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And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the third month, in the first day of the month, that the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,

2 Son of man, speak unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, and to his multitude; Whom art thou like in thy greatness?

3 Behold, the Assyrian was a cedar in Lebanon with fair branches, and with a shadowing shroud, and of an high stature; and his top was among the thick boughs.

4 The waters made him great, the deep set him up on high with her rivers running round about his plants, and sent out her little rivers unto all the trees of the field.

5 Therefore his height was exalted above all the trees of the field, and his boughs were multiplied, and his branches became long because of the multitude of waters, when he shot forth.

6 All the fowls of heaven made their nests in his boughs, and under his branches did all the beasts of the field bring forth their young, and under his shadow dwelt all great nations.

7 Thus was he fair in his greatness, in the length of his branches: for his root was by great waters.

8 The cedars in the garden of God could not hide him: the fir trees were not like his boughs, and the chesnut trees were not like his branches; nor any tree in the garden of God was like unto him in his beauty.

9 I have made him fair by the multitude of his branches: so that all the trees of Eden, that were in the garden of God, envied him.

10 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thou hast lifted up thyself in height, and he hath shot up his top among the thick boughs, and his heart is lifted up in his height; 11 I have therefore delivered him into the hand of the mighty one of the heathen; he shall surely deal with him: I have driven him out for his wickedness. 12 And strangers, the terrible of the nations, have cut him off, and have left him: upon the mountains and in all the valleys his branches are fallen, and his boughs are broken by all the rivers of the land; and all the people of the earth are gone down from his shadow, and have left him. 13 Upon his ruin shall all the fowls of the heaven remain, and all the beasts of the field shall be upon his branches: 14 To the end that none of all the trees by the waters exalt themselves for their height, neither shoot up their top among the thick boughs, neither their trees stand up in their height, all that drink water: for they are all delivered unto death, to the nether parts of the earth, in the midst of the children of men, with them that go down to the pit.

15 Thus saith the Lord GOD; In the day when he went down to the grave I caused a mourning: I covered the deep for him, and I restrained the floods thereof, and the great waters were stayed: and I caused Lebanon to mourn for him, and all the trees of the field fainted for him. 16 I made the nations to shake at the sound of his fall, when I cast him down to hell with them that descend into the pit: and all the trees of Eden, the choice and best of Lebanon, all that drink water, shall be comforted in the nether parts of the earth. 17 They also went down into hell with him unto them that be slain with the sword; and they that were his arm, that dwelt under his shadow in the midst of the heathen.

18 To whom art thou thus like in glory and in greatness among the trees of Eden? yet shalt thou be brought down with the trees of Eden unto the nether parts of the earth: thou shalt lie in the midst of the uncircumcised with them that be slain by the sword. This is Pharaoh and all his multitude, saith the Lord GOD.

Commentary for Ezekiel 31

The glory of Assyria. (1-9) Its fall, and the like for Egypt. (10-18)1-9 The falls of others, both into sin and ruin, warn us not to be secure or high-minded. The prophet is to show an instance of one whom the king of Egypt resembled in greatness, the Assyrian, compared to a stately cedar. Those who excel others, make themselves the objects of envy; but the blessings of the heavenly paradise are not liable to such alloy. The utmost security that any creature can give, is but like the shadow of a tree, a scanty and slender protection. But let us flee to God for protection, there we shall be safe. His hand must be owned in the rising of the great men of the earth, and we must not envy them. Though worldly people may seem to have firm prosperity, yet it only seems so.

10-18 The king of Egypt resembled the king of Assyria in his greatness: here we see he resembles him in his pride. And he shall resemble him in his fall. His own sin brings his ruin. None of our comforts are ever lost, but what have been a thousand times forfeited. When great men fall, many fall with them, as many have fallen before them. The fall of proud men is for warning to others, to keep them humble. See how low Pharaoh lies; and see what all his pomp and pride are come to. It is best to be a lowly tree of righteousness, yielding fruit to the glory of God, and to the good of men. The wicked man is often seen flourishing like the cedar, and spreading like the green bay tree, but he soon passes away, and his place is no more found. Let us then mark the perfect man, and behold the upright, for the end of that man is peace.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Ezekiel 31

  • I AM on Ezekiel 31
    Lu2677 ... word is right the seperpent was in the garden because the garden is your brain and your have a lower repetilain part of your brain that's the serpent
  • Obbie Beal on Ezekiel 31
    GOD declaired [time was-up /over] for this one... therefore this one was sentenced. WOW, WOW, WOW!
  • Lu2677 on Ezekiel 31
    Word,I have given more thought to your comment about the trees. John 3:8 "For the devil sinneth from the beginning"You said Satan IS the tree of knowledge of good and evil. When does Satan do good? In the garden; if Eve did NOT eat (as you claim) fruit of the tree of knowlege good and evil, of which God told her not to do.What was the deception that Eve succumbed to that caused our sinful state?
  • Word on Ezekiel 31
    Henry's j verses 8 and 9 and on is speaking of a tree in the garden of God and its the garden of Eden and the tree is the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, yes that old serpent the devil. Gods children in scripture are called many times the trees, cedar trees of Lebanon and that's the mighty heathen Satan who is being spoken of.
  • Word on Ezekiel 31
    Jennifer yes history was Neb king of Babylon and 9 chapter of the Babylon war were history but God has showed us a type of antichrist coming in the future that won't be old Neb but Satan the king of Babylon of the Book of Revelation. Don't worry he comes in peace and prosperity and the whole world is taken into the deception and worship him. Preachers priest of this generation let the sheep down.
  • Jennifer on Ezekiel 31
    If you continue reading through the next chapter you will find the answer (chapter 32 verse 11). It is Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, and his armies.
  • Henry j trauernicht on Ezekiel 31
    In verse 11, who may be the mighty one of heathen?
  • Word on Ezekiel 31
    Heineken Vetten Assyrian has no article so it's Te-ashshur which means box cedar or old box cedar not worth much cause it's speaking of Satan. Then it goes on to speak of him in the garden,tree of the knowledge of good and evil and face it God created Satan almost-the full pattern he was something but pride ego got the best of him so I think it's his insides as little box cedar. No heart 4 others.
  • Heike Vetten on Ezekiel 31
    Thank you
  • Insight 777 on Ezekiel 31
    In chapter 31 Nations are personified as trees. The uppermost boughs represent the economy of a nation and the tallest trees have the strongest economies. This is where the men of commerce do their trade agreements with each other and form alliances. The wealthy nations also have strong militaries. The shadowing shroud may represent civil war within Assyria or Syria. Syria 's sea ports, her waters, make her desirable to other nations such as Russia that are willing to defend her. Also waters could represent people here that fan out into Lebanon to spread their doctrine, their religious beliefs. Verse 6, the fowls are aircraft involved in fighting, beasts represent war and of the field means soldiers. All great nations are under the shadow of this civil war and some have participated already in its outcome. Eden is the earth and the garden of God is peace. Egypt is being compared with Assyria. Assyria is being compared with other nations with different beliefs and resources in verse 8. Verse 9, I think the multitude of branches means multitude of supporting people and countries that are willing to become involved in the outcome of Assyria 's future and therefore their own future. Verse 9, All countries want support for their nation and their beliefs therefore they envy a nation that is given money, advanced weapons and military support.


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