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1 Now these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt; every man and his household came with Jacob.

2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah,

3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin,

4 Dan, and Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.

5 And all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls: for Joseph was in Egypt already.

6 And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation.

7 And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.

8 Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph.

9 And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we:

10 Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land.

11 Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses.

12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were grieved because of the children of Israel.

13 And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour:

14 And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigour.

15 And the king of Egypt spake to the Hebrew midwives, of which the name of the one was Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah:

16 And he said, When ye do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them upon the stools; if it be a son, then ye shall kill him: but if it be a daughter, then she shall live.

17 But the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men children alive.

18 And the king of Egypt called for the midwives, and said unto them, Why have ye done this thing, and have saved the men children alive?

19 And the midwives said unto Pharaoh, Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for they are lively, and are delivered ere the midwives come in unto them.

20 Therefore God dealt well with the midwives: and the people multiplied, and waxed very mighty.

21 And it came to pass, because the midwives feared God, that he made them houses.

22 And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive.

Commentary for Exodus 1

The Book of Exodus relates the forming of the children of Israel into a church and a nation. We have hitherto seen true religion shown in domestic life, now, we begin to trace its effects upon the concerns of kingdoms and nations. Exodus signifies "the departure;" the chief event therein recorded is the departure of Israel from Egypt and Egyptian bondage; it plainly points out the fulfilling of several promises and prophecies to Abraham respecting his seed, and shadows forth the state of the church, in the wilderness of this world, until her arrival at the heavenly Canaan, an eternal rest.The children of Israel increase in Egypt after the death of Joseph. (8-14) They are oppressed, but multiply exceedingly. (1-7) The men-children destroyed. (15-22)1-7 During more than 200 years, while Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob lived at liberty, the Hebrews increased slowly; only about seventy persons went down into Egypt. There, in about the same number of years, though under cruel bondage, they became a large nation. This wonderful increase was according to the promise long before made unto the fathers. Though the performance of God's promises is sometimes slow, it is always sure.

8-14 The land of Egypt became to Israel a house of bondage. The place where we have been happy, may soon become the place of our affliction; and that may prove the greatest cross to us, of which we said, This same shall comfort us. Cease from man, and say not of any place on this side heaven, This is my rest. All that knew Joseph, loved him, and were kind to his brethren for his sake; but the best and most useful services a man does to others, are soon forgotten after his death. Our great care should be, to serve God, and to please him who is not unrighteous, whatever men are, to forget our work and labour of love. The offence of Israel is, that he prospers. There is no sight more hateful to a wicked man than the prosperity of the righteous. The Egyptians feared lest the children of Israel should join their enemies, and get them up out of the land. Wickedness is ever cowardly and unjust; it makes a man fear, where no fear is, and flee, when no one pursues him. And human wisdom often is foolishness, and very sinful. God's people had task-masters set over them, not only to burden them, but to afflict them with their burdens. They not only made them serve for Pharaoh's profit, but so that their lives became bitter. The Israelites wonderfully increased. Christianity spread most when it was persecuted: the blood of the martyrs was the seed of the church. They that take counsel against the Lord and his Israel, do but imagine a vain thing, and create greater vexation to themselves.

15-22 The Egyptians tried to destroy Israel by the murder of their children. The enmity that is in the seed of the serpent, against the Seed of the woman, makes men forget all pity. It is plain that the Hebrews were now under an uncommon blessing. And we see that the services done for God's Israel are often repaid in kind. Pharaoh gave orders to drown all the male children of the Hebrews. The enemy who, by Pharaoh, attempted to destroy the church in this its infant state, is busy to stifle the rise of serious reflections in the heart of man. Let those who would escape, be afraid of sinning, and cry directly and fervently to the Lord for assistance.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Exodus 1

  • BSP
    Verse 9~The new Pharaoh was suspicious of the Israelites without just cause. Sometimes people may not like us but we can't let that get to us, we just have to be concerned with being fully pleasing to Jehovah God.
  • Pastor Emmanuel Upe
    It is a book of how generations emerges. Inter mariges brings about increase of a people , tribe and also leads to church growth. The book of exudos paints a picture of government tenureship and how it could be oppressive and run with fear and evil intentions sometimes.
  • BSP
    Verse 6~This is a good verse to give the definition of a generation. Those who are part of a generation can be different ages, but they are all contemporaries. Knowing this can help us to understand the meaning of the word generation at Matthew 24:34.
  • Emily Griswold
    Exodus is such a striking chapter. It so embodies the tests which God grace us with during our lives to test our faith and strength of character. It serves as an allegory for how we will all have times of relative slavery in our lives, but God stands with us and we must trust in His plan. Love to you all.
  • David Wise
    Exodus is Amazing like the Lord our God a most high and mighty God
  • A disciple
    Hello Maggie; On saying that God puts us in situations; we should be careful! Jesus said that we will have tribulation and toil and sorrow in this life, but we should be of good courage because He has overcome the world. God tempts no one; but we are all tempted when we are drawn away by our own lusts and enticed. If we cave in to those temptations, it is sin! We are also in a world out of course!
  • Maggie K Parker
    I think this was a test of the younger generation of Israel, to test their faith and to only rely on God for their deliverance and freedom. Trust him at his word and obey him and give him all the praise and worship and honor belong to him, and know that he can do just what he said he would do, I am in a situation now, I called out to get help, lost my job my grandchildren just wait on him
  • Maggie Parker
    I think it is a real test of the faith: of the new generation of Israel , sometimes God puts us in uncomfortable positions to test is to see if we trust totally in him, his word says the fear of man bringeth a snare: but whoso putteth his trust in the Lord shall be safe. God is are only help in any situation, have faith in God as Abraham did was willing to slay his son for God in we trust.

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Bible Trivia

What is the second book of the Bible?
  • Leviticus
  • Corinthians
  • Exodus
  • Psalms