(1-13) The altar set up, and the feasts established.
As one man.—Not all, but with one consent.
Moses the man of God.—Like David, Nehemiah 12:24; Nehemiah 12:36.
For fear was upon them.—Until their offerings went up they did not feel sure of the Divine protection. This was their first act of defiance in the presence of the nations around: near the altar they were strong.
The sea of Joppa.—The Jewish port to which the cedar-trees were sent by sea, and thence thirty-five miles inland to Jerusalem.
The grant.—The authority of Cyrus over Phœnicia seems not to have been doubtful.
In the second month.—Zif, chosen apparently because it was the same month in which Solomon laid the first foundation (1 Kings 6).
Appointed the Levites, from twenty years.—Their appointment to superintend, and their specified age, are in strict harmony with the original ordinances of David (1 Chronicles 23).
Shouted.—As afterwards in religious acclamation.