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295 terms and definitions for "B"


Baal

"Lord. (1.) The name appropriated to the principal male god of the Phoenicians. It is found in several places in the plural BAALIM (Judg. 2:11; 10:10; 1 Kings 18:18; Jer. 2:23; Hos. 2:17). Baal is id ...

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Baalah

"Mistress; city. (1.) A city in the south of Judah (Josh. 15:29)," elsewhere called Balah (Josh. 19:3) and Bilhah (1 Chr. 4:29). Now Khurbet Zebalah. "(2.) A city on the northern border of the tribe ...

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Baalath

A town of the tribe of Dan (Josh. 19:44). It was fortified by Solomon (1 Kings 9:18; 2 Chr. 8:6). Some have identified it with "Bel'ain, in Wady Deir Balut." ...

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Baalathbeer

"Baalah of the well, (Josh. 19:8, probably the same as Baal," "mentioned in 1 Chr. 4:33, a city of Simeon." ...

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Baalbec

"Called by the Greeks Heliopolis i.e., "the city of the sun"," "because of its famous Temple of the Sun, has by some been" "supposed to be Solomon's "house of the forest of Lebanon" (1" Kings 7:2; 10 ...

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Baalberith

"Covenant lord, the name of the god worshipped in Shechem after" the death of Gideon (Judg. 8:33; 9:4). In 9:46 he is called "simply "the god Berith." The name denotes the god of the" "covenant into ...

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Baale of Judah

"Lords of Judah, a city in the tribe of Judah from which David" brought the ark into Jerusalem (2 Sam. 6:2). Elsewhere (1 Chr. 13:6) called Kirjath-jearim. (See [42]BAALAH.) ...

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Baalgad

"Lord of fortune, or troop of Baal, a Canaanite city in the" "valley of Lebanon at the foot of Hermon, hence called" "Baal-hermon (Judge. 3:3; 1 Chr. 5:23), near the source of the" Jordan (Josh. 13:5 ...

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Baalhamon

"Place of a multitude, a place where Solomon had an extensive" vineyard (Cant. 8:11). It has been supposed to be identical with "Baal-gad, and also with Hammon in the tribe of Asher (Josh." "19:28). ...

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Baalhanan

"Lord of grace. (1.) A king of Edom, son of Achbor (Gen. 36:38," "39; 1 Chr. 1:49, 50)." "(2.) An overseer of "the olive trees and sycomore trees in the "low plains" (the Shephelah) under David (1 Ch ...

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Baalhazor

"Having a courtyard, or Baal's village, the place on the borders" of Ephraim and Benjamin where Absalom held the feast of sheep-shearing when Amnon was assassinated (2 Sam. 13:23). "Probably it is th ...

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Baalhermon

Lord of Hermon. (1.) A city near Mount Hermon inhabited by the Ephraimites (1 Chr. 5:23). Probably identical with Baal-gad (Josh. 11:17). "(2.) A mountain east of Lebanon (Judg. 3:3). Probably it may ...

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Baali

"My lord, a title the prophet (Hos. 2:16) reproaches the Jewish" "church for applying to Jehovah, instead of the more endearing" "title Ishi, meaning "my husband." ...

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Baalim

Plural of Baal; images of the god Baal (Judg. 2:11; 1 Sam. 7:4). ...

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Baalis

King of the Ammonites at the time of the Babylonian captivity (Jer. 40:14). He hired Ishmael to slay Gedaliah who had been appointed governor over the cities of Judah. ...

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Baalmeon

"Lord of dwelling, a town of Reuben (Num. 32:38), called also" Beth-meon (Jer. 48:23) and Beth-baal-meon (Josh. 13:17). It is supposed to have been the birth-place of Elisha. It is "identified with t ...

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Baalpeor

"Lord of the opening, a god of the Moabites (Num. 25:3; 31:16;" "Josh. 22:17), worshipped by obscene rites. So called from Mount" "Peor, where this worship was celebrated, the Baal of Peor. The" "Isr ...

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Baalperazim

"Baal having rents, bursts, or destructions, the scene of a" victory gained by David over the Philistines (2 Sam. 5:20; 1 Chr. 14:11). Called Mount Perazim (Isa. 28:21). It was near the "valley of Re ...

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Baalshalisha

"Lord of Shalisha, a place from which a man came with provisions" "for Elisha, apparently not far from Gilgal (2 Kings 4:42). It" "has been identified with Sirisia, 13 miles north of Lydda." ...

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Baaltamar

"Lord of palm trees, a place in the tribe of Benjamin near Gibeah" of Saul (Judg. 20:33). It was one of the sanctuaries or groves of Baal. Probably the palm tree of Deborah (Judg. 4:5) is alluded to ...

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Baalzebub

"Fly-lord, the god of the Philistines at Ekron (2 Kings 1:2, 3," 16). This name was given to the god because he was supposed to be able to avert the plague of flies which in that region was to be fea ...

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Baalzephon

"Baal of the north, an Egyptian town on the shores of the Gulf of" "Suez (Ex. 14:2; Num. 33:7), over against which the children of" Israel encamped before they crossed the Red Sea. It is probably "to ...

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Baana

Son of affliction. (1.) One of Solomon's purveyors (1 Kings 4:12). "(2.) Son of Hushai, another of Solomon's purveyors (1 Kings 4:16). "(3.) Father of Zadok (Neh. 3:4). ...

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Baanah

Son of affliction. (1.) One of the two sons of Rimmon the "Beerothite, a captain in Saul's army. He and his brother Rechab" "assassinated Ishbosheth (2 Sam. 4:2), and were on this account" "slain by ...

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Baasha

"Bravery, the third king of the separate kingdom of Israel, and" founder of its second dynasty (1 Kings 15; 16; 2 Chr. 16:1-6). He was the son of Ahijah of the tribe of Issachar. The city of "Tirzah ...

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Babe

Used of children generally (Matt. 11:25; 21:16; Luke 10:21; Rom. 2:20). It is used also of those who are weak in Christian faith and knowledge (1 Cor. 3:1; Heb. 5:13; 1 Pet. 2:2). In Isa. 3:4 "the wo ...

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Babel tower of

The name given to the tower which the primitive fathers of our race built in the land of Shinar after the Deluge (Gen. 11:1-9). Their object in building this tower was probably that it might "be seen ...

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Babylon

"The Greek form of BABEL; Semitic form Babilu, meaning "The Gate" "of God." In the Assyrian tablets it means "The city of the" "dispersion of the tribes." The monumental list of its kings" "reaches b ...

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Babylon kingdom of

"Called "the land of the Chaldeans" (Jer. 24:5; Ezek, 12:13), was" an extensive province in Central Asia along the valley of the Tigris from the Persian Gulf northward for some 300 miles. It was fame ...

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Babylonish garment

"A robe of rich colours fabricated at Babylon, and hence of great" value (Josh. 7:21). ...

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Baca Valley of

"(Ps. 84:6; R.V., "valley of weeping," marg., "or balsam trees")," "probably a valley in some part of Palestine, or generally some" one of the valleys through which pilgrims had to pass on their way ...

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Backbite

"In Ps. 15:3, the rendering of a word which means to run about" "tattling, calumniating; in Prov. 25:23, secret talebearing or" "slandering; in Rom. 1:30 and 2 Cor. 12:20, evil-speaking," maliciously ...

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Backslide

To draw back or apostatize in matters of religion (Acts 21:21; 2 Thess. 2:3; 1 Tim. 4:1). This may be either partial (Prov. "14:14) or complete (Heb. 6:4-6; 10:38, 39). The apostasy may be" both doct ...

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Badger

"This word is found in Ex. 25:5; 26:14; 35:7, 23; 36:19; 39:34;" "Num. 4:6, etc. The tabernacle was covered with badgers' skins;" the shoes of women were also made of them (Ezek. 16:10). Our translat ...

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Bag

(1.) A pocket of a cone-like shape in which Naaman bound two pieces of silver for Gehazi (2 Kings 5:23). The same Hebrew word "occurs elsewhere only in Isa. 3:22, where it is rendered" "crisping-pins ...

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Bahurim

"Young men, a place east of Jerusalem (2 Sam. 3:16; 19:16), on" "the road to the Jordan valley. Here Shimei resided, who poured" "forth vile abuse against David, and flung dust and stones at him" and ...

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Bajith

"House, probably a city of Moab, which had a celebrated" idol-temple (Isa. 15:2). It has also been regarded as denoting "simply the temple of the idol of Moab as opposed to the "high" "place." ...

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Bake

"The duty of preparing bread was usually, in ancient times," committed to the females or the slaves of the family (Gen. 18:6; Lev. 26:26; 1 Sam. 8:13); but at a later period we find a class "of publi ...

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Bakemeats

"Baked provisions (Gen. 40:17), literally "works of the baker," such as biscuits and cakes. ...

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Balaam

"Lord of the people; foreigner or glutton, as interpreted by" "others, the son of Beor, was a man of some rank among the" Midianites (Num. 31:8; comp. 16). He resided at Pethor (Deut. "23:4), in Meso ...

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Baladan

"He has given a son, the father of the Babylonian king (2 Kings" 20:12; Isa. 39:1) Merodach-baladan (q.v.). ...

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Balah

"A city in the tribe of Simeon (Josh. 19:3), elsewhere called" Bilhah (1 Chr. 4:29) and Baalah (Josh. 15:29). ...

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Balak

"Empty; spoiler, a son of Zippor, and king of the Moabites (Num." "22:2, 4). From fear of the Israelites, who were encamped near" "the confines of his territory, he applied to Balaam (q.v.) to" curse ...

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Balance

"Occurs in Lev. 19:36 and Isa. 46:6, as the rendering of the" "Hebrew kanch', which properly means "a reed" or "a cane," then a" rod or beam of a balance. This same word is translated "measuring reed ...

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Baldness

From natural causes was uncommon (2 Kings 2:23; Isa. 3:24). It "was included apparently under "scab" and "scurf," which" disqualified for the priesthood (Lev. 21:20). The Egyptians were rarely subjec ...

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Balm

"Contracted from Bal'sam, a general name for many oily or" resinous substances which flow or trickle from certain trees or plants when an incision is made through the bark. "(1.) This word occurs in ...

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Bamah

"A height, a name used simply to denote a high place where the" Jews worshipped idols (Ezek. 20:29). The plural is translated high places in Num. 22:41 and Ezek. 36:2. ...

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Bamoth

"Heights, the forty-seventh station of the Israelites (Num." "21:19, 20) in the territory of the Moabites." ...

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Bamothbaal

"Heights of Baal, a place on the river Arnon, or in the plains" "through which it flows, east of Jordan (Josh. 13:17; comp. Num." 21:28). It has been supposed to be the same place as Bamoth. ...

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Bands

(1) of love (Hos. 11:4); (2) of Christ (Ps. 2:3); (3) uniting together Christ's body the church (Col. 2:19; 3:14; Eph. 4:3); (4) the emblem of the captivity of Israel (Ezek. 34:27; Isa. 28:22; 52:2); ...

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Bani

Built. (1.) 1 Chr. 6:46. (2.) One of David's thirty-seven "warriors, a Gadite (2 Sam. 23:36). (3.) Ezra 2:10; 10:29, 34," 38. (4.) A Levite who was prominent in the reforms on the return "from Babylo ...

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Banner

"(1.) The flag or banner of the larger kind, serving for three" "tribes marching together. These standards, of which there were" "four, were worked with embroidery and beautifully ornamented" "(Num. ...

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Banquet

A feast provided for the entertainment of a company of guests (Esther 5; 7; 1 Pet. 4:3); such as was provided for our Lord by his friends in Bethany (Matt. 26:6; Mark 14:3; comp. John 12:2). "These m ...

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Baptism Christian

"An ordinance immediately instituted by Christ (Matt. 28:19, 20)," "and designed to be observed in the church, like that of the" "Supper, "till he come." The words "baptize" and "baptism" are" simply ...

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Baptism for the dead

Only mentioned in 1 Cor. 15:29. This expression as used by the "apostle may be equivalent to saying, "He who goes through a" baptism of blood in order to join a glorified church which has "no existen ...

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Baptism Johns

"Was not Christian baptism, nor was that which was practised by" the disciples previous to our Lord's crucifixion. Till then the New Testament economy did not exist. John's baptism bound its "subject ...

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Baptism of Christ

Christ had to be formally inaugurated into the public discharge "of his offices. For this purpose he came to John, who was the" "representative of the law and the prophets, that by him he might" "be ...

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Bar

Used to denote the means by which a door is bolted (Neh. 3:3); a rock in the sea (Jonah 2:6); the shore of the sea (Job 38:10); "strong fortifications and powerful impediments, etc. (Isa. 45:2;" Amos ...

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Barabbas

"I.e., son of Abba or of a father, a notorious robber whom Pilate" "proposed to condemn to death instead of Jesus, whom he wished to" "release, in accordance with the Roman custom (John 18:40; Mark" ...

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Barachel

"Whom God has blessed, a Buzite, the father of Elihu, one of" "Job's friends (Job 32:2, 6)." ...

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Barachias Berechiah

"4 (q.v.), whom Jehovah hath blessed, father of the prophet" "Zechariah (Zech. 1:1, 7; Matt. 23:35)." ...

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Barak

"Lightning, the son of Abinoam (Judg. 4:6). At the summons of" Deborah he made war against Jabin. She accompanied him into the "battle, and gave the signal for the little army to make the" attack; in ...

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Barbarian

A Greek word used in the New Testament (Rom. 1:14) to denote one "of another nation. In Col. 3:11, the word more definitely" designates those nations of the Roman empire that did not speak "Greek. In ...

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Barber

"Found only once, in Ezek. 5:1, where reference is made to the" Jewish custom of shaving the head as a sign of mourning. The Nazarites were untouched by the razor from their birth (Num. 6:5). Comp. J ...

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Barefoot

"To go barefoot was a sign of great distress (Isa. 20:2, 3, 4)," or of some great calamity having fallen on a person (2 Sam. 15:30). ...

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Bariah

"Fugitive, one of Shemaiah's five sons. Their father is counted" along with them in 1 Chr. 3:22. ...

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Barjesus

"Son of Joshua, the patronymic of Elymas the sorcerer (Acts" "13:6), who met Paul and Barnabas at Paphos. Elymas is a word of" "Arabic origin meaning "wise." ...

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Barjona

"Son of Jonah, the patronymic of Peter (Matt. 16:17; John 1:42)," because his father's name was Jonas. (See [48]PETER.) ...

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Barkos

"Painter, (Ezra 2:53; Neh. 7:55). The father of some of the" Nethinim. ...

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Barley

A grain much cultivated in Egypt (Ex. 9:31) and in Palestine (Lev. 27:16; Deut. 8:8). It was usually the food of horses (1 Kings 4:28). Barley bread was used by the poorer people (Judg. 7:13; 2 Kings ...

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Barn

"A storehouse (Deut. 28:8; Job 39:12; Hag. 2:19) for grain, which" "was usually under ground, although also sometimes above ground" (Luke 12:18). ...

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Barnabas

"Son of consolation, the surname of Joses, a Levite (Acts 4:36)." His name stands first on the list of prophets and teachers of "the church at Antioch (13:1). Luke speaks of him as a "good man" (11:2 ...

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Barrel

"A vessel used for keeping flour (1 Kings 17:12, 14, 16). The" "same word (cad) so rendered is also translated "pitcher," a" vessel for carrying water (Gen. 24:14; Judg. 7:16). ...

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Barren

For a woman to be barren was accounted a severe punishment among "the Jews (Gen. 16:2; 30:1-23; 1 Sam. 1:6, 27; Isa. 47:9; 49:21;" Luke 1:25). Instances of barrenness are noticed (Gen. 11:30; "25:21; ...

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Barsabas

"Son of Saba, the surname (1) of Joseph, also called Justus (Acts" "1:23), some identify him with Barnabas; (2) of Judas, who was a" prophet. Nothing more is known of him than what is mentioned in Ac ...

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Bartholomew

"Son of Tolmai, one of the twelve apostles (Matt. 10:3; Acts" 1:13); generally supposed to have been the same as Nathanael. In the synoptic gospels Philip and Bartholomew are always mentioned "togeth ...

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Bartimaeus

"Son of Timaeus, one of the two blind beggars of Jericho (Mark" 10:46; Matt. 20:30). His blindness was miraculously cured on the ground of his faith. ...

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Baruch

Blessed. (1.) The secretary of the prophet Jeremiah (32:12; 36:4). He was of the tribe of Judah (51:59). To him Jeremiah dictated his prophecies regarding the invasion of the Babylonians and the Capt ...

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Barzillai

"Of iron. (1.) A Meholathite, the father of Adriel (2 Sam. 21:8)." "(2.) A Gileadite of Rogelim who was distinguished for his loyalty to David. He liberally provided for the king's followers "(2 Sam. ...

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Bashan

"Light soil, first mentioned in Gen. 14:5, where it is said that" "Chedorlaomer and his confederates "smote the Rephaim in" "Ashteroth," where Og the king of Bashan had his residence. At" "the time o ...

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Bashan Hill of

"(Ps. 68:15), probably another name for Hermon, which lies to the" north of Bashan. ...

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Bashanhavothjair

"The Bashan of the villages of Jair, the general name given to" "Argob by Jair, the son of Manasseh (Deut. 3:14), containing" sixty cities with walls and brazen gates (Josh. 13:30; 1 Kings 4:13). (Se ...

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Bashemath

"Sweet-smelling. (1.) The daughter of Ishmael, the last of Esau's" "three wives (Gen. 36:3, 4, 13), from whose son Reuel four tribes" of the Edomites sprung. She is also called Mahalath (Gen. 28:9). ...

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Basilisk

"(in R.V., Isa. 11:8; 14:29; 59:5; Jer. 8:17), the "king" "serpent," as the name imports; a fabulous serpent said to be" "three spans long, with a spot on its head like a crown. Probably" the yellow ...

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Basin

Or Bason. (1.) A trough or laver (Heb. aggan') for washing (Ex. "24:6); rendered also "goblet" (Cant. 7:2) and "cups" (Isa." 22:24). "(2.) A covered dish or urn (Heb. k'for) among the vessels of the ...

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Basket

There are five different Hebrew words so rendered in the "Authorized Version: (1.) A basket (Heb. sal, a twig or osier)" "for holding bread (Gen. 40:16; Ex. 29:3, 23; Lev. 8:2, 26, 31;" "Num. 6:15, 1 ...

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Bastard

"In the Old Testament the rendering of the Hebrew word mamzer'," "which means "polluted." In Deut. 23:2, it occurs in the ordinary" "sense of illegitimate offspring. In Zech. 9:6, the word is used" i ...

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Bastinado

"Beating, a mode of punishment common in the East. It is referred" "to by "the rod of correction" (Prov. 22:15), "scourging" (Lev." "19:20), "chastising" (Deut. 22:18). The number of blows could" "no ...

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Bat

The Hebrew word (atalleph') so rendered (Lev. 11:19; Deut. "14:18) implies "flying in the dark." The bat is reckoned among" the birds in the list of unclean animals. To cast idols to the moles and to ...

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Bath

"A Hebrew liquid measure, the tenth part of an homer (1 Kings" "7:26, 38; Ezek. 45:10, 14). It contained 8 gallons 3 quarts of" "our measure. "Ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath" (Isa." 5:10) ...

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Bathrabbim

"Daughter of many, the name of one of the gates of the city of" "Heshbon, near which were pools (Cant. 7:4)." ...

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Baths

The use of the bath was very frequent among the Hebrews (Lev. "14:8; Num. 19:19, ect.). The high priest at his inauguration" "(Lev. 8:6), and on the day of atonement, was required to bathe" "himself ...

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Bathsheba

"Daughter of the oath, or of seven, called also Bath-shu'a (1" "Chr. 3:5), was the daughter of Eliam (2 Sam. 11:3) or Ammiel (1" "Chr. 3:5), and wife of Uriah the Hittite. David committed" "adultery ...

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Batteringram

"(Ezek. 4:2; 21:22), a military engine, consisting of a long beam" "of wood hung upon a frame, for making breaches in walls. The end" of it which was brought against the wall was shaped like a ram's ...

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Battleaxe

A mallet or heavy war-club. Applied metaphorically (Jer. 51:20) "to Cyrus, God's instrument in destroying Babylon." ...

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Battlebow

"The war-bow used in fighting (Zech. 9:10; 10:4). "Thy bow was" "made quite naked" (Hab. 3:9) means that it was made ready for" use. By David's order (2 Sam. 1:18) the young men were taught "the use, ...

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Battlement

A parapet wall or balustrade surrounding the flat roofs of the "houses, required to be built by a special law (Deut. 22:8). In" "Jer. 5:10, it denotes the parapet of a city wall." ...

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Bay

Denotes the estuary of the Dead Sea at the mouth of the Jordan "(Josh. 15:5; 18:19), also the southern extremity of the same sea" "(15:2). The same Hebrew word is rendered "tongue" in Isa. 11:15," wh ...

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Bay tree

"Named only in Ps. 37:35, Authorized Version. The Hebrew word so" "rendered is ereh, which simply means "native born", i.e., a tree" "not transplanted, but growing on its native soil, and therefore" ...

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Bdellium

"Occurs only in Gen. 2:12, where it designates a product of the" "land of Havilah; and in Num. 11:7, where the manna is likened to" it in colour. It was probably an aromatic gum like balsam which exu ...

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Beacon

A pole (Heb. to'ren) used as a standard or ensign set on the tops of mountains as a call to the people to assemble themselves for some great national purpose (Isa. 30:17). In Isa. 33:23 and "Ezek. 27 ...

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Bealiah

"Whose Lord is Jehovah, a Benjamite, one of David's thirty heroes" of the sling and bow (1 Chr. 12:5). ...

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Bealoth

"Citizens, a town in the extreme south of Judah (Josh. 15:24);" "probably the same as Baalath-beer (19:8). In 1 Kings 4:16, the" "Authorized Version has "in Aloth," the Revised Version" Bealoth. ...

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Beam

Occurs in the Authorized Version as the rendering of various "Hebrew words. In 1 Sam. 17:7, it means a weaver's frame or" "principal beam; in Hab. 2:11, a crossbeam or girder; 2 Kings" "6:2, 5, a cro ...

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Beans

Mentioned in 2 Sam. 17:28 as having been brought to David when flying from Absalom. They formed a constituent in the bread "Ezekiel (4:9) was commanded to make, as they were in general" much used as ...

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Bear

"A native of the mountain regions of Western Asia, frequently" mentioned in Scripture. David defended his flocks against the attacks of a bear (1 Sam. 17:34-37). Bears came out of the wood and destro ...

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Beard

The mode of wearing it was definitely prescribed to the Jews (Lev. 19:27; 21:5). Hence the import of Ezekiel's (5:1-4) "description of the "razor" i.e., the agents of an angry" providence being used ...

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Beast

This word is used of flocks or herds of grazing animals (Ex. "22:5; Num. 20:4, 8, 11; Ps. 78:48); of beasts of burden (Gen." 45:17); of eatable beasts (Prov. 9:2); and of swift beasts or dromedaries ...

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Beaten gold

"In Num. 8:4, means "turned" or rounded work in gold. The Greek" "Version, however, renders the word "solid gold;" the Revised" "Version, "beaten work of gold." In 1 Kings 10:16, 17, it" "probably me ...

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Beaten oil

"(Ex. 27:20; 29:40), obtained by pounding olives in a mortar, not" by crushing them in a mill. It was reckoned the best. (See [55]OLIVE.) ...

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Beautiful gate

The name of one of the gates of the temple (Acts 3:2). It is supposed to have been the door which led from the court of the "Gentiles to the court of the women. It was of massive structure," and cove ...

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Becher

"First-born; a youth, the second son of Benjamin (Gen. 46:21)," who came down to Egypt with Jacob. It is probable that he "married an Ephraimitish heiress, and that his descendants were" consequently ...

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Bed

"(Heb. mittah), for rest at night (Ex. 8:3; 1 Sam. 19:13, 15, 16," "etc.); during sickness (Gen. 47:31; 48:2; 49:33, etc.); as a" sofa for rest (1 Sam. 28:23; Amos 3:12). Another Hebrew word "(er'es) ...

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Bedan

One of the judges of Israel (1 Sam. 12:11). It is uncertain who "he was. Some suppose that Barak is meant, others Samson, but" most probably this is a contracted form of Abdon (Judg. 12:13). ...

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Bedchamber

"An apartment in Eastern houses, furnished with a slightly" elevated platform at the upper end and sometimes along the "sides, on which were laid mattresses. This was the general" arrangement of the ...

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Bedstead

"Used in Deut. 3:11, but elsewhere rendered "couch," "bed." In 2" "Kings 1:4; 16:2; Ps. 132:3; Amos 3:12, the divan is meant by" this word. ...

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Bee

"First mentioned in Deut. 1:44. Swarms of bees, and the danger of" "their attacks, are mentioned in Ps. 118:12. Samson found a" swarm of bees in the carcass of a lion he had slain (Judg. 14:8). Wild ...

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Beelzebub

"(Gr. form Beel'zebul), the name given to Satan, and found only" "in the New Testament (Matt. 10:25; 12:24, 27; Mark 3:22). It is" "probably the same as Baalzebub (q.v.), the god of Ekron, meaning" " ...

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Beer

Well. (1.) A place where a well was dug by the direction of "Moses, at the forty-fourth station of the Hebrews in their" wanderings (Num. 21:16-18) in the wilderness of Moab. (See [56]WELL.) "(2.) A ...

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Beerelim

"Well of heroes, probably the name given to Beer, the place where" the chiefs of Israel dug a well (Num. 21:16; Isa. 15:8). ...

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Beeri

"Illustrious, or the well-man. (1.) The father of Judith, one of" "the wives of Esau (Gen. 26:34), the same as Adah (Gen. 36:2)." (2.) The father of the prophet Hosea (1:1). ...

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Beerlahairoi

"I.e., "the well of him that liveth and seeth me," or, as some" "render it, "the well of the vision of life", the well where the" Lord met with Hagar (Gen. 16:7-14). Isaac dwelt beside this well "(24 ...

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Beeroth

"Wells, one of the four cities of the Hivites which entered by" fraud into a league with Joshua. It belonged to Benjamin (Josh. 18:25). It has by some been identified with el-Bireh on the way "to Nab ...

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Beeroth of the children of Jaakan

(Deut. 10:6). The same as Bene-jaakan (Num. 33:31). ...

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Beersheba

"Well of the oath, or well of seven, a well dug by Abraham, and" so named because he and Abimelech here entered into a compact "(Gen. 21:31). On re-opening it, Isaac gave it the same name" (Gen. 26:3 ...

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Beetle

"(Heb. hargol, meaning "leaper"). Mention of it is made only in" "Lev. 11:22, where it is obvious the word cannot mean properly" the beetle. It denotes some winged creeper with at least four "feet, " ...

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Beeves

"(an old English plural of the word beef), a name applicable to" "all ruminating animals except camels, and especially to the" "Bovidce, or horned cattle (Lev. 22:19, 21; Num. 31:28, 30, 33," "38, 44 ...

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Beg

That the poor existed among the Hebrews we have abundant "evidence (Ex. 23:11; Deut. 15:11), but there is no mention of" beggars properly so called in the Old Testament. The poor were provided for by ...

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Behead

A method of taking away life practised among the Egyptians (Gen. 40:17-19). There are instances of this mode of punishment also "among the Hebrews (2 Sam. 4:8; 20:21, 22; 2 Kings 10:6-8). It is" also ...

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Behemoth

(Job 40:15-24). Some have supposed this to be an Egyptian word "meaning a "water-ox." The Revised Version has here in the margin" "hippopotamus, which is probably the correct rendering of the" "word. ...

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Bekah

"Both the name and its explanation, "a half shekel," are given in" "Ex. 38:26. The word properly means a "division," a "part." "(R.V., "beka.")" ...

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Bel

"The Aramaic form of Baal, the national god of the Babylonians" "(Isa. 46:1; Jer. 50:2; 51:44). It signifies "lord." (See" [57]BAAL.) ...

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Bela

"A thing swallowed. (1.) A city on the shore of the Dead Sea, not" "far from Sodom, called also Zoar. It was the only one of the" "five cities that was spared at Lot's intercession (Gen. 19:20," "23) ...

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Belial

"Worthlessness, frequently used in the Old Testament as a proper" name. It is first used in Deut. 13:13. In the New Testament it "is found only in 2 Cor. 6:15, where it is used as a name of" "Satan, ...

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Bell

The bells first mentioned in Scripture are the small golden "bells attached to the hem of the high priest's ephod (Ex. 28:33," "34, 35). The "bells of the horses" mentioned by Zechariah" (14:20) were ...

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Bellows

"Occurs only in Jer. 6:29, in relation to the casting of metal." Probably they consisted of leather bags similar to those common in Egypt. ...

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Belly

The seat of the carnal affections (Titus 1:12; Phil. 3:19; Rom. 16:18). The word is used symbolically for the heart (Prov. 18:8; "20:27; 22:18, marg.). The "belly of hell" signifies the grave or" und ...

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Belshazzar

"Bel protect the king!, the last of the kings of Babylon (Dan." "5:1). He was the son of Nabonidus by Nitocris, who was the" daughter of Nebuchadnezzar and the widow of Nergal-sharezer. When still yo ...

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Belteshazzar

"Beltis protect the king!, the Chaldee name given to Daniel by" Nebuchadnezzar (Dan. 1:7). ...

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Benaiah

"Built up by Jehovah. (1.) The son of Jehoiada, chief priest (1" Chr. 27:5). He was set by David over his body-guard of Cherethites and Pelethites (2 Sam. 8:18; 1 Kings 1:32; 1 Chr. "18:17). His expl ...

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Benammi

"Son of my kindred; i.e., "born of incest", the son of Lot by his" youngest daughter (Gen. 19:38). ...

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Bench

"Deck of a Tyrian ship, described by Ezekiel (27:6) as overlaid" with box-wood. ...

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Benejaakan

"Children of Jaakan (Num. 33:31, 32), the same as Beeroth." ...

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Benhadad

"The standing title of the Syrian kings, meaning "the son of" "Hadad." (See [59]HADADEZER.)" "(1.) The king of Syria whom Asa, king of Judah, employed to invade Israel (1 Kings 15:18). "(2.) Son of t ...

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Benjamin

Son of my right hand. (1.) The younger son of Jacob by Rachel "(Gen. 35:18). His birth took place at Ephrath, on the road" "between Bethel and Bethlehem, at a short distance from the" "latter place. ...

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Beor

"A torch. (1.) The father of Bela, one of the kings of Edom (Gen." 36:32). "(2.) The father of Balaam (Num. 22:5; 24:3, 15; 31:8). In 2 Pet. 2:15 he is called Bosor. ...

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Bera

"Gift, or son of evil, king of Sodom at the time of the invasion" "of the four kings under Chedorlaomer (Gen. 14:2, 8, 17, 21)." ...

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Berachah

"Blessing. (1.) A valley not far from Engedi, where Jehoshaphat" overthrew the Moabites and Ammonites (2 Chr. 20:26). It has been "identified with the valley of Bereikut. (R.V., "Beracah.")" "(2.) On ...

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Berea

A city of Macedonia to which Paul with Silas and Timotheus went "when persecuted at Thessalonica (Acts 17:10, 13), and from which" "also he was compelled to withdraw, when he fled to the sea-coast" " ...

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Berechiah

"Blessed by Jehovah. (1.) Son of Shimea, and father of Asaph the" musician (1 Chr. 6:39; 15:17). "(2.) One of the seven Ephraimite chieftains, son of Meshillemoth (2 Chr. 28:12). "(3.) The fourth of ...

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Bered

"Hail. (1.) A town in the south of Palestine (Gen. 16:14), in the" "desert of Shur, near Lahai-roi." "(2.) A son of Shuthelah, and grandson of Ephraim (1 Chr. 7:20). ...

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Beriah

"A gift, or in evil. (1.) One of Asher's four sons, and father of" Heber (Gen. 46:17). "(2.) A son of Ephraim (1 Chr. 7:20-23), born after the slaughter "of his brothers, and so called by his father ...

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Bernice

"Bearer of victory, the eldest daughter of Agrippa I., the Herod" Agrippa of Acts 12:20. After the early death of her first "husband she was married to her uncle Herod, king of Chalcis." After his de ...

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Berodachbaladan

The king of Babylon who sent a friendly deputation to Hezekiah (2 Kings 20:12). In Isa. 39:1 he is called Merodach-baladan (q.v.). ...

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Beryl

The rendering in the Authorized Version of the Hebrew word "tarshish, a precious stone; probably so called as being brought" from Tarshish. It was one of the stones on the breastplate of "the high pr ...

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Besom

"The rendering of a Hebrew word meaning sweeper, occurs only in" "Isa. 14:23, of the sweeping away, the utter ruin, of Babylon." ...

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Besor

"Cold, a ravine or brook in the extreme south-west of Judah," "where 200 of David's men stayed behind because they were faint," "while the other 400 pursued the Amalekites (1 Sam. 30:9, 10," "21). Pr ...

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Bestead

"The rendering in Isa. 8:21, where alone it occurs, of a Hebrew" "word meaning to oppress, or be in circumstances of hardship." ...

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Betah

"Confidence, a city belonging to Hadadezer, king of Zobah, which" yielded much spoil of brass to David (2 Sam. 8:8). In 1 Chr. 18:8 it is called Tibhath. ...

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Beth

"Occurs frequently as the appellation for a house, or" "dwelling-place, in such compounds as the words immediately" following: ...

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Bethabara

"House of the ford, a place on the east bank of the Jordan, where" John was baptizing (John 1:28). It may be identical with "Bethbarah, the ancient ford of Jordan of which the men of" Ephraim took po ...

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Bethanath

"House of response, one of the fenced cities of Naphtali (Josh." "19:38). It is perhaps identical with the modern village `Ainata," 6 miles west of Kedesh. ...

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Bethanoth

"House of answers, a city in the mountainous district of Judah" (Josh. 15:59). It has been identified with the modern "Beit-`Anun, about 3 miles northeast of Hebron." ...

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Bethany

House of dates. (1.) The Revised Version in John 1:28 has this "word instead of Bethabara, on the authority of the oldest" manuscripts. It appears to have been the name of a place on the east of Jord ...

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Betharabah

"House of the desert, one of the six cities of Judah, situated in" the sunk valley of the Jordan and Dead Sea (Josh. 18:22). In "Josh. 15:61 it is said to have been "in the wilderness." It was" after ...

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Betharam

"House of the height; i.e., "mountain-house", one of the towns of" "Gad, 3 miles east of Jordan, opposite Jericho (Josh. 13:27)." Probably the same as Beth-haran in Num. 32:36. It was called by "king ...

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Betharbel

"House of God's court, a place alluded to by Hosea (10:14) as the" "scene of some great military exploit, but not otherwise" mentioned in Scripture. The Shalman here named was probably "Shalmaneser, ...

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Bethaven

"House of nothingness; i.e., "of idols", a place in the mountains" "of Benjamin, east of Bethel (Josh. 7:2; 18:12; 1 Sam. 13:5). In" "Hos. 4:15; 5:8; 10:5 it stands for "Bethel" (q.v.), and it is so" ...

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Bethbarah

"House of crossing, a place south of the scene of Gideon's" victory (Judg. 7:24). It was probably the chief ford of the "Jordan in that district, and may have been that by which Jacob" "crossed when ...

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Bethcar

"Sheep-house, a place to which the Israelites pursued the" Philistines west from Mizpeh (1 Sam. 7:11). ...

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Bethdagon

House of Dagon. (1.) A city in the low country or plain of "Judah, near Philistia (Josh. 15:41); the modern Beit Degan," about 5 miles from Lydda. "(2.) A city near the south-east border of Asher (Jo ...

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Bethdiblathaim

"House of two cakes of figs, a city of Moab, upon which Jeremiah" (48:22) denounced destruction. It is called also "Almon-diblathaim (Num. 33:46) and Diblath (Ezek. 6:14). (R.V.," Diblah.) ...

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Bethel

"House of God. (1.) A place in Central Palestine, about 10 miles" "north of Jerusalem, at the head of the pass of Michmash and Ai." It was originally the royal Canaanite city of Luz (Gen. 28:19). The ...

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Bethelite

"A designation of Hiel (q.v.), who rebuilt Jericho and" experienced the curse pronounced long before (1 Kings 16:34). ...

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Bether

"Dissection or separation, certain mountains mentioned in Cant." 2:17; probably near Lebanon. ...

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Bethesda

"House of mercy, a reservoir (Gr. kolumbethra, "a swimming bath")" "with five porches, close to the sheep-gate or market (Neh. 3:1;" "John 5:2). Eusebius the historian (A.D. 330) calls it "the" "shee ...

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Bethgamul

"Camel-house, a city in the "plain country" of Moab denounced by" "the prophet (Jer. 48:23); probably the modern Um-el-Jemal, near" "Bozrah, one of the deserted cities of the Hauran." ...

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Bethgilgal

"House of Gilgal, a place from which the inhabitants gathered for" the purpose of celebrating the rebuilding of the walls on the return exile (Neh. 12:29). (See [65]GILGAL.) ...

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Bethhaccerem

"House of a vineyard, a place in the tribe of Judah (Neh. 3:14)" where the Benjamites were to set up a beacon when they heard the trumpet against the invading army of the Babylonians (Jer. 6:1). "It ...

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Bethhoron

"House of the hollow, or of the cavern, the name of two towns or" "villages (2 Chr. 8:5; 1 Chr. 7:24) in the territory of Ephraim," on the way from Jerusalem to Joppa. They are distinguished as "Beth ...

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Bethjeshimoth

"House of wastes, or deserts, a town near Abel-shittim, east of" "Jordan, in the desert of Moab, where the Israelites encamped not" "long before crossing the Jordan (Num. 33:49; A.V.," "Bethjesimoth) ...

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BethleAphrah

"(R.V. Micah 1:10), house of dust. The Authorized Version reads" in the house of Aphrah. This is probably the name of a town in "the Shephelah, or "low country," between Joppa and Gaza." ...

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Bethlehem

"House of bread. (1.) A city in the "hill country" of Judah. It" "was originally called Ephrath (Gen. 35:16, 19; 48:7; Ruth 4:11)." "It was also called Beth-lehem Ephratah (Micah 5:2)," "Beth-lehem-j ...

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Bethpeor

"House of Peor; i.e., "temple of Baal-peor", a place in Moab, on" "the east of Jordan, opposite Jericho. It was in the tribe of" "Reuben (Josh. 13:20; Deut. 3:29; 4:46). In the "ravine" or" valley ov ...

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Bethphage

"House of the unripe fig, a village on the Mount of Olives, on" the road from Jerusalem to Jericho (Matt. 21:1; Mark 11:1; Luke "19:29), and very close to Bethany. It was the limit of a" "Sabbath-day ...

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Bethsaida

"House of fish. (1.) A town in Galilee, on the west side of the" "sea of Tiberias, in the "land of Gennesaret." It was the native" "place of Peter, Andrew, and Philip, and was frequently resorted" to ...

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Bethshean

"House of security or rest, a city which belonged to Manasseh (1" "Chr. 7:29), on the west of Jordan. The bodies of Saul and his" sons were fastened to its walls. In Solomon's time it gave its name t ...

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Bethshemesh

House of the sun. (1.) A sacerdotal city in the tribe of Dan "(Josh. 21:16; 1 Sam. 6:15), on the north border of Judah (Josh." "15:10). It was the scene of an encounter between Jehoash, king" "of Isr ...

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Bethtappuah

"House of apples, a town of Judah, now Tuffuh, 5 miles west of" Hebron (Josh. 15:53). ...

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Bethuel

"Man of God, or virgin of God, or house of God. (1.) The son of" "Nahor by Milcah; nephew of Abraham, and father of Rebekah (Gen." "22:22, 23; 24:15, 24, 47). He appears in person only once" (24:50). ...

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Bethzur

"House of rock, a town in the mountains of Judah (Josh. 15:58)," about 4 miles to the north of Hebron. It was built by Rehoboam for the defence of his kingdom (2 Chr. 11:7). It stood near the modern ...

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Betroth

"To promise "by one's truth." Men and women were betrothed when" they were engaged to be married. This usually took place a year or more before marriage. From the time of betrothal the woman was rega ...

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Beulah

"Married, is used in Isa. 62:4 metaphorically as the name of" "Judea: "Thy land shall be married," i.e., favoured and blessed" of the Lord. ...

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Bewray

To reveal or disclose; an old English word equivalent to "betray (Prov. 27:16; 29:24, R.V., "uttereth;" Isa. 16:3; Matt." 26:73). ...

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Beyond

"When used with reference to Jordan, signifies in the writings of" "Moses the west side of the river, as he wrote on the east bank" "(Gen. 50:10, 11; Deut. 1:1, 5; 3:8, 20; 4:46); but in the" "writin ...

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Bezaleel

"In the shadow of God; i.e., "under his protection", the" artificer who executed the work of art in connection with the tabernacle in the wilderness (Ex. 31:2; 35:30). He was engaged "principally in ...

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Bezek

"Lightning. (1.) The residence of Adoni-bezek, in the lot of" "Judah (Judg. 1:5). It was in the mountains, not far from" "Jerusalem. Probably the modern Bezkah, 6 miles south-east of" Lydda. "(2.) Th ...

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Bezer

Ore of gold or silver. (1.) A city of the Reubenites; one of the three cities of refuge on the east of Jordan (Deut. 4: 43; Josh. 20:8). It has been identified with the modern ruined village of "Bura ...

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Bible

"Bible, the English form of the Greek name Biblia, meaning" "books, the name which in the fifth century began to be given" "to the entire collection of sacred books, the "Library of Divine" "Revelati ...

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Bier

The frame on which dead bodies were conveyed to the grave (Luke 7:14). ...

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Bigtha

"Garden, or gift of fortune, one of the seven eunuchs or" chamberlains who had charge of the harem of Ahasuerus (Esther 1:10). ...

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Bigthan

"One of the eunuchs who "kept the door" in the court of" Ahasuerus. With Teresh he conspired against the king's life. "Mordecai detected the conspiracy, and the culprits were hanged" (Esther 2:21-23; ...

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Bildad

"Son of contention, one of Job's friends. He is called "the" "Shuhite," probably as belonging to Shuah, a district in Arabia," "in which Shuah, the sixth son of Abraham by Keturah, settled" (Gen. 25: ...

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Bilgah

Cheerful. (1.) The head of the fifteenth sacerdotal course for the temple service (1 Chr. 24:14). (2.) A priest who returned "from Babylon with Zerubbabel (Neh. 12:5, 18)." ...

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Bilhah

"Faltering; bashful, Rachel's handmaid, whom she gave to Jacob" (Gen. 29:29). She was the mother of Dan and Naphtali (Gen. 30:3-8). Reuben was cursed by his father for committing adultry "with her (3 ...

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Bilshan

"Son of the tongue; i.e., "eloquent", a man of some note who" returned from the Captivity with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:2; Neh. 7:7). ...

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Bird

"Birds are divided in the Mosaic law into two classes, (1) the" "clean (Lev. 1:14-17; 5:7-10; 14:4-7), which were offered in" sacrifice; and (2) the unclean (Lev. 11:13-20). When offered in "sacrific ...

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Birsha

"Son of wickedness, a king of Gomorrah whom Abraham succoured in" the invasion of Chedorlaomer (Gen. 14:2). ...

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Birth

"As soon as a child was born it was washed, and rubbed with salt" "(Ezek. 16:4), and then swathed with bandages (Job 38:9; Luke" "2:7, 12). A Hebrew mother remained forty days in seclusion after" "th ...

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Birthday

"The observance of birth-days was common in early times (Job 1:4," "13, 18). They were specially celebrated in the land of Egypt" (Gen. 40:20). There is no recorded instance in Scripture of the celeb ...

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Birthright

(1.) This word denotes the special privileges and advantages belonging to the first-born son among the Jews. He became the priest of the family. Thus Reuben was the first-born of the "patriarchs, and ...

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Bishop

"An overseer. In apostolic times, it is quite manifest that there" was no difference as to order between bishops and elders or "presbyters (Acts 20:17-28; 1 Pet. 5:1, 2; Phil. 1:1; 1 Tim. 3)." The te ...

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Bit

The curb put into the mouths of horses to restrain them. The Hebrew word (metheg) so rendered in Ps. 32:9 is elsewhere "translated "bridle" (2 Kings 19:28; Prov. 26:3; Isa. 37:29)." "Bits were genera ...

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Bithron

"The broken or divided place, a district in the Arabah or Jordan" "valley, on the east of the river (2 Sam. 2:29). It was probably" "the designation of the region in general, which is broken and" int ...

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Bithynia

"A province in Asia Minor, to the south of the Euxine and" Propontis. Christian congregations were here formed at an early time (1 Pet. 1:1). Paul was prevented by the Spirit from entering this provi ...

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Bitter

"Bitterness is symbolical of affliction, misery, and servitude" (Ex. 1:14; Ruth 1:20; Jer. 9:15). The Chaldeans are called the "bitter and hasty nation (Hab. 1:6). The "gall of bitterness" "expresses ...

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Bittern

Is found three times in connection with the desolations to come "upon Babylon, Idumea, and Nineveh (Isa. 14:23; 34:11; Zeph." 2:14). This bird belongs to the class of cranes. Its scientific "name is ...

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Bitumen

"Gen. 11:3, R.V., margin, rendered in the A.V. "slime"), a" mineral pitch. With this the ark was pitched (6:14. See also Ex. 2:3.) (See [70]SLIME.) ...

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Black

Properly the absence of all colour. In Prov. 7:9 the Hebrew word "means, as in the margin of the Revised Version, "the pupil of" "the eye." It is translated "apple" of the eye in Deut. 32:10;" Ps. 17 ...

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Blade

Applied to the glittering point of a spear (Job 39:23) or sword "(Nah. 3:3), the blade of a dagger (Judg. 3:22); the "shoulder" "blade" (Job 31:22); the "blade" of cereals (Matt. 13:26)." ...

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Blains

Occurs only in connection with the sixth plague of Egypt (Ex. "9:9, 10). In Deut. 28:27, 35, it is called "the botch of Egypt." "It seems to have been the fearful disease of black leprosy, a" "kind o ...

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Blasphemy

In the sense of speaking evil of God this word is found in Ps. "74:18; Isa. 52:5; Rom. 2:24; Rev. 13:1, 6; 16:9, 11, 21. It" "denotes also any kind of calumny, or evil-speaking, or abuse (1" "Kings 2 ...

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Blastus

Chamberlain to king Herod Agrippa I. (Acts 12:20). Such persons generally had great influence with their masters. ...

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Blemish

Imperfection or bodily deformity excluding men from the "priesthood, and rendering animals unfit to be offered in" "sacrifice (Lev. 21:17-23; 22:19-25). The Christian church, as" "justified in Christ ...

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Bless

(1.) God blesses his people when he bestows on them some gift temporal or spiritual (Gen. 1:22; 24:35; Job 42:12; Ps. 45:2; "104:24, 35)." "(2.) We bless God when we thank him for his mercies (Ps. 10 ...

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Blind

Blind beggars are frequently mentioned (Matt. 9:27; 12:22; 20:30; John 5:3). The blind are to be treated with compassion (Lev. 19:14; Deut. 27:18). Blindness was sometimes a punishment "for disobedie ...

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Blood

"(1.) As food, prohibited in Gen. 9:4, where the use of animal" food is first allowed. Comp. Deut. 12:23; Lev. 3:17; 7:26; 17:10-14. The injunction to abstain from blood is renewed in the decree of t ...

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Bloody sweat

The sign and token of our Lord's great agony (Luke 22:44). ...

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Blot

A stain or reproach (Job 31:7; Prov. 9:7). To blot out sin is to "forgive it (Ps. 51:1, 9; Isa. 44:22; Acts 3:19). Christ's" blotting out the handwriting of ordinances was his fulfilling the law in o ...

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Blue

"Generally associated with purple (Ex. 25:4; 26:1, 31, 36, etc.)." It is supposed to have been obtained from a shellfish of the "Mediterranean, the Helix ianthina of Linnaeus. The robe of the" "high ...

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Boanerges

"Sons of thunder, a surname given by our Lord to James and John" (Mark 3:17) on account of their fervid and impetuous temper (Luke 9:54). ...

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Boar

Occurs only in Ps. 80:13. The same Hebrew word is elsewhere "rendered "swine" (Lev. 11:7; Deut. 14:8; Prov. 11:22; Isa. 65:4;" "66:3, 17). The Hebrews abhorred swine's flesh, and accordingly" "none o ...

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Boaz

"Alacrity. (1.) The husband of Ruth, a wealthy Bethlehemite. By" "the "levirate law" the duty devolved on him of marrying Ruth the" "Moabitess (Ruth 4:1-13). He was a kinsman of Mahlon, her first" hu ...

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Bochim

"Weepers, a place where the angel of the Lord reproved the" Israelites for entering into a league with the people of the "land. This caused them bitterly to weep, and hence the name of" "the place (J ...

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Boil

"(rendered "botch" in Deut. 28:27, 35), an aggravated ulcer, as" in the case of Hezekiah (2 Kings 20:7; Isa. 38:21) or of the "Egyptians (Ex. 9:9, 10, 11; Deut. 28:27, 35). It designates the" "diseas ...

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Bolled

"(Ex. 9:31), meaning "swollen or podded for seed," was adopted in" the Authorized Version from the version of Coverdale (1535). The "Revised Version has in the margin "was in bloom," which is the" mo ...

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Bolster

"The Hebrew word kebir, rendered "pillow" in 1 Sam. 19:13, 16," "but in Revised Version marg. "quilt" or "network," probably" means some counterpane or veil intended to protect the head of the sleepe ...

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Bond

"An obligation of any kind (Num. 30:2, 4, 12). The word means" also oppression or affliction (Ps. 116:16; Phil. 1:7). Christian "love is the "bond of perfectness" (Col. 3:14), and the" "influences of ...

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Bondage

"Of Israel in Egypt (Ex. 2:23, 25; 5), which is called the "house" "of bondage" (13:3; 20:2). This word is used also with reference" "to the captivity in Babylon (Isa. 14:3), and the oppression of" " ...

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Bonnet

"(Heb. peer), Ex. 39:28 (R.V., "head-tires"); Ezek. 44:18 (R.V.," "tires), denotes properly a turban worn by priests, and in Isa." "3:20 (R.V., "head-tires") a head-dress or tiara worn by females." " ...

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Book

This word has a comprehensive meaning in Scripture. In the Old "Testament it is the rendering of the Hebrew word sepher, which" "properly means a "writing," and then a "volume" (Ex. 17:14;" "Deut. 28 ...

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Booth

A hut made of the branches of a tree. In such tabernacles Jacob sojourned for a season at a place named from this circumstance Succoth (Gen. 33:17). Booths were erected also at the feast of "Tabernac ...

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Booty

Captives or cattle or objects of value taken in war. In Canaan all that breathed were to be destroyed (Deut. 20: 16). The pictures and images of the Canaanites were to be destroyed also (Num. 33:52). ...

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Borrow

"The Israelites "borrowed" from the Egyptians (Ex. 12:35, R.V.," asked) in accordance with a divine command (3:22; 11:2). But the word (sha'al) so rendered here means simply and always to "request or ...

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Bosom

In the East objects are carried in the bosom which Europeans "carry in the pocket. To have in one's bosom indicates kindness," "secrecy, or intimacy (Gen. 16:5; 2 Sam. 12:8). Christ is said to" "have ...

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Bosor

"The Chaldee or Aramaic form of the name Beor, the father of" Balaam (2 Pet. 2:15). ...

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Bosses

The projecting parts of a shield (Job 15:26). The Hebrew word "thus rendered means anything convex or arched, and hence the" "back, as of animals." ...

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Botch

"The name given in Deut. 28:27, 35 to one of the Egyptian plagues" "(Ex. 9:9). The word so translated is usually rendered "boil" (q.v.). ...

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Bottle

A vessel made of skins for holding wine (Josh. 9:4. 13; 1 Sam. "16:20; Matt. 9:17; Mark 2:22; Luke 5:37, 38), or milk (Judg." "4:19), or water (Gen. 21:14, 15, 19), or strong drink (Hab." 2:15). "Ear ...

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Bow

The bow was in use in early times both in war and in the chase (Gen. 21:20; 27:3; 48:22). The tribe of Benjamin were famous for the use of the bow (1 Chr. 8:40; 12:2; 2 Chr. 14:8; 17:17); so also wer ...

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Bowels

"(Phil. 1:8; 2:1; Col. 3:12), compassionate feelings; R.V.," tender mercies. ...

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Bowing

"A mode of showing respect. Abraham "bowed himself to the people" "of the land" (Gen. 23:7); so Jacob to Esau (Gen. 33:3); and the" brethren of Joseph before him as the governor of the land (Gen. 43: ...

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Bowl

The sockets of the lamps of the golden candlestick of the "tabernacle are called bowls (Ex. 25:31, 33, 34; 37:17, 19, 20);" "the same word so rendered being elsewhere rendered "cup" (Gen." "44:2, 12, ...

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Box

For holding oil or perfumery (Mark 14:3). It was of the form of a flask or bottle. The Hebrew word (pak) used for it is more "appropriately rendered "vial" in 1 Sam. 10:1, and should also be" "so ren ...

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Boxtree

"(Heb. teashshur), mentioned in Isa. 60:13; 41:19, was, according" "to some, a species of cedar growing in Lebanon. The words of" "Ezek. 27:6 literally translated are, "Thy benches they have made" "o ...

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Bozrah

"Enclosure; fortress. (1.) The city of Jobab, one of the early" Edomite kings (Gen. 36:33). This place is mentioned by the prophets in later times (Isa. 34:6; Jer. 49:13; Amos 1:12; Micah 2:12). Its ...

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Bracelet

"(1.) Anklets (Num. 31:50; 2 Sam. 1:10), and with reference to" men. "(2.) The rendering of a Hebrew word meaning fasteners, found in "Gen. 24:22, 30, 47." "(3.) In Isa. 3:19, the rendering of a Hebr ...

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Bramble

"(1.) Hebrew atad, Judg. 9:14; rendered "thorn," Ps. 58:9. The" "LXX. and Vulgate render by rhamnus, a thorny shrub common in" "Palestine, resembling the hawthorn." "(2.) Hebrew hoah, Isa. 34:13 (R.V ...

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Branch

"A symbol of kings descended from royal ancestors (Ezek. 17:3," "10; Dan. 11:7); of prosperity (Job 8:16); of the Messiah, a" "branch out of the root of the stem of Jesse (Isa. 11:1), the" "beautiful ...

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Brass

"Which is an alloy of copper and zinc, was not known till the" thirteenth century. What is designated by this word in Scripture is properly copper (Deut. 8:9). It was used for fetters (Judg. "16:21; ...

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Bravery

"(Isa. 3:18), an old English word meaning comeliness or beauty." ...

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Breach

An opening in a wall (1 Kings 11:27; 2 Kings 12:5); the fracture "of a limb (Lev. 24:20), and hence the expression, "Heal, etc." "(Ps. 60:2). Judg. 5:17, a bay or harbour; R.V., "by his creeks." ...

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Bread

Among the Jews was generally made of wheat (Ex. 29:2; Judg. "6:19), though also sometimes of other grains (Gen. 14:18; Judg." 7:13). Parched grain was sometimes used for food without any other prepar ...

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Breastplate

(1.) That piece of ancient armour that protected the breast. This word is used figuratively in Eph. 6:14 and Isa. 59:17. (See [78]ARMOUR.) "(2.) An ornament covering the breast of the high priest, fi ...

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Breeches

"(Ex. 28:42), rather linen drawers, reaching from the waist to a" "little above the knee, worn by the priests (Ezek. 44:17, 18)." ...

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Bribe

"None to be taken; "for the gift maketh open eyes blind, and" "perverteth the cause of the righteous" (Ex. 23:8, literally" rendered). ...

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Bricks

"The making of, formed the chief labour of the Israelites in" "Egypt (Ex. 1:13, 14). Those found among the ruins of Babylon and" Nineveh are about a foot square and four inches thick. They were "usua ...

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Bride

"Frequently used in the ordinary sense (Isa. 49:18; 61:10, etc.)." The relation between Christ and his church is set forth under the figure of that between a bridegroom and bride (John 3:29). "The ch ...

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Bridle

Three Hebrew words are thus rendered in the Authorized Version. "(1.) Heb. mahsom' signifies a muzzle or halter or bridle, by" which the rider governs his horse (Ps. 39:1). "(2.) Me'theg, rendered al ...

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Brier

"This word occurs frequently, and is the translation of several" "different terms. (1.) Micah 7:4, it denotes a species of thorn" shrub used for hedges. In Prov. 15:19 the word is rendered "thorn (He ...

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Brigandine

"(Jer. 46:4; 51:3), an obsolete English word denoting a scale" "coat of armour, or habergeon, worn by light-armed "brigands." "The Revised Version has "coat of mail." ...

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Brimstone

An inflammable mineral substance found in quantities on the shores of the Dead Sea. The cities of the plain were destroyed "by a rain of fire and brimstone (Gen. 19:24, 25). In Isa. 34:9" allusion is ...

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Brook

"A torrent. (1.) Applied to small streams, as the Arnon, Jabbok," "etc. Isaiah (15:7) speaks of the "book of the willows," probably" the Wady-el-Asha. (2.) It is also applied to winter torrents "(Job ...

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Brother

"(1.) In the natural and common sense (Matt. 1:2; Luke 3:1, 19)." "(2.) A near relation, a cousin (Gen. 13:8; 14:16; Matt. 12:46; John 7:3; Acts 1:14; Gal. 1:19). "(3.) Simply a fellow-countryman (Ma ...

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Bruit

"A rumour or report (Jer. 10:22, R.V. "rumour;" Nah. 3:19)." ...

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Bucket

"A vessel to draw water with (Isa. 40:15); used figuratively," "probably, of a numerous issue (Num. 24:7)." ...

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Buckler

(1.) A portable shield (2 Sam. 22:31; 1 Chr. 5:18). "(2.) A shield surrounding the person; the targe or round form; used once figuratively (Ps. 91:4). (3.) A large shield protecting the whole body (P ...

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Building

Among the Jews was suited to the climate and conditions of the country. They probably adopted the kind of architecture for their dwellings which they found already existing when they entered Canaan ( ...

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Bul

"Rainy, the eighth ecclesiastical month of the year (1 Kings" "6:38), and the second month of the civil year; later called" Marchesvan (q.v.). (See [83]MONTH.) ...

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Bullock

(1.) The translation of a word which is a generic name for "horned cattle (Isa. 65:25). It is also rendered "cow" (Ezek." "4:15), "ox" (Gen. 12:16)." "(2.) The translation of a word always meaning an ...

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Bulrush

(1.) In Isa. 58:5 the rendering of a word which denotes "belonging to a marsh, from the nature of the soil in which it" grows (Isa. 18:2). It was sometimes platted into ropes (Job. "41:2; A.V., "hook ...

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Bulwarks

"Mural towers, bastions, were introduced by king Uzziah (2 Chr." 26:15; Zeph. 1:16; Ps. 48:13; Isa. 26:1). There are five Hebrew "words so rendered in the Authorized Version, but the same word" is al ...

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Bunch

(1.) A bundle of twigs (Ex. 12:22). (2.) Bunch or cake of "raisins (2 Sam. 16:1). (3.) The "bunch of a camel" (Isa. 30:6)." ...

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Burden

(1.) A load of any kind (Ex. 23:5). (2.) A severe task (Ex. "2:11). (3.) A difficult duty, requiring effort (Ex. 18:22). (4.)" A prophecy of a calamitous or disastrous nature (Isa. 13:1; "17:1; Hab. ...

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Burial

The first burial we have an account of is that of Sarah (Gen. 23). The first commercial transaction recorded is that of the "purchase of a burial-place, for which Abraham weighed to Ephron" four hund ...

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Burnt offering

"Hebrew olah; i.e., "ascending," the whole being consumed by" "fire, and regarded as ascending to God while being consumed." "Part of every offering was burnt in the sacred fire, but this" "was wholl ...

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Bush

In which Jehovah appeared to Moses in the wilderness (Ex. 3:2; Acts 7:30). It is difficult to say what particular kind of plant or bush is here meant. Probably it was the mimosa or acacia. The "words ...

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Butler

Properly a servant in charge of the wine (Gen. 40:1-13; 41:9). "The Hebrew word, mashkeh, thus translated is rendered also" "(plural) "cup-bearers" (1 Kings 10:5; 2 Chr. 9:4). Nehemiah" (1:11) was cu ...

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Butter

"(Heb. hemah), curdled milk (Gen. 18:8; Judg. 5:25; 2 Sam." "17:29), or butter in the form of the skim of hot milk or cream," "called by the Arabs kaimak, a semi-fluid (Job 20:17; 29:6; Deut." "32:14 ...

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Buz

"Contempt. (1.) The second son of Nahor and Milcah, and brother" of Huz (Gen. 22:21). Elihu was one of his descendants (Job 32:2). "(2.) One of the chiefs of the tribe of Gad (1 Chr. 5:14). "(3.) A d ...

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Buzi

The father of the prophet Ezekiel (1:3). ...

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By

"In the expression "by myself" (A.V., 1 Cor. 4:4), means, as" "rendered in the Revised Version, "against myself." ...

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By and by

"Immediately (Matt. 13:21; R.V., "straightway;" Luke 21:9)." ...

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Byways

"Only in Judg. 5:6 and Ps. 125:5; literally "winding or twisted" "roads." The margin has "crooked ways." ...

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Byword

"Hebrew millah (Job 30:9), a word or speech, and hence object of" "talk; Hebrew mashal (Ps. 44:14), a proverb or parable. When it" "denotes a sharp word of derision, as in Deut. 28:37, 1 Kings" "9:7, ...

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