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1 And this is the thing that thou shalt do unto them to hallow them, to minister unto me in the priest's office: Take one young bullock, and two rams without blemish,

2 And unleavened bread, and cakes unleavened tempered with oil, and wafers unleavened anointed with oil: of wheaten flour shalt thou make them.

3 And thou shalt put them into one basket, and bring them in the basket, with the bullock and the two rams.

4 And Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and shalt wash them with water.

5 And thou shalt take the garments, and put upon Aaron the coat, and the robe of the ephod, and the ephod, and the breastplate, and gird him with the curious girdle of the ephod:

6 And thou shalt put the mitre upon his head, and put the holy crown upon the mitre.

7 Then shalt thou take the anointing oil, and pour it upon his head, and anoint him.

8 And thou shalt bring his sons, and put coats upon them.

9 And thou shalt gird them with girdles, Aaron and his sons, and put the bonnets on them: and the priest's office shall be theirs for a perpetual statute: and thou shalt consecrate Aaron and his sons.

10 And thou shalt cause a bullock to be brought before the tabernacle of the congregation: and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the bullock.

11 And thou shalt kill the bullock before the LORD, by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

12 And thou shalt take of the blood of the bullock, and put it upon the horns of the altar with thy finger, and pour all the blood beside the bottom of the altar.

13 And thou shalt take all the fat that covereth the inwards, and the caul that is above the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and burn them upon the altar.

14 But the flesh of the bullock, and his skin, and his dung, shalt thou burn with fire without the camp: it is a sin offering.

15 Thou shalt also take one ram; and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram.

16 And thou shalt slay the ram, and thou shalt take his blood, and sprinkle it round about upon the altar.

17 And thou shalt cut the ram in pieces, and wash the inwards of him, and his legs, and put them unto his pieces, and unto his head.

18 And thou shalt burn the whole ram upon the altar: it is a burnt offering unto the LORD: it is a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

19 And thou shalt take the other ram; and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram.

20 Then shalt thou kill the ram, and take of his blood, and put it upon the tip of the right ear of Aaron, and upon the tip of the right ear of his sons, and upon the thumb of their right hand, and upon the great toe of their right foot, and sprinkle the blood upon the altar round about.

21 And thou shalt take of the blood that is upon the altar, and of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it upon Aaron, and upon his garments, and upon his sons, and upon the garments of his sons with him: and he shall be hallowed, and his garments, and his sons, and his sons' garments with him.

22 Also thou shalt take of the ram the fat and the rump, and the fat that covereth the inwards, and the caul above the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and the right shoulder; for it is a ram of consecration:

23 And one loaf of bread, and one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer out of the basket of the unleavened bread that is before the LORD:

24 And thou shalt put all in the hands of Aaron, and in the hands of his sons; and shalt wave them for a wave offering before the LORD.

25 And thou shalt receive them of their hands, and burn them upon the altar for a burnt offering, for a sweet savour before the LORD: it is an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

26 And thou shalt take the breast of the ram of Aaron's consecration, and wave it for a wave offering before the LORD: and it shall be thy part.

27 And thou shalt sanctify the breast of the wave offering, and the shoulder of the heave offering, which is waved, and which is heaved up, of the ram of the consecration, even of that which is for Aaron, and of that which is for his sons:

28 And it shall be Aaron's and his sons' by a statute for ever from the children of Israel: for it is an heave offering: and it shall be an heave offering from the children of Israel of the sacrifice of their peace offerings, even their heave offering unto the LORD.

29 And the holy garments of Aaron shall be his sons' after him, to be anointed therein, and to be consecrated in them.

30 And that son that is priest in his stead shall put them on seven days, when he cometh into the tabernacle of the congregation to minister in the holy place.

31 And thou shalt take the ram of the consecration, and seethe his flesh in the holy place.

32 And Aaron and his sons shall eat the flesh of the ram, and the bread that is in the basket, by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

33 And they shall eat those things wherewith the atonement was made, to consecrate and to sanctify them: but a stranger shall not eat thereof, because they are holy.

34 And if ought of the flesh of the consecrations, or of the bread, remain unto the morning, then thou shalt burn the remainder with fire: it shall not be eaten, because it is holy.

35 And thus shalt thou do unto Aaron, and to his sons, according to all things which I have commanded thee: seven days shalt thou consecrate them.

36 And thou shalt offer every day a bullock for a sin offering for atonement: and thou shalt cleanse the altar, when thou hast made an atonement for it, and thou shalt anoint it, to sanctify it.

37 Seven days thou shalt make an atonement for the altar, and sanctify it; and it shall be an altar most holy: whatsoever toucheth the altar shall be holy.

38 Now this is that which thou shalt offer upon the altar; two lambs of the first year day by day continually.

39 The one lamb thou shalt offer in the morning; and the other lamb thou shalt offer at even:

40 And with the one lamb a tenth deal of flour mingled with the fourth part of an hin of beaten oil; and the fourth part of an hin of wine for a drink offering.

41 And the other lamb thou shalt offer at even, and shalt do thereto according to the meat offering of the morning, and according to the drink offering thereof, for a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

42 This shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD: where I will meet you, to speak there unto thee.

43 And there I will meet with the children of Israel, and the tabernacle shall be sanctified by my glory.

44 And I will sanctify the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar: I will sanctify also both Aaron and his sons, to minister to me in the priest's office.

45 And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will be their God.

46 And they shall know that I am the LORD their God, that brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, that I may dwell among them: I am the LORD their God.

Commentary for Exodus 29

The sacrifice and ceremony for the consecration of the priests. (1-37) The continual burnt-offerings, God's promise to dwell among Israel. (38-46)1-37 Aaron and his sons were to be set apart for the priest's office, with ceremony and solemnity. Our Lord Jesus is the great High Priest of our profession, called of God to be so; anointed with the Spirit, whence he is called Messiah, the Christ; clothed with glory and beauty; sanctified by his own blood; made perfect, or consecrated through sufferings, #Heb 2:10|. All believers are spiritual priests, to offer spiritual sacrifices, 1Pe 2:5|, washed in the blood of Christ, and so made to our God priests, #Re 1:5,6|. They also are clothed with the beauty of holiness, and have received the anointing, #1Jo 2:27|. The Spirit of God is called the finger of God, (#Lu 11:20|, compared with #Mt 12:28|,) and by him the merit of Christ is applied to our souls. This consecration signifies the admission of a sinner into the spiritual priesthood, to offer spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.

38-46 A lamb was to be offered upon the altar every morning, and a lamb every evening. This typified the continual intercession which Christ ever lives to make for his church. Though he offered himself but once for all, that one offering thus becomes a continual offering. This also teaches us to offer to God the spiritual sacrifices of prayer and praise every day, morning and evening. Our daily devotions are the most needful of our daily works, and the most pleasant of our daily comforts. Prayer-time must be kept up as duly as meal-time. Those starve their own souls, who keep not up constant attendance on the throne of grace; constancy in religion brings in the comfort of it.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Exodus 29

  • Ruth on Exodus 29:28
    What does heave offering mean
  • Frank on Exodus 29
    I hate that animals had to be killed and sacrificed for sin. But I love that Jesus ended that practice when He offered up himself for all sin and sacrifice of animals were done away with.
  • Smitty - in Reply on Exodus 29
    Frank, The reason we had to sacrifice animals is because WE sinned. It's not like God just wanted us to kill animals for his pleasure. Before Adam and Eve got us started on this journey Man cared for and had dominion over the animals and did not kill and eat them. It's called a sacrifice because you have to give up something. You have to feel the pain of giving up something to truly understand what sacrifice means. Imagine how God felt giving up his son to pain and suffering for a people who didn't even understand what he was doing for us all.
  • Robin Mickens on Exodus 29
    This makes it so clear as to why clergy wear robes in the pulpit to this day. It's amazing how God was so clear to Moses in his instructions in how the robes and such should be made and who should make them. Then Moses translated all that information to the letter. Additionally, I'm not a big meat eater. So every time I read Exodus I'm less bothered by that.
  • Martha on Exodus 29
    Randy...Keep in mind this is my opinion but I believe Israel was required to offer up the fat as an act of obedience and giving of the best part of the sacrifice to God. The blood of the sacrifice was the life and, I believe, represented the blood of Christ that would in time be a cover for our sins.
  • Randy Jay Rance on Exodus 29
    Hello there my question is a serious one that nobody seems to want to explain fully ? What was the full potential of offering up the fat Ex.29 13 and other verses. I have heard it explained that the Israelites " liked " the fat being that it wasn 't good for them, God would have them offer it up to Him and Yes, it was a pleasing aroma to His highest Majesty. Can you confirm, or deny this thought or add to the hidden depth of offering up the fat. PLEASE, Thank You Sincerely.
  • Smitty - in Reply on Exodus 29
    The fat and the best portions of meat from the best of the herds and flocks being sacrificed was simply this. If a friend were to come to your house to eat would you not offer your best to them? Well, God demanded a sacrifice be made to him by the Israelites to atone for their sins. In return God made a covenant with them that he would be their God and as long as they did this he would dwell with them. So they offered up their best as he commanded. It has nothing to do with dietary concerns.
  • Charles Taylor on Exodus 29:40
    I am a Southern Baptist but I don t abstain from drinking wine Jesus changed water into wine at a wedding he drank wine with disciples at the Last Supper and Paul suggested to Timothy that he drink some wine to settle his stomach Paul also said that overseers should not be given to drunkenness and elders should not indulge in much wine I can understand the Baptists preaching abstinence to prevent addiction to alcohol but don t feel guilty about having a glass of wine at dinner at home or at a restaurant But it keeps me from accepting nomination to become an elder
  • Smitty - in Reply on Exodus 29
    Charles, I have a question. I hope this doesn't offend as I too am from the South, but exactly why do Southern Baptists call themselves, Southern Baptists? I've never heard a Yankee say I'm a Northern Baptist? Are the Yankees ashamed to call themselves Northern Baptists? Or is there no such thing as a Northern Baptist? Are there Eastern and Western Baptists?
  • Bob Hilt - in Reply on Exodus 29
    I am also from the South. I was born in Ky. There were indeed Northern Baptists, they just do not seem to refer to themselves that way. So good question. They were a distinct group not affiliated with the southern baptists. I am not sure where or if the group exists today, but they existed in history. We studied a bit about them in Church history class around the time of the civil war.


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What were Aaron and his sons to be washed with at the tabernacle door?
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