), or a dowry (Gen. 34:12)." "(2.) An oblation or proppitatory gift (2Sa 8:2, 6; 1Ch 18:2, 6; 2Ch 26:8; P ...

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Gifts spiritual

"(Gr. charismata), gifts supernaturally bestowed on the early" "Christians, each having his own proper gift or gifts for the" edification of the body of Christ. These were the result of the "extraord ...

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Gihon

A stream. (1.) One of the four rivers of Eden (Gen. 2:13). It "has been identified with the Nile. Others regard it as the Oxus," "or the Araxes, or the Ganges. But as, according to the sacred" "narra ...

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Gilboa

"Boiling spring, a mountain range, now Jebel Fukua', memorable as" the scene of Saul's disastrous defeat by the Philistines. Here "also his three sons were slain, and he himself died by his own" "han ...

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Gilead

"Hill of testimony, (Gen. 31:21), a mountainous region east of" "Jordan. From its mountainous character it is called "the mount" "of Gilead" (Gen. 31:25). It is called also "the land of Gilead" "(Num ...

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Gilead Balm of

"The region of Gilead abounded in spices and aromatic gums, which" were exported to Egypt and Tyre (Gen. 37:25; Jer. 8:22; 46:11; "Ezek. 27:17). The word "balm" is a contracted form of "balsam," "a w ...

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Gilgal

Rolling. (1.) From the solemn transaction of the reading of the law in the valley of Shechem between Ebal and Gerizim the "Israelites moved forward to Gilgal, and there made a permanent" "camp (Josh. ...

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Giloh

"Exile, a city in the south-west part of the hill-country of" Judah (Josh. 15:51). It was the native place or residence of the "traitor Ahithophel "the Gilonite" (Josh. 15:51; 2 Sam. 15:12)," and whe ...

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Gimzo

"A place fertile in sycamores, a city in the plain of Judah, the" villages of which were seized by the Philistines (2 Chr. 28:18). "It is now called Jimzu, about 3 miles south-east of Ludd, i.e.," Ly ...

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Gin

"A trap. (1.) Ps. 140:5, 141:9, Amos 3:5, the Hebrew word used," "mokesh, means a noose or "snare," as it is elsewhere rendered" "(Ps. 18:5; Prov. 13:14, etc.)." "(2.) Job 18:9, Isa. 8:14, Heb. pah, ...

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Girdle

"(1.) Heb. hagor, a girdle of any kind worn by soldiers (1 Sam." 18:4; 2 Sam. 20:8; 1 Kings 2:5; 2 Kings 3:21) or women (Isa. 3:24). "(2.) Heb. `ezor, something "bound," worn by prophets (2 Kings "1: ...

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Girgashite

"Dwelling in clayey soil, the descendants of the fifth son of" "Canaan (Gen. 10:16), one of the original tribes inhabiting the" land of Canaan before the time of the Israelites (Gen. 15:21; Deut. 7:1 ...

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Gittahhepher

(Josh. 19:13). See [242]GATH-HEPHER. ...

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Gittaim

"Two wine-presses, (2 Sam. 4:3; Neh. 11:33), a town probably in" Benjamin to which the Beerothites fled. ...

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Gittite

"A native of the Philistine city of Gath (Josh. 13:3). Obed-edom," "in whose house the ark was placed, is so designated (2 Sam." 6:10). Six hundred Gittites came with David from Gath into "Israel (15 ...

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Gittith

A stringed instrument of music. This word is found in the titles "of Ps. 8, 81, 84. In these places the LXX. render the word by" "on the wine-fats. The Targum explains by "on the harp which" "David b ...

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Gizonite

"A name given to Hashem, an inhabitant of Gizoh, a place" "somewhere in the mountains of Judah (1 Chr. 11:34; 2 Sam. 23:32," 34). ...

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Glass

Was known to the Egyptians at a very early period of their "national history, at least B.C. 1500. Various articles both" "useful and ornamental were made of it, as bottles, vases, etc. A" glass bottl ...

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Glean

"The corners of fields were not to be reaped, and the sheaf" "accidentally left behind was not to be fetched away, according" to the law of Moses (Lev. 19:9; 23:22; Deut. 24:21). They were to be left ...

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Glede

"An Old English name for the common kite, mentioned only in Deut." "14:13 (Heb. ra'ah), the Milvus ater or black kite. The Hebrew" "word does not occur in the parallel passage in Leviticus (11:14," " ...

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Glorify

"(1.) To make glorious, or cause so to appear (John 12:28; 13:31," "32; 17:4, 5)." "(2.) Spoken of God to "shew forth his praise" (1 Cor. 6:20; 10:31). ...

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Glory

"(Heb. kabhod; Gr. doxa). (1.) Abundance, wealth, treasure, and" hence honour (Ps. 49:12); glory (Gen. 31:1; Matt. 4:8; Rev. "21:24, 26)." "(2.) Honour, dignity (1 Kings 3:13; Heb. 2:7 1 Pet. 1:24); ...

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Glutton

"(Deut. 21:20), Heb. zolel, from a word meaning "to shake out," "to squander; and hence one who is prodigal, who wastes his" "means by indulgence. In Prov. 23:21, the word means debauchees" "or waste ...

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Gnash

"Heb. harak, meaning "to grate the teeth", (Job 16:9; Ps. 112:10;" "Lam. 2:16), denotes rage or sorrow. (See also Acts 7:54; Mark" 9:18.) ...

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Gnat

"Only in Matt. 23:24, a small two-winged stinging fly of the" "genus Culex, which includes mosquitoes. Our Lord alludes here to" "the gnat in a proverbial expression probably in common use, "who" "st ...

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Goad

"(Heb. malmad, only in Judg. 3: 31), an instrument used by" ploughmen for guiding their oxen. Shamgar slew six hundred "Philistines with an ox-goad. "The goad is a formidable weapon." "It is sometime ...

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Goat

"(1.) Heb. `ez, the she-goat (Gen. 15:9; 30:35; 31:38). This" Hebrew word is also used for the he-goat (Ex. 12:5; Lev. 4:23; "Num. 28:15), and to denote a kid (Gen. 38:17, 20). Hence it may" be regar ...

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Goath

"A lowing, a place near Jerusalem, mentioned only in Jer. 31:39." ...

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Gob

"A pit, a place mentioned in 2 Sam. 21:18, 19; called also Gezer," in 1 Chr. 20:4. ...

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Goblet

"A laver or trough for washing garments. In Cant. 7:2, a bowl or" "drinking vessel, a bowl for mixing wine; in Ex. 24:6, a" sacrificial basin. (See [244]CUP.) ...

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God

"(A.S. and Dutch God; Dan. Gud; Ger. Gott), the name of the" "Divine Being. It is the rendering (1) of the Hebrew 'El, from a" "word meaning to be strong; (2) of 'Eloah_, plural _'Elohim. The" "singu ...

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Godhead

"(Acts 17:29; Rom. 1:20; Col. 2:9), the essential being or the" nature of God. ...

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Godliness

"The whole of practical piety (1 Tim. 4:8; 2 Pet. 1:6). "It" "supposes knowledge, veneration, affection, dependence," "submission, gratitude, and obedience." In 1 Tim. 3:16 it denotes" the substance ...

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Goel

"In Hebrew the participle of the verb gaal, "to redeem." It is" "rendered in the Authorized Version "kinsman," Num. 5:8; Ruth" "3:12; 4:1, 6, 8; "redeemer," Job 19:25; "avenger," Num. 35:12;" "Deut. ...

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Gog

"(1.) A Reubenite (1 Chr. 5:4), the father of Shimei." "(2.) The name of the leader of the hostile party described in "Ezek. 38, 39, as coming from the "north country" and assailing" the people of Is ...

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Golan

"Exile, a city of Bashan (Deut. 4:43), one of the three cities of" "refuge east of Jordan, about 12 miles north-east of the Sea of" Galilee (Josh. 20:8). There are no further notices of it in "Script ...

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Gold

"(1.) Heb. zahab, so called from its yellow colour (Ex. 25:11; 1" Chr. 28:18; 2 Chr. 3:5). "(2.) Heb. segor, from its compactness, or as being enclosed or "treasured up; thus precious or "fine gold" ...

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Golden calf

"(Ex. 32:4, 8; Deut. 9:16; Neh. 9:18). This was a molten image of" a calf which the idolatrous Israelites formed at Sinai. This symbol was borrowed from the custom of the Egyptians. It was destroyed ...

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Goldsmith

"(Neh. 3:8, 32; Isa. 40:19; 41:7; 46:6). The word so rendered" means properly a founder or finer. ...

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Golgotha

The common name of the spot where Jesus was crucified. It is "interpreted by the evangelists as meaning "the place of a skull" (Matt. 27:33; Mark 15:22; John 19:17). This name represents in "Greek le ...

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Goliath

"Great. (1.) A famous giant of Gath, who for forty days openly" "defied the armies of Israel, but was at length slain by David" with a stone from a sling (1 Sam. 17:4). He was probably descended from ...

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Gomer

"Complete; vanishing. (1.) The daughter of Diblaim, who (probably" in vision only) became the wife of Hosea (1:3). "(2.) The eldest son of Japheth, and father of Ashkenaz, Riphath, "and Togarmah (Gen ...

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Gomorrah

"Submersion, one of the five cities of the plain of Siddim (q.v.)" "which were destroyed by fire (Gen. 10:19; 13:10; 19:24, 28)." "These cities probably stood close together, and were near the" north ...

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Goodly trees

"Boughs of, were to be carried in festive procession on the first" day of the feast of Tabernacles (Lev. 23:40). This was probably "the olive tree (Neh. 8:15), although no special tree is" mentioned. ...

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Goodness

"In man is not a mere passive quality, but the deliberate" "preference of right to wrong, the firm and persistent resistance" "of all moral evil, and the choosing and following of all moral" good. ...

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Goodness of God

A perfection of his character which he exercises towards his creatures according to their various circumstances and relations "(Ps. 145:8, 9; 103:8; 1 John 4:8). Viewed generally, it is" benevolence; ...

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Gopher

A tree from the wood of which Noah was directed to build the ark (Gen. 6:14). It is mentioned only there. The LXX. render this "word by "squared beams," and the Vulgate by "planed wood." Other" "vers ...

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Goshen

"(1.) A district in Egypt where Jacob and his family settled, and" "in which they remained till the Exodus (Gen. 45:10; 46:28, 29," "31, etc.). It is called "the land of Goshen" (47:27), and also" "s ...

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Gospel

"A word of Anglo-Saxon origin, and meaning "God's spell", i.e.," "word of God, or rather, according to others, "good spell", i.e.," "good news. It is the rendering of the Greek evangelion, i.e.," "go ...

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Gospels

The central fact of Christian preaching was the intelligence that the Saviour had come into the world (Matt. 4:23; Rom. 10:15); and the first Christian preachers who called their account of the perso ...

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Gourd

"(1.) Jonah's gourd (Jonah 4:6-10), bearing the Hebrew name" "kikayon (found only here), was probably the kiki of the" "Egyptians, the croton. This is the castor-oil plant, a species" "of ricinus, th ...

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Government of God

See [250]PROVIDENCE. ...

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Governments

"(1 Cor. 12:28), the powers which fit a man for a place of" "influence in the church; "the steersman's art; the art of" "guiding aright the vessel of church or state." ...

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Governor

"(1.) Heb. nagid, a prominent, conspicuous person, whatever his" "capacity: as, chief of the royal palace (2 Chr. 28:7; comp. 1" "Kings 4:6), chief of the temple (1 Chr. 9:11; Jer. 20:1), the" "leade ...

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Gozan

A region in Central Asia to which the Israelites were carried away captive (2 Kings 17:6; 1 Chr. 5:26; 2 Kings 19:12; Isa. "37:12). It was situated in Mesopotamia, on the river Habor (2" "Kings 17:6; ...

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Grace

"(1.) Of form or person (Prov. 1:9; 3:22; Ps. 45:2). (2.) Favour," "kindness, friendship (Gen. 6:8; 18:3; 19:19; 2 Tim. 1:9). (3.)" God's forgiving mercy (Rom. 11:6; Eph. 2:5). (4.) The gospel as dis ...

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Grace means of

"An expression not used in Scripture, but employed (1) to denote" those institutions ordained by God to be the ordinary channels "of grace to the souls of men. These are the Word, Sacraments," and Pr ...

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Graft

The process of inoculating fruit-trees (Rom. 11:17-24). It is peculiarly appropriate to olive-trees. The union thus of branches to a stem is used to illustrate the union of true believers to the true ...

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Grain

"Used, in Amos 9:9, of a small stone or kernel; in Matt. 13:31," "of an individual seed of mustard; in John 12:24, 1 Cor. 15:37," "of wheat. The Hebrews sowed only wheat, barley, and spelt; rye" and ...

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Grape

"The fruit of the vine, which was extensively cultivated in" "Palestine. Grapes are spoken of as "tender" (Cant. 2:13, 15)," "unripe (Job 15:33), "sour" (Isa. 18:5), "wild" (Isa. 5:2, 4)." "(See Rev. ...

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Grass

"(1.) Heb. hatsir, ripe grass fit for mowing (1 Kings 18:5; Job" 40:15; Ps. 104:14). As the herbage rapidly fades under the "scorching sun, it is used as an image of the brevity of human" "life (Isa. ...

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Grasshopper

Belongs to the class of neuropterous insects called Gryllidae. This insect is not unknown in Palestine. "In Judg. 6:5; 7:12; Job 39:30; Jer. 46:23, where the Authorized "Version has "grasshopper," th ...

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Grate

A network of brass for the bottom of the great altar of "sacrifice (Ex. 27:4; 35:16; 38:4, 5, 30)." ...

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Grave

Among the ancient Hebrews graves were outside of cities in the open field (Luke 7:12; John 11:30). Kings (1 Kings 2:10) and prophets (1 Sam. 25:1) were generally buried within cities. "Graves were ge ...

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Graven image

"Deut. 27:15; Ps. 97:7 (Heb. pesel), refers to the household gods" "of idolaters. "Every nation and city had its own gods...Yet" "every family had its separate household or tutelary god." ...

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Graving

"(1.) Heb. hatsabh. Job 19:24, rendered "graven," but generally" "means hewn stone or wood, in quarry or forest." "(2.) Heb. harush. Jer. 17:1, rendered "graven," and indicates "generally artistic wo ...

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Greaves

"Only in 1 Sam. 17:6, a piece of defensive armour (q.v.) reaching" "from the foot to the knee; from French greve, "the shin." They" were the Roman cothurni. ...

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Grecians

"Hellenists, Greek-Jews; Jews born in a foreign country, and thus" "did not speak Hebrew (Acts 6:1; 9:29), nor join in the Hebrew" "services of the Jews in Palestine, but had synagogues of their" own ...

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Greece

"Orginally consisted of the four provinces of Macedonia, Epirus," "Achaia, and Peleponnesus. In Acts 20:2 it designates only the" Roman province of Macedonia. Greece was conquered by the Romans B.C. ...

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Greek

"Found only in the New Testament, where a distinction is observed" "between "Greek" and "Grecian" (q.v.). The former is (1) a Greek" "by race (Acts 16:1-3; 18:17; Rom. 1:14), or (2) a Gentile as" "op ...

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Greyhound

"(Prov. 30:31), the rendering of the Hebrew zarzir mothnayim," "meaning literally "girded as to the lions." Some (Gesen.; R.V." "marg.) render it "war-horse." The LXX. and Vulgate versions" "render i ...

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Grind

"(Ex. 32:20; Deut. 9:21; Judg. 16:21), to crush small (Heb." tahan); to oppress the poor (Isa. 3:5). The hand-mill was early "used by the Hebrews (Num. 11:8). It consisted of two stones, the" upper ( ...

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Grizzled

"Party-coloured, as goats (Gen. 31:10, 12), horses (Zech. 6:3," 6). ...

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Grove

"(1.) Heb. `asherah, properly a wooden image, or a pillar" "representing Ashtoreth, a sensual Canaanitish goddess, probably" usually set up in a grove (2 Kings 21:7; 23:4). In the Revised "Version th ...

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Guard

"(1.) Heb. tabbah (properly a "cook," and in a secondary sense" "executioner, because this office fell to the lot of the cook" "in Eastern countries), the bodyguard of the kings of Egypt (Gen." 37:36 ...

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Guestchamber

The spare room on the upper floor of an Eastern dwelling (Mark "14:14; Luke 22:11). In Luke 2:7 the word is translated "inn" (q.v.). ...

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Gur

"A whelp, a place near Ibleam where Jehu's servants overtook and" mortally wounded king Ahaziah (2 Kings 9:27); an ascent from the plain of Jezreel. ...

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Gurbaal

"Sojourn of Baal, a place in Arabia (2 Chr. 26:7) where there was" probably a temple of Baal. ...

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Gutter

"Heb. tsinnor, (2 Sam. 5:8). This Hebrew word occurs only" "elsewhere in Ps. 42:7 in the plural, where it is rendered" waterspouts. It denotes some passage through which water passed; a water-course. ...

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