King James Bible

King James Version (KJV)

King James Bible KJV

Bible Dictionary





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381 terms and definitions for "A"


A

Alpha, the first letter of the Greek alphabet, as Omega is the last. These letters occur in the text of Rev. 1:8, 11; 21:6;" "22:13, and are represented by "Alpha" and "Omega" respectively" "(omitted ...

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Aaron

"The eldest son of Amram and Jochebed, a daughter of Levi (Ex." "6:20). Some explain the name as meaning mountaineer, others" "mountain of strength, illuminator. He was born in Egypt three" "years be ...

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Aaronites

"The descendants of Aaron, and therefore priests. Jehoiada, the" "father of Benaiah, led 3,700 Aaronites as "fighting men" to the" "support of David at Hebron (1 Chr. 12:27). Eleazar (Num. 3:32)," "a ...

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Abaddon

"Destruction, the Hebrew name (equivalent to the Greek Apollyon," "i.e., destroyer) of "the angel of the bottomless pit" (Rev." "9:11). It is rendered "destruction" in Job 28:22; 31:12; 26:6;" Prov. ...

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Abagtha

One of the seven eunuchs in Ahasuerus's court (Esther 1:10; 2:21). ...

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Abana

"Stony (Heb. marg. "Amanah," perennial), the chief river of" "Damascus (2 Kings 5:12). Its modern name is Barada, the" "Chrysorrhoas, or "golden stream," of the Greeks. It rises in a" "cleft of the A ...

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Abarim

"Regions beyond; i.e., on the east of Jordan, a mountain, or" "rather a mountain-chain, over against Jericho, to the east and" "south-east of the Dead Sea, in the land of Moab. From "the top" "of Pis ...

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Abba

This Syriac or Chaldee word is found three times in the New "Testament (Mark 14:36; Rom. 8:15; Gal. 4:6), and in each case is" "followed by its Greek equivalent, which is translated "father." It is a ...

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Abda

"Servant. (1.) The father of Adoniram, whom Solomon set over the" "tribute (1 Kings 4:6); i.e., the forced labour (R.V., "levy")." "(2.) A Levite of the family of Jeduthun (Neh. 11:17), also called O ...

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Abdeel

"Servant of God, (Jer. 36:26), the father of Shelemiah." ...

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Abdi

My servant. (1.) 1 Chr. 6:44. (2.) 2 Chr. 29:12. (3.) Ezra 10:26 ...

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Abdiel

"Servant of God, (1 Chr. 5:15), a Gadite chief." ...

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Abdon

"Servile. (1.) The son of Hillel, a Pirathonite, the tenth judge" of Israel (Judg. 12:13-15). He is probably the Bedan of 1 Sam. 12:11 "(2.) The first-born of Gibeon of the tribe of Benjamin (1 Chr. ...

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Abednego

"Servant of Nego=Nebo, the Chaldee name given to Azariah, one of" Daniel's three companions (Dan. 2:49). With Shadrach and "Meshach, he was delivered from the burning fiery furnace" (3:12-30). ...

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Abel

"(Heb. Hebhel), a breath, or vanity, the second son of Adam and" Eve. He was put to death by his brother Cain (Gen. 4:1-16). "Guided by the instruction of their father, the two brothers were" "traine ...

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Abelbethmaachah

"Meadow of the house of Maachah, a city in the north of" "Palestine, in the neighbourhood of Dan and Ijon, in the tribe of" Naphtali. It was a place of considerable strength and "importance. It is ca ...

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Abelcheramim

"(Judg. 11:33, R.V.; A. V., "plain of the vineyards"), a village" "of the Ammonites, whither Jephthah pursued their forces." ...

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Abelmeholah

"Meadow of dancing, or the dancing-meadow, the birth-place and" "residence of the prophet Elisha, not far from Beth-shean (1" "Kings 4:12), in the tribe of Issachar, near where the Wady" "el-Maleh em ...

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Abelmizraim

"Meadow of Egypt, or mourning of Egypt, a place "beyond," i.e.," "on the west of Jordan, at the "threshing-floor of Atad." Here" the Egyptians mourned seventy days for Jacob (Gen. 50:4-11). Its site ...

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Abelshittim

"Meadow of the acacias, frequently called simply "Shittim" (Num." "25:1; Josh. 2:1; Micah 6:5), a place on the east of Jordan, in" "the plain of Moab, nearly opposite Jericho. It was the" "forty-seco ...

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Abez

"Tin, or white, a town in the tribe of Issachar (Josh. 19:20), at" the north of the plain of Esdraelon. It is probably identified with the ruins of el-Beida. ...

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Abia

"My father is the Lord, the Greek form of Abijah, or Abijam" "(Matt. 1:7), instead of Abiah (1 Chr. 7:8). In Luke 1:5, the" name refers to the head of the eighth of the twenty-four courses into which ...

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Abialbon

"Father of strength; i.e., "valiant", one of David's body-guard" of thirty mighty men (2 Sam. 23:31); called also Abiel (1 Chr. 11:32). ...

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Abiasaph

"Father of gathering; the gatherer, the youngest of the three" "sons of Korah the Levite, head of a family of Korhites (Ex." 6:24); called Ebisaph (1 Chr. 6:37). ...

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Abiathar

"Father of abundance, or my father excels, the son of Ahimelech" "the high priest. He was the tenth high priest, and the fourth in" descent from Eli. When his father was slain with the priests of "No ...

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Abib

"An ear of corn, the month of newly-ripened grain (Ex. 13:4;" "23:15); the first of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, and the" seventh of the civil year. It began about the time of the vernal "equinox, ...

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Abida

"Or Abi'dah, father of knowledge; knowing, one of the five sons" "of Midian, who was the son of Abraham by Keturah (1 Chr. 1:33)," and apparently the chief of an Arab tribe. ...

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Abidan

"Father of judgment; judge, head of the tribe of Benjamin at the" Exodus (Num. 1:11; 2:22). ...

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Abieezer

"Father of help; i.e., "helpful." (1.) The second of the three" "sons of Hammoleketh, the sister of Gilead. He was the grandson" of Manasseh (1 Chr. 7:18). From his family Gideon sprang (Josh. 17:2; ...

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Abiel

"Father (i.e., "possessor") of God = "pious." (1.) The son of" "Zeror and father of Ner, who was the grandfather of Saul (1 Sam." "14:51; 1 Chr. 8:33; 9:39). In 1 Sam. 9:1, he is called the" "father, ...

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Abiezrite

"Father of help, a descendant of Abiezer (Judg. 6:11, 24; 8:32)." ...

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Abigail

"Father (i.e., "leader") of the dance, or "of joy." (1.) The" "sister of David, and wife of Jether an Ishmaelite (1 Chr. 2:16," 17). She was the mother of Amasa (2 Sam. 17:25). "(2.) The wife of the ...

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Abihail

Father of might. (1.) Num. 3:35. (2.) 1 Chr. 2:29. (3.) 1 Chr. 5:14 "(4.) The second wife of King Rehoboam (2 Chr. 11:18), a "descendant of Eliab, David's eldest brother." "(5.) The father of Esther ...

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Abihu

"Father of Him; i.e., "worshipper of God", the second of the sons" of Aaron (Ex. 6:23; Num. 3:2; 26:60; 1 Chr. 6:3). Along with his three brothers he was consecrated to the priest's office (Ex. 28:1) ...

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Abihud

"Father (i.e., "possessor") of renown. (1.) One of the sons of" "Bela, the son of Benjamin (1 Chr. 8:3); called also Ahihud (ver." 7). "(2.) A descendant of Zerubbabel and father of Eliakim (Matt. "1 ...

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Abijah

"Father (i.e., "possessor or worshipper") of Jehovah. (1.) 1 Chr." 7:8. (2.) 1 Chr. 2:24. "(3.) The second son of Samuel (1 Sam. 8:2; 1 Chr. 6:28). His "conduct, along with that of his brother, as a ...

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Abijam

"Father of the sea; i.e., "seaman" the name always used in Kings" "of the king of Judah, the son of Rehoboam, elsewhere called" "Abijah (1 Kings 15:1, 7, 8). (See [2]ABIJAH.)" ...

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Abilene

"A plain, a district lying on the east slope of the Anti-Lebanon" "range; so called from its chief town, Abila (Luke 3:1), which" "stood in the Suk Wady Barada, between Heliopolis (Baalbec) and" "Dam ...

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Abimael

"Father of Mael, one of the sons or descendants of Joktan, in" Northern Arabia (Gen. 10:28; 1 Chr. 1:22). ...

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Abimelech

"My father a king, or father of a king, a common name of the" "Philistine kings, as "Pharaoh" was of the Egyptian kings. (1.)" The Philistine king of Gerar in the time of Abraham (Gen. "20:1-18). By ...

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Abinadab

"Father of nobleness; i.e., "noble." (1.) A Levite of" "Kirjath-jearim, in whose house the ark of the covenant was" deposited after having been brought back from the land of the "Philistines (1 Sam. ...

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Abinoam

"Father of kindness, the father of Barak (Judg. 4:6; 5:1)." ...

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Abiram

"Father of height; i.e., "proud." (1.) One of the sons of Eliab," who joined Korah in the conspiracy against Moses and Aaron. He "and all the conspirators, with their families and possessions" "(exce ...

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Abishag

"Father of (i.e., "given to") error, a young woman of Shunem," distinguished for her beauty. She was chosen to minister to "David in his old age. She became his wife (1 Kings 1:3, 4, 15)." "After Dav ...

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Abishai

"Father of (i.e., "desirous of") a gift, the eldest son of" "Zeruiah, David's sister. He was the brother of Joab and Asahel" (2 Sam. 2:18; 1 Chr. 2:16). Abishai was the only one who accompanied David ...

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Abishua

"Father of welfare; i.e., "fortunate." (1.) The grandson of" Benjamin (1 Chr. 8:4). "(2.) The son of Phinehas the high priest (1 Chr. 6:4, 5, 50; Ezra 7:5). ...

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Abishur

"Father of the wall; i.e., "mason", one of the two sons of" "Shammai of the tribe of Judah (1 Chr. 2:28, 29)." ...

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Abital

"Father of dew; i.e., "fresh", David's fifth wife (2 Sam. 3:4)." ...

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Abitub

"Father of goodness, a Benjamite (1 Chr. 8:11)." ...

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Abjects

"(Ps. 35:15), the translation of a Hebrew word meaning smiters;" "probably, in allusion to the tongue, slanderers. (Comp. Jer." 18:18.) ...

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Ablution

"Or washing, was practised, (1.) When a person was initiated into" "a higher state: e.g., when Aaron and his sons were set apart to" "the priest's office, they were washed with water previous to" the ...

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Abner

"Father of light; i.e., "enlightening", the son of Ner and uncle" of Saul. He was commander-in-chief of Saul's army (1 Sam. 14:50; 17:55; 20:25). He first introduced David to the court of Saul after ...

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Abomination

"This word is used, (1.) To express the idea that the Egyptians" considered themselves as defiled when they ate with strangers "(Gen. 43:32). The Jews subsequently followed the same practice," holdin ...

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Abraham

"Father of a multitude, son of Terah, named (Gen. 11:27) before" "his older brothers Nahor and Haran, because he was the heir of" "the promises. Till the age of seventy, Abram sojourned among his" "k ...

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Abrahams bosom

"(Luke 16:22, 23) refers to the custom of reclining on couches at" "table, which was prevalent among the Jews, an arrangement which" brought the head of one person almost into the bosom of the one "w ...

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Abram

Exalted father. (see [10]ABRAHAM.) ...

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Abronah

"R.V., one of Israel's halting-places in the desert (Num. 33:34," "35), just before Ezion-gaber. In A.V., "Ebronah." ...

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Absalom

"Father of peace; i.e., "peaceful" David's son by Maacah (2 Sam." 3:3; comp. 1 Kings 1:6). He was noted for his personal beauty and for the extra-ordinary profusion of the hair of his head (2 "Sam. 1 ...

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Acacia

"(Heb. shittim) Ex. 25:5, R.V. probably the Acacia seyal (the" "gum-arabic tree); called the "shittah" tree (Isa. 41:19). Its" "wood is called shittim wood (Ex. 26:15, 26; 25:10, 13, 23, 28," "etc.). ...

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Accad

"The high land or mountains, a city in the land of Shinar. It has" "been identified with the mounds of Akker Kuf, some 50 miles to" the north of Babylon; but this is doubtful. It was one of the citie ...

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Accho

"Sultry or sandy, a town and harbour of Phoenicia, in the tribe" "of Asher, but never acquired by them (Judg. 1:31). It was known" "to the ancient Greeks and Romans by the name of Ptolemais, from" "P ...

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Accuser

"Satan is styled the "accuser of the brethren" (Rev. 12:10. Comp." "Job 1:6; Zech. 3:1), as seeking to uphold his influence among" "men by bringing false charges against Christians, with the view" of ...

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Aceldama

"The name which the Jews gave in their proper tongue, i.e., in" "Aramaic, to the field which was purchased with the money which" had been given to the betrayer of our Lord. The word means "field of b ...

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Achaia

"The name originally of a narrow strip of territory in Greece, on" the north-west of the Peloponnesus. Subsequently it was applied "by the Romans to the whole Peloponnesus, now called the Morea," and ...

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Achaichus

"(1 Cor. 16:17), one of the members of the church of Corinth who," "with Fortunatus and Stephanas, visited Paul while he was at" "Ephesus, for the purpose of consulting him on the affairs of the" chu ...

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Achan

"Called also Achar, i.e., one who troubles (1 Chr. 2:7), in" "commemoration of his crime, which brought upon him an awful" "destruction (Josh. 7:1). On the occasion of the fall of Jericho," "he seize ...

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Achbor

Gnawing = mouse. (1.) An Edomitish king (Gen. 36:38; 1 Chr. 1:49). "(2.) One of Josiah's officers sent to the prophetess Huldah to inquire regarding the newly-discovered book of the law (2 Kings "22: ...

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Achish

"Angry, perhaps only a general title of royalty applicable to the" Philistine kings. (1.) The king with whom David sought refuge when he fled from Saul (1 Sam. 21:10-15). He is called Abimelech in th ...

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Achmetha

"(Ezra 6:2), called Ecbatana by classical writers, the capital of" northern Media. Here was the palace which was the residence of "the old Median monarchs, and of Cyrus and Cambyses. In the time" "of ...

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Achor

"Trouble, a valley near Jericho, so called in consequence of the" "trouble which the sin of Achan caused Israel (Josh. 7:24, 26)." "The expression "valley of Achor" probably became proverbial for" "t ...

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Achsah

"Anklet, Caleb's only daughter (1 Chr. 2:49). She was offered in" marriage to the man who would lead an attack on the city of "Debir, or Kirjath-sepher. This was done by Othniel (q.v.), who" accordin ...

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Achshaph

"Fascination, a royal city of the Canaanites, in the north of" Palestine (Josh. 11:1; 12:20; 19:25). It was in the eastern "boundary of the tribe of Asher, and is identified with the" "modern ruined ...

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Achzib

"Falsehood. (1.) A town in the Shephelah, or plain country of" Judah (Josh. 15:44); probably the same as Chezib of Gen. 38:5 = Ain Kezbeh. "(2.) A Phoenician city (the Gr. Ecdippa), always retained i ...

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Acre

"Is the translation of a word (tse'med), which properly means a" "yoke, and denotes a space of ground that may be ploughed by a" yoke of oxen in a day. It is about an acre of our measure (Isa. 5:10; ...

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Acts of the Apostles

The title now given to the fifth and last of the historical "books of the New Testament. The author styles it a "treatise" "(1:1). It was early called "The Acts," "The Gospel of the Holy" "Ghost," an ...

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Adah

"Ornament. (1.) The first of Lamech's two wives, and the mother" "of Jabal and Jubal (Gen. 4:19, 20, 23)." "(2.) The first of Esau's three wives, the daughter of Elon the "Hittite (Gen. 36:2, 4), cal ...

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Adam

"Red, a Babylonian word, the generic name for man, having the" same meaning in the Hebrew and the Assyrian languages. It was "the name given to the first man, whose creation, fall, and" subsequent hi ...

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Adam a type

"The apostle Paul speaks of Adam as "the figure of him who was to" "come." On this account our Lord is sometimes called the second" Adam. This typical relation is described in Rom. 5:14-19. ...

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Adam the city of

"Is referred to in Josh. 3:16. It stood "beside Zarethan," on the" west bank of Jordan (1 Kings 4:12). At this city the flow of the "water was arrested and rose up "upon an heap" at the time of the" ...

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Adamah

"Red earth, a fortified city of Naphtali, probably the modern" "Damieh, on the west side of the sea of Tiberias (Josh. 19:33," 36). ...

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Adamant

"(Heb. shamir), Ezek. 3:9. The Greek word adamas means diamond." "This stone is not referred to, but corundum or some kind of hard" steel. It is an emblem of firmness in resisting adversaries of "the ...

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Adar

"Large, the sixth month of the civil and the twelfth of the" "ecclesiastical year of the Jews (Esther 3:7, 13; 8:12; 9:1, 15," "17, 19, 21). It included the days extending from the new moon of" our M ...

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Adbeel

"Miracle of God, the third of the twelve sons of Ishmael, and" head of an Arabian tribe (Gen. 25:13; 1 Chr. 1:29). ...

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Addar

"Ample, splendid, son of Bela (1 Chr. 8:3); called also "Ard" (Gen. 46:21) ...

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Adder

"(Ps. 140:3; Rom. 3:13, "asp") is the rendering of, (1.) Akshub" "("coiling" or "lying in wait"), properly an asp or viper, found" "only in this passage. (2.) Pethen ("twisting"), a viper or" venomou ...

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Addi

"Ornament, (Luke 3:28), the son of Cosam, and father of Melchi," one of the progenitors of Christ. ...

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Addon

"Low, one of the persons named in Neh. 7:61 who could not "shew" "their father's house" on the return from captivity. This, with" "similar instances (ver. 63), indicates the importance the Jews" atta ...

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Adiel

"Ornament of God. (1.) The father of Azmaveth, who was treasurer" under David and Solomon (1 Chr. 27:25). (2.) A family head of the tribe of Simeon (1 Chr. 4:36). (3.) A priest (1 Chr. 9:12). ...

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Adin

Effeminate. (1.) Ezra 8:6. (2.) Neh. 10:16. ...

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Adina

"Slender, one of David's warriors (1 Chr. 11:42), a Reubenite." ...

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Adino

"The Eznite, one of David's mighty men (2 Sam. 23:8). (See" [15]JASHOBEAM.) ...

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Adjuration

A solemn appeal whereby one person imposes on another the obligation of speaking or acting as if under an oath (1 Sam. 14:24; Josh. 6:26; 1 Kings 22:16). "We have in the New Testament a striking exam ...

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Admah

"Earth, one of the five cities of the vale of Siddim (Gen." 10:19). It was destroyed along with Sodom and Gomorrah (19:24; Deut. 29:23). It is supposed by some to be the same as the Adam "of Josh. 3: ...

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Adnah

Delight. (1.) A chief of the tribe of Manasseh who joined David "at Ziklag (1 Chr. 12:20). (2.) A general under Jehoshaphat," "chief over 300,000 men (2 Chr. 17:14)." ...

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Adonibezek

"Lord of Bezek, a Canaanitish king who, having subdued seventy of" "the chiefs that were around him, made an attack against the" "armies of Judah and Simeon, but was defeated and brought as a" "capti ...

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Adonijah

My Lord is Jehovah. (1.) The fourth son of David (2 Sam. 3:4). "After the death of his elder brothers, Amnon and Absalom, he" "became heir-apparent to the throne. But Solomon, a younger" "brother, wa ...

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Adonikam

"Whom the Lord sets up, one of those "which came with Zerubbabel" "(Ezra 2:13). His "children," or retainers, to the number of 666," came up to Jerusalem (8:13). ...

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Adoniram

"(Adoram, 1 Kings 12:18), the son of Abda, was "over the" "tribute," i.e., the levy or forced labour. He was stoned to" death by the people of Israel (1 Kings 4:6; 5:14) ...

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Adonizedec

"Lord of justice or righteousness, was king in Jerusalem at the" "time when the Israelites invaded Palestine (Josh. 10:1, 3). He" formed a confederacy with the other Canaanitish kings against "the Is ...

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Adoption

The giving to any one the name and place and privileges of a son who is not a son by birth. "(1.) Natural. Thus Pharaoh's daughter adopted Moses (Ex. 2:10), and Mordecai Esther (Esther 2:7). "(2.) Na ...

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Adoram

See [18]ADONIRAM. ...

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Adore

To worship; to express reverence and homage. The forms of adoration among the Jews were putting off the shoes (Ex. 3:5; "Josh. 5:15), and prostration (Gen. 17:3; Ps. 95:6; Isa. 44:15," "17, 19; 46:6) ...

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Adrammelech

Adar the king. (1.) An idol; a form of the sun-god worshipped by "the inhabitants of Sepharvaim (2 Kings 17:31), and brought by" the Sepharvite colonists into Samaria. (2.) A son of "Sennacherib, kin ...

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Adramyttium

"A city of Asia Minor on the coast of Mysia, which in early times" was called AEolis. The ship in which Paul embarked at Caesarea belonged to this city (Acts 27:2). He was conveyed in it only to "Myr ...

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Adria

"(Acts 27:27; R.V., "the sea of Adria"), the Adriatic Sea," including in Paul's time the whole of the Mediterranean lying "between Crete and Sicily. It is the modern Gulf of Venice, the" "Mare Superu ...

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Adriel

"Flock of God, the son of Barzillai, the Meholathite, to whom" Saul gave in marriage his daughter Merab (1 Sam. 18:19). The five sons that sprang from this union were put to death by the "Gibeonites ...

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Adullam

"One of the royal cities of the Canaanites, now `Aid-el-ma (Josh." 12:15; 15:35). It stood on the old Roman road in the valley of "Elah (q.v.), which was the scene of David's memorable victory" "over ...

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Adullamite

"An inhabitant of the city of Adullam (Gen. 38:1, 12, 20)." ...

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Adultery

Conjugal infidelity. An adulterer was a man who had illicit "intercourse with a married or a betrothed woman, and such a" woman was an adulteress. Intercourse between a married man and an unmarried w ...

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Adummim

"The red ones, a place apparently on the road between Jericho and" "Jerusalem, "on the south side of the torrent" Wady Kelt, looking" "toward Gilgal, mentioned Josh. 15:7; 18:17. It was nearly" "half ...

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Adversary

"(Heb. satan), an opponent or foe (1 Kings 5:4; 11:14, 23, 25;" "Luke 13:17); one that speaks against another, a complainant" "(Matt. 5:25; Luke 12:58); an enemy (Luke 18:3), and specially" the devil ...

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Advocate

"(Gr. parakletos), one who pleads another's cause, who helps" another by defending or comforting him. It is a name given by "Christ three times to the Holy Ghost (John 14:16; 15:26; 16:7," "where the ...

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AEnon

"Springs, a place near Salim where John baptized (John 3:23). It" "was probably near the upper source of the Wady Far'ah, an open" valley extending from Mount Ebal to the Jordan. It is full of "sprin ...

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Affection

"Feeling or emotion. Mention is made of "vile affections" (Rom." "1:26) and "inordinate affection" (Col. 3:5). Christians are" exhorted to set their affections on things above (Col. 3:2). There is a ...

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Affinity

Relationship by alliance (2 Chr. 18:1) or by marriage (1 Kings 3:1). Marriages are prohibited within certain degrees of "affinity, enumerated Lev. 18:6-17. Consanguinity is relationship" by blood. ...

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Afflictions

Common to all (Job 5:7; 14:1; Ps. 34:19); are for the good of "men (James 1:2, 3, 12; 2 Cor. 12:7) and the glory of God (2 Cor." "12:7-10; 1 Pet. 4:14), and are to be borne with patience by the" Lord ...

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Agabus

"A "prophet," probably one of the seventy disciples of Christ. He" "prophesied at Antioch of an approaching famine (Acts 11:27, 28)." "Many years afterwards he met Paul at Caesarea, and warned him of ...

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Agag

"Flame, the usual title of the Amalekite kings, as "Pharaoh" was" of the Egyptian. (1.) A king of the Amalekites referred to by Balaam (Num. 24:7). He lived at the time of the Exodus. "(2.) Another k ...

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Agagite

"A name applied to Haman and also to his father (Esther 3:1, 10;" "8:3, 5). Probably it was equivalent to Amalekite." ...

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Agate

"(Heb. shebo), a precious stone in the breast-plate of the high" "priest (Ex. 28:19; 39:12), the second in the third row. This may" "be the agate properly so called, a semi-transparent crystallized" ...

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Age

"Used to denote the period of a man's life (Gen. 47:28), the" "maturity of life (John 9:21), the latter end of life (Job" "11:17), a generation of the human race (Job 8:8), and an" "indefinite period ...

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Agee

"Fugitive, the father of Shammah, who was one of David's mighty" men (2 Sam. 23:11) ...

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Agony

Contest; wrestling; severe struggling with pain and suffering. "Anguish is the reflection on evil that is already past, while" agony is a struggle with evil at the time present. It is only used in th ...

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Agriculture

"Tilling the ground (Gen. 2:15; 4:2, 3, 12) and rearing cattle" were the chief employments in ancient times. The Egyptians excelled in agriculture. And after the Israelites entered into "the possessi ...

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Agrippa I

"The grandson of Herod the Great, and son of Aristobulus and" Bernice. The Roman emperor Caligula made him governor first of "the territories of Philip, then of the tetrarchy of Lysanias," "with the ...

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Agrippa II

"Son of the foregoing, was born at Rome, A.D. 27. He was the" brother of Bernice and Drusilla. The Emperor Claudius (A.D. 48) invested him with the office of superintendent of the Temple of "Jerusale ...

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Ague

"The translation in Lev. 26:16 (R.V., "fever") of the Hebrew word" "kaddah'ath, meaning "kindling", i.e., an inflammatory or burning" "fever. In Deut. 28:22 the word is rendered "fever." ...

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Agur

"Gatherer; the collector, mentioned as author of the sayings in" Prov. 30. Nothing is known of him beyond what is there recorded. ...

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Ah

"An exclamation of sorrow or regret (Ps. 35:25; Isa. 1:4, 24;" Jer. 1:6; 22:18; Mark 15:29). ...

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Aha

An exclamation of ridicule (Ps. 35:21; 40:15; 70:3). In Isa. "44:16 it signifies joyful surprise, as also in Job 39:25, R.V." ...

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Ahab

"Father's brother. (1.) The son of Omri, whom he succeeded as the" seventh king of Israel. His history is recorded in 1 Kings "16-22. His wife was Jezebel (q.v.), who exercised a very evil" influence ...

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Ahasuerus

There are three kings designated by this name in Scripture. (1.) "The father of Darius the Mede, mentioned in Dan. 9:1. This was" "probably the Cyaxares I. known by this name in profane history," the ...

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Ahava

"Water, the river (Ezra 8:21) by the banks of which the Jewish" exiles assembled under Ezra when about to return to Jerusalem from Babylon. In all probability this was one of the streams of Mesopotam ...

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Ahaz

Possessor. (1.) A grandson of Jonathan (1 Chr. 8:35; 9:42). "(2.) The son and successor of Jotham, king of Judah (2 Kings 16; Isa. 7-9; 2 Chr. 28). He gave himself up to a life of wickedness and idol ...

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Ahaziah

Held by Jehovah. (1.) The son and successor of Ahab. He followed "the counsels of his mother Jezebel, and imitated in wickedness" the ways of his father. In his reign the Moabites revolted from under ...

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Ahiam

"Mother's brother, one of David's thirty heroes (2 Sam. 23:33; 1" Chr. 11:35). ...

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Ahiezer

"Brother of help; i.e., "helpful." (1.) The chief of the tribe of" Dan at the time of the Exodus (Num. 1:12; 2:25; 10:25). "(2.) The chief of the Benjamite slingers that repaired to David at Ziklag ( ...

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Ahihud

"Brother (i.e., "friend") of union. (1.) A son of Bela, the son" of Benjamin (1 Chr. 8:7). "(2.) Name different in Hebrew, meaning brother of Judah. Chief of the tribe of Asher; one of those appointe ...

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Ahijah

"Brother (i.e., "friend") of Jehovah. (1.) One of the sons of" "Bela (1 Chr. 8:7, R.V.). In A.V. called "Ahiah." "(2.) One of the five sons of Jerahmeel, who was great-grandson of Judah (1 Chr. 2:25) ...

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Ahikam

"Brother of support = helper, one of the five whom Josiah sent to" consult the prophetess Huldah in connection with the discovery of the book of the law (2 Kings 22:12-14; 2 Chr. 34:20). He was "the ...

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Ahimaaz

"Brother of anger = irascible. (1.) The father Ahinoam, the wife" of Saul (1 Sam. 14:50). "(2.) The son and successor of Zadok in the office of high priest "(1 Chr. 6:8, 53). On the occasion of the r ...

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Ahiman

Brother of a gift = liberal. (1.) One of the three giant Anakim brothers whom Caleb and the spies saw in Mount Hebron (Num. 13:22) when they went in to explore the land. They were afterwards driven o ...

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Ahimelech

"Brother of the king, the son of Ahitub and father of Abiathar (1" Sam. 22:20-23). He descended from Eli in the line of Ithamar. In "1 Chr. 18:16 he is called Abimelech, and is probably the same as" ...

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Ahinadab

"Brother of liberality = liberal, one of the twelve commissariat" officers appointed by Solomon in so many districts of his kingdom to raise supplies by monthly rotation for his household. "He was ap ...

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Ahinoam

Brother of pleasantness = pleasant. (1.) The daughter of "Ahimaaz, and wife of Saul (1 Sam. 14:50)." "(2.) A Jezreelitess, the first wife of David (1 Sam. 25:43; 27:3). She was the mother of Amnon (2 ...

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Ahio

Brotherly. (1.) One of the sons of Beriah (1 Chr. 8:14). "(2.) One of the sons of Jehiel the Gibeonite (1 Chr. 8:31; 9:37). "(3.) One of the sons of Abinadab the Levite. While Uzzah went by "the side ...

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Ahira

"Brother of evil = unlucky, or my brother is friend, chief of the" tribe of Naphtali at the Exodus (Num. 1:15; 2:29). ...

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Ahishar

"Brother of song = singer, the officer who was "over the" "household" of Solomon (1 Kings 4:6)." ...

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Ahithophel

"Brother of insipidity or impiety, a man greatly renowned for his" sagacity among the Jews. At the time of Absalom's revolt he deserted David (Ps. 41:9; 55:12-14) and espoused the cause of Absalom (2 ...

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Ahitub

Brother of goodness = good. (1.) The son of Phinehas. On the death of his grandfather Eli he succeeded to the office of high "priest, and was himself succeeded by his son Ahijah (1 Sam." "14:3; 22:9, ...

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Ahlab

"Fatness, a town of Asher lying within the unconquered Phoenician" "border (Judg. 1:31), north-west of the Sea of Galilee; commonly" "identified with Giscala, now el-Jish." ...

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Ahoah

"Brotherly, one of the sons of Bela, the son of Benjamin (1 Chr." 8:4). He is also called Ahiah (ver. 7) and Iri (1 Chr. 7:7). His "descendants were called Ahohites (2 Sam. 23:9, 28)." ...

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Ahohite

"An epithet applied to Dodo, one of Solomon's captains (1 Chr." "27:4); to his son Eleazar, one of David's three mightiest heroes" "(2 Sam. 23:9; 1 Chr. 11:12); and to Zalmon, one of the thirty (2" " ...

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Aholah

"She has her own tent, a name used by Ezekiel (23:4, 5, 36, 44)" as a symbol of the idolatry of the kingdom of Israel. This "kingdom is described as a lewdwoman, an adulteress, given up to" the abomi ...

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Aholiab

"Tent of the father, an artist of the tribe of Dan, appointed to" the work of preparing materials for the tabernacle (Ex. 31:6; "35:34; 36:1, 2; 38:23)." ...

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Aholibah

"My tent is in her, the name of an imaginary harlot, applied" "symbolically to Jerusalem, because she had abandoned the worship" of the true God and given herself up to the idolatries of "foreign nat ...

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Aholibamah

"Tent of the height, the name given to Judith, the daughter of" "Beeri = Anah (Gen. 26:34; 36:2), when she became the wife of" "Esau. A district among the mountains of Edom, probably near" "Mount Hor ...

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Ai

Ruins. (1.) One of the royal cities of the Canaanites (Josh. "10:1; Gen. 12:8; 13:3). It was the scene of Joshua's defeat, and" afterwards of his victory. It was the second Canaanite city taken by Is ...

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Aijeleth Shahar

"Hind of the dawn, a name found in the title of Ps. 22. It is" probably the name of some song or tune to the measure of which "the psalm was to be chanted. Some, however, understand by the" "name som ...

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Air

"The atmosphere, as opposed to the higher regions of the sky (1" Thess. 4:17; Rev. 9:2; 16:17). This word occurs once as the rendering of the Hebrew ruah (Job 41:16); elsewhere it is the "rendering o ...

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Ajalon

"And Aij'alon, place of deer. (1.) A town and valley originally" "assigned to the tribe of Dan, from which, however, they could" not drive the Amorites (Judg. 1:35). It was one of the Levitical citie ...

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Akkub

(another form of Jacob). (1.) The head of one of the families of Nethinim (Ezra 2:45). "(2.) A Levite who kept the gate of the temple after the return from Babylon (1 Chr. 9:17; Ezra 2:42; Neh. 7:45) ...

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Akrabbim

"Scorpions, probably the general name given to the ridge" "containing the pass between the south of the Dead Sea and Zin," "es-Sufah, by which there is an ascent to the level of the land" of Palestin ...

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Alabaster

Occurs only in the New Testament in connection with the box of "ointment of spikenard very precious, with the contents of" which a woman anointed the head of Jesus as he sat at supper in the house of ...

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Alamoth

"Virgins, a musical term (1 Chr. 15:20), denoting that the psalm" which bears this inscription (Ps. 46) was to be sung by soprano or female voices. ...

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Alarm

A particular quivering sound of the silver trumpets to give warning to the Hebrews on their journey through the wilderness "(Num. 10:5, 6), a call to arms, or a war-note (Jer. 4:19; 49:2;" Zeph. 1:16 ...

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Alemeth

"Covering. (1.) One of the nine sons of Becher, the son of" Benjamin (1 Chr. 7:8). "(2.) One of the sons of Jehoadah, or Jarah, son of Ahaz (1 Chr. 8:36). "(3.) A sacerdotal city of Benjamin (1 Chr. ...

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Alexander

"Man-defender. (1.) A relative of Annas the high priest, present" when Peter and John were examined before the Sanhedrim (Acts 4:6). "(2.) A man whose father, Simon the Cyrenian, bore the cross of Ch ...

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Alexander the Great

"The king of Macedonia, the great conqueror; probably represented" "in Daniel by the "belly of brass" (Dan. 2:32), and the leopard" "and the he-goat (7:6; 11:3, 4). He succeeded his father Philip," a ...

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Alexandria

"The ancient metropolis of Lower Egypt, so called from its" "founder, Alexander the Great (about B.C. 333). It was for a long" "period the greatest of existing cities, for both Nineveh and" "Babylon ...

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Algum

"(2 Chr. 2:8; 9:10, 11), the same as almug (1 Kings 10:11)." ...

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Alien

"A foreigner, or person born in another country, and therefore" not entitled to the rights and privileges of the country where he resides. Among the Hebrews there were two classes of aliens. "(1.) Th ...

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Allegory

"Used only in Gal. 4:24, where the apostle refers to the history" "of Isaac the free-born, and Ishmael the slave-born, and makes" use of it allegorically. "Every parable is an allegory. Nathan (2 Sam ...

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Alleluia

"The Greek form (Rev. 19:1, 3, 4, 6) of the Hebrew Hallelujah =" "Praise ye Jehovah, which begins or ends several of the psalms" "(106, 111, 112, 113, etc.)." ...

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Alliance

"A treaty between nations, or between individuals, for their" mutual advantage. "Abraham formed an alliance with some of the Canaanitish princes "(Gen. 14:13), also with Abimelech (21:22-32). Joshua ...

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Allon

Oak. (1.) The expression in the Authorized Version of Josh. "19:33, "from Allon to Zaanannim," is more correctly rendered in" "the Revised Version, "from the oak in Zaanannim." The word" "denotes som ...

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Allonbachuth

"Oak of weeping, a tree near Bethel, at the spot where Deborah," "Rebekah's nurse, was buried (Gen. 35:8). Large trees, from their" "rarity in the plains of Palestine, were frequently designated as" ...

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Almodad

"Immeasurable, the first named of the sons of Joktan (Gen." "10:26), the founder of an Arabian tribe." ...

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Almon

"Hidden, one of the sacerdotal cities of Benjamin (Josh. 21:18)," called also Alemeth (1 Chr. 6:60). ...

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Almond

"A native of Syria and Palestine. In form, blossoms, and fruit it" resembles the peach tree. Its blossoms are of a very pale pink "colour, and appear before its leaves. Its Hebrew name, shaked," "sig ...

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Alms

"Not found in the Old Testament, but repeatedly in the New. The" Mosaic legislation (Lev. 25:35; Deut. 15:7) tended to promote a "spirit of charity, and to prevent the occurrence of destitution" "amo ...

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Almug

"(1 Kings 10:11, 12) = algum (2 Chr. 2:8; 9:10, 11), in the" Hebrew occurring only in the plural almuggim (indicating that "the wood was brought in planks), the name of a wood brought from" "Ophir to ...

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Aloes

"(Heb. `ahalim), a fragrant wood (Num. 24:6; Ps. 45:8; Prov." "7:17; Cant. 4:14), the Aquilaria agallochum of botanists, or, as" "some suppose, the costly gum or perfume extracted from the wood." "It ...

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Alphaeus

"(1.) The father of James the Less, the apostle and writer of the" "epistle (Matt. 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13), and the" husband of Mary (John 19:25). The Hebrew form of this name is "Cleo ...

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Altar

"(Heb. mizbe'ah, from a word meaning "to slay"), any structure of" earth (Ex. 20:24) or unwrought stone (20:25) on which sacrifices were offered. Altars were generally erected in conspicuous places ( ...

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Altaschith

"Destroy not, the title of Ps. 57, 58, 59, and 75. It was" probably the name of some song to the melody of which these psalms were to be chanted. ...

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Alush

"One of the places, the last before Rephidim, at which the" "Hebrews rested on their way to Sinai (Num. 33:13, 14). It was" probably situated on the shore of the Red Sea. ...

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Amalek

"Dweller in a valley, the son of Eliphaz and grandson of Esau" (Gen. 36:12; 1 Chr. 1:36); the chief of an Idumean tribe (Gen. "36:16). His mother was a Horite, a tribe whose territory the" descendant ...

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Amalekite

"A tribe that dwelt in Arabia Petraea, between the Dead Sea and" "the Red Sea. They were not the descendants of Amalek, the son of" "Eliphaz, for they existed in the days of Abraham (Gen. 14:7)." The ...

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Amana

Perennial. (1.) The Hebrew margin of 2 Kings 5:12 gives this as "another reading of Abana (q.v.), a stream near Damascus." "(2.) A mountain (Cant. 4:8), probably the southern summit of "Anti-Libanus, ...

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Amariah

Said by Jehovah. (1.) One of the descendants of Aaron by Eleazar "(1 Chr. 6:7, 52). He was probably the last of the high priests" "of Eleazar's line prior to the transfer of that office to Eli," of t ...

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Amasa

"Burden. (1.) The son of Abigail, a sister of king David (1 Chr." 2:17; 2 Sam. 17:25). He was appointed by David to command the "army in room of his cousin Joab (2 Sam. 19:13), who afterwards" treach ...

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Amasai

"Burdensome. (1.) A Levite, son of Elkanah, of the ancestry of" "Samuel (1 Chr. 6:25, 35)." "(2.) The leader of a body of men who joined David in the "stronghold, probably of Adullam (1 Chr. 12:18)." ...

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Amashai

"The son of Azareel, appointed by Nehemiah to reside at Jerusalem" and do the work of the temple (Neh. 11:13). ...

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Amasiah

"Burden of (i.e., "sustained by") Jehovah, the "son of Zichri," "who willingly offered himself unto the Lord," a captain over" thousands under Jehoshaphat (2 Chr. 17:16; comp. Judg. 5:9). ...

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Amaziah

"Strengthened by Jehovah. (1.) A Levite, son of Hilkiah, of the" descendants of Ethan the Merarite (1 Chr. 6:45). "(2.) The son and successor of Joash, and eighth king of the separate kingdom of Juda ...

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Ambassador

"In the Old Testament the Hebrew word tsir, meaning "one who goes" "on an errand," is rendered thus (Josh. 9:4; Prov. 13:17; Isa." 18:2; Jer. 49:14; Obad. 1:1). This is also the rendering of "melits, ...

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Amber

"(Ezek. 1:4, 27; 8:2. Heb., hashmal, rendered by the LXX." "elektron, and by the Vulgate electrum), a metal compounded of" "silver and gold. Some translate the word by "polished brass," "others "fine ...

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Ambush

"Joshua at the capture of Ai lay in ambush, and so deceived the" inhabitants that he gained an easy victory (Josh. 8:4-26). Shechem was taken in this manner (Judg. 9:30-45. Comp. Jer. 51:12). ...

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Amen

"This Hebrew word means firm, and hence also faithful (Rev." "3:14). In Isa. 65:16, the Authorized Version has "the God of" "truth," which in Hebrew is "the God of Amen." It is frequently" "used by o ...

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Amethyst

One of the precious stones in the breastplate of the high priest "(Ex. 28:19; 39:12), and in the foundation of the New Jerusalem" (Rev. 21:20). The ancients thought that this stone had the power "of ...

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Amittai

"True, the father of Jonah the prophet, a native of Gath-hepher" (2 Kings 14:25; Jonah 1:1). ...

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Ammah

"A cubit, the name of a hill which Joab and Abishai reached as" "the sun went down, when they were in pursuit of Abner (2 Sam." 2:24). It lay to the east of Gibeon. ...

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Ammi

"My people, a name given by Jehovah to the people of Israel (Hos." "2:1, 23. Comp. 1:9; Ezek. 16:8; Rom. 9:25, 26; 1 Pet. 2:10)." ...

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Ammiel

People of God. (1.) One of the twelve spies sent by Moses to search the land of Canaan (Num. 13:12). He was one of the ten who perished by the plague for their unfavourable report (Num. 14:37). "(2.) ...

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Ammihud

"People of glory; i.e., "renowned." (1.) The father of the" "Ephraimite chief Elishama, at the time of the Exodus (Num. 1:10;" "2:18; 7:48, 53)." "(2.) Num. 34:20. (3.) Num. 34:28. "(4.) The father o ...

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Amminadab

"Kindred of the prince. (1.) The father of Nahshon, who was chief" "of the tribe of Judah (Num. 1:7; 2:3; 7:12, 17; 10:14). His" daughter Elisheba was married to Aaron (Ex. 6:23). "(2.) A son of Koha ...

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Amminadib

"A person mentioned in Cant. 6:12, whose chariots were famed for" "their swiftness. It is rendered in the margin "my willing" "people," and in the Revised Version "my princely people." ...

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Ammishaddai

"People of the Almighty, the father of Ahiezer, who was chief of" the Danites at the time of the Exodus (Num. 1:12; 2:25). This is "one of the few names compounded with the name of God, Shaddai," Alm ...

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Ammizabad

"People of the giver, the son of Benaiah, who was the third and" chief captain of the host under David (1 Chr. 27:6). ...

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Ammon

"Another form of the name Ben-ammi, the son of Lot (Gen. 19:38)." This name is also used for his posterity (Ps. 83:7). ...

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Ammonite

"The usual name of the descendants of Ammon, the son of Lot (Gen." 19:38). From the very beginning (Deut. 2:16-20) of their history "till they are lost sight of (Judg. 5:2), this tribe is closely" as ...

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Amnon

"Faithful. (1.) One of the sons of Shammai, of the children of" Ezra (1 Chr. 4:20; comp. 17). "(2.) The eldest son of David, by Ahinoam of Jezreel (1 Chr. 3:1; 2 Sam. 3:2). Absalom caused him to be p ...

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Amon

Builder. (1.) The governor of Samaria in the time of Ahab. The prophet Micaiah was committed to his custody (1 Kings 22:26; 2 Chr. 18:25). "(2.) The son of Manasseh, and fourteenth king of Judah. He ...

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Amorites

"Highlanders, or hillmen, the name given to the descendants of" "one of the sons of Canaan (Gen. 14:7), called Amurra or Amurri" in the Assyrian and Egyptian inscriptions. On the early "Babylonian mo ...

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Amos

"Borne; a burden, one of the twelve minor prophets. He was a" "native of Tekota, the modern Tekua, a town about 12 miles" "south-east of Bethlehem. He was a man of humble birth, neither a" "prophet n ...

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Amoz

"Strong, the father of the prophet Isaiah (2 Kings 19:2, 20;" 20:1; Isa. 1:1; 2:1). As to his personal history little is "positively known. He is supposed by some to have been the "man" "of God" spok ...

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Amphipolis

"City on both sides, a Macedonian city, a great Roman military" "station, through which Paul and Silas passed on their way from" "Philippi to Thessalonica, a distance of 33 Roman miles from" Philippi ...

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Amplias

A Roman Christian saluted by Paul (Rom. 16:8). ...

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Amram

"Kindred of the High; i.e., "friend of Jehovah." (1.) The son of" "Kohath, the son of Levi. He married Jochebed, "his father's" "sister," and was the father of Aaron, Miriam, and Moses (Ex." "6:18, 2 ...

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Amraphel

"King of Shinar, southern Chaldea, one of the confederates of" "Chedorlaomer, king of Elam, in a war against Sodom and cities of" "the plain (Gen. 14:1, 4). It is now found that Amraphel (or" Ammirap ...

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Anab

"Grape-town, one of the cities in the mountains of Judah, from" which Joshua expelled the Anakim (Josh. 11:21; 15:50). It still "retains its ancient name. It lies among the hills, 10 miles" south-sou ...

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Anah

"Speech. (1.) One of the sons of Seir, and head of an Idumean" "tribe, called a Horite, as in course of time all the branches of" this tribe were called from their dwelling in caves in Mount "Seir (G ...

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Anak

"Long-necked, the son of Arba, father of the Anakim (Josh. 15:13;" "21:11, Heb. Anok)." ...

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Anakim

The descendants of Anak (Josh. 11:21; Num. 13:33; Deut. 9:2). "They dwelt in the south of Palestine, in the neighbourhood of" Hebron (Gen. 23:2; Josh. 15:13). In the days of Abraham (Gen. "14:5, 6) t ...

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Anamim

The name of an Egyptian tribe descended from Mizraim (Gen. 10:13; 1 Chr. 1:11). ...

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Anammelech

"One of the gods worshipped by the people of Sepharvaim, who" "colonized Samaria (2 Kings 17:31). The name means "Anu is king." "It was a female deity representing the moon, as Adrammelech" (q.v.) wa ...

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Anan

"Cloud, one of the Israelites who sealed the covenant after the" return from Babylon (Neh. 10:26). ...

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Ananiah

"Protected by Jehovah, the name of a town in the tribe of" Benjamin between Nob and Hazor (Neh. 11:32). It is probably the "modern Beit Hanina, a small village 3 miles north of Jerusalem." ...

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Ananias

"A common Jewish name, the same as Hananiah. (1.) One of the" "members of the church at Jerusalem, who conspired with his wife" "Sapphira to deceive the brethren, and who fell down and" immediately e ...

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Anath

"An answer; i.e., to "prayer", the father of Shamgar, who was one" of the judges of Israel (Judg. 3:31). ...

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Anathema

Anything laid up or suspended; hence anything laid up in a temple or set apart as sacred. In this sense the form of the "word is anath(ee)ma, once in plural used in the Greek New" "Testament, in Luke ...

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Anathoth

"The name of one of the cities of refuge, in the tribe of" "Benjamin (Josh. 21:18). The Jews, as a rule, did not change the" names of the towns they found in Palestine; hence this town may be regarde ...

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Anchor

"From Acts 27:29, 30, 40, it would appear that the Roman vessels" "carried several anchors, which were attached to the stern as" "well as to the prow. The Roman anchor, like the modern one, had" two ...

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Ancient of Days

An expression applied to Jehovah three times in the vision of "Daniel (7:9, 13, 22) in the sense of eternal. In contrast with" "all earthly kings, his days are past reckoning." ...

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Andrew

"Manliness, a Greek name; one of the apostles of our Lord. He was" "of Bethsaida in Galilee (John 1:44), and was the brother of" Simon Peter (Matt. 4:18; 10:2). On one occasion John the "Baptist, who ...

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Andronicus

"Man-conquering, a Jewish Christian, the kinsman and" "fellowprisoner of Paul (Rom. 16:7); "of note among the" "apostles." ...

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Anem

"Two fountains, a Levitical city in the tribe of Issachar (1 Chr." 6:73). It is also called En-gannim (q.v.) in Josh. 19:21; the modern Jenin. ...

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Aner

A boy. (1.) A Canaanitish chief who joined his forces with those "of Abraham in pursuit of Chedorlaomer (Gen. 14:13, 24)." "(2.) A city of Manasseh given to the Levites of Kohath's family (1 Chr. 6:7 ...

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Angel

"A word signifying, both in the Hebrew and Greek, a "messenger," and hence employed to denote any agent God sends forth to execute his purposes. It is used of an ordinary messenger (Job "1:14: 1 Sam. ...

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Anger

The emotion of instant displeasure on account of something evil that presents itself to our view. In itself it is an original "susceptibility of our nature, just as love is, and is not" "necessarily ...

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Anim

"Fountains, a city in the mountains of Judah (Josh. 15:50), now" "el-Ghuwein, near Eshtemoh, about 10 miles south-west of Hebron." ...

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Animal

An organized living creature endowed with sensation. The "Levitical law divided animals into clean and unclean, although" the distinction seems to have existed before the Flood (Gen. 7:2). The clean ...

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Anise

This word is found only in Matt. 23:23. It is the plant commonly "known by the name of dill, the Peucedanum graveolens of the" botanist. This name dill is derived from a Norse word which "means to so ...

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Anna

"Grace, an aged widow, the daughter of Phanuel. She was a" "prophetess, like Miriam, Deborah, and Huldah (2 Chr. 34:22)." "After seven years of married life her husband died, and during" her long wid ...

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Annas

"Was high priest A.D. 7-14. In A.D. 25 Caiaphas, who had married" "the daughter of Annas (John 18:13), was raised to that office," "and probably Annas was now made president of the Sanhedrim, or" "de ...

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Anoint

The practice of anointing with perfumed oil was common among the Hebrews. (1.) The act of anointing was significant of consecration to a holy or sacred use; hence the anointing of the high priest (Ex ...

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Ant

"(Heb. nemalah, from a word meaning to creep, cut off, destroy)," "referred to in Prov. 6:6; 30:25, as distinguished for its" prudent habits. Many ants in Palestine feed on animal "substances, but ot ...

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Antichrist

"Against Christ, or an opposition Christ, a rival Christ. The" word is used only by the apostle John. Referring to false "teachers, he says (1 John 2:18, 22; 4:3; 2 John 1:7), "Even now" "are there m ...

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Antioch

"(1.) In Syria, on the river Orontes, about 16 miles from the" "Mediterranean, and some 300 miles north of Jerusalem. It was the" "metropolis of Syria, and afterwards became the capital of the" "Roma ...

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Antiochus

The name of several Syrian kings from B.C. 280 to B.C. 65. The "most notable of these were, (1.) Antiochus the Great, who" "ascended the throne B.C. 223. He is regarded as the "king of the" "north" r ...

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Antipas

"(1.) Herod Antipas, a son of Herod the Great by his Samaritan" wife Malthace. He was tetrarch of Galilee and Peraea during the whole period of our Lord's life on earth (Luke 23:7). He was a "frivolo ...

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Antipatris

"A city built by Herod the Great, and called by this name in" "honour of his father, Antipater. It lay between Caesarea and" "Lydda, two miles inland, on the great Roman road from Caesarea" to Jerusa ...

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Antonia

"A fortress in Jerusalem, at the north-west corner of the temple" "area. It is called "the castle" (Acts 21:34, 37). From the" stairs of this castle Paul delivered his famous speech to the multitude ...

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Antothite

"An inhabitant of Anathoth, found only in 1 Chr. 11:28; 12:3. In" "2 Sam. 23:27 it is Anethothite; in 1 Chr. 27:12, Anetothite." "(R.V., "Anathothite.")" ...

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Anvil

"The rendering of the Hebrew word , "beaten," found only in Isa." 41:07:00 ...

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Ape

An animal of the monkey tribe (1 Kings 10:22; 2 Chr. 9:21). It "was brought from India by the fleets of Solomon and Hiram, and" "was called by the Hebrews koph_, and by the Greeks _kepos, both" "word ...

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Apelles

"A Christian at Rome whom Paul salutes (Rom. 16:10), and styles" approved in Christ. ...

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Apharsachites

A company of the colonists whom the Assyrian king planted in Samaria (Ezra 5:6; 6:6). ...

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Apharsites

"Another of the tribes removed to Samaria (Ezra 4:9), or perhaps" the same as the preceding. ...

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Aphik

"(Judg. 1:31); Aphek (Josh. 13:4; 19:30), stronghold. (1.) A city" of the tribe of Asher. It was the scene of the licentious "worship of the Syrian Aphrodite. The ruins of the temple," "magnificent r ...

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Apocalypse

The Greek name of the Book of Revelation (q.v.). ...

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Apocrypha

"Hidden, spurious, the name given to certain ancient books which" found a place in the LXX. and Latin Vulgate versions of the Old "Testament, and were appended to all the great translations made" "fr ...

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Apollonia

"A city of Macedonia between Amphipolis and Thessalonica, from" which it was distant about 36 miles. Paul and Silas passed through it on their way to Thessalonica (Acts 17:1). ...

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Apollos

"A Jew "born at Alexandria," a man well versed in the Scriptures" "and eloquent (Acts 18:24; R.V., "learned"). He came to Ephesus" "(about A.D. 49), where he spake "boldly" in the synagogue" "(18:26) ...

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Apollyon

"Destroyer, the name given to the king of the hosts represented" by the locusts (Rev. 9:11). It is the Greek translation of the Hebrew Abaddon (q.v.). ...

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Apostle

A person sent by another; a messenger; envoy. This word is once "used as a descriptive designation of Jesus Christ, the Sent of" "the Father (Heb. 3:1; John 20:21). It is, however, generally" used as ...

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Apothecary

"Rendered in the margin and the Revised Version "perfumer," in" Ex. 30:25; 37:29; Eccl. 10:1. The holy oils and ointments were prepared by priests properly qualified for this office. The feminine plu ...

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Apparel

In Old Testament times the distinction between male and female attire was not very marked. The statute forbidding men to wear female apparel (Deut. 22:5) referred especially to ornaments and head-dre ...

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Appeal

A reference of any case from an inferior to a superior court. Moses established in the wilderness a series of judicatories such that appeals could be made from a lower to a higher (Ex. 18:13-26.) "Un ...

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Apphia

"Increasing, a female Christian at Colosse (Philemon 1:2)," supposed by some to have been the wife of Philemon. ...

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Appii Forum

"I.e., "the market of Appius" (Acts 28:15, R.V.), a town on the" "road, the "Appian Way," from Rome to Brundusium. It was 43 miles" from Rome. Here Paul was met by some Roman Christians on his way to ...

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Apple

"(Heb. tappuah, meaning "fragrance"). Probably the apricot or" "quince is intended by the word, as Palestine was too hot for the" growth of apples proper. It is enumerated among the most "valuable tr ...

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Apron

"Found in the Authorized Version in Gen. 3:7, of the bands of" "fig-leaves made by our first parents. In Acts 19:12, it denotes" the belt or half-girdle worn by artisans and servants round the waist ...

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Aquila

"Eagle, a native of Pontus, by occupation a tent-maker, whom Paul" met on his first visit to Corinth (Acts 18:2). Along with his wife Priscilla he had fled from Rome in consequence of a decree (A.D. ...

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Arab

"Ambush, a city in the mountains of Judah (Josh. 15:52), now" Er-Rabiyeh. ...

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Arabah

"Plain, in the Revised Version of 2 Kings 14:25; Josh. 3:16;" 8:14; 2 Sam. 2:29; 4:7 (in all these passages the A.V. has "plain); Amos 6:14 (A.V. "wilderness"). This word is found in" the Authorized ...

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Arabia

"Arid, an extensive region in the south-west of Asia. It is" "bounded on the west by the Isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea, on" "the south by the Indian Ocean, and on the east by the Persian" Gulf and ...

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Arad

"(1.) Now Tell Arad, a Canaanite city, about 20 miles south of" "Hebron. The king of Arad "fought against Israel and took of them" "prisoners" when they were retreating from the confines of Edom" (Nu ...

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Aram

"The son of Shem (Gen. 10:22); according to Gen. 22:21, a" "grandson of Nahor. In Matt. 1:3, 4, and Luke 3:33, this word is" "the Greek form of Ram, the father of Amminadab (1 Chr. 2:10)." "The word ...

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Aramnaharaim

"Aram of the two rivers, is Mesopotamia (as it is rendered in" "Gen. 24:10), the country enclosed between the Tigris on the east" "and the Euphrates on the west (Ps. 60, title); called also the" "fie ...

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Aramzobah

"(Ps. 60, title), probably the region between the Euphrates and" the Orontes. ...

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Aran

"Wild goat, a descendant of Seir the Horite (Gen. 36:28)." ...

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Ararat

"Sacred land or high land, the name of a country on one of the" mountains of which the ark rested after the Flood subsided (Gen. "8:4). The "mountains" mentioned were probably the Kurdish range" "of ...

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Araunah

"Agile; also called Ornan 1 Chr. 21:15, a Jebusite who dwelt in" Jerusalem before it was taken by the Israelites. The destroying "angel, sent to punish David for his vanity in taking a census of" "th ...

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Arba

"Four, a giant, father of Anak. From him the city of Hebron" "derived its name of Kirjath-arba, i.e., the city of Araba (Josh." 14:15; 15:13; 21:11; Gen. 13:18; 23:2). (See [24]HEBRON.) ...

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Arbathite

"A name given to Abi-albon, or, as elsewhere called, Abiel, one" "of David's warriors (2 Sam. 23:31; 1 Chr. 11:32), probably as" "being an inhabitant of Arabah (Josh. 15:61), a town in the" wildernes ...

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Arch

"An architectural term found only in Ezek. 40:16, 21, 22, 26, 29." There is no absolute proof that the Israelites employed arches in their buildings. The arch was employed in the building of the "pyr ...

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Archangel

"(1Thess. 4:16; Jude 1:9), the prince of the angels." ...

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Archelaus

"Ruler of the people, son of Herod the Great, by Malthace, a" Samaritan woman. He was educated along with his brother Antipas at Rome. He inherited from his father a third part of his "kingdom viz., ...

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Archer

A shooter with the bow (1 Chr. 10:3). This art was of high antiquity (Gen. 21:20; 27:3). Saul was wounded by the Philistine "archers (1 Sam. 31:3). The phrase "breaking the bow" (Hos. 1:5;" "Jer. 49: ...

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Archevite

One of the nations planted by the Assyrians in Samaria (Ezra 4:9); the men of Erech. ...

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Archi

"A city on the boundary of Ephraim and Benjamin (Josh. 16:2)," between Bethel and Beth-horon the nether. ...

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Archippus

"Master of the horse, a "fellow-soldier" of Paul's (Philemon" "1:2), whom he exhorts to renewed activity (Col. 4:17). He was a" "member of Philemon's family, probably his son." ...

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Archite

"The usual designation of Hushai (2 Sam. 15:32; 17:5, 14; 1 Chr." "27:33), who was a native of Archi. He was "the king's friend"," "i.e., he held office under David similar to that of our modern" pri ...

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Arcturus

"Bear-keeper, the name given by the ancients to the brightest" star in the constellation Bootes. In the Authorized Version (Job "9:9; 38:32) it is the rendering of the Hebrew word 'ash, which" probab ...

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Ard

"Descent, a grandson of Benjamin (Num. 26:38-40). In 1 Chr. 8:3" he is called Addar. His descendants are mentioned in Num. 26:40. ...

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Ardon

"Descendant, the last of the three sons of Caleb by his first" wife Azubah (1 Chr. 2:18). ...

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Areopagite

A member of the court of Areopagus (Acts 17:34). ...

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Areopagus

"The Latin form of the Greek word rendered "Mars' hill." But it" denotes also the council or court of justice which met in the open air on the hill. It was a rocky height to the west of the "Acropoli ...

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Aretas

"The father-in-law of Herod Antipas, and king of Arabia Petraea." His daughter returned to him on the occasion of her husband's "entering into an adulterous alliance with Herodias, the wife of" "Hero ...

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Argob

"Stony heap, an "island," as it has been called, of rock about 30" "miles by 20, rising 20 or 30 feet above the table-land of" Bashan; a region of crags and chasms wild and rugged in the "extreme. On ...

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Arieh

"The lion, the name of one of the body-guard slain with Pekahiah" at Samaria (2 Kings 15:25) by the conspirator Pekah. ...

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Ariel

The lion of God. (1.) One of the chief men sent by Ezra to procure Levites for the sanctuary (Ezra 8:16). "(2.) A symbolic name for Jerusalem (Isa. 29:1, 2, 7) as "victorious under God, and in Ezek. ...

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Arimathea

"A "city of the Jews" (Luke 23:51), the birth-place of Joseph in" "whose sepulchre our Lord was laid (Matt. 27:57, 60; John 19:38)." "It is probably the same place as Ramathaim in Ephraim, and the" " ...

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Arioch

"Lion-like, venerable. (1.) A king of Ellasar who was confederate" "with Chedorlamer (Gen. 14:1, 9). The tablets recently discovered" by Mr. Pinches (see [28]CHALDEA) show the true reading is "Eri-Ak ...

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Aristarchus

"Best ruler, native of Thessalonica (Acts 20:4), a companion of" "Paul (Acts 19:29; 27:2). He was Paul's "fellow-prisoner" at Rome" (Col. 4:10; Philemon 1:24). ...

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Aristobulus

"A Roman mentioned in Paul's Epistle to the Romans (16:10), whose" household is saluated. ...

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Ark

"Noah's ark, a building of gopher-wood, and covered with pitch," "300 cubits long, 50 cubits broad, and 30 cubits high (Gen." "6:14-16); an oblong floating house of three stories, with a door" in the ...

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Arkite

"(Gen. 10:17; 1 Chr. 1:15), a designation of certain descendants" "from the Phoenicians or Sidonians, the inhabitants of Arka, 12" "miles north of Tripoli, opposite the northern extremity of" Lebanon ...

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Arm

Used to denote power (Ps. 10:15; Ezek. 30:21; Jer. 48:25). It is also used of the omnipotence of God (Ex. 15:16; Ps. 89:13; 98:1; 77:15; Isa. 53:1; John 12:38; Acts 13:17) ...

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Armageddon

"Occurs only in Rev. 16:16 (R.V., "Har-Magedon"), as symbolically" "designating the place where the "battle of that great day of God" "Almighty" (ver. 14) shall be fought. The word properly means the ...

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Armenia

"High land, occurs only in Authorized Version, 2 Kings 19:37; in" "Revised Version, "Ararat," which is the Hebrew word. A country" in western Asia lying between the Caspian and the Black Sea. Here th ...

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Armoni

"Inhabitant of a fortress, the first-named of the two sons of" "Saul and Rizpah. He was delivered up to the Gibeonites by David," "and hanged by them (2 Sam. 21:8, 9)." ...

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Armour

"Is employed in the English Bible to denote military equipment," both offensive and defensive. "(1.) The offensive weapons were different at different periods "of history. The "rod of iron" (Ps. 2:9) ...

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Armourbearer

An officer selected by kings and generals because of his "bravery, not only to bear their armour, but also to stand by" them in the time of danger. They were the adjutants of our modern armies (Judg. ...

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Armoury

The place in which armour was deposited when not used (Neh. 3:19; Jer. 50:25). At first each man of the Hebrews had his own "arms, because all went to war. There were no arsenals or" "magazines for a ...

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Army

The Israelites marched out of Egypt in military order (Ex. "13:18, "harnessed;" marg., "five in a rank"). Each tribe formed" "a battalion, with its own banner and leader (Num. 2:2; 10:14)." In war th ...

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Arnon

"Swift, the southern boundary of the territory of Israel beyond" "Jordan, separating it from the land of Moab (Deut. 3:8, 16)." This river (referred to twenty-four times in the Bible) rises in "the m ...

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Aroer

Ruins. (1.) A town on the north bank of the Arnon (Deut. 4:48; "Judg. 11:26; 2 Kings 10:33), the southern boundary of the" "kingdom of Sihon (Josh. 12:2). It is now called Arair, 13 miles" west of th ...

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Arpad

"(Isa. 10:9; 36:19; 37:13), also Arphad, support, a Syrian city" "near Hamath, along with which it is invariably mentioned (2" "Kings 19:13; 18:34; Isa. 10:9), and Damascus (Jer. 49:23). After" a sie ...

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Arphaxad

"Son of Shem, born the year after the Deluge. He died at the age" "of 438 years (Gen. 11:10-13; 1 Chr. 1:17, 18; Luke 3:36). He" "dwelt in Mesopotamia, and became, according to the Jewish" "historian ...

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Arrows

"At first made of reeds, and then of wood tipped with iron." Arrows are sometimes figuratively put for lightning (Deut. "32:23, 42; Ps. 7:13; 18:14; 144:6; Zech. 9:14). They were used" in war as well ...

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Artaxerxes

The Greek form of the name of several Persian kings. (1.) The king who obstructed the rebuilding of the temple (Ezra 4:7). He was probably the Smerdis of profane history. "(2.) The king mentioned in ...

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Artificer

A person engaged in any kind of manual occupation (Gen. 4:22; Isa. 3:3). ...

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Artillery

"1 Sam. 20:40, (Heb. keli, meaning "apparatus;" here meaning" "collectively any missile weapons, as arrows and lances. In" "Revised Version, "weapons"). This word is derived from the Latin" artillari ...

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Arvad

"Wandering, (Ezek. 27:8), a small island and city on the coast of" "Syria, mentioned as furnishing mariners and soldiers for Tyre." The inhabitants were called Arvadites. The name is written Aruada o ...

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Asa

"Physician, son of Abijah and grandson of Rehoboam, was the third" king of Judah. He was zealous in maintaining the true worship of "God, and in rooting all idolatry, with its accompanying" "immorali ...

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Asahel

"Made by God, the youngest son of Zeruiah, David's sister. He was" celebrated for his swiftness of foot. When fighting against "Ish-bosheth at Gibeon, in the army of his brother Joab, he was" "put to ...

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Asaph

"Convener, or collector. (1.) A Levite; one of the leaders of" David's choir (1 Chr. 6:39). Psalms 50 and 73-83 inclusive are attributed to him. He is mentioned along with David as skilled "in music, ...

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Ascension

See [31]CHRIST. ...

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Asenath

"An Egyptian name, meaning "gift of the sun-god", daughter of" "Potipherah, priest of On or Heliopolis, wife of Joseph (Gen." 41:45). She was the mother of Manasseh and Ephraim (50-52; 46:20). ...

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Ash

"(Heb. o'ren, "tremulous"), mentioned only Isa. 44:14 (R.V., "fir" "tree"). It is rendered "pine tree" both in the LXX. and Vulgate" "versions. There is a tree called by the Arabs aran, found still" ...

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Ashdod

"Stronghold, a Philistine city (Josh. 15:47), about midway" "between Gaza and Joppa, and 3 miles from the Mediterranean. It" was one of the chief seats of the worship of Dagon (1 Sam. 5:5). "It belon ...

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Ashdothpisgah

"(Deut. 3:17; Josh. 12:3; 13:20) in Authorized Version, but in" "Revised Version translated "slopes of Pisgah." In Deut. 4:49 it" "is translated in the Authorized Version "springs of Pisgah." The" "n ...

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Asher

"Happy, Jacob's eigth son; his mother was Zilpah, Leah's handmaid" (Gen. 30:13). Of the tribe founded by him nothing is recorded beyond its holding a place in the list of the tribes (35:26; "46:17; E ...

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Asherah

"And pl. Asherim in Revised Version, instead of "grove" and" groves of the Authorized Version. This was the name of a "sensual Canaanitish goddess Astarte, the feminine of the" Assyrian Ishtar. Its s ...

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Ashes

The ashes of a red heifer burned entire (Num. 19:5) when sprinkled on the unclean made them ceremonially clean (Heb. 9:13). "To cover the head with ashes was a token of self-abhorrence and "humiliati ...

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Ashkelon

#NAME? (Josh. 13:3; 1 Sam. 6:17). It stood on the shore of the "Mediterranean, 12 miles north of Gaza. It is mentioned on an" inscription at Karnak in Egypt as having been taken by king "Rameses II., ...

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Ashkenaz

"One of the three sons of Gomer (Gen. 10:3), and founder of one" of the tribes of the Japhetic race. They are mentioned in "connection with Minni and Ararat, and hence their original seat" "must have ...

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Ashpenaz

"The master of the eunuchs of Nebuchadnezzar (Dan. 1:3), the" Rabsaris of the court. His position was similar to that of the Kislar-aga of the modern Turkish sultans. ...

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Ashtaroth

"A city of Bashan, in the kingdom of Og (Deut. 1:4; Josh. 12:4;" 13:12; 9:10). It was in the half-tribe of Manasseh (Josh. "13:12), and as a Levitical city was given to the Gershonites (1" "Chr. 6:71 ...

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Ashteroth Karnaim

"Ashteroth of the two horns, the abode of the Rephaim (Gen." 14:5). It may be identified with Ashtaroth preceding; called "Karnaim, i.e., the "two-horned" (the crescent moon). The" "Samaritan version ...

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Ashtoreth

"The moon goddess of the Phoenicians, representing the passive" "principle in nature, their principal female deity; frequently" "associated with the name of Baal, the sun-god, their chief male" deity ...

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Ashurites

Mentioned among those over whom Ish-bosheth was made king (2 Sam. 2:9). ...

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Asia

"Is used to denote Proconsular Asia, a Roman province which" "embraced the western parts of Asia Minor, and of which Ephesus" "was the capital, in Acts 2:9; 6:9; 16:6; 19:10, 22; 20:4, 16," "18, etc. ...

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Asnapper

Probably the same as Assur-bani-pal (Sardanapalos of the "Greeks), styled the "great and noble" (Ezra 4:10), was the son" and successor (B.C. 668) of Esar-haddon (q.v.). He was "luxurious, ambitious, ...

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Asp

"(Heb. pethen), Deut. 32:33; Job 20:14, 16; Isa. 11:8. It was" "probably the Egyptian cobra (Naja haje), which was very" poisonous (Rom. 3:13; Gr. aspis). The Egyptians worshipped it as "the uraeus, ...

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Ass

Frequently mentioned throughout Scripture. Of the domesticated "species we read of, (1.) The she ass (Heb. `athon), so named" from its slowness (Gen. 12:16; 45:23; Num. 22:23; 1 Sam. 9:3). "(2.) The ...

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Asshur

Second son of Shem (Gen. 10:22; 1 Chr. 1:17). He went from the "land of Shinar and built Nineveh, etc. (Gen. 10:11, 12). He" "probably gave his name to Assyria, which is the usual" "translation of th ...

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Assos

"A sea-port town of Proconsular Asia, in the district of Mysia," on the north shore of the Gulf of Adramyttium. Paul came hither "on foot along the Roman road from Troas (Acts 20:13, 14), a" distance ...

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Assurance

"The resurrection of Jesus (Acts 17:31) is the "assurance" (Gr." "pistis, generally rendered "faith") or pledge God has given that" "his revelation is true and worthy of acceptance. The "full" "assur ...

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Assyria

"The name derived from the city Asshur on the Tigris, the" "original capital of the country, was originally a colony from" "Babylonia, and was ruled by viceroys from that kingdom. It was a" "mountain ...

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Astrologer

"(Dan. 1:20; 2:2, 10, 27, etc.) Heb. `ashshaph', an enchanter," one who professes to divine future events by the appearance of the stars. This science flourished among the Chaldeans. It was positivel ...

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Astronomy

The Hebrews were devout students of the wonders of the starry "firmanent (Amos 5:8; Ps. 19). In the Book of Job, which is the" "oldest book of the Bible in all probability, the constellations" "are d ...

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Asuppim

"(1 Chr. 26:15, 17, Authorized Version; but in Revised Version," "storehouse), properly the house of stores for the priests. In" "Neh. 12:25 the Authorized Version has "thresholds," marg." "treasurie ...

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Atad

"Buckthorn, a place where Joseph and his brethren, when on their" "way from Egypt to Hebron with the remains of their father Jacob," "made for seven days a "great and very sore lamentation." On this" ...

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Ataroth

"Crowns. (1.) A city east of Jordan, not far from Gilead (Num." 32:3). "(2.) A town on the border of Ephraim and Benjamin (Josh. 16:2, "7), called also Ataroth-adar (16:5). Now ed-Da'rieh." "(3.) "At ...

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Ater

Shut; lame. (1.) Ezra 2:16. (2.) Neh. 10:17. (3.) Ezra 2:42. ...

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Athaliah

"Whom God afflicts. (1.) The daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, and" "the wife of Jehoram, king of Judah (2 Kings 8:18), who "walked" "in the ways of the house of Ahab" (2 Chr. 21:6), called" daughter of ...

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Athens

"The capital of Attica, the most celebrated city of the ancient" "world, the seat of Greek literature and art during the golden" period of Grecian history. Its inhabitants were fond of novelty "(Acts ...

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Atonement

This word does not occur in the Authorized Version of the New "Testament except in Rom. 5:11, where in the Revised Version the" "word "reconciliation" is used. In the Old Testament it is of" frequent ...

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Atonement Day of

The great annual day of humiliation and expiation for the sins "of the nation, "the fast" (Acts 27:9), and the only one" commanded in the law of Moses. The mode of its observance is described in Lev. ...

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Augustus

"The cognomen of the first Roman emperor, C. Julius Caesar" "Octavianus, during whose reign Christ was born (Luke 2:1). His" "decree that "all the world should be taxed" was the divinely" "ordered oc ...

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Augustus band

"(Acts 27:1.: literally, of Sebaste, the Greek form of Augusta," the name given to Caesarea in honour of Augustus Caesar). "Probably this "band" or cohort consisted of Samaritan soldiers" belonging t ...

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Ava

A place in Assyria from which colonies were brought to Samaria (2 Kings 17:24). It is probably the same with Ivah (18:34; 19:13; Isa. 37:13). It has been identified with Hit on the Euphrates. ...

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Aven

"Nothingness; vanity. (1.) Hosea speaks of the "high places of" "Aven" (10:8), by which he means Bethel. He also calls it" "Beth-aven, i.e., "the house of vanity" (4:15), on account of the" golden ca ...

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Avenger of blood

"(Heb. goel, from verb gaal, "to be near of kin," "to redeem")," the nearest relative of a murdered person. It was his right and "duty to slay the murderer (2 Sam. 14:7, 11) if he found him" outside ...

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Avim

"A people dwelling in Hazerim, or "the villages" or "encampments" on the south-west corner of the sea-coast (Deut. 2:23). They were subdued and driven northward by the Caphtorim. A trace of "them is ...

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Awl

An instrument only referred to in connection with the custom of "boring the ear of a slave (Ex. 21:6; Deut. 15:17), in token of" his volunteering perpetual service when he might be free. (Comp. Ps. 4 ...

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Axe

Used in the Authorized Version of Deut. 19:5; 20:19; 1 Kings "6:7, as the translation of a Hebrew word which means "chopping." It was used for felling trees (Isa. 10:34) and hewing timber for "buildi ...

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Azal

"(Zech. 14:5) should perhaps be rendered "very near" = "the way" "of escape shall be made easy." If a proper name, it may denote" some place near the western extremity of the valley here spoken of ne ...

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Azariah

"Whom Jehovah helps. (1.) Son of Ethan, of the tribe of Judah (1" Chr. 2:8). "(2.) Son of Ahimaaz, who succeeded his grandfather Zadok as high priest (1 Chr. 6:9; 1 Kings 4:2) in the days of Solomon. ...

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Azazel

"(Lev. 16:8, 10, 26, Revised Version only here; rendered" scape-goat in the Authorized Version). This word has given rise to many different views. Some Jewish interpreters regard it "as the name of a ...

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Azaziah

Whom Jehovah strengthened. (1.) One of the Levitical harpers in the temple (1 Chr. 15:21). "(2.) The father of Hoshea, who was made ruler over the Ephraimites (1 Chr. 27:20). "(3.) One who had charge ...

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Azekah

"Dug over, a town in the Shephelah or low hills of Judah (Josh." "15:35), where the five confederated Amoritish kings were" defeated by Joshua and their army destroyed by a hailstrom "(10:10, 11). It ...

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Azel

"Noble, a descendant of king Saul (1 Chr. 8:37; 9:43, 44)." ...

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Azmaveth

Strong as death. (1.) One of David's thirty warriors (2 Sam. 23:31). "(2.) An overseer over the royal treasury in the time of David and Solomon (1 Chr. 27:25). "(3.) A town in the tribe of Judah, nea ...

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Azotus

"The Grecized form (Acts 8:40, etc.) of Ashdod (q.v.)." ...

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Azubah

"Deserted. (1.) The wife of Caleb (1 Chr. 2:18, 19)." "(2.) The daughter of Shilhi, and mother of king Jehoshaphat (1 Kings 22:42). ...

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Azur and Azzur

"Helper. (1.) The father of Hananiah, a false prophet (Jer." 28:1). "(2.) The father of Jaazaniah (Ezek. 11:1). (3.) One of those who sealed the covenant with Jehovah on the return from Babylon (Neh. ...

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