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1 If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

2 If a thief be found breaking up, and be smitten that he die, there shall no blood be shed for him.

3 If the sun be risen upon him, there shall be blood shed for him; for he should make full restitution; if he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft.

4 If the theft be certainly found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall restore double.

5 If a man shall cause a field or vineyard to be eaten, and shall put in his beast, and shall feed in another man's field; of the best of his own field, and of the best of his own vineyard, shall he make restitution.

6 If fire break out, and catch in thorns, so that the stacks of corn, or the standing corn, or the field, be consumed therewith; he that kindled the fire shall surely make restitution.

7 If a man shall deliver unto his neighbour money or stuff to keep, and it be stolen out of the man's house; if the thief be found, let him pay double.

8 If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall be brought unto the judges, to see whether he have put his hand unto his neighbour's goods.

9 For all manner of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing, which another challengeth to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double unto his neighbour.

10 If a man deliver unto his neighbour an ass, or an ox, or a sheep, or any beast, to keep; and it die, or be hurt, or driven away, no man seeing it:

11 Then shall an oath of the LORD be between them both, that he hath not put his hand unto his neighbour's goods; and the owner of it shall accept thereof, and he shall not make it good.

12 And if it be stolen from him, he shall make restitution unto the owner thereof.

13 If it be torn in pieces, then let him bring it for witness, and he shall not make good that which was torn.

14 And if a man borrow ought of his neighbour, and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof being not with it, he shall surely make it good.

15 But if the owner thereof be with it, he shall not make it good: if it be an hired thing, it came for his hire.

16 And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife.

17 If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.

18 Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live.

19 Whosoever lieth with a beast shall surely be put to death.

20 He that sacrificeth unto any god, save unto the LORD only, he shall be utterly destroyed.

21 Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

22 Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child.

23 If thou afflict them in any wise, and they cry at all unto me, I will surely hear their cry;

24 And my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.

25 If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury.

26 If thou at all take thy neighbour's raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goeth down:

27 For that is his covering only, it is his raiment for his skin: wherein shall he sleep? and it shall come to pass, when he crieth unto me, that I will hear; for I am gracious.

28 Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people.

29 Thou shalt not delay to offer the first of thy ripe fruits, and of thy liquors: the firstborn of thy sons shalt thou give unto me.

30 Likewise shalt thou do with thine oxen, and with thy sheep: seven days it shall be with his dam; on the eighth day thou shalt give it me.

31 And ye shall be holy men unto me: neither shall ye eat any flesh that is torn of beasts in the field; ye shall cast it to the dogs.

Commentary for Exodus 22

Judicial laws.

- The people of God should ever be ready to show mildness and mercy, according to the spirit of these laws. We must answer to God, not only for what we do maliciously, but for what we do heedlessly. Therefore, when we have done harm to our neighbour, we should make restitution, though not compelled by law. Let these scriptures lead our souls to remember, that if the grace of God has indeed appeared to us, then it has taught us, and enabled us so to conduct ourselves by its holy power, that denying ungodliness and wordly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world, #Tit 2:12|. And the grace of God teaches us, that as the Lord is our portion, there is enough in him to satisfy all the desires of our souls.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Exodus 22

  • Leigh Hunter
    The use of the plural form in verse 28 puzzles me.
  • A disciple
    "If the sun be risen upon him, there shall be blood shed for him; for he should make full restitution;" Here is the "conditions" for one's being spared destruction for his sins: that he should be redeemed by the blood of Jesus, and repent, and become a new and holy man of God. Faith alone, without a real effect wrought on his heart and in his manner of life, is not evidence of salvation.
  • A disciple
    "If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury." Even though this has been a long time accepted means of business, God hates covetousness and usury, and will demand an account of all who despise His Spirit. "Here is the patience and the faith of the Saints!" The LORD is the avenger of ALL such!
  • A disciple
    "If a thief be found breaking up, and be smitten that he die, there shall no blood be shed for him. If the sun be risen upon him, there shall be blood shed for him; for he should make full restitution; if he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft." How GREAT if that were done today! Why are people who do wickedly merely "locked up" and not SOLD? This would be righteous for everyone.
  • A disciple
    Until the Lord comes, the world and ALL its evils will continue as if they had an indefinite extension forever. While the transgressors are coming to the full, and wicked and impostors are waxing worse and worse, the great apostasy answers! When people who know the Glad Tidings of Christ, and have had the Bible, leave their first love because "they also are flesh!" the doom is at the door!
  • Bill G
    The law concerning witches is particular to the Jewish people prior to Jesus. If you were a Jew and agreed to be a "practicing Jew" you would be subject to the particular constraints of the law God gave to His people. The 10 commandments are a summation of all laws, but not the final word on all behavior. That would be love thy neighbor as thy love thy self (in regard to human relations).
  • Steve morrow
    EXODUS 22:18 thou shalt not suffer a witch to live ***HEBREWS 8:13 in that HE saith --- a new covenant he hath made the first old --- now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away *** JAMES 2:11 for HE that said do not commit adultery said also -- do not kill -- now if thou commit no adultery yet if thou kill thou art become a transgressor of the law
  • Alex
    Cari good question in the O.T. it was written the sole that sins shall SURELY die,WITCHCRAFT, an eye for an eye and tooth for a tooth there was no GRACE,but under the new covenant we have grace by his spirit,TH H.G. The spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made us free from the law of sin and death,BEHOLD THE LAMB OF GOD THAT TAKETH AWAY THE SINS OF THE WORLD,NO CONDEMNATION TO THEM IN CHRIST JESUS

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Bible Trivia

For all manner of trespass (i.e. theft) what value shall the condemned thief pay in restitution?'
  • Full value
  • Double value
  • Triple Value
  • Nothing
  • None