King James Bible

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King James Bible KJV

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278 terms and definitions for "C"


Cab

"Hollow (R.V., "kab"), occurs only in 2 Kings 6:25; a dry "measure, the sixth part of a seah, and the eighteenth part of an" "ephah, equal to about two English quarts." ...

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Cabins

"Only in Jer. 37:16 (R.V., "cells"), arched vaults or recesses" off a passage or room; cells for the closer confinement of prisoners. ...

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Cabul

How little! as nothing. (1.) A town on the eastern border of "Asher (Josh. 19:27), probably one of the towns given by Solomon" "to Hiram; the modern Kabul, some 8 miles east of Accho, on the" very bo ...

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Caesar

The title assumed by the Roman emperors after Julius Caesar. In the New Testament this title is given to various emperors as sovereigns of Judaea without their accompanying distinctive proper names ( ...

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Caesara Philippi

"A city on the northeast of the marshy plain of el-Huleh, 120" "miles north of Jerusalem, and 20 miles north of the Sea of" "Galilee, at the "upper source" of the Jordan, and near the base" of Mount ...

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Caesarea

"(Palestinae), a city on the shore of the Mediterranean, on the" "great road from Tyre to Egypt, about 70 miles northwest of" "Jerusalem, at the northern extremity of the plain of Sharon. It" "was bu ...

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Cage

"(Heb. kelub', Jer. 5:27, marg. "coop;" rendered "basket" in Amos" "8:1), a basket of wicker-work in which birds were placed after" being caught. In Rev. 18:2 it is the rendering of the Greek "phulak ...

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Caiaphas

The Jewish high priest (A.D. 27-36) at the beginning of our "Lord's public ministry, in the reign of Tiberius (Luke 3:2), and" also at the time of his condemnation and crucifixion (Matt. "26:3, 57; J ...

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Cain

A possession; a spear. (1.) The first-born son of Adam and Eve "(Gen. 4). He became a tiller of the ground, as his brother Abel" "followed the pursuits of pastoral life. He was "a sullen," "self-will ...

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Cainan

"Possession; smith. (1.) The fourth antediluvian patriarch, the" eldest son of Enos. He was 70 years old at the birth of his "eldest son Mahalaleel, after which he lived 840 years (Gen." "5:9-14), an ...

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Cake

Cakes made of wheat or barley were offered in the temple. They "were salted, but unleavened (Ex. 29:2; Lev. 2:4). In idolatrous" "worship thin cakes or wafers were offered "to the queen of" "heaven" ...

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Calah

"One of the most ancient cities of Assyria. "Out of that land he" "[i.e., Nimrod] went forth into Assyria, and built Nineveh," "Rehoboth-Ir, and Calah, and Resen" (Gen. 10:11, R.V.). Its site" is now ...

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Calamus

"The Latin for cane, Hebrew Kaneh, mentioned (Ex. 30:23) as one" "of the ingredients in the holy anointing oil, one of the sweet" "scents (Cant. 4:14), and among the articles sold in the markets" of ...

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Calcol

"(1 Chr. 2:6), sustenance, the same probably as Chalcol (1 Kings" "4:31), one of the four sages whom Solomon excelled in wisdom;" "for "he was wiser than all men." ...

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Caleb

A dog. (1.) One of the three sons of Hezron of the tribe of Judah. He is also called Chelubai (1 Chr. 2:9). His descendants "are enumerated (18-20, 42-49)." "(2.) A "son of Hur, the firstborn of Ephr ...

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Calf

"Calves were commonly made use of in sacrifices, and are" "therefore frequently mentioned in Scripture. The "fatted calf" was regarded as the choicest of animal food; it was frequently also offered a ...

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Calkers

Workmen skilled in stopping the seams of the deck or sides of vessels. The inhabitants of Gebel were employed in such work on "Tyrian vessels (Ezek. 27:9, 27; marg., "strengtheners" or" stoppers of c ...

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Call

"(1.) To cry for help, hence to pray (Gen. 4:26). Thus men are" "said to "call upon the name of the Lord" (Acts 2:21; 7:59; 9:14;" Rom. 10:12; 1 Cor. 1:2). "(2.) God calls with respect to men when he ...

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Calling

"A profession, or as we usually say, a vocation (1 Cor. 7:20)." "The "hope of your calling" in Eph. 4:4 is the hope resulting" from your being called into the kingdom of God. ...

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Calneh

"Fort, one of the four cities founded by Nimrod (Gen. 10:10). It" "is the modern Niffer, a lofty mound of earth and rubbish" "situated in the marshes on the left, i.e., the east, bank of the" "Euphra ...

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Calvary

"Only in Luke 23:33, the Latin name Calvaria, which was used as a" "translation of the Greek word Kranion, by which the Hebrew word" "Gulgoleth was interpreted, "the place of a skull." It probably" " ...

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Camel

"From the Hebrew gamal, "to repay" or "requite," as the camel" does the care of its master. There are two distinct species of "camels, having, however, the common characteristics of being" "ruminants ...

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Camon

"Full of stalks, a place (Judg. 10:5) where Jair was buried. It" "has usually been supposed to have been a city of Gilead, on the" "east of Jordan. It is probably, however, the modern" "Tell-el-Kaimu ...

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Camp

"During their journeys across the wilderness, the twelve tribes" formed encampments at the different places where they halted (Ex. 16:13; Num. 2:3). The diagram here given shows the position of the d ...

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Camphire

"(Heb. copher), mentioned in Cant. 1:14 (R.V., "henna-flowers");" "4:13 (R.V., "henna"), is the al-henna of the Arabs, a native of" "Egypt, producing clusters of small white and yellow odoriferous" " ...

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Cana

"Reedy, a town of Galilee, near Capernaum. Here our Lord wrought" "his first miracle, the turning of water into wine (John 2:1-11;" 4:46). It is also mentioned as the birth-place of Nathanael (21:2). ...

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Canaan

(1.) The fourth son of Ham (Gen. 10:6). His descendants were under a curse in consequence of the transgression of his father "(9:22-27). His eldest son, Zidon, was the father of the" "Sidonians and P ...

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Canaan the language of

"Mentioned in Isa. 19:18, denotes the language spoken by the Jews" resident in Palestine. The language of the Canaanites and of the Hebrews was substantially the same. This is seen from the "fragment ...

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Canaanite

A name given to the apostle Simon (Matt. 10:4; Mark 3:18). The "word here does not, however, mean a descendant of Canaan, but is" "a translation, or rather almost a transliteration, of the Syriac" "w ...

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Canaanites

"The descendants of Canaan, the son of Ham. Migrating from their" "original home, they seem to have reached the Persian Gulf, and" "to have there sojourned for some time. They thence "spread to" "the ...

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Candace

"The queen of the Ethiopians whose "eunuch" or chamberlain was" converted to Christianity by the instrumentality of Philip the evangelist (Acts 8:27). The country which she ruled was called "by the G ...

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Candle

"Heb. ner, Job 18:6; 29:3; Ps. 18:28; Prov. 24:20, in all which" places the Revised Version and margin of Authorized Version have "lamp, by which the word is elsewhere frequently rendered. The" Hebre ...

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Candlestick

"The lamp-stand, "candelabrum," which Moses was commanded to make" "for the tabernacle, according to the pattern shown him. Its form" "is described in Ex. 25:31-40; 37:17-24, and may be seen" represe ...

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Cane

"A tall sedgy plant with a hollow stem, growing in moist places." "In Isa. 43:24; Jer. 6:20, the Hebrew word kaneh is thus" "rendered, giving its name to the plant. It is rendered "reed" in" 1 Kings ...

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Canker

A gangrene or mortification which gradually spreads over the "whole body (2 Tim. 2:17). In James 5:3 "cankered" means "rusted" (R.V.) or tarnished. ...

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Cankerworm

"(Heb. yelek), "the licking locust," which licks up the grass of" "the field; probably the locust at a certain stage of its growth," just as it emerges from the caterpillar state (Joel 1:4; 2:25). "T ...

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Canneh

Mentioned only in Ezek. 27:23. (See [97]CALNEH.) ...

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Canon

This word is derived from a Hebrew and Greek word denoting a "reed or cane. Hence it means something straight, or something to" "keep straight; and hence also a rule, or something ruled or" "measured ...

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Capernaum

"Nahum's town, a Galilean city frequently mentioned in the" history of our Lord. It is not mentioned in the Old Testament. After our Lord's expulsion from Nazareth (Matt. 4:13-16; Luke "4:16-31), Cap ...

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Caphtor

"A chaplet, the original seat of the Philistines (Deut. 2:23;" Jer. 47:4; Amos 9:7). The name is found written in hieroglyphics in the temple of Kom Ombos in Upper Egypt. But the exact "situation of ...

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Cappadocia

The easternmost and the largest province of Asia Minor. Christianity very early penetrated into this country (1 Pet. 1:1). On the day of Pentecost there were Cappadocians at Jerusalem (Acts 2:9). ...

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Captain

"(1.) Heb. sar (1 Sam. 22:2; 2 Sam. 23:19). Rendered "chief," "Gen. 40:2; 41:9; rendered also "prince," Dan. 1:7; "ruler," "Judg. 9:30; "governor,' 1 Kings 22:26. This same Hebrew word" denotes a mil ...

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Captive

One taken in war. Captives were often treated with great cruelty and indignity (1 Kings 20:32; Josh. 10:24; Judg. 1:7; 2 Sam. 4:12; Judg. 8:7; 2 Sam. 12:31; 1 Chr. 20:3). When a city was "taken by as ...

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Captivity

(1.) Of Israel. The kingdom of the ten tribes was successively invaded by several Assyrian kings. Pul (q.v.) imposed a tribute "on Menahem of a thousand talents of silver (2 Kings 15:19, 20; 1" "Chr. ...

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Carbuncle

(Ex. 28:17; 39:10; Ezek. 28:13). Heb. barkath; LXX. smaragdos; "Vulgate, smaragdus; Revised Version, marg., "emerald." The" "Hebrew word is from a root meaning "to glitter," "lighten," "flash. When h ...

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Carcase

"Contact with a, made an Israelite ceremonially unclean, and made" "whatever he touched also unclean, according to the Mosaic law" "(Hag. 2:13; comp. Num. 19:16, 22; Lev. 11:39)." ...

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Carchemish

"Fortress of Chemosh, a city on the west bank of the Euphrates" "(Jer. 46:2; 2 Chr. 35:20), not, as was once supposed, the" "Circesium at the confluence of the Chebar and the Euphrates, but" "a city ...

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Carmel

"A park; generally with the article, "the park." (1.) A prominent" "headland of Central Palestine, consisting of several connected" "hills extending from the plain of Esdraelon to the sea, a" "distan ...

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Carmi

Vine-dresser. (1.) The last named of the four sons of Reuben (Gen. 46:9). "(2.) A descendant of Judah (1 Chr. 4:1). He is elsewhere (2:18) called Caleb (q.v.). "(3.) The son of Zimri, and the father ...

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Carnal

Unconverted men are so called (1 Cor. 3:3). They are represented "as of a "carnal mind, which is enmity against God" (Rom. 8:6," 7). Enjoyments that minister to the wants and desires of man's animal ...

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Carpenter

"An artificer in stone, iron, and copper, as well as in wood (2" Sam. 5:11; 1 Chr. 14:1; Mark 6:3). The tools used by carpenters "are mentioned in 1 Sam. 13:19, 20; Judg. 4:21; Isa. 10:15;" "44:13. I ...

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Carriage

In the Authorized Version this word is found as the rendering of "many different words. In Judg. 18:21 it means valuables, wealth," "or booty. In Isa. 46:1 (R.V., "the things that ye carried" "about" ...

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Cart

"A vehicle moving on wheels, and usually drawn by oxen (2 Sam." "6:3). The Hebrew word thus rendered, 'agalah (1 Sam. 6:7, 8), is" "also rendered "wagon" (Gen. 45:19). It is used also to denote a" wa ...

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Carve

The arts of engraving and carving were much practised among the Jews. They were practised in connection with the construction of "the tabernacle and the temple (Ex. 31:2, 5; 35:33; 1 Kings 6:18," "35 ...

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Casement

A barrier of open-work placed before windows (Prov. 7:6). In "Judg. 5:28 the Hebrew word is rendered "lattice," in the LXX." "network, an opening through which cool air is admitted." ...

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Casiphia

"Silver, a place between Babylon and Jerusalem, where Iddo" resided (Ezra 8:17); otherwise unknown. ...

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Casluhim

"Fortified, a people descended from Mizraim (Gen. 10:14; 1 Chr." 1:12). Their original seat was probably somewhere in Lower "Egypt, along the sea-coast to the south border of Palestine." ...

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Cassia

"(1.) Hebrew kiddah', i.e., "split." One of the principal spices" "of the holy anointing oil (Ex. 30:24), and an article of" commerce (Ezek. 27:19). It is the inner bark of a tree "resembling the cin ...

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Castaway

"Gr. adokimos, (1 Cor. 9:27), one regarded as unworthy (R.V.," "rejected); elsewhere rendered "reprobate" (2 Tim. 3:8, etc.);" "rejected (Heb. 6:8, etc.)." ...

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Castle

"A military fortress (1 Chr. 11:7), also probably a kind of tower" used by the priests for making known anything discovered at a distance (1 Chr. 6:54). Castles are also mentioned (Gen. 25:16) "as a ...

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Castor and Pollux

"The "Dioscuri", two heroes of Greek and Roman mythology. Their" figures were probably painted or sculptured on the prow of the ship which Luke refers to (Acts 28:11). They were regarded as the tutel ...

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Caterpillar

The consumer. Used in the Old Testament (1 Kings 8:37; 2 Chr. 6:28; Ps. 78:46; Isa. 33:4) as the translation of a word (hasil) "the root of which means "to devour" or "consume," and which is" used al ...

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Catholic epistles

"The epistles of James, Peter, John, and Jude; so called because" "they are addressed to Christians in general, and not to any" church or person in particular. ...

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Cattle

Abounded in the Holy Land. To the rearing and management of them the inhabitants chiefly devoted themselves (Deut. 8:13; 12:21; 1 Sam. 11:5; 12:3; Ps. 144:14; Jer. 3:24). They may be classified "as," ...

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Caul

"(Heb. yothe'reth; i.e., "something redundant"), the membrane" "which covers the upper part of the liver (Ex. 29:13, 22; Lev." "3:4, 10, 15; 4:9; 7:4; marg., "midriff"). In Hos. 13:8 (Heb." "seghor; ...

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Cauls

"In Isa. 3:18 this word (Heb. shebisim), in the marg. "networks," "denotes network caps to contain the hair, worn by females." "Others explain it as meaning "wreaths worn round the forehead," "reachi ...

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Causeway

"A raised way, an ascent by steps, or a raised slope between Zion" "and the temple (1 Chr. 26:16, 18). In 2 Chr. 9:11 the same word" "is translated "terrace." ...

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Cave

There are numerous natural caves among the limestone rocks of "Syria, many of which have been artificially enlarged for various" purposes. "The first notice of a cave occurs in the history of Lot (Ge ...

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Cedar

"(Heb. e'rez, Gr. kedros, Lat. cedrus), a tree very frequently" "mentioned in Scripture. It was stately (Ezek. 31:3-5)," "long-branched (Ps. 80:10; 92:12; Ezek. 31:6-9), odoriferous" "(Cant. 4:11; Ho ...

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Cedron

"The black torrent, the brook flowing through the ravine below" the eastern wall of Jerusalem (John 18:1). (See [106]KIDRON.) ...

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Ceiling

"The covering (1 Kings 7:3, 7) of the inside roof and walls of a" house with planks of wood (2 Chr. 3:5; Jer. 22:14). Ceilings "were sometimes adorned with various ornaments in stucco, gold," "silver ...

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Cellar

"A subterranean vault (1 Chr. 27:28), a storehouse. The word is" also used to denote the treasury of the temple (1 Kings 7:51) "and of the king (14:26). The Hebrew word is rendered "garner" in" "Joel ...

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Cenchrea

"Millet, the eastern harbour of Corinth, from which it was" "distant about 9 miles east, and the outlet for its trade with" the Asiatic shores of the Mediterranean. When Paul returned from "his secon ...

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Censer

"The vessel in which incense was presented on "the golden altar" before the Lord in the temple (Ex. 30:1-9). The priest filled the censer with live coal from the sacred fire on the altar of "burnt-of ...

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Census

There are five instances of a census of the Jewish people having "been taken. (1.) In the fourth month after the Exodus, when the" people were encamped at Sinai. The number of men from twenty "years ...

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Centurion

"A Roman officer in command of a hundred men (Mark 15:39, 44," "45). Cornelius, the first Gentile convert, was a centurion (Acts" "10:1, 22). Other centurions are mentioned in Matt. 8:5, 8, 13;" "Luk ...

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Cephas

"A Syriac surname given by Christ to Simon (John 1:42), meaning" "rock. The Greeks translated it by Petros, and the Latins by" Petrus. ...

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Cesarea

See [108]CAESAREA. ...

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Chaff

The refuse of winnowed corn. It was usually burned (Ex. 15:7; "Isa. 5:24; Matt. 3:12). This word sometimes, however, means" dried grass or hay (Isa. 5:24; 33:11). Chaff is used as a figure of abortiv ...

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Chain

(1.) A part of the insignia of office. A chain of gold was placed about Joseph's neck (Gen. 41:42); and one was promised to Daniel (5:7). It is used as a symbol of sovereignty (Ezek. 16:11). The brea ...

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Chalcedony

"Mentioned only in Rev. 21:19, as one of the precious stones in" the foundation of the New Jerusalem. The name of this stone is "derived from Chalcedon, where it is said to have been first" discovere ...

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Chaldea

"The southern portion of Babylonia, Lower Mesopotamia, lying" "chiefly on the right bank of the Euphrates, but commonly used of" "the whole of the Mesopotamian plain. The Hebrew name is Kasdim," "whi ...

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Chaldee language

Employed by the sacred writers in certain portions of the Old "Testament, viz., Dan. 2:4-7, 28; Ezra 4:8-6:18; 7:12-26; Gen." "31:46; Jer. 10:11. It is the Aramaic dialect, as it is sometimes" "calle ...

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Chaldees

"Or Chaldeans, the inhabitants of the country of which Babylon" was the capital. They were so called till the time of the "Captivity (2 Kings 25; Isa. 13:19; 23:13), when, particularly in" "the Book ...

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Chamber

"on the wall, which the Shunammite prepared for the prophet" "Elisha (2 Kings 4:10), was an upper chamber over the porch" "through the hall toward the street. This was the "guest chamber" where enter ...

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Chambering

"(Rom. 13:13), wantonness, impurity." ...

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Chamberlain

A confidential servant of the king (Gen. 37:36; 39:1). In Rom. "16:23 mention is made of "Erastus the chamberlain." Here the" "word denotes the treasurer of the city, or the quaestor, as the" Romans ...

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Chameleon

A species of lizard which has the faculty of changing the colour of its skin. It is ranked among the unclean animals in Lev. "11:30, where the Hebrew word so translated is coah (R.V., "land" "crocodi ...

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Chamois

"Only in Deut. 14:5 (Heb. zemer), an animal of the deer or" gazelle species. It bears this Hebrew name from its leaping or springing. The animal intended is probably the wild sheep (Ovis "tragelephus ...

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Champion

"(1 Sam. 17:4, 23), properly "the man between the two," denoting" the position of Goliath between the two camps. Single combats of this kind at the head of armies were common in ancient times. In "ve ...

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Chance

"(Luke 10:31). "It was not by chance that the priest came down by" "that road at that time, but by a specific arrangement and in" "exact fulfilment of a plan; not the plan of the priest, nor the" "pl ...

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Chancellor

"One who has judicial authority, literally, a "lord of" "judgement;" a title given to the Persian governor of Samaria" "(Ezra 4:8, 9, 17)." ...

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Changes of raiment

Were reckoned among the treasures of rich men (Gen. 45:22; Judg. "14:12, 13; 2 Kings 5:22, 23)." ...

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Channel

(1.) The bed of the sea or of a river (Ps. 18:15; Isa. 8:7). "(2.) The "chanelbone" (Job 31:22 marg.), properly "tube" or "shaft, an old term for the collar-bone." ...

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Chapel

"A holy place or sanctuary, occurs only in Amos 7:13, where one" "of the idol priests calls Bethel "the king's chapel." ...

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Chapiter

The ornamental head or capital of a pillar. Three Hebrew words are so rendered. (1.) Cothereth (1 Kings 7:16; 2 Kings 25:17; 2 "Chr. 4:12), meaning a "diadem" or "crown." (2.) Tzepheth (2 Chr." "3:15 ...

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Chapter

The several books of the Old and New Testaments were from an early time divided into chapters. The Pentateuch was divided by "the ancient Hebrews into 54 parshioth or sections, one of which" was read ...

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Charashim

"Craftsmen, a valley named in 1 Chr. 4:14. In Neh. 11:35 the" "Hebrew word is rendered "valley of craftsmen" (R.V. marg.," Geha-rashim). Nothing is known of it. ...

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Charger

A bowl or deep dish. The silver vessels given by the heads of the tribes for the services of the tabernacle are so named (Num. "7:13, etc.). The "charger" in which the Baptist's head was" "presented ...

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Chariot

"A vehicle generally used for warlike purposes. Sometimes, though" "but rarely, it is spoken of as used for peaceful purposes." "The first mention of the chariot is when Joseph, as a mark of "distinc ...

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Charity

"(1 Cor. 13), the rendering in the Authorized Version of the word" "which properly denotes love, and is frequently so rendered" (always so in the Revised Version). It is spoken of as the greatest of ...

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Charmer

One who practises serpent-charming (Ps. 58:5; Jer. 8:17; Eccl. 10:11). It was an early and universal opinion that the most venomous reptiles could be made harmless by certain charms or by sweet sound ...

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Charran

"Another form (Acts 7:2, 4) of Haran (q.v.)." ...

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Chebar

"Length, a river in the "land of the Chaldeans" (Ezek. 1:3), on" the banks of which were located some of the Jews of the "Captivity (Ezek. 1:1; 3:15, 23; 10:15, 20, 22). It has been" "supposed to be ...

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Chedorlaomer

"(= Khudur-Lagamar of the inscriptions), king of Elam. Many" "centuries before the age of Abraham, Canaan and even the" "Sinaitic peninsula had been conquered by Babylonian kings, and" in the time of ...

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Cheek

Smiting on the cheek was accounted a grievous injury and insult "(Job 16:10; Lam. 3:30; Micah 5:1). The admonition (Luke 6:29)," Unto him that smiteth thee on the one cheek offer also the "other," me ...

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Cheese

(A.S. cese). This word occurs three times in the Authorized Version as the translation of three different Hebrew words: (1.) "1 Sam. 17:18, "ten cheeses;" i.e., ten sections of curd. (2.) 2" "Sam. 17 ...

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Chemarim

"Black, (Zeph. 1:4; rendered "idolatrous priests" in 2 Kings" "23:5, and "priests" in Hos. 10:5). Some derive this word from" "the Assyrian Kamaru, meaning "to throw down," and interpret it" as descr ...

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Chemosh

"The destroyer, subduer, or fish-god, the god of the Moabites" "(Num. 21:29; Jer. 48:7, 13, 46). The worship of this god, "the" "abomination of Moab," was introduced at Jerusalem by Solomon (1" "King ...

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Chenaanah

Merchant. (1.) A Benjamite (1 Chr. 7:10). (2.) The father of "Zedekiah (1 Kings 22:11, 24)." ...

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Chenaiah

"Whom Jehovah hath made. "Chief of the Levites," probably a" "Kohathite (1 Chr. 15:22), and therefore not the same as" mentioned in 26:29. ...

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Chephirah

"Village, one of the four cities of the Gibeonitish Hivites with" whom Joshua made a league (9:17). It belonged to Benjamin. It "has been identified with the modern Kefireh, on the west" "confines of ...

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Cherethim

"(Ezek. 25:16), more frequently Cherethites, the inhabitants of" "Southern Philistia, the Philistines (Zeph. 2:5). The Cherethites" and the Pelethites were David's life-guards (1 Sam. 30:14; 2 "Sam. ...

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Cherith

"A cutting; separation; a gorge, a torrent-bed or winter-stream," "a "brook," in whose banks the prophet Elijah hid himself during" "the early part of the three years' drought (1 Kings 17:3, 5). It" ...

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Cherub

"Plural cherubim, the name of certain symbolical figures" frequently mentioned in Scripture. They are first mentioned in connection with the expulsion of our first parents from Eden (Gen. 3:24). Ther ...

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Chesalon

"Strength; confidence, a place on the border of Judah, on the" side of Mount Jearim (Josh. 15:10); probably identified with the "modern village of Kesla, on the western mountains of Judah." ...

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Chesed

"Gain, the son of Nahor (Gen. 22:22)." ...

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Chesil

"Ungodly, a town in the south of Judah (Josh. 15:30); probably" the same as Bethul (19:4) and Bethuel (1 Chr. 4:30); now Khelasa. ...

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Chest

"(Heb. 'aron, generally rendered "ark"), the coffer into which" the contributions for the repair of the temple were put (2 Kings "12:9, 10; 2 Chr. 24:8, 10, 11). In Gen. 50:26 it is rendered" "coffin ...

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Chestnut tree

"(Heb. 'armon; i.e., "naked"), mentioned in connection with" Jacob's artifice regarding the cattle (Gen. 30:37). It is one of "the trees of which, because of its strength and beauty, the" "Assyrian e ...

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Chesulloth

"Fertile places; the loins, a town of Issachar, on the slopes of" some mountain between Jezreel and Shunem (Josh. 19:18). It has "been identified with Chisloth-tabor, 2 1/2 miles to the west of" "Mou ...

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Chezib

"Deceitful, a town where Shelah, the son of Judah, was born (Gen." 38:5). Probably the same as Achzib (q.v.). ...

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Chidon

"Dart, the name of the threshing-floor at which the death of" Uzzah took place (1 Chr. 13:9). In the parallel passage in "Samuel (2 Sam. 6:6) it is called "Nachon's threshing-floor." It" was a place ...

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Chief of the three

"A title given to Adino the Eznite, one of David's greatest" heroes (2 Sam. 23:8); also called Jashobeam (1 Chr. 11:11). ...

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Chief priest

See [113]PRIEST. ...

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Chiefs of Asia

"Asiarchs, the title given to certain wealthy persons annually" appointed to preside over the religious festivals and games in the various cities of proconsular Asia (Acts 19:31). Some of these offic ...

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Child

This word has considerable latitude of meaning in Scripture. Thus Joseph is called a child at the time when he was probably about sixteen years of age (Gen. 37:3); and Benjamin is so called when he w ...

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Chileab

"Protected by the father, David's second son by Abigail (2 Sam." 3:3); called also Daniel (1 Chr. 3:1). He seems to have died when young. ...

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Chilion

"The pining one, the younger son of Elimelech and Naomi, and" "husband of Orpah, Ruth's sister (Ruth 1:2; 4:9)." ...

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Chilmad

"A place or country unknown which, along with Sheba and Asshur," traded with Tyre (Ezek. 27:23). ...

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Chimham

"Pining, probably the youngest son of Barzillai the Gileadite (2" "Sam. 19:37-40). The "habitation of Chimham" (Jer. 41:17) was" "probably an inn or khan, which is the proper meaning of the" "Hebrew ...

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Chinnereth

"Lyre, the singular form of the word (Deut. 3:17; Josh. 19:35)," "which is also used in the plural form, Chinneroth, the name of a" "fenced city which stood near the shore of the lake of Galilee, a" ...

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Chios

"Mentioned in Acts 20:15, an island in the Aegean Sea, about 5" "miles distant from the mainland, having a roadstead, in the" shelter of which Paul and his companions anchored for a night when on his ...

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Chisleu

The name adopted from the Babylonians by the Jews after the "Captivity for the third civil, or ninth ecclesiastical, month" (Neh. 1:1; Zech. 7:1). It corresponds nearly with the moon in November. ...

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Chittim

"Or Kittim, a plural form (Gen. 10:4), the name of a branch of" "the descendants of Javan, the "son" of Japheth. Balaam foretold" "(Num. 24:24) "that ships shall come from the coast of Chittim," "and ...

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Chiun

"Occurs only in Amos 5:26 (R.V. marg., "shrine"). The LXX." "translated the word by Rhephan, which became corrupted into" "Remphan, as used by Stephen (Acts 7:43; but R.V., "Rephan")." Probably the p ...

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Chloe

"Verdure, a female Christian (1 Cor. 1:11), some of whose" household had informed Paul of the divided state of the Corinthian church. Nothing is known of her. ...

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Chorashan

"Smoking furnace, one of the places where "David himself and his" "men were wont to haunt" (1 Sam. 30:30, 31). It is probably" "identical with Ashan (Josh. 15:42; 19:7), a Simeonite city in" "the Neg ...

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Chorazin

Named along with Bethsaida and Capernaum as one of the cities in "which our Lord's "mighty works" were done, and which was doomed" to woe because of signal privileges neglected (Matt. 11:21; Luke 10: ...

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Chosen

"Spoken of warriors (Ex. 15:4; Judg. 20:16), of the Hebrew nation" "(Ps. 105:43; Deut. 7:7), of Jerusalem as the seat of the temple" "(1 Kings 11:13). Christ is the "chosen" of God (Isa. 42:1); and" ...

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Chozeba

"(1 Chr. 4:22), the same as Chezib and Achzib, a place in the" lowlands of Judah (Gen. 38:5; Josh. 15:44). ...

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Christ

"Anointed, the Greek translation of the Hebrew word rendered" "Messiah (q.v.), the official title of our Lord, occurring five" hundred and fourteen times in the New Testament. It denotes that he was ...

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Christian

"The name given by the Greeks or Romans, probably in reproach, to" the followers of Jesus. It was first used at Antioch. The names by which the disciples were known among themselves were "brethren, " ...

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Christs False

Our Lord warned his disciples that they would arise (Matt. 24:24). It is said that no fewer than twenty-four persons have at different times appeared (the last in 1682) pretending to be the Messiah o ...

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Chronicles

"The words of the days, (1 Kings 14:19; 1 Chr. 27:24), the daily" or yearly records of the transactions of the kingdom; events recorded in the order of time. ...

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Chronicles Books of

The two books were originally one. They bore the title in the "Massoretic Hebrew Dibre hayyamim, i.e., "Acts of the Days." This" "title was rendered by Jerome in his Latin version "Chronicon," "and h ...

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Chronicles of king David

(1 Chr. 27:24) were statistical state records; one of the public sources from which the compiler of the Books of Chronicles derived information on various public matters. ...

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Chronology

Is the arrangement of facts and events in the order of time. The writers of the Bible themselves do not adopt any standard era according to which they date events. Sometimes the years are "reckoned, ...

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Chrysoprasus

"Golden leek, a precious stone of the colour of leek's juice, a" greenish-golden colour (Rev. 21:20). ...

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Chub

The name of a people in alliance with Egypt in the time of Nebuchadnezzar. The word is found only in Ezek. 30:5. They were "probably a people of Northern Africa, or of the lands near Egypt" in the so ...

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Chun

"One of the cities of Hadarezer, king of Syria. David procured" "brass (i.e., bronze or copper) from it for the temple (1 Chr." 18:8). It is called Berothai in 2 Sam. 8:8; probably the same as Beroth ...

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Church

"Derived probably from the Greek kuriakon (i.e., "the Lord's" "house"), which was used by ancient authors for the place of" worship. "In the New Testament it is the translation of the Greek word "ecc ...

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Churl

"In Isa. 32:5 (R.V. marg., "crafty"), means a deceiver. In 1 Sam." "25:3, the word churlish denotes a man that is coarse and" "ill-natured, or, as the word literally means, "hard." The same" "Greek w ...

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Chushanrishathaim

"Cush of double wickedness, or governor of two presidencies, the" king of Mesopotamia who oppressed Israel in the generation immediately following Joshua (Judg. 3:8). We learn from the Tell-el-Amarna ...

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Cilicia

"A maritime province in the south-east of Asia Minor. Tarsus, the" "birth-place of Paul, was one of its chief towns, and the seat of" a celebrated school of philosophy. Its luxurious climate attracte ...

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Cinnamon

"Heb. kinamon, the Cinnamomum zeylanicum of botanists, a tree of" "the Laurel family, which grows only in India on the Malabar" "coast, in Ceylon, and China. There is no trace of it in Egypt," and it ...

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Cinnereth

"A harp, one of the "fenced cities" of Naphtali (Josh. 19:35;" "comp. Deut. 3:17). It also denotes, apparently, a district which" may have taken its name from the adjacent city or lake of "Gennesaret ...

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Circuit

The apparent diurnal revolution of the sun round the earth (Ps. "19:6), and the changes of the wind (Eccl. 1:6). In Job 22:14," "in the circuit of heaven (R.V. marg., "on the vault of" "heaven") mean ...

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Circumcision

"Cutting around. This rite, practised before, as some think, by" "divers races, was appointed by God to be the special badge of" "his chosen people, an abiding sign of their consecration to him." "It ...

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Cistern

"The rendering of a Hebrew word bor, which means a receptacle for" "water conveyed to it; distinguished from beer, which denotes a" place where water rises on the spot (Jer. 2:13; Prov. 5:15; Isa. "3 ...

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Citizenship

The rights and privileges of a citizen in distinction from a foreigner (Luke 15:15; 19:14; Acts 21:39). Under the Mosaic law "non-Israelites, with the exception of the Moabites and the" "Ammonites an ...

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City

"The earliest mention of city-building is that of Enoch, which" "was built by Cain (Gen. 4:17). After the confusion of tongues," the descendants of Nimrod founded several cities (10:10-12). "Next, we ...

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Clauda

"A small island off the southwest coast of Crete, passed by Paul" on his voyage to Rome (Acts 27:16). It is about 7 miles long and "3 broad. It is now called Gozzo (R.V., "Cauda")." ...

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Claudia

A female Christian mentioned in 2 Tim. 4:21. It is a conjecture "having some probability that she was a British maiden, the" "daughter of king Cogidunus, who was an ally of Rome, and assumed" "the na ...

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Claudius

Lame. (1.) The fourth Roman emperor. He succeeded Caligula (A.D. "41). Though in general he treated the Jews, especially those in" "Asia and Egypt, with great indulgence, yet about the middle of" his ...

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Clay

This word is used of sediment found in pits or in streets (Isa. "57:20; Jer. 38:60), of dust mixed with spittle (John 9:6), and" of potter's clay (Isa. 41:25; Nah. 3:14; Jer. 18:1-6; Rom. 9:21). Clay ...

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Clean

The various forms of uncleanness according to the Mosaic law are enumerated in Lev. 11-15; Num. 19. The division of animals into clean and unclean was probably founded on the practice of sacrifice. I ...

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Clement

"Mild, a Christian of Philippi, Paul's "fellow-labourer," whose" "name he mentions as "in the book of life" (Phil. 4:3). It was an" opinion of ancient writers that he was the Clement of Rome whose "n ...

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Cleopas

"(abbreviation of Cleopatros), one of the two disciples with whom" Jesus conversed on the way to Emmaus on the day of the resurrection (Luke 24:18). We know nothing definitely regarding "him. It is n ...

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Cleophas

(in the spelling of this word h is inserted by mistake from "Latin MSS.), rather Cleopas, which is the Greek form of the" "word, while Clopas is the Aramaic form. In John 19:25 the" "Authorized Versi ...

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Cloak

"An upper garment, "an exterior tunic, wide and long, reaching to" "the ankles, but without sleeves" (Isa. 59:17). The word so" "rendered is elsewhere rendered "robe" or "mantle." It was worn" "by th ...

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Closet

"As used in the New Testament, signifies properly a storehouse" "(Luke 12: 24), and hence a place of privacy and retirement" (Matt. 6:6; Luke 12:3). ...

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Cloud

"The Hebrew so rendered means "a covering," because clouds cover" "the sky. The word is used as a symbol of the Divine presence, as" indicating the splendour of that glory which it conceals (Ex. "16: ...

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Cnidus

A town and harbour on the extreme south-west of the peninsula of Doris in Asia Minor. Paul sailed past it on his voyage to Rome after leaving Myra (Acts 27:7). ...

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Coal

It is by no means certain that the Hebrews were acquainted with "mineral coal, although it is found in Syria. Their common fuel" was dried dung of animals and wood charcoal. Two different words "are ...

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Coat

The tunic worn like the shirt next the skin (Lev. 16:4; Cant. "5:3; 2 Sam. 15:32; Ex. 28:4; 29:5). The "coats of skins" prepared by God for Adam and Eve were probably nothing more than aprons (Gen. 3 ...

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Coat of mail

"The rendering of a Hebrew word meaning "glittering" (1 Sam." "17:5, 38). The same word in the plural form is translated" "habergeons in 2 Chr. 26:14 and Neh. 4:16. The "harness" (1" "Kings 22:34), " ...

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Cockatrice

"The mediaeval name (a corruption of "crocodile") of a fabulous" serpent supposed to be produced from a cock's egg. It is "generally supposed to denote the cerastes, or "horned viper," a" very poison ...

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Cockcrowing

In our Lord's time the Jews had adopted the Greek and Roman "division of the night into four watches, each consisting of" "three hours, the first beginning at six o'clock in the evening" "(Luke 12:38 ...

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Cockle

"Occurs only in Job 31:40 (marg., "noisome weeds"), where it is" the rendering of a Hebrew word (b'oshah) which means "offensive, "having a bad smell," referring to some weed" perhaps which has an un ...

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CoeleSyria

"Hollow Syria, the name (not found in Scripture) given by the" "Greeks to the extensive valley, about 100 miles long, between" the Lebanon and the Anti-Lebanon range of mountains. ...

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Coffer

The receptacle or small box placed beside the ark by the "Philistines, in which they deposited the golden mice and the" "emerods as their trespass-offering (1 Sam. 6:8, 11, 15)." ...

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Coffin

"Used in Gen. 50:26 with reference to the burial of Joseph. Here," "it means a mummy-chest. The same Hebrew word is rendered "chest" "in 2 Kings 12:9, 10." ...

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Cogitations

"(or "thoughts," as the Chaldee word in Dan. 7:28 literally" "means), earnest meditation." ...

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Coin

Before the Exile the Jews had no regularly stamped money. They "made use of uncoined shekels or talents of silver, which they" weighed out (Gen. 23:16; Ex. 38:24; 2 Sam. 18:12). Probably the silver i ...

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Collar

"(Heb. peh), means in Job 30:18 the mouth or opening of the" garment that closes round the neck in the same way as a tunic "(Ex. 39:23). The "collars" (Heb. netiphoth) among the spoils of" "the Midia ...

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Collection

"The Christians in Palestine, from various causes, suffered from" poverty. Paul awakened an interest in them among the Gentile "churches, and made pecuniary collections in their behalf (Acts" "24:17; ...

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College

"Heb. mishneh (2 Kings 22:14; 2 Chr. 34:22), rendered in Revised" "Version "second quarter", the residence of the prophetess" "Huldah. The Authorized Version followed the Jewish commentators," "who, ...

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Colony

"The city of Philippi was a Roman colony (Acts 16:12), i.e., a" "military settlement of Roman soldiers and citizens, planted" there to keep in subjection a newly-conquered district. A colony "was Rom ...

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Colossae

"Or Colosse, a city of Phrygia, on the Lycus, which is a" "tributary of the Maeander. It was about 12 miles above Laodicea," "and near the great road from Ephesus to the Euphrates, and was" consequen ...

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Colossians Epistle to the

Was written by Paul at Rome during his first imprisonment there "(Acts 28:16, 30), probably in the spring of A.D. 57, or, as some" "think, 62, and soon after he had written his Epistle to the" "Ephes ...

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Colour

The subject of colours holds an important place in the Scriptures. "White occurs as the translation of various Hebrew words. It is "applied to milk (Gen. 49:12), manna (Ex. 16:31), snow (Isa." "1:18) ...

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Comforter

"The designation of the Holy Ghost (John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7;" "R.V. marg., "or Advocate, or Helper; Gr. paracletos"). The same" "Greek word thus rendered is translated "Advocate" in 1 John 2:1" " ...

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Coming of Christ

"(1) with reference to his first advent "in the fulness of the" "time" (1 John 5:20; 2 John 1:7), or (2) with reference to his" "coming again the second time at the last day (Acts 1:11; 3:20," 21; 1 ...

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Commandments the Ten

"(Ex. 34:28; Deut. 10:4, marg. "ten words") i.e., the Decalogue" "(q.v.), is a summary of the immutable moral law. These" commandments were first given in their written form to the "people of Israel ...

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Communion

"Fellowship with God (Gen. 18:17-33; Ex. 33:9-11; Num. 12:7, 8)," "between Christ and his people (John 14:23), by the Spirit (2" "Cor. 13:14; Phil. 2:1), of believers with one another (Eph." "4:1-6). ...

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Conaniah

"Whom Jehovah hath set, a Levite placed over the tithes brought" into the temple (2 Chr. 35:9). ...

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Concision

"(Gr. katatome; i.e., "mutilation"), a term used by Paul" contemptuously of those who were zealots for circumcision (Phil. "3:2). Instead of the warning, "Beware of the circumcision" "(peritome) i.e. ...

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Concubine

"In the Bible denotes a female conjugally united to a man, but in" "a relation inferior to that of a wife. Among the early Jews," "from various causes, the difference between a wife and a" concubine ...

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Concupiscence

"Desire, Rom. 7:8 (R.V., "coveting"); Col. 3:5 (R.V., "desire")." "The "lust of concupiscence" (1 Thess. 4:5; R.V., "passion of" "lust") denotes evil desire, indwelling sin." ...

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Conduit

"A water-course or channel (Job 38:25). The "conduit of the upper" "pool" (Isa. 7:3) was formed by Hezekiah for the purpose of" conveying the waters from the upper pool in the valley of Gihon to the ...

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Coney

"(Heb. shaphan; i.e., "the hider"), an animal which inhabits the" mountain gorges and the rocky districts of Arabia Petraea and "the Holy Land. "The conies are but a feeble folk, yet make they" "thei ...

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Confection

"(Ex. 30:35, "ointment" in ver. 25; R.V., "perfume"). The Hebrew" word so rendered is derived from a root meaning to compound oil and perfume. ...

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Confectionaries

"Only in 1 Sam. 8:13, those who make confections, i.e.," "perfumers, who compound species and perfumes." ...

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Confession

(1) An open profession of faith (Luke 12:8). (2.) An acknowledment of sins to God (Lev. 16:21; Ezra 9:5-15; Dan. "9:3-12), and to a neighbour whom we have wronged (James 5:16;" Matt. 18:15). ...

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Congregation

"(Heb. kahal), the Hebrew people collectively as a holy community" (Num. 15:15). Every circumcised Hebrew from twenty years old and upward was a member of the congregation. Strangers resident in "the ...

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Congregation mount of the

"(Isa. 14:13), has been supposed to refer to the place where God" "promised to meet with his people (Ex. 25:22; 29:42, 43) i.e.," "the mount of the Divine presence, Mount Zion. But here the king" of ...

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Conscience

"That faculty of the mind, or inborn sense of right and wrong, by" which we judge of the moral character of human conduct. It is "common to all men. Like all our other faculties, it has been" pervert ...

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Consecration

The devoting or setting apart of anything to the worship or service of God. The race of Abraham and the tribe of Levi were "thus consecrated (Ex. 13:2, 12, 15; Num. 3:12). The Hebrews" "devoted their ...

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Consolation of Israel

"A name for the Messiah in common use among the Jews, probably" suggested by Isa. 12:1; 49:13. The Greek word thus rendered "(Luke 2:25, paraklesis) is kindred to that translated" "Comforter in John ...

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Constellation

"A cluster of stars, or stars which appear to be near each other" "in the heavens, and which astronomers have reduced to certain" "figures (as the "Great Bear," the "Bull," etc.) for the sake of" "cl ...

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Contentment

A state of mind in which one's desires are confined to his lot whatever it may be (1 Tim. 6:6; 2 Cor. 9:8). It is opposed to "envy (James 3:16), avarice (Heb. 13:5), ambition (Prov. 13:10)," "anxiety ...

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Conversation

Generally the goings out and in of social intercourse (Eph. 2:3; "4:22; R.V., "manner of life"); one's deportment or course of" life. This word is never used in Scripture in the sense of verbal commu ...

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Conversion

The turning of a sinner to God (Acts 15:3). In a general sense "the heathen are said to be "converted" when they abandon" heathenism and embrace the Christian faith; and in a more "special sense men ...

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Convocation

A meeting of a religious character as distinguished from "congregation, which was more general, dealing with political and" "legal matters. Hence it is called an "holy convocation." Such" "convocatio ...

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Cook

A person employed to perform culinary service. In early times among the Hebrews cooking was performed by the mistress of the "household (Gen. 18:2-6; Judg. 6:19), and the process was very" "expeditio ...

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Coos

"(written Cos in the R.V.), a small island, one of the Sporades" "in the Aegean Sea, in the north-west of Rhodes, off the coast of" "Caria. Paul on his return from his third missionary journey," pass ...

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Copper

"Derived from the Greek kupros (the island of Cyprus), called" "Cyprian brass, occurs only in the Authorized Version in Ezra" 8:27. Elsewhere the Hebrew word (nehosheth) is improperly "rendered "bras ...

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Cor

"This Hebrew word, untranslated, denotes a round vessel used as a" "measure both for liquids and solids. It was equal to one homer," and contained ten ephahs in dry and ten baths in liquid measure (E ...

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Coral

"Heb. ramoth, meaning "heights;" i.e., "high-priced" or valuable" "things, or, as some suppose, "that which grows high," like a" "tree (Job 28:18; Ezek. 27:16), according to the Rabbins, red" "coral, ...

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Corban

A Hebrew word adopted into the Greek of the New Testament and left untranslated. It occurs only once (Mark 7:11). It means a gift or offering consecrated to God. Anything over which this word was onc ...

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Cord

"Frequently used in its proper sense, for fastening a tent (Ex." "35:18; 39:40), yoking animals to a cart (Isa. 5:18), binding" "prisoners (Judg. 15:13; Ps. 2:3; 129:4), and measuring ground (2" "Sam ...

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Coriander

"Heb. gad, (Ex. 16:31; Num. 11:7), seed to which the manna is" likened in its form and colour. It is the Coriandrum sativum of "botanists, an umbelliferous annual plant with a round stalk," about two ...

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Corinth

"A Grecian city, on the isthmus which joins the Peloponnesus to" the mainland of Greece. It is about 48 miles west of Athens. The "ancient city was destroyed by the Romans (B.C. 146), and that" "ment ...

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Corinthians First Epistle to the

Was written from Ephesus (1 Cor. 16:8) about the time of the Passover in the third year of the apostle's sojourn there (Acts "19:10; 20:31), and when he had formed the purpose to visit" "Macedonia, a ...

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Corinthians Second Epistle to the

"Shortly after writing his first letter to the Corinthians, Paul" "left Ephesus, where intense excitement had been aroused against" "him, the evidence of his great success, and proceeded to" "Macedon ...

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Cormorant

"(Lev. 11:17; Deut. 14:17), Heb. shalak, "plunging," or "darting" "down," (the Phalacrocorax carbo), ranked among the "unclean" birds; of the same family group as the pelican. It is a "plunging bird, ...

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Corn

"The word so rendered (dagan) in Gen. 27:28, 37, Num. 18:27," "Deut. 28:51, Lam. 2:12, is a general term representing all the" "commodities we usually describe by the words corn, grain, seeds," "peas ...

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Cornelius

A centurion whose history is narrated in Acts 10. He was a "devout man, and like the centurion of Capernaum, believed in" the God of Israel. His residence at Caesrea probably brought him into contact ...

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Corner

The angle of a house (Job 1:19) or a street (Prov. 7:8). Corners in Neh. 9:22 denotes the various districts of the "promised land allotted to the Israelites. In Num. 24:17, the" "corners of Moab deno ...

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Cornet

"Heb. shophar, "brightness," with reference to the clearness of" its sound (1 Chr. 15:28; 2 Chr. 15:14; Ps. 98:6; Hos. 5:8). It "is usually rendered in the Authorized Version "trumpet." It" "denotes ...

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Cotes

"Pens or enclosures for flocks (2 Chr. 32:28, "cotes for flocks;" "R.V., "flocks in folds")." ...

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Cottage

(1.) A booth in a vineyard (Isa. 1:8); a temporary shed covered with leaves or straw to shelter the watchman that kept the "garden. These were slight fabrics, and were removed when no" "longer needed ...

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Couch

"(Gen. 49:4; 1 Chr. 5:1; Job 7:13; Ps. 6:6, etc.), a seat for" repose or rest. (See [130]BED.) ...

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Coulter

"(1 Sam. 13:20, 21), an agricultural instrument, elsewhere called" ploughshare (Isa. 2:4; Micah 4:3; Joel 3:10). It was the "facing-piece of a plough, analogous to the modern coulter." ...

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Council

Spoken of counsellors who sat in public trials with the governor of a province (Acts 25:12). "The Jewish councils were the Sanhedrim, or supreme council of "the nation, which had subordinate to it sm ...

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Counsellor

"An adviser (Prov. 11:14; 15:22), a king's state counsellor (2" "Sam. 15:12). Used once of the Messiah (Isa. 9:6). In Mark 15:43," "Luke 23:50, the word probably means a member of the Jewish" Sanhedr ...

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Courses

"When David was not permitted to build the temple, he proceeded," "among the last acts of his life, with the assistance of Zadok" "and Ahimelech, to organize the priestly and musical services to" be ...

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Court

"The enclosure of the tabernacle (Ex. 27:9-19; 40:8), of the" "temple (1 Kings 6:36), of a prison (Neh. 3:25), of a private" "house (2 Sam. 17:18), and of a king's palace (2 Kings 20:4)." ...

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Covenant

A contract or agreement between two parties. In the Old Testament the Hebrew word berith is always thus translated. "Berith is derived from a root which means "to cut," and hence a" "covenant is a "c ...

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Covering of the eyes

Occurs only in Gen. 20:16. In the Revised Version the rendering "is "it (i.e., Abimelech's present of 1,000 pieces of silver to" "Abraham) is for thee a covering of the eyes." This has been" regarded ...

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Covetousness

A strong desire after the possession of worldly things (Col. "3:5; Eph. 5:5; Heb. 13:5; 1 Tim. 6:9, 10; Matt. 6:20). It" "assumes sometimes the more aggravated form of avarice, which is" the mark of ...

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Cow

A cow and her calf were not to be killed on the same day (Lev. "22:28; Ex. 23:19; Deut. 22:6, 7). The reason for this enactment" is not given. A state of great poverty is described in the words "of I ...

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Crane

(Isa. 38:14; Jer. 8:7). In both of these passages the Authorized "Version has reversed the Hebrew order of the words. "Crane or" "swallow" should be "swallow or crane," as in the Revised" Version. Th ...

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Creation

"In the beginning God created, i.e., called into being, all" things out of nothing. This creative act on the part of God was "absolutely free, and for infinitely wise reasons. The cause of" all thing ...

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Creature

Denotes the whole creation in Rom. 8:39; Col. 1:15; Rev. 5:13; the whole human race in Mark 16:15; Rom. 8:19-22. "The living creatures in Ezek. 10:15, 17, are imaginary beings, symbols of the Divine ...

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Crescens

"Increasing, probably one of the seventy disciples of Christ. He" "was one of Paul's assistants (2 Tim. 4:10), probably a Christian" of Rome. ...

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Crete

"Now called Candia, one of the largest islands in the" "Meditterranean, about 140 miles long and 35 broad. It was at one" "time a very prosperous and populous island, having a "hundred" "cities." The ...

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Crimson

See [133]COLOUR. ...

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Crispingpin

"(Isa. 3:22; R.V., "satchel"), some kind of female ornament," probably like the modern reticule. The Hebrew word harit properly signifies pouch or casket or purse. It is rendered bag in 2 Kings 5:23. ...

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Crispus

"Curled, the chief of the synagogue at Corinth (Acts 18:8). He" "was converted and, with his family, baptized by Paul (1 Cor." 1:14). ...

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Cross

"In the New Testament the instrument of crucifixion, and hence" used for the crucifixion of Christ itself (Eph. 2:16; Heb. 12:2; "1 Cor. 1:17, 18; Gal. 5:11; 6:12, 14; Phil. 3:18). The word is" also ...

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Crown

(1.) Denotes the plate of gold in the front of the high priest's mitre (Ex. 29:6; 39:30). The same Hebrew word so rendered (ne'zer) denotes the diadem worn by Saul in battle (2 Sam. "1:10), and also ...

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Crown of thorns

"Our Lord was crowned with a, in mockery by the Romans (Matt." 27:29). The object of Pilate's guard in doing this was probably "to insult, and not specially to inflict pain. There is nothing" "to sho ...

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Crucifixion

A common mode of punishment among heathen nations in early times. It is not certain whether it was known among the ancient Jews; probably it was not. The modes of capital punishment "according to the ...

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Cruse

"A utensil; a flask or cup for holding water (1 Sam. 26:11, 12," "16; 1 Kings 19:6) or oil (1 Kings 17:12, 14, 16). In 1 Kings" "14:3 the word there so rendered means properly a bottle, as in" "Jer. ...

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Crystal

"(Ezek. 1:22, with the epithet "terrible," as dazzling the" spectators with its brightness). The word occurs in Rev. 4:6; "21:11; 22:1. It is a stone of the flint order, the most refined" kind of qua ...

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Cubit

"Heb. `ammah; i.e., "mother of the arm," the fore-arm, is a word" "derived from the Latin cubitus, the lower arm. It is difficult" "to determine the exact length of this measure, from the" uncertaint ...

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Cuckoo

"(Heb. shahaph), from a root meaning "to be lean; slender." This" "bird is mentioned only in Lev. 11:16 and Deut. 14:15 (R.V.," "seamew). Some have interpreted the Hebrew word by "petrel" or" "shearw ...

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Cucumbers

"(Heb. plur. kishshuim; i.e., "hard," "difficult" of digestion," only in Num. 11:5). This vegetable is extensively cultivated in "the East at the present day, as it appears to have been in" earlier t ...

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Cummin

"(Heb. kammon; i.e., a "condiment"), the fruit or seed of an" "umbelliferous plant, the Cuminum sativum, still extensively" "cultivated in the East. Its fruit is mentioned in Isa. 28:25," "27. In the ...

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Cup

"A wine-cup (Gen. 40:11, 21), various forms of which are found on" Assyrian and Egyptian monuments. All Solomon's drinking vessels were of gold (1 Kings 10: 21). The cups mentioned in the New "Testam ...

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Cupbearer

"An officer of high rank with Egyptian, Persian, Assyrian, and" Jewish monarchs. The cup-bearer of the king of Egypt is mentioned in connection with Joseph's history (Gen. 40:1-21; 41:9). Rabshakeh ( ...

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Curious arts

"(Acts 19:19), magical arts; jugglery practised by the Ephesian" "conjurers. Ephesus was noted for its wizard and the "Ephesian" "spells;" i.e., charms or scraps of parchment written over with" "cert ...

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Curse

"Denounced by God against the serpent (Gen. 3:14), and against" Cain (4:11). These divine maledictions carried their effect with them. Prophetical curses were sometimes pronounced by holy men (Gen. 9 ...

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Curtain

"(1.) Ten curtains, each twenty-eight cubits long and four wide," "made of fine linen, also eleven made of goat's hair, covered the" tabernacle (Ex. 26:1-13; 36:8-17). "(2.) The sacred curtain, separ ...

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Cush

"Black. (1.) A son, probably the eldest, of Ham, and the father" of Nimrod (Gen. 10:8; 1 Chr. 1:10). From him the land of Cush seems to have derived its name. The question of the precise locality of ...

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Cushan

"Probably a poetic or prolonged name of the land of Cush, the" "Arabian Cush (Hab. 3:7). Some have, however, supposed this to be" "the same as Chushan-rishathaim (Judg. 3:8, 10), i.e., taking the" "l ...

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Cushite

(1.) The messenger sent by Joab to David to announce his victory over Absalom (2 Sam. 18:32). "(2.) The father of Shelemiah (Jer. 36:14). "(3.) Son of Gedaliah, and father of the prophet Zephaniah (1 ...

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Custom

A tax imposed by the Romans. The tax-gatherers were termed "publicans (q.v.), who had their stations at the gates of cities," "and in the public highways, and at the place set apart for that" "purpos ...

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Cuthah

One of the Babylonian cities or districts from which Shalmaneser transplanted certain colonists to Samaria (2 Kings 17:24). Some "have conjectured that the "Cutheans" were identical with the" Cossaea ...

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Cutting

"The flesh in various ways was an idolatrous practice, a part of" idol-worship (Deut. 14:1; 1 Kings 18:28). The Israelites were commanded not to imitate this practice (Lev. 19:28; 21:5; Deut. 14:1). ...

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Cymbals

"(Heb. tzeltzelim, from a root meaning to "tinkle"), musical" "instruments, consisting of two convex pieces of brass one held" "in each hand, which were clashed together to produce a loud" "clanging ...

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Cypress

"(Heb. tirzah, "hardness"), mentioned only in Isa. 44:14 (R.V.," holm tree). The oldest Latin version translates this word by "ilex, i.e., the evergreen oak, which may possibly have been the" tree in ...

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Cyprus

"One of the largest islands of the Mediterranean, about 148 miles" long and 40 broad. It is distant about 60 miles from the Syrian "coast. It was the "Chittim" of the Old Testament (Num. 24:24)." "Th ...

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Cyrene

"A city (now Tripoli) in Upper Libya, North Africa, founded by a" colony of Greeks (B.C. 630). It contained latterly a large "number of Jews, who were introduced into the city by Ptolemy," "the son o ...

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Cyrenius

The Grecized form of Quirinus. His full name was Publius Sulpicius Quirinus. Recent historical investigation has proved "that Quirinus was governor of Cilicia, which was annexed to" "Syria at the tim ...

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Cyrus

"(Heb. Ko'resh), the celebrated "King of Persia" (Elam) who was" "conqueror of Babylon, and issued the decree of liberation to the" "Jews (Ezra 1:1, 2). He was the son of Cambyses, the prince of" "Pe ...

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