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146 terms and definitions for "D"


Daberath

"Pasture, a Levitical town of Issachar (Josh. 19:12; 21:28), near the border of Zebulum. It is the modern small village of "Deburich, at the base of Mount Tabor. Tradition has incorrectly" made it th ...

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Daemon

"The Greek form, rendered "devil" in the Authorized Version of" the New Testament. Daemons are spoken of as spiritual beings "(Matt. 8:16; 10:1; 12:43-45) at enmity with God, and as having a" certain ...

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Daemoniac

"One "possessed with a devil." In the days of our Lord and his" "apostles, evil spirits, "daemons," were mysteriously permitted" by God to exercise an influence both over the souls and bodies "of men ...

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Dagon

"Little fish; diminutive from dag = a fish, the fish-god; the" national god of the Philistines (Judg. 16:23). This idol had the body of a fish with the head and hands of a man. It was an "Assyrio-Bab ...

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Dagons house

"(1 Sam. 5:2), or Beth-dagon, as elsewhere rendered (Josh. 15:" "41; 19:27), was the sanctuary or temple of Dagon." "The Beth-dagon of Josh. 15:41 was one of the cities of the tribe "of Judah, in the ...

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Daily sacrifice

"(Dan. 8:12; 11:31; 12:11), a burnt offering of two lambs of a" "year old, which were daily sacrificed in the name of the whole" "Israelitish people upon the great altar, the first at dawn of" "day, ...

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Dale the kings

"The name of a valley, the alternative for "the valley of Shaveh" "(q.v.), near the Dead Sea, where the king of Sodom met Abraham" (Gen. 14:17). Some have identified it with the southern part of "the ...

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Dalmanutha

"A place on the west of the Sea of Galilee, mentioned only in" Mark 8:10. In the parallel passage it is said that Christ came "into the borders of Magdala (Matt. 15:39). It is plain, then," "that Dal ...

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Dalmatia

"A mountainous country on the eastern shore of the Adriatic, a" part of the Roman province of Illyricum. It still bears its "ancient name. During Paul's second imprisonment at Rome, Titus" left him t ...

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Damaris

"A heifer, an Athenian woman converted to Christianity under the" preaching of Paul (Acts 17:34). Some have supposed that she may have been the wife of Dionysius the Areopagite. ...

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Damascus

"Activity, the most ancient of Oriental cities; the capital of" Syria (Isa. 7:8; 17:3); situated about 133 miles to the north of "Jerusalem. Its modern name is Esh-Sham; i.e., "the East." "The situat ...

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Damnation

"In Rom. 13:2, means "condemnation," which comes on those who" withstand God's ordinance of magistracy. This sentence of "condemnation comes not from the magistrate, but from God, whose" authority is ...

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Dan

"A judge. (1.) The fifth son of Jacob. His mother was Bilhah," "Rachel's maid (Gen. 30:6, "God hath judged me", Heb. dananni)." "The blessing pronounced on him by his father was, "Dan shall" "judge h ...

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Dance

"Found in Judg. 21:21, 23; Ps. 30:11; 149:3; 150:4; Jer. 31:4," "13, etc., as the translation of hul, which points to the" whirling motion of Oriental sacred dances. It is the rendering "of a word (r ...

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Daniel

"God is my judge, or judge of God. (1.) David's second son, "born" "unto him in Hebron, of Abigail the Carmelitess" (1 Chr. 3:1). He" is called also Chileab (2 Sam. 3:3). "(2.) One of the four great ...

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Daniel Book of

Is ranked by the Jews in that division of their Bible called the Hagiographa (Heb. Khethubim). (See [144]BIBLE.) It consists of "two distinct parts. The first part, consisting of the first six" "chap ...

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Danjaan

"Woodland Dan, a place probably somewhere in the direction of" "Dan, near the sources of the Jordan (2 Sam. 24:6). The LXX. and" "the Vulgate read "Dan-ja'ar", i.e., "Dan in the forest." ...

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Dannah

"Murmuring, a city (Josh. 15:49) in the mountains of Judah about" 8 miles south-west of Hebron. ...

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Darda

"Pearl of wisdom, one of the four who were noted for their" "wisdom, but whom Solomon excelled (1 Kings 4:31)." ...

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Daric

In the Revised Version of 1 Chr. 29:7; Ezra 2:69; 8:27; Neh. "7:70-72, where the Authorized Version has "dram." It is the" rendering of the Hebrew darkemon and the Greek dareikos. It was "a gold coin ...

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Darius

"The holder or supporter, the name of several Persian kings. (1.)" "Darius the Mede (Dan. 11:1), "the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed" "of the Medes" (9:1). On the death of Belshazzar the Chaldean he" ...

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Darkness

The plague (the ninth) of darkness in Egypt (Ex. 10:21) is "described as darkness "which may be felt." It covered "all the" "land of Egypt," so that "they saw not one another." It did not" extend to ...

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Darling

"Ps. 22:20; 35:17) means an "only one." ...

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Dart

"An instrument of war; a light spear. "Fiery darts" (Eph. 6:16)" are so called in allusion to the habit of discharging darts from the bow while they are on fire or armed with some combustible "materi ...

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Date

"The fruit of a species of palm (q.v.), the Phoenix dactilifera." This was a common tree in Palestine (Joel 1:12; Neh. 8:15). Palm "branches were carried by the Jews on festive occasions, and" especi ...

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Dathan

"Welled; belonging to a fountain, a son of Eliab, a Reubenite," "who joined Korah (q.v.) in his conspiracy, and with his" accomplices was swallowed up by an earthquake (Num. 16:1; 26:9; Deut. 11:6; P ...

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Daughter

"This word, besides its natural and proper sense, is used to" "designate, (1.) A niece or any female descendant (Gen. 20:12;" "24:48; 28:6). (2.) Women as natives of a place, or as professing" "the r ...

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David

"Beloved, the eighth and youngest son of Jesse, a citizen of" Bethlehem. His father seems to have been a man in humble life. His mother's name is not recorded. Some think she was the Nahash "of 2 Sam ...

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David City of

(1.) David took from the Jebusites the fortress of Mount Zion. "He "dwelt in the fort, and called it the city of David" (1 Chr." 11:7). This was the name afterwards given to the castle and "royal pal ...

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Day

The Jews reckoned the day from sunset to sunset (Lev. 23:32). It "was originally divided into three parts (Ps. 55:17). "The heat" "of the day" (1 Sam. 11:11; Neh. 7:3) was at our nine o'clock," "and ...

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Days journey

"The usual length of a day's journey in the East, on camel or" "horseback, in six or eight hours, is about 25 or 30 miles. The" three days' journey mentioned in Ex. 3:18 is simply a journey which wou ...

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Daysman

An umpire or arbiter or judge (Job 9:33). This word is formed "from the Latin diem dicere, i.e., to fix a day for hearing a" cause. Such an one is empowered by mutual consent to decide the "cause, an ...

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Dayspring

"(Job 38:12; Luke 1:78), the dawn of the morning; daybreak." "(Comp. Isa. 60:1, 2; Mal. 4:2; Rev. 22:16.)" ...

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Daystar

Which precedes and accompanies the sun-rising. It is found only "in 2 Pet. 1:19, where it denotes the manifestation of Christ to" "the soul, imparting spiritual light and comfort. He is the" bright a ...

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Deacon

"Anglicized form of the Greek word diaconos, meaning a "runner," "messenger, "servant." For a long period a feeling of mutual" "jealousy had existed between the "Hebrews," or Jews proper, who" "spoke ...

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Deaconess

"Rom. 16:1, 3, 12; Phil. 4:2, 3; 1 Tim. 3:11; 5:9, 10; Titus 2:3," 4). In these passages it is evident that females were then engaged in various Christian ministrations. Pliny makes mention of them a ...

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Dead Sea

The name given by Greek writers of the second century to that "inland sea called in Scripture the "salt sea" (Gen. 14:3; Num." "34:12), the "sea of the plain" (Deut. 3:17), the "east sea" "(Ezek. 47: ...

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Deal Tenth

See [149]OMER. ...

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Dearth

A scarcity of provisions (1 Kings 17). There were frequent "dearths in Palestine. In the days of Abram there was a "famine" "in the land" (Gen. 12:10), so also in the days of Jacob (47:4," 13). We re ...

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Death

May be simply defined as the termination of life. It is "represented under a variety of aspects in Scripture: (1.) "The" "dust shall return to the earth as it was" (Eccl. 12:7)." "(2.) "Thou takest a ...

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Debir

Oracle town; sanctuary. (1.) One of the eleven cities to the "west of Hebron, in the highlands of Judah (Josh. 15:49; Judg." 1:11-15). It was originally one of the towns of the Anakim "(Josh. 15:15), ...

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Deborah

A bee. (1.) Rebekah's nurse. She accompanied her mistress when she left her father's house in Padan-aram to become the wife of "Isaac (Gen. 24:59). Many years afterwards she died at Bethel," "and was ...

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Debt

The Mosaic law encouraged the practice of lending (Deut. 15:7; Ps. 37:26; Matt. 5:42); but it forbade the exaction of interest except from foreigners. Usury was strongly condemned (Prov. "28:8; Ezek. ...

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Debtor

Various regulations as to the relation between debtor and creditor are laid down in the Scriptures. "(1.) The debtor was to deliver up as a pledge to the creditor "what he could most easily dispense ...

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Decalogue

The name given by the Greek fathers to the ten commandments; "the ten words, as the original is more literally rendered (Ex." 20:3-17). These commandments were at first written on two stone "slabs (3 ...

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Decapolis

"Ten cities=deka, ten, and polis, a city, a district on the east" "and south-east of the Sea of Galilee containing "ten cities," which were chiefly inhabited by Greeks. It included a portion of "Bash ...

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Decision Valley of

A name given to the valley of Jehoshaphat (q.v.) as the vale of the sentence. The scene of Jehovah's signal inflictions on "Zion's enemies (Joel 3:14; marg., "valley of concision or" "threshing")." ...

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Decrees of God

"The decrees of God are his eternal, unchangeable, holy, wise," "and sovereign purpose, comprehending at once all things that" "ever were or will be in their causes, conditions, successions," "and re ...

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Dedan

Low ground. (1.) A son of Raamah (Gen. 10:7). His descendants "are mentioned in Isa. 21:13, and Ezek. 27:15. They probably" "settled among the sons of Cush, on the north-west coast of the" Persian Gu ...

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Dedanim

"The descendants of Dedan, the son of Raamah. They are mentioned" "in Isa. 21:13 as sending out "travelling companies" which lodged" in the forest of Arabia. They are enumerated also by Ezekiel (27:2 ...

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Dedication Feast of the

"(John 10:22, 42), i.e., the feast of the renewing. It was" instituted B.C. 164 to commemorate the purging of the temple "after its pollution by Antiochus Epiphanes (B.C. 167), and the" rebuilding of ...

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Deep

Used to denote (1) the grave or the abyss (Rom. 10:7; Luke 8:31); (2) the deepest part of the sea (Ps. 69:15); (3) the "chaos mentioned in Gen. 1:2; (4) the bottomless pit, hell (Rev." "9:1, 2; 11:7; ...

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Degrees Song of

"Song of steps, a title given to each of these fifteen psalms," 120-134 inclusive. The probable origin of this name is the circumstance that these psalms came to be sung by the people on the ascents ...

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Dehavites

"Villagers, one of the Assyrian tribes which Asnapper sent to" repopulate Samaria (Ezra 4:9). They were probably a nomad "Persian tribe on the east of the Caspian Sea, and near the Sea" of Azof. ...

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Delaiah

Freed by Jehovah. (1.) The head of the twenty-third division of the priestly order (1 Chr. 24:18). "(2.) A son of Shemaiah, and one of the courtiers to whom Jeremiah's first roll of prophecy was read ...

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Delilah

"Languishing, a Philistine woman who dwelt in the valley of Sorek" "(Judg. 16:4-20). She was bribed by the "lords of the" "Philistines" to obtain from Samson the secret of his strength" and the means ...

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Deluge

"The name given to Noah's flood, the history of which is recorded" in Gen. 7 and 8. "It began in the year 2516 B.C., and continued twelve lunar "months and ten days, or exactly one solar year." "The ...

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Demas

A companion and fellow-labourer of Paul during his first "imprisonment at Rome (Philemon 1:24; Col. 4:14). It appears," "however, that the love of the world afterwards mastered him, and" he deserted ...

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Demetrius

"(1.) A silversmith at Ephesus, whose chief occupation was to" "make "silver shrines for Diana" (q.v.), Acts 19:24,i.e., models" either of the temple of Diana or of the statue of the goddess. "This t ...

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Demon

See [156]DAEMON. ...

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Den

A lair of wild beasts (Ps. 10:9; 104:22; Job 37:8); the hole of "a venomous reptile (Isa. 11:8); a recess for secrecy "in dens" "and caves of the earth" (Heb. 11:38); a resort of thieves (Matt." "21: ...

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Deputy

"In 1 Kings 22:47, means a prefect; one set over others. The same" "Hebrew word is rendered "officer;" i.e., chief of the" "commissariat appointed by Solomon (1 Kings 4:5, etc.)." "In Esther 8:9; 9:3 ...

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Derbe

A small town on the eastern part of the upland plain of "Lycaonia, about 20 miles from Lystra. Paul passed through Derbe" "on his route from Cilicia to Iconium, on his second missionary" "journey (Ac ...

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Desert

"(1.) Heb. midbar, "pasture-ground;" an open tract for pasturage;" "a common (Joel 2:22). The "backside of the desert" (Ex. 3:1) is" "the west of the desert, the region behind a man, as the east is" ...

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Desire of all nations

"(Hag. 2:7), usually interpreted as a title of the Messiah. The" "Revised Version, however, more correctly renders "the desirable" "things of all nations;" i.e., the choicest treasures of the" Gentil ...

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Desolation Abomination of

"(Matt. 24:15; Mark 13:14; comp. Luke 21:20), is interpreted of" "the eagles, the standards of the Roman army, which were an" "abomination to the Jews. These standards, rising over the site" "of the ...

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Destroyer

"(Ex. 12:23), the agent employed in the killing of the" first-born; the destroying angel or messenger of God. (Comp. 2 "Kings 19:35; 2 Sam. 24:15, 16; Ps. 78:49; Acts 12:23.)" ...

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Destruction

"In Job 26:6, 28:22 (Heb. abaddon) is sheol, the realm of the" dead. ...

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Destruction City of

"(Isa. 19:18; Heb. Ir-ha-Heres, "city of overthrow," because of" "the evidence it would present of the overthrow of heathenism)," the ideal title of On or Heliopolis (q.v.). ...

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Deuteronomy

In all the Hebrew manuscripts the Pentateuch (q.v.) forms one roll or volume divided into larger and smaller sections called parshioth_ and _sedarim. It is not easy to say when it was divided into fi ...

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Devil

"(Gr. diabolos), a slanderer, the arch-enemy of man's spiritual" "interest (Job 1:6; Rev. 2:10; Zech. 3:1). He is called also "the" "accuser of the brethen" (Rev. 12:10)." "In Lev. 17:7 the word "dev ...

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Dew

"There is no dew properly so called in Palestine, for there is" no moisture in the hot summer air to be chilled into dew-drops by the coldness of the night. From May till October rain is "unknown, th ...

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Diadem

The tiara of a king (Ezek. 21:26; Isa. 28:5; 62:3); the turban (Job 29:14). In the New Testament a careful distinction is drawn between the diadem as a badge of royalty (Rev. 12:3; 13:1; 19:12) and t ...

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Dial

"For the measurement of time, only once mentioned in the Bible," erected by Ahaz (2 Kings 20:11; Isa. 38:8). The Hebrew word "(ma'aloth) is rendered "steps" in Ex. 20:26, 1 Kings 10:19, and" "degrees ...

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Diamond

"(1.) A precious gem (Heb. yahalom', in allusion to its" "hardness), otherwise unknown, the sixth, i.e., the third in the" "second row, in the breastplate of the high priest, with the name" "of Napht ...

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Diana

"So called by the Romans; called Artemis by the Greeks, the" great goddess worshipped among heathen nations under various modifications. Her most noted temple was that at Ephesus. It was "built outsi ...

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Diblaim

"Doubled cakes, the mother of Gomer, who was Hosea's wife (Hos." 1:3). ...

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Diblathaim

"Two cakes, a city of Moab, on the east of the Dead Sea (Num." 33:46; Jer. 48:22). ...

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Dibon

Pining; wasting. (1.) A city in Moab (Num. 21:30); called also "Dibon-gad (33:45), because it was built by Gad and Dimon (Isa." "15:9). It has been identified with the modern Diban, about 3" miles no ...

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Didymus

"(Gr. twin = Heb. Thomas, q.v.), John 11:16; 20:24; 21:2." ...

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Dimnah

"Dunghill, a city of Zebulun given to the Merarite Levites (Josh." "21:35). In 1 Chr. 6:77 the name "Rimmon" is substituted." ...

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Dinah

"Judged; vindicated, daughter of Jacob by Leah, and sister of" "Simeon and Levi (Gen. 30:21). She was seduced by Shechem, the" "son of Hamor, the Hivite chief, when Jacob's camp was in the" neighbour ...

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Dine

(Gen. 43:16). It was the custom in Egypt to dine at noon. But it is probable that the Egyptians took their principal meal in the "evening, as was the general custom in the East (Luke 14:12)." ...

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Dinhabah

"Robbers' den, an Edomitish city, the capital of king Bela (Gen." "36:32). It is probably the modern Dibdiba, a little north-east" of Petra. ...

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Dionysius

"The Areopagite, one of Paul's converts at Athens (Acts 17:34)." ...

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Diotrephes

"Jove-nourished, rebuked by John for his pride (3 John 1:9). He" "was a Judaizer, prating against John and his fellow-labourers" with malicious words (7). ...

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Disciple

"A scholar, sometimes applied to the followers of John the" "Baptist (Matt. 9:14), and of the Pharisees (22:16), but" principally to the followers of Christ. A disciple of Christ is "one who (1) beli ...

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Dish

For eating from (2 Kings 21:13). Judas dipped his hand with a "sop or piece of bread in the same dish with our Lord, thereby" "indicating friendly intimacy (Matt. 26:23). The "lordly dish" in" "Judg. ...

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Dishan

"Antelope, the youngest son of Seir the Horite, head of one of" "the tribes of Idumaea (Gen. 36:21, 28, 30)." ...

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Dispensation

"(Gr. oikonomia, "management," "economy"). (1.) The method or" scheme according to which God carries out his purposes towards men is called a dispensation. There are usually reckoned three "dispensat ...

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Dispersion

"(Gr. diaspora, "scattered," James 1:1; 1 Pet. 1:1) of the Jews." "At various times, and from the operation of divers causes, the" "Jews were separated and scattered into foreign countries "to the" " ...

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Distaff

"(Heb. pelek, a "circle"), the instrument used for twisting" threads by a whirl (Prov. 31:19). ...

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Divination

"Of false prophets (Deut. 18:10, 14; Micah 3:6, 7, 11), of" "necromancers (1 Sam. 28:8), of the Philistine priests and" "diviners (1 Sam. 6:2), of Balaam (Josh. 13:22). Three kinds of" "divination ar ...

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Divorce

The dissolution of the marriage tie was regulated by the Mosaic "law (Deut. 24:1-4). The Jews, after the Captivity, were reguired" to dismiss the foreign women they had married contrary to the law (E ...

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Dizahab

"Region of gold, a place in the desert of Sinai, on the western" shore of the Elanitic gulf (Deut. 1:1). It is now called Dehab. ...

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Doctor

"(Luke 2:46; 5:17; Acts 5:34), a teacher. The Jewish doctors" "taught and disputed in synagogues, or wherever they could find" an audience. Their disciples were allowed to propose to them questions. ...

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Dodai

"Loving, one of David's captains (1 Chr. 27:4). (See [161]DODO" [2].) ...

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Dodanim

"Leaders, a race descended from Javan (Gen. 10:4). They are known" "in profane history as the Dardani, originally inhabiting" "Illyricum. They were a semi-Pelasgic race, and in the" ethnographical ta ...

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Dodo

Amatory; loving. (1.) A descendant of Issachar (Judg. 10:1). "(2.) An Ahohite, father of Eleazar, who was one of David's three heroes (2 Sam. 23:9; 1 Chr. 11:12). He was the same with Dodai mentioned ...

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Doeg

"Fearful, an Edomite, the chief overseer of Saul's flocks (1 Sam." 21:7). At the command of Saul he slew the high priest Ahimelech "(q.v.) at Nob, together with all the priests to the number of" "eig ...

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Dog

Frequently mentioned both in the Old and New Testaments. Dogs were used by the Hebrews as a watch for their houses (Isa. "56:10), and for guarding their flocks (Job 30:1). There were" also then as no ...

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Doleful creatures

"(occurring only Isa. 13:21. Heb. ochim, i.e., "shrieks;" hence" "howling animals), a general name for screech owls (howlets)," which occupy the desolate palaces of Babylon. Some render the "word "hy ...

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Doorkeeper

"This word is used in Ps. 84:10 (R.V. marg., "stand at the" "threshold of," etc.), but there it signifies properly "sitting" "at the threshold in the house of God." The psalmist means that" he would ...

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Doorposts

The Jews were commanded to write the divine name on the posts "(mezuzoth') of their doors (Deut. 6:9). The Jews," "misunderstanding this injunction, adopted the custom of writing" "on a slip of parch ...

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Doors

Moved on pivots of wood fastened in sockets above and below "(Prov. 26:14). They were fastened by a lock (Judg. 3:23, 25;" Cant. 5:5) or by a bar (Judg. 16:3; Job 38:10). In the interior "of Oriental ...

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Dophkah

"Knocking, an encampment of the Israelites in the wilderness" "(Num. 33:12). It was in the desert of Sin, on the eastern shore" "of the western arm of the Red Sea, somewhere in the Wady Feiran." ...

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Dor

"Dwelling, the Dora of the Romans, an ancient royal city of the" "Canaanites (Josh. 11:1, 2; 12:23). It was the most southern" settlement of the Phoenicians on the coast of Syria. The "original inhab ...

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Dorcas

"A female antelope, or gazelle, a pious Christian widow at Joppa" whom Peter restored to life (Acts 9:36-41). She was a "Hellenistic Jewess, called Tabitha by the Jews and Dorcas by the" Greeks. ...

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Dothan

"Two wells, a famous pasture-ground where Joseph found his" "brethren watching their flocks. Here, at the suggestion of" "Judah, they sold him to the Ishmaelite merchants (Gen. 37:17)." It is mention ...

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Dough

"(batsek, meaning "swelling," i.e., in fermentation). The dough" the Israelites had prepared for baking was carried away by them "out of Egypt in their kneading-troughs (Ex. 12:34, 39). In the" "proc ...

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Dove

In their wild state doves generally build their nests in the "clefts of rocks, but when domesticated "dove-cots" are prepared" for them (Cant. 2:14; Jer. 48:28; Isa. 60:8). The dove was placed on the ...

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Doves dung

(2 Kings 6:25) has been generally understood literally. There are instances in history of the dung of pigeons being actually used as food during a famine. Compare also the language of "Rabshakeh to t ...

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Dowry

"(mohar; i.e., price paid for a wife, Gen. 34:12; Ex. 22:17; 1" "Sam. 18:25), a nuptial present; some gift, as a sum of money," which the bridegroom offers to the father of his bride as a satisfactio ...

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Dragon

"(1.) Heb. tannim, plural of tan. The name of some unknown" creature inhabiting desert places and ruins (Job 30:29; Ps. 44:19; Isa. 13:22; 34:13; 43:20; Jer. 10:22; Micah 1:8; Mal. "1:3); probably, a ...

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Dragon well

"(Neh. 2:13), supposed by some to be identical with the Pool of" Gihon. ...

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Dram

The Authorized Version understood the word `adarkonim (1 Chr. "29:7; Ezra 8:27), and the similar word darkomnim (Ezra 2:69;" "Neh. 7:70), as equivalent to the Greek silver coin the drachma." But the ...

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Draughthouse

(2 Kings 10:27). Jehu ordered the temple of Baal to be "destroyed, and the place to be converted to the vile use of" receiving offal or ordure. (Comp. Matt. 15:17.) ...

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Drawer of water

"(Deut. 29:11; Josh. 9:21, 23), a servile employment to which the" Gibeonites were condemned. ...

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Dream

God has frequently made use of dreams in communicating his will to men. The most remarkable instances of this are recorded in "the history of Jacob (Gen. 28:12; 31:10), Laban (31:24), Joseph" "(37:9- ...

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Dredge

(Job 24:6). See [164]CORN. ...

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Dregs

"(Ps. 75:8; Isa. 51:17, 22), the lees of wine which settle at the" bottom of the vessel. ...

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Dress

(1.) Materials used. The earliest and simplest an apron of fig-leaves sewed together (Gen. 3:7); then skins of animals (3:21). Elijah's dress was probably the skin of a sheep (2 Kings 1:8). The Hebre ...

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Drink

"The drinks of the Hebrews were water, wine, "strong drink," and" "vinegar. Their drinking vessels were the cup, goblet or "basin," "the "cruse" or pitcher, and the saucer." "To drink water by measur ...

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Drink strong

"(Heb. shekar'), an intoxicating liquor (Judg. 13:4; Luke 1:15;" "Isa. 5:11; Micah 2:11) distilled from corn, honey, or dates. The" effects of the use of strong drink are referred to in Ps. "107:27; ...

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Drinkoffering

Consisted of wine (Num. 15:5; Hos. 9:4) poured around the altar "(Ex. 30:9). Joined with meat-offerings (Num. 6:15, 17; 2 Kings" "16:13; Joel 1:9, 13; 2:14), presented daily (Ex. 29:40), on the" "Sab ...

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Dromedary

"(Isa. 60:6), an African or Arabian species of camel having only" "one hump, while the Bactrian camel has two. It is distinguished" from the camel only as a trained saddle-horse is distinguished from ...

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Dropsy

Mentioned only in Luke 14:2. The man afflicted with it was cured by Christ on the Sabbath. ...

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Dross

The impurities of silver separated from the one in the process of melting (Prov. 25:4; 26:23; Ps. 119:119). It is also used to "denote the base metal itself, probably before it is smelted, in" "Isa. ...

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Drought

From the middle of May to about the middle of August the land of "Palestine is dry. It is then the "drought of summer" (Gen." "31:40; Ps. 32:4), and the land suffers (Deut. 28:23: Ps. 102:4)," vegeta ...

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Drown

(Ex. 15:4; Amos 8:8; Heb. 11:29). Drowning was a mode of capital "punishment in use among the Syrians, and was known to the Jews" in the time of our Lord. To this he alludes in Matt. 18:6. ...

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Drunk

The first case of intoxication on record is that of Noah (Gen. 9:21). The sin of drunkenness is frequently and strongly "condemned (Rom. 13:13; 1 Cor. 6:9, 10; Eph. 5:18; 1 Thess. 5:7," 8). The sin o ...

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Drusilla

"Third and youngest daughter of Herod Agrippa I. (Acts 12:1-4," "20-23). Felix, the Roman procurator of Judea, induced her to" "leave her husband, Azizus, the king of Emesa, and become his" wife. She ...

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Duke

"Derived from the Latin dux, meaning "a leader;" Arabic, "a" "sheik." This word is used to denote the phylarch or chief of a" tribe (Gen. 36:15-43; Ex. 15:15; 1 Chr. 1:51-54). ...

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Dulcimer

"(Heb. sumphoniah), a musical instrument mentioned in Dan. 3:5," "15, along with other instruments there named, as sounded before" the golden image. It was not a Jewish instrument. In the margin "of ...

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Dumah

"Silence, (comp. Ps. 94:17), the fourth son of Ishmael; also the" tribe descended from him; and hence also the region in Arabia which they inhabited (Gen. 25:14; 1 Chr. 1:30). "There was also a town ...

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Dumb

From natural infirmity (Ex. 4:11); not knowing what to say (Prov. 31:8); unwillingness to speak (Ps. 39:9; Lev. 10:3). "Christ repeatedly restored the dumb (Matt. 9:32, 33; Luke 11:14;" Matt. 12:22) ...

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Dung

(1.) Used as manure (Luke 13:8); collected outside the city "walls (Neh. 2:13). Of sacrifices, burned outside the camp (Ex." "29:14; Lev. 4:11; 8:17; Num. 19:5). To be "cast out as dung," a" figurati ...

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Dungeon

Different from the ordinary prison in being more severe as a "place of punishment. Like the Roman inner prison (Acts 16:24)," it consisted of a deep cell or cistern (Jer. 38:6). To be shut "up in, a ...

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Dunggate

"(Neh. 2:13), a gate of ancient Jerusalem, on the south-west" "quarter. "The gate outside of which lay the piles of sweepings" "and offscourings of the streets," in the valley of Tophet." ...

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Dunghill

"To sit on a, was a sign of the deepest dejection (1 Sam. 2:8;" Ps. 113:7; Lam. 4:5). ...

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Dura

"The circle, the plain near Babylon in which Nebuchadnezzar set" "up a golden image, mentioned in Dan. 3:1. The place still" retains its ancient name. On one of its many mounds the pedestal of what m ...

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Dust

Storms of sand and dust sometimes overtake Eastern travellers. "They are very dreadful, many perishing under them. Jehovah" "threatens to bring on the land of Israel, as a punishment for" "forsaking ...

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Dwarf

A lean or emaciated person (Lev. 21:20). ...

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Dwell

Tents were in primitive times the common dwellings of men. "Houses were afterwards built, the walls of which were frequently" "of mud (Job 24:16; Matt. 6:19, 20) or of sun-dried bricks." "God "dwells ...

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Dwellings

"The materials used in buildings were commonly bricks, sometimes" "also stones (Lev. 14:40, 42), which were held together by cement" (Jer. 43:9) or bitumen (Gen. 11:3). The exterior was usually white ...

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Dye

"The art of dyeing is one of great antiquity, although no special" mention is made of it in the Old Testament. The Hebrews probably "learned it from the Egyptians (see Ex. 26:1; 28:5-8), who" brought ...

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