+     Text Size    

1 Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the backside of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb.

2 And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed.

3 And Moses said, I will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burnt.

4 And when the LORD saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses. And he said, Here am I.

5 And he said, Draw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground.

6 Moreover he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God.

7 And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know their sorrows;

8 And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey; unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites.

9 Now therefore, behold, the cry of the children of Israel is come unto me: and I have also seen the oppression wherewith the Egyptians oppress them.

10 Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth my people the children of Israel out of Egypt.

11 And Moses said unto God, Who am I, that I should go unto Pharaoh, and that I should bring forth the children of Israel out of Egypt?

12 And he said, Certainly I will be with thee; and this shall be a token unto thee, that I have sent thee: When thou hast brought forth the people out of Egypt, ye shall serve God upon this mountain.

13 And Moses said unto God, Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them, The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you; and they shall say to me, What is his name? what shall I say unto them?

14 And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.

15 And God said moreover unto Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this is my name for ever, and this is my memorial unto all generations.

16 Go, and gather the elders of Israel together, and say unto them, The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, appeared unto me, saying, I have surely visited you, and seen that which is done to you in Egypt:

17 And I have said, I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt unto the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, unto a land flowing with milk and honey.

18 And they shall hearken to thy voice: and thou shalt come, thou and the elders of Israel, unto the king of Egypt, and ye shall say unto him, The LORD God of the Hebrews hath met with us: and now let us go, we beseech thee, three days' journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to the LORD our God.

19 And I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let you go, no, not by a mighty hand.

20 And I will stretch out my hand, and smite Egypt with all my wonders which I will do in the midst thereof: and after that he will let you go.

21 And I will give this people favour in the sight of the Egyptians: and it shall come to pass, that, when ye go, ye shall not go empty:

22 But every woman shall borrow of her neighbour, and of her that sojourneth in her house, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: and ye shall put them upon your sons, and upon your daughters; and ye shall spoil the Egyptians.

Commentary for Exodus 3

God appears to Moses in a burning bush. (1-6) God sends Moses to deliver Israel. (7-10) The name Jehovah. (11-15) The deliverance of the Israelites promised. (16-22)1-6 The years of the life of Moses are divided into three forties; the first forty he spent as a prince in Pharaoh's court, the second as a shepherd in Midian, the third as a king in Jeshurun. How changeable is the life of man! The first appearance of God to Moses, found him tending sheep. This seems a poor employment for a man of his parts and education, yet he rests satisfied with it; and thus learns meekness and contentment, for which he is more noted in sacred writ, than for all his learning. Satan loves to find us idle; God is pleased when he finds us employed. Being alone, is a good friend to our communion with God. To his great surprise, Moses saw a bush burning without fire to kindle it. The bush burned, and yet did not burn away; an emblem of the church in bondage in Egypt. And it fitly reminds us of the church in every age, under its severest persecutions kept by the presence of God from being destroyed. Fire is an emblem, in Scripture, of the Divine holiness and justice, also of the afflictions and trials with which God proves and purifies his people, and even of that baptism of the Holy Ghost, by which sinful affections are consumed, and the soul changed into the Divine nature and image. God gave Moses a gracious call, to which he returned a ready answer. Those that would have communion with God, must attend upon him in the ordinances wherein he is pleased to manifest himself and his glory, though it be in a bush. Putting off the shoe was a token of respect and submission. We ought to draw nigh to God with a solemn pause and preparation, carefully avoiding every thing that looks light and rude, and unbecoming his service. God does not say, I was the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, but I am. The patriarchs still live, so many years after their bodies have been in the grave. No length of time can separate the souls of the just from their Maker. By this, God instructed Moses as to another world, and strengthened his belief of a future state. Thus it is interpreted by our Lord Jesus, who, from hence, proves that the dead are raised, #Lu 20:37|. Moses hid his face, as if both ashamed and afraid to look upon God. The more we see of God, and his grace, and covenant love, the more cause we shall see to worship him with reverence and godly fear.

7-10 God notices the afflictions of Israel. Their sorrows; even the secret sorrows of God's people are known to him. Their cry; God hears the cries of his afflicted people. The oppression they endured; the highest and greatest of their oppressors are not above him. God promises speedy deliverance by methods out of the common ways of providence. Those whom God, by his grace, delivers out of a spiritual Egypt, he will bring to a heavenly Canaan.

11-15 Formerly Moses thought himself able to deliver Israel, and set himself to the work too hastily. Now, when the fittest person on earth for it, he knows his own weakness. This was the effect of more knowledge of God and of himself. Formerly, self-confidence mingled with strong faith and great zeal, now sinful distrust of God crept in under the garb of humility; so defective are the strongest graces and the best duties of the most eminent saints. But all objections are answered in, Certainly I will be with thee. That is enough. Two names God would now be known by. A name that denotes what he is in himself, I AM THAT I AM. This explains his name Jehovah, and signifies, 1. That he is self-existent: he has his being of himself. 2. That he is eternal and unchangeable, and always the same, yesterday, to-day, and for ever. 3. That he is incomprehensible; we cannot by searching find him out: this name checks all bold and curious inquiries concerning God. 4. That he is faithful and true to all his promises, unchangeable in his word as well as in his nature; let Israel know this, I AM hath sent me unto you. I am, and there is none else besides me. All else have their being from God, and are wholly dependent upon him. Also, here is a name that denotes what God is to his people. The Lord God of your fathers sent me unto you. Moses must revive among them the religion of their fathers, which was almost lost; and then they might expect the speedy performance of the promises made unto their fathers.

16-22 Moses' success with the elders of Israel would be good. God, who, by his grace, inclines the heart, and opens the ear, could say beforehand, They shall hearken to thy voice; for he would make them willing in this day of power. As to Pharaoh, Moses is here told that petitions and persuasions, and humble complaints, would not prevail with him; nor a mighty hand stretched out in signs and wonders. But those will certainly be broken by the power of God's hand, who will not bow to the power of his word. Pharaoh's people should furnish Israel with riches at their departure. In Pharaoh's tyranny and Israel's oppression, we see the miserable, abject state of sinners. However galling the yoke, they drudge on till the Lord sends redemption. With the invitations of the gospel, God sends the teaching of his Spirit. Thus are men made willing to seek and to strive for deliverance. Satan loses his power to hold them, they come forth with all they have and are, and apply all to the glory of God and the service of his church.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Exodus 3

  • DAVID on Exodus 3
    I believe the greatest danger we are exposed to is there are to many people who want to have Jesus as their savior without having his father as their GOD
  • Stephanie on Exodus 3
    Why is it that every time you reading the word, praying, and don't what the lord wants u to do. And them in one second in another day you find that the world starts seeping back in. And u realize u failed that test then ur upset at yourself. So ask for forgives. And a week later someone done pulled u right back to this world. How does one realize it is a test before they fail the test.
  • Kay on Exodus 3
    Is it Biblical for a married couple that torment each other emotionally and spiritually to live separately and still serve God without sinning against Him? Have not advised either of them to divorce because I know divorce is against God's will. As far as I know, neither have physically cheated against the other. Both are active Christians. Both have weekly sessions with a therapist. The husband (possibly the wife) has sought guidance from their pastor. I fear the constant harping/stress/turmoil/yelling/ condemnations and lies/half-truths might drive them to a higher level than that of verbal abuse.
  • Mary on Exodus 3
    Exodus 3:The Bible is the living word which conforms to the current individual needs of the reader. What is your instinct? Here is mine: There are many places which refer to calling on the name of the Lord. This is where His name is given, which is actually widely unknown. YHWH in Hebrew. Spoken Yahweh. Now that you know His name call upon Him. Lord and God are titles. Do you call your best friend misses? Call upon the name of Yahweh and He will answer. Translators removed His name from His book claiming to defend the commandments. Taking His name in vain is feigning Christianity, taking it lightly, or denying the power of Yahweh. Look up the meaning of His name, it denotes His power.
  • Tammi on Exodus 3
    So, if you were given Exodus 3 by God a lot. What would be your thought as what God is saying to you?
  • Alex on Exodus 3
    Yes there is a granson,when god said his name was abraham issac and jacob,thats father son and granson,and it was granson jacob whos name was changed to israel th h.g. is the 3 rd person th granson that initates the israel of god which answers to a son that comes out of christ loins meaning his word his breath which is his seed, gods granson an israel of god i.e the regeneration of the h.g. in humanity via the seed of christ that was the great promise th multiplcation of christ,jesus cd not refer to the h.g.as th promise if he were not his son ( his multiplcation via his seed ) ya gotta realize that god is saying his name was abraham issac and jacob which is father,son and granson forever.
  • Alex on Exodus 3
    When God told Moses that his NAME was Abraham Issac and Jacob and my memorial to all generations God was in essence saying there is gonna be an Israel of God th Multiplcation of God in humanity that was the great Promise that Christ wd be multiplied as the stars of heaven. Thats y the sower will go forth to sow his precious seed which is the Living Word the very seed of God to whom the word came it made them Gods. thats y Jesus is saying that which is born of the spirit is spirit as God is spirit.God was plainly telling Moses that his kingdom is a trinity just like the Abrahamic trinity that resulted in th nation of Israel thus an Israel of God,the multiplication of CHRIST IN US SINNERS TY J
  • Alex on Exodus 3
    EXODUS 3 V 15 God is telling Moses that his NAME WAS I AM THAT I AM HAS SENT ME UNTO YOU, He neva tells Moses that his name was jehoveh that was added by man th j.w.s.God told moses that his name was abraham issac and jacob impling father son and granson a mighty nation that wd become as the sand of the seas.God swore by himself about multiplication meaning that God wd be multiplied as th stars
  • Alex on Exodus 3
    When ya read about FATHER ABRAHAM wanting to become the father of many nations, think about father God that wants a posterity,ItsGod almighty that wants to be multiplied as the stars of heaven,scripture says that christ was his 1 born of many brethren, thus christ has to go forth and sown his seed in all of humanity,Jesus said the field was the world where that good seed will be sown our new birth
  • Alex on Exodus 3
    When GOD said his name was abraham issac and jacob.It implies his kingdom is exactly like abraham issac and jacob,father son and granson that wd become th nation of israel his 1 and only ppl,there cd not be a nation of israel without this father son granson scenario.thus there can not be an israel of GOD,THE MULTIPLICATION OF CHRIST without this Father son granson sceario th H.G. IS THE GRANSON GB


 

Do you have a Bible comment or question?


2000 characters remain...




Bible Options

Bible Trivia

How did God tell Moses he was chosen to lead his people from Egypt?
  • The Ten Commandments
  • A burning bush
  • An angel appeared as a dream
  • The Sermon on the mount