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1 And the LORD said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether.

2 Speak now in the ears of the people, and let every man borrow of his neighbour, and every woman of her neighbour, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold.

3 And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh's servants, and in the sight of the people.

4 And Moses said, Thus saith the LORD, About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt:

5 And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts.

6 And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor shall be like it any more.

7 But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast: that ye may know how that the LORD doth put a difference between the Egyptians and Israel.

8 And all these thy servants shall come down unto me, and bow down themselves unto me, saying, Get thee out, and all the people that follow thee: and after that I will go out. And he went out from Pharaoh in a great anger.

9 And the LORD said unto Moses, Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you; that my wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt.

10 And Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh: and the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go out of his land.

Commentary for Exodus 11

God's last instructions to Moses respecting Pharaoh and the Egyptians. (1-3) The death of the first-born threatened. (4-10)1-3 A secret revelation was made to Moses while in the presence of Pharaoh, that he might give warning of the last dreadful judgment, before he went out. This was the last day of the servitude of Israel; they were about to go away. Their masters, who had abused them in their work, would have sent them away empty; but God provided that the labourers should not lose their hire, and ordered them to demand it now, at their departure, and it was given to them. God will right the injured, who in humble silence commit their cause to him; and none are losers at last by patient suffering. The Lord gave them favour in the sight of the Egyptians, by making it appear how much he favoured them. He also changed the spirit of the Egyptians toward them, and made them to be pitied of their oppressors. Those that honour God, he will honour.

4-10 The death of all the first-born in Egypt at once: this plague had been the first threatened, but is last executed. See how slow God is to wrath. The plague is foretold, the time is fixed; all their first-born should sleep the sleep of death, not silently, but so as to rouse the families at midnight. The prince was not too high to be reached by it, nor the slaves at the mill too low to be noticed. While angels slew the Egyptians, not so much as a dog should bark at any of the children of Israel. It is an earnest of the difference there shall be in the great day, between God's people and his enemies. Did men know what a difference God puts, and will put to eternity, between those that serve him and those that serve him not, religion would not seem to them an indifferent thing; nor would they act in it with so much carelessness as they do. When Moses had thus delivered his message, he went out from Pharaoh in great anger at his obstinacy; though he was the meekest of the men of the earth. The Scripture has foretold the unbelief of many who hear the gospel, that it might not be a surprise or stumbling-block to us, #Ro 10:16|. Let us never think the worse of the gospel of Christ for the slights men put upon it. Pharaoh was hardened, yet he was compelled to abate his stern and haughty demands, till the Israelites got full freedom. In like manner the people of God will find that every struggle against their spiritual adversary, made in the might of Jesus Christ, every attempt to overcome him by the blood of the Lamb, and every desire to attain increasing likeness and love to that Lamb, will be rewarded by increasing freedom from the enemy of souls.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Exodus 11

  • Ren on Exodus 11
    @Irene123 then why did it say in Exodus3:22 But every woman shall borrow of her neighbour, and of her that sojourneth in her house, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: and ye shall put them upon your sons, and upon your daughters; and ye shall spoil the Egyptians. Doesn't put them upon mean to wear them?
  • Stanjett - in Reply on Exodus 11
    Yes they did wear them. But, I think Irene was pointing out that they was to be for the covering of the ark.
  • Irene123 on Exodus 11
    V. 7 - means nothing 'small', let alone large, will harm the Israelites. That's all there is to it.
  • Irene123 on Exodus 11
    Ian - Words in the O.T. original Hebrew language have different meanings from what we have for them. 'Borrow' in Hebrew did not mean - to pay back. Before you admonish me about this - research it for yourself. God does not mean for us to give back to sin; we are to leave it - period. Nor were the gold, etc. to 'wear', but to cover the ark and other tabernacle appurtenances.
  • A disciple on Exodus 11
    "And he went out from Pharaoh in a great anger." Mk. 3:5 "And when he had looked round about on them with anger, being grieved for the hardness of their hearts, he saith unto the man, Stretch forth thine hand." The hard-hearted pride of the Pharaohs of the world, and of the hypocrites who persecute Jesus, are the ones causing the destruction of their own people: and God is furious at them for it!
  • Bill on Exodus 11
    The words of God are what I need and want to hear every day. What a privilege to read and hear them on this website. I will be depending upon these words today.
  • Harry Dempsey Sr. on Exodus 11
    The words of the Lord is the only thing going to save us
  • Charmaine on Exodus 11
    Chapter 11:7 means that God is going to protect the children of Israel . No one will able harm them, not even a dog. Because He God will be with them and guide them .
    Our God is a man of His word . God harden the heart of the King of Egypt to let the people of Egypt see how great and powerful He God is, and that was a lesson to the people of God too.
  • Chris Seibel on Exodus 11
    I would like someone to explain Exodus chapter 11, verse 7 to me...especially what the phrase ' But against the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast' means exactly. This is a puzzle to me
    Thank you so much
  • Ian on Exodus 11
    If they borrowed the spoils of Egypt when do you think they will be repaid? I think this is still an outstanding debt. I assume it will be repaid in the future. Jesus took refuge there, Abraham was blessed there and then the people of Israel borrowed wealth from Egypt. There must be a reward or repayment ahead?


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What was the tenth and final plague unleashed on Egypt?
  • Gnats
  • Locusts
  • Darkness
  • Death of the first born
  • Flies